Keli Agama

Keli Agama
National Cancer Institute (USA) | NCI · Center for Cancer Research

About

105
Publications
12,156
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3,565
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
2019 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, different assortments of 2-arylquinolines and 2,6-diarylquinolines have been developed. Recently, we have developed a new series of 6,7-dimethoxy-4-alkoxy-2-arylquinolines as Topoisomerase I (TOP1) inhibitors with potent anticancer activity. Utilising the SAR outputs from this study, we tried to enhance anticancer and TOP1 inhibitory...
Article
Full-text available
Nature has been always a great source of possible lead compounds to develop new drugs against several diseases. Here we report the identification of a natural compound, membranoid G, derived from the Antarctic sponge Dendrilla antarctica displaying an in vitro inhibitory activity against human DNA topoisomerase 1B. The experiments indicate that mem...
Article
The present study demonstrates how TOP3B is involved in resolving R-loops. We observed elevated R-loops in TOP3B knockout cells (TOP3BKO), which are suppressed by TOP3B transfection. R-loop-inducing agents, the topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin, and the splicing inhibitor pladienolide-B also induce higher R-loops in TOP3BKO cells. Camptothecin...
Article
Exatecan and deruxtecan are antineoplastic camptothecin derivatives in development as tumor-targeted-delivery warheads in various formulations including peptides, liposomes, polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles, and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Here, we report the molecular pharmacology of exatecan compared to the clinically approved topoiso...
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) is an enzyme that repairs DNA lesions caused by the trapping of DNA topoisomerase IB (TOP1)-DNA break-associated crosslinks. TDP1 inhibitors have synergistic effect with TOP1 inhibitors in cancer cells and can overcome cancer cell resistance to TOP1 inhibitors. Here, we report the synthesis of 11-aminoalkoxy s...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic topoisomerases I (TOP1) are ubiquitous enzymes removing DNA torsional stress. However, there is little data concerning the three-dimensional structure of TOP1 in the absence of DNA, nor how the DNA molecule can enter/exit its closed conformation. Here, we solved the structure of thermostable archaeal Caldiarchaeum subterraneum CsTOP1 in...
Article
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Poly(ADP)-ribosylation (PARylation) regulates chromatin structure and recruits DNA repair proteins. Using single-molecule fluorescence microscopy to track topoisomerase I (TOP1) in live cells, we found that sustained PARylation blocked the repair of TOP1 DNA-protein crosslinks (TOP1-DPCs) in a similar fashion as inhibition of the ubiquitin-proteaso...
Article
As a recently discovered DNA repair enzyme, tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) removes topoisomerase IB (TOP1)-mediated DNA protein cross-links. Inhibiting TDP1 can potentiate the cytotoxicity of TOP1 inhibitors and overcome cancer cell resistance to TOP1 inhibitors. On the basis of our previous study, herein we report the synthesis of benzophe...
Article
Based on our previous study on the development of the furoquinolinedione and isoxazoloquinolinedione TDP2 inhibitors, the further structure-activity relationship (SAR) was studied in this work. A series of furoquinolinedione and isoxazoloquinolinedione derivatives were synthesized and tested for enzyme inhibitions. Enzyme-based assays indicated tha...
Article
In our attempt to develop potential anticancer agents targeting Topoisomerase I (TOP1), two novel series of 4-alkoxy-2-arylquinolines 14a-p and 19a-c were designed and synthesized based on structure activity relationships of the reported TOP1 inhibitors and structural features required for stabilization of TOP1-DNA cleavage complexes (TOP1ccs). The...
Article
Full-text available
The present study demonstrates that topoisomerase 3B (TOP3B) forms both RNA and DNA cleavage complexes (TOP3Bccs) in vivo and reveals a pathway for repairing TOP3Bccs. For inducing and detecting cellular TOP3Bccs, we engineer a “self-trapping” mutant of TOP3B (R338W-TOP3B). Transfection with R338W-TOP3B induces R-loops, genomic damage, and growth d...
Article
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Significance NER removes helix-destabilizing bulky adducts including UV lesions and crosslinks generated by formaldehyde. NER protects skin cells from carcinogenesis. XP patients deficient in NER develop progressive neurological dysfunction. We discovered that collaboration between TOP1 and the BER pathway can substitute for the lack of NER. This p...
Article
DNA topoisomerase IB (TOP1) regulates DNA topological structure in many cellular metabolic processes and is a validated target for development of antitumor agents. Our previous study revealed that the benzophenanthridone scaffold is a novel chemotype for the discovery of TOP1 inhibitors. In this work, a series of novel 5-aminoethyl substituted benz...
Article
Full-text available
DNA topoisomerase IB (TOP1) is a validated target for discovery and development of antitumor agents. Four TOP1 poisons are clinically used for tumor treatment now. In spite of their effectiveness in solid tumors, these camptothecin (CPT) poisons suffer from many shortcomings. Therefore, many investigations have focused on the discoveries of non-CPT...
Article
Full-text available
The present account describes the discovery and development of a new benzo[ c]pyrrolo[2,3- h][1,6]naphthyridin-5-one (BPN) JAK inhibitory chemotype that has produced selective JAK inhibitors. Sequential palladium chemistry was optimized for the rapid access to a focused library of derivatives to explore the structure-activity relationships of the n...
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) is a recently discovered enzyme repairing DNA lesions resulting from stalled topoisomerase IB (TOP1)-DNA covalent complex. Inhibiting TDP1 in conjunction with TOP1 inhibitors can boost the action of the latter. Herein, we report the discovery of the natural product oxynitidine scaffold as a novel chemotype for...
Article
Contrary to other anticancer targets, topoisomerase I (TOP1) is targeted by only one chemical class of FDA-approved drugs: topotecan and irinotecan, the derivatives of the plant alkaloid, camptothecin. The indenoisoquinolines LMP400, LMP744 and LMP776 are novel non-camptothecin TOP1 inhibitors in clinical trial, which overcome the limitations of ca...
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) is a recently discovered enzyme specifically repairing topoisomerase II (TOP2)-mediated DNA damage. It has been shown that inhibition of TDP2 synergize with TOP2 inhibitors. Herein, we report the discovery of the furoquinolinedione chemotype as a suitable skeleton for the development of selective TDP2 inhibito...
Article
Full-text available
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) repairs abortive topoisomerase II cleavage complexes. Here, we identify a novel short isoform of TDP2 (TDP2S) expressed from an alternative transcription start site. TDP2S contains a mitochondrial targeting sequence, contributing to its enrichment in the mitochondria and cytosol, while full-length TDP2 contain...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial topoisomerase I (TOP1MT) is a type IB topoisomerase encoded in the nucleus of vertebrate cells. In contrast to the other five human topoisomerases, TOP1MT possesses two high frequency single nucleotide variants (SNVs), rs11544484 (V256I, Minor Allele Frequency = 0.27) and rs2293925 (R525W, MAF = 0.45), which tend to be mutually exclus...
Article
Full-text available
ALC1/CHD1L is a member of the SNF2 superfamily of ATPases carrying a macrodomain that binds poly(ADP-ribose). Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1 and 2 synthesize poly(ADP-ribose) at DNA-strand cleavage sites, promoting base excision repair (BER). Although depletion of ALC1 causes increased sensitivity to various DNA-damaging agents (H2O2, UV, and...
Data
Generation of ALC1-/- cells from chicken DT40 cells. (A) Schematic showing part of the GdALC1 locus. The filled boxes represent exons. The thick lines show the genomic region amplified for the targeting-vector arms. The relevant ScaI and BamHI sites and the position of the probe used for Southern blot analysis are indicated. (B) Southern blot analy...
Data
Disruption of ALC1 gene in human TK6 cells. (A) Schematic of part of the human ALC1 locus. The knockout constructs are shown below the locus. The filled boxes represent exons. The thick lines show the genomic region amplified for targeting-vector arms. (B) Wild-type (+/+) as well as ALC1-/- (-/-) TK6 cells were subjected to RT-PCR using GAPDH- or A...
Data
The accumulation of MMS-induced SSBs in the ALC1-/- human TK6 cells. The average of the median of tail moments from 100 comets in each assay is displayed on the y-axis on a linear scale. Error bars represent standard deviations from three independent experiments. Indicated TK6 cells were treated with indicated concentrations of MMS at 37°C for 15 m...
Article
To relax DNA supercoiling during transcription and replication, topoisomerase I (Top1) induces transient DNA cleavage complexes, which are trapped by anticancer drugs, leading to DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) that need to be repaired by homologous recombination (HR). BRCA1, BRCA2 and PALB2, which are key components for HR, lead to “synthetic letha...
Article
The 7-azaindenoisoquinolines are cytotoxic topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors. Previously reported representatives bear a 3-nitro group. The present report documents the replacement of the potentially genotoxic 3-nitro group by 3-chloro and 3-fluoro substituents, resulting in compounds with high Top1 inhibitory activities and potent cytotoxicities i...
Article
Tdp1 and Tdp2 are two tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterases that can repair damaged DNA resulting from topoisomerase inhibitors and a variety of other DNA-damaging agents. Both Tdp1 and Tdp2 inhibition could hypothetically potentiate the cytotoxicities of topoisomerase inhibitors. This study reports the successful structure-based design and synthesis of n...
Article
Drugs capable of trapping topoisomerase II (Top2), an essential enzyme that cleaves DNA to remove naturally occurring knots and tangles, can serve as potent anticancer agents. The monofunctional platinum agent phenanthriplatin, cis-[Pt(NH3)2(phenanthridine)Cl](NO3), is shown here to trap Top2 in addition to its known modes of inhibition of DNA and...
Article
Indenoisoquinoline topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors are a novel class of anticancer agents with two compounds in clinical trials. Recent metabolism studies of indotecan (LMP400) led to the discovery of the biologically active 2-hydroxylated analogue and 3-hydroxylated metabolite, thus providing strategically placed functional groups for the prepar...
Article
Full-text available
Several indenoisoquinolines have shown promise as anticancer agents in clinical trials. Incorporation of a nitrogen atom into the indenoisoquinoline scaffold offers the possibility of favorably modulating ligand-binding site interactions, physicochemical properties, and biological activities. Four series of aza-A-ring indenoisoquinolines were synth...
Article
Full-text available
DNA topoisomerase I (Top1) is a DNA unwinding protein and the specific target of the camptothecin class of chemotherapeutic drugs. One of these, irinotecan, acting through its active metabolite SN-38, is used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. However, resistance to irinotecan represents a major clinical problem. Since molecular alte...
Article
Full-text available
Strigolactones are a novel class of plant hormones produced in roots that regulate shoot and root development. We previously reported that strigolactone analogs (SLs) induce G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a variety of human cancer cells and inhibit tumor growth of human breast cancer xenografts in mice. SLs had no significant influences on...
Article
Fluorine and chlorine are metabolically stable, but generally less active replacements for a nitro group at the 3-position of indenoisoquinoline topoisomerase IB (Top1) poisons. A number of strategies were employed in the present investigation to enhance the Top1 inhibitory potencies and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of halogenated inden...
Article
De novo or acquired resistance to anti-cancer drugs represents a major obstacle to successful treatment of cancer patients. In order to improve future cancer drug development we have established the DEN-50R cell line panel which when fully developed will consist of isogenic pairs of drug sensitive and resistant human cancer cell lines representing...
Article
Full-text available
Human nuclear type IB topoisomerase (Top1) inhibitors are widely used and powerful anti-cancer agents. In this study, we introduce and validate a single-molecule supercoil relaxation assay as a molecular pharmacology tool for characterizing therapeutically relevant Top1 inhibitors. Using this assay, we determined the effects on Top1 supercoil relax...
Article
3-Nitroindenoisoquinoline human topoisomerase IB (Top1) poisons have potent antiproliferative effects on cancer cells. The undesirable nitro toxicophore could hypothetically be replaced by other functional groups that would retain the desired biological activities and minimize potential safety risks. Eleven series of indenoisoquinolines bearing 3-n...
Article
The structure-activity relationships and hit-to-lead optimization of dual Top1-TDP1 inhibitors in the indenoisoquinoline drug class were investigated. A series of nitrated 7-, 8-, 9-, and 10-hydroxyindenoisoquinolines were synthesized and evaluated. Several compounds displayed potent dual Top1-TDP1 inhibition. The 9-hydroxy series exhibited potenci...
Article
A series of new 3-aminomethyl-4,11-dihydroxynaphtho[2,3-f]indole-5,10-diones 6-13 bearing the cyclic diamine in the position 3 of the indole ring was synthesized. The majority of new compounds demonstrated a superior cytotoxicity than doxorubicin against a panel of mammalian tumor cells with determinants of altered drug response, that is, Pgp expre...
Article
Full-text available
Lamellarin D (Lam-D) is a hexacyclic pyrole alkaloid isolated from marine invertebrates whose biological properties have been attributed to mitochondrial targeting. Mitochondria contain their own DNA (mtDNA), and the only specific mitochondrial topoisomerase in vertebrates is mitochondrial topoisomerase I (Top1mt). Here, we show that Top1mt is a di...
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase I (TDP1) repairs stalled topoisomerase I (Top1)-DNA covalent complexes and has been proposed to be a promising and attractive target for cancer treatment. Inhibitors of TDP1 could conceivably act synergistically with Top1 inhibitors and thereby potentiate the effects of Top1 poisons. This study describes the successful...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial topoisomerase I (Top1mt) is a type IB topoisomerase present in vertebrates and exclusively targeted to mitochondria. Top1mt relaxes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) supercoiling by introducing transient cleavage complexes wherein the broken DNA strand swivels around the intact strand. Top1mt cleavage complexes (Top1mtcc) can be stabilized in...
Article
Carbohydrate moieties were strategically transported from the indolocarbazole topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor class to the indenoisoquinoline system in search of structurally novel and potent Top1 inhibitors. The syntheses and biological evaluation of 20 new indenoisoquinolines glycosylated with linear and cyclic sugar moieties are reported. Aroma...
Article
Optimization of the lactam ω-aminoalkyl substituents in a series of 7-azaindenoisoquinolines resulted in new anticancer agents with improved Top1 inhibitory potencies and cancer cell cytotoxicities. The new compounds 14-17 and 19 exhibited mean graph midpoint cytotoxicity (GI50) values of 21-71 nM in the NCI panel of 60 human cancer cell cultures....
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA-phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) repairs 3'-blocking DNA lesions by catalytically hydrolyzing the tyrosyl-DNA-phosphodiester bond of trapped topoisomerase I (Top1) cleavage complexes (Top1cc). It also removes 3'-blocking residues derived from oxidative damage or incorporation of chain terminating anticancer and antiviral nucleosides. Thus, TD...
Article
Full-text available
Purely structure-based pharmacophores (SBPs) are an alternative method to ligand-based approaches and have the advantage of describing the entire interaction capability of a binding pocket. Here, we present the development of SBPs for topoisomerase I, an anticancer target with an unusual ligand binding pocket consisting of protein and DNA atoms. Di...
Article
In search for a novel chemotype to develop Topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors, the pyrazolo[1,5-a]quinazoline nucleus, structurally related to the indenoisoquinoline system precursor of well-known Top1 poisons, was variously decorated (i.e. a substituted phenyl ring at 2- or 3-position, a protonable side chain at 4- or 5-position) affording a number...
Article
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase I (Tdp1) plays a key role in the repair of damaged DNA resulting from the topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor camptothecin and a variety of other DNA-damaging anticancer agents. This report documents the design, synthesis, and evaluation of new indenoisoquinolines that are dual inhibitors of both Tdp1 and Top1. Enzyme inh...
Article
Hydroxylated analogues of the anticancer topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors indotecan (LMP400) and indimitecan (LMP776) have been prepared because (1) a variety of potent Top1 poisons are known that contain strategically placed hydroxyl groups, which provides a clear rationale for incorporating them in the present case, and (2) the hydroxylated comp...
Article
Proceedings: AACR 103rd Annual Meeting 2012‐‐ Mar 31‐Apr 4, 2012; Chicago, IL Poly(ADP-Ribose) (PAR) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors represent an important class of novel anticancer agents. The present study explores the molecular rationale for combining veliparib (ABT-888) with camptothecin (CPT) and its clinical derivatives, topotecan and irinoteca...
Article
Dibenzo[c,h][1,5]naphthyridinediones were prepared via a novel synthetic pathway. The compounds were designed as topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors based on the indenoisoquinoline series of drugs. The results of biological evaluation demonstrate that, unlike very closely related dibenzo[c,h][1,6]naphthyridinediones, dibenzo[c,h][1,5]naphthyridinedio...
Article
Substances with dual tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase I-topoisomerase I inhibitory activity in one low molecular weight compound would constitute a unique class of anticancer agents that could potentially have significant advantages over drugs that work against the individual enzymes. The present study demonstrates the successful synthesis and evaluat...
Article
A comprehensive study of a series of azaindenoisoquinoline topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors is reported. The synthetic pathways have been developed to prepare 7-, 8-, 9-, and 10-azaindenoisoquinolines. The present study shows that 7-azaindenoisoquinolines possess the greatest Top1 inhibitory activity and cytotoxicity. Additionally, the introductio...
Article
Full-text available
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) topoisomerases are essential for removing the supercoiling that normally builds up ahead of replication forks. The camptothecin (CPT) Top1 (topoisomerase I) inhibitors exert their anticancer activity by reversibly trapping Top1-DNA cleavage complexes (Top1cc's) and inducing replication-associated DNA double-strand breaks...
Article
s: AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference: Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics--Nov 12-16, 2011; San Francisco, CA A 96-well plate-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantifying gamma-H2AX as a biomarker to monitor DNA damage was developed and compared with gamma-H2AX detection by both Western blot (WB) and quantitative imm...
Data
Binding site for the docking simulations. The binding site was defined from the position of the ligand, camptothecin, in the crystal structure ternary complex with a DNA fragment and the top1 enzyme (PDB code 1T8I [23]) and includes both DNA (green) and protein (aqua) residues. (TIF)
Data
Training set for ligand-based pharmacophore generation. 2D structures, IC50 values (in µM) for the inhibition of Top1, and references for molecules used in pharmacophore generation are given. (DOCX)
Data
Compounds that did not pass the first docking round. Details on the hit list, the rank, the NSC code are given on compounds failing the first round of docking, as well as reasons for failure. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
DNA topoisomerase I (Top1) is over-expressed in tumour cells and is an important target in cancer chemotherapy. It relaxes DNA torsional strain generated during DNA processing by introducing transient single-strand breaks and allowing the broken strand to rotate around the intermediate Top1-DNA covalent complex. This complex can be trapped by a gro...
Article
Full-text available
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive lung cancer subtype in need of better therapies. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) promote increased lysine acetylation in nucleosomal histones and are thought to relax chromatin, thereby allowing increased access of transcription factors and DNA damaging agents alike to DNA. We studied whether two...
Article
A series of 7-azaindenoisoquinoline topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors have been prepared to investigate the effect of increased electron affinity of the aromatic system on the ability to stabilize the Top1-DNA cleavage complex. Ab initio calculations suggest that introduction of nitrogen into the aromatic system of the indenoisoquinolines would fac...
Article
The DNA-relaxing enzyme topoisomerase I (Top1) can be inhibited by heterocyclic compounds such as indolocarbazoles and indenoisoquinolines. Carbohydrate and hydroxyl-containing side chains are essential for the biological activity of indolocarbazoles. The current study investigated how similar functionalities could be "translated" to the indenoisoq...
Article
Full-text available
Poly(ADP-Ribose) (PAR) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors represent a promising class of novel anticancer agents. The present study explores the molecular rationale for combining veliparib (ABT-888) with camptothecin (CPT) and its clinical derivatives, topotecan and irinotecan. ABT-888 inhibited PAR induction by CPT and increased CPT-induced cell killing...
Article
Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors represent a promising class of novel anticancer agents. In the present study, we explored the strategy of combining the classical topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor camptothecin (CPT) and the novel PARP inhibitor ABT-888 in human cancer cells. ABT-888 potentiated cell killing by CPT. By colony forming ass...
Article
DNA topoisomerase I (Top1) is an essential nuclear enzyme and a validated target for anticancer agent screening. In a previous study, we found that indolizinoquinoline-5,12-dione derivatives show significant biological activity against several human cancer cell lines. To understand their mechanism of inhibition of cancer cell growth, one indolizino...
Article
Full-text available
BLM, the helicase defective in Bloom syndrome, is part of a multiprotein complex that protects genome stability. Here, we show that Rif1 is a novel component of the BLM complex and works with BLM to promote recovery of stalled replication forks. First, Rif1 physically interacts with the BLM complex through a conserved C-terminal domain, and the sta...
Article
Aromathecins are inhibitors of human topoisomerase I (Top1). These compounds are composites of several heteroaromatic systems, namely the camptothecins and indenoisoquinolines, and they possess notable Top1 inhibition and cytotoxicity when substituted at position 14. The SAR of these compounds overlaps with indenoisoquinolines, suggesting that they...
Article
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most aggressive type of lung carcinoma. SCLC has a high response rate to chemotherapy, but rapid onset of drug resistance. Chemotherapeutic treatment using combinations of drugs that target different signaling pathways improves overall survival of patients with SCLC. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors regulat...