Kek Heng Chua

Kek Heng Chua
University of Malaya | UM · Department of Biomedical Science

Professor

About

355
Publications
43,220
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3,362
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
January 2010 - present
Prince of Songkla University
January 2004 - December 2010
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Publications

Publications (355)
Article
Full-text available
In Malaysia, soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections still persist among indigenous communities. In the past, local studies have focused mostly on epidemiologic aspects of STH infections with a scarcity of information on the efficacy of deworming treatment. The present study consisted of 2 phases: a cross-sectional phase on current epidemiologic...
Article
Full-text available
Aeromonas dhakensis is ubiquitous in aquatic habitats and can cause life-threatening septicaemia in humans. However, limited data are available on their antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) profiles. Hence, we aimed to examine their AST patterns using clinical (n = 94) and non-clinical (n = 23) isolates with dehydrated MicroScan microdilution...
Article
Crohn’s disease (CD) is one of the sub-entities of Inflammatory Bowel Disease which causes chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. The development of CD has shown to have a strong genetic association. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in a susceptible locus of CD, the protein...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiomyopathy (CMP) constitutes a diverse group of myocardium diseases affecting the pumping ability of the heart. Genetic predisposition is among the major factors affecting the development of CMP. Globally, there are over 100 genes in autosomal and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that have been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of CMP. H...
Article
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Objectives: The occurrence of asymptomatic verocytotoxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) infections among humans in recent years is posing a high risk to public health. Thus, the role of asymptomatic human carriers as a source of dissemination should not be underestimated. This study aimed to elucidate the phenotypic and genotypic character...
Article
Genus Plesiomonas, represented by a single species, P. shigelloides is a Gram-negative bacillus associated with gastrointestinal and extraintestinal disease in humans. In this study, 44 clinical isolates (gastrointestinal n=41; extraintestinal n=3) were genetically confirmed as P. shigelloides using the hug gene. All 20 virulence genes were detecte...
Preprint
While microbiomes in industrialized societies are well characterized, indigenous populations with traditional lifestyles have microbiomes that are more akin to those of ancient humans. However, metagenomic data in these populations remains scarce and the association with soil-transmitted helminth infection status is unclear. Here, we sequenced 650...
Article
Recently, Elizabethkingia species have gained attention as a cause of life-threatening infections. The identification via phenotypic methods of three important species- Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, E. anophelis and E. miricola is difficult. Our objectives were to re-assess 30 archived Flavobacterium meningosepticum isolates using 16S rRNA gene s...
Conference Paper
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Background and Aim: The prevalence of H. pylori antibiotic resistance to clarithromycin (CLA) and levofloxacin (LVX) is increasing and affecting the efficacy of current therapeutic regimens worldwide including in Malaysia. Here, we aimed to inspect the H. pylori primary resistance towards both antibiotics in Malaysia and further evaluate its trend...
Article
Myricetin derivatives from Syzygium malaccense leaf extract are known to have numerous therapeutic efficacies but there is no documented evidence corroborating its safety. Therefore, the present work aimed to evaluate the safety profile of myricetin derivative-rich fraction (MD) from S. malaccense leaf extract through single and repetitive oral adm...
Article
Background Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a monogenic kidney disorder that impairs renal functions progressively leading to kidney failure. The disease affects between 1:400 and 1:1000 ratio of the people worldwide. It is caused by the mutated PKD1 and PKD2 genes which encode for the defective polycystins. Polycystins mimic...
Article
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Background Resistance to clarithromycin and levofloxacin in Helicobacter pylori which resulted in treatment failures has become a major challenge for physicians worldwide. The resistance is mainly mediated by mutations in a specific domain of the 23S rRNA, gyrA and gyrB genes for clarithromycin and levofloxacin respectively. Hence in this study, we...
Article
The present study aimed to examine the genetic diversity of human malaria parasites (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax and P. knowlesi) in Malaysia and southern Thailand targeting the 19-kDa C-terminal region of Merozoite Surface Protein-1 (MSP-119). This region is essential for the recognition and invasion of erythrocytes and it is considered one of t...
Article
Obesity is a driving factor in the onset of metabolic disorders. This study aims to investigate the effects of the myricetin derivative-rich fraction (MD) from Syzygium malaccense leaf extract on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and its associated complications and its influence on uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) and gut microbiota in C57BL/6J mice...
Article
Objective A recent genome‐wide association study (GWAS) reported a significant genetic association between rs34330 of cyclin‐dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Han Chinese. This study aims to validate the reported association and elucidate the biochemical mechanisms underlying the variant’s effe...
Article
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Background Staphylococcus aureus is one of the important pathogens causing nosocomial infection. spa typing allows identification of S. aureus clones in hospital isolates and is useful for epidemiological studies and nosocomial infection control. This study aims to investigate the spa types in Malaysian S. aureus isolates obtained from various clin...
Article
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Article
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The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is a great concern, as carbapenems are the last-line therapy for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria infections. This study aims to report the epidemiology of CRKP in a teaching hospital in Malaysia based on the molecular genotypic and clinical characteristics of the isolates...
Article
Diseases caused by typhoidal and non-typhoidal Salmonella remain a considerable threat to both developed and developing countries. Based on the clinical symptoms and serological tests, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate the Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A (S. enterica serovar Paratyphi A) from serovar Typhi (S. enterica serovar Typh...
Article
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous bacterium, which is able to change its physiological characteristics in response to different habitats. Environmental strains are presumably less pathogenic than clinical strains and whether or not the clinical strains originate from the environment or through inter-host transmission remains poorly understood....
Article
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Objectives In Malaysia, the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori resistance to clarithromycin is increasing. This study aimed to determine mutations in the 23S rRNA domain V directly using bacterial DNA extracted from gastric biopsy specimens with a urease-positive result. Methods A 1085-bp fragment of 23S rRNA domain V from samples of 62 treatment-n...
Article
Full-text available
Background Understanding the genetic diversity of candidate genes for malaria vaccines such as circumsporozoite protein ( csp ) may enhance the development of vaccines for treating Plasmodium knowlesi . Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate the genetic diversity of non-repeat regions of csp in P. knowlesi from Malaysian Borneo and Peninsul...
Article
Aeromonads are recognised as important pathogens of fishes. In this study, ten water samples were randomly collected from pet shops' fish tanks and home aquaria inhabited by several fish species (silver arowana, koi, goldfish, catfish, pictus fish, silver shark and silver dollar fish). Altogether 298 colonies were isolated using Aeromonas selective...
Article
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The field strain of Haemonchus contortus has a long history of anthelmintic resistance. To understand this phenomenon, the benzimidazole resistance profile was characterized from the Malaysian field-resistant strain by integrating phenotypic, genotypic and proteomic approaches. The faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) demonstrated that benzimida...
Article
Ganoderma neo‐japonicum is a well‐known medicinal mushroom in Asian countries. However, scientific validations on its curative activities are confined to cirrhosis and diabetes. In this study, the anticancer properties of G. neo‐japonicum were evaluated using cellular and computational models. The ethanolic extract (EtOH) with promising inhibitory...
Article
Aim A high-fat diet (HFD) can lead to obesity and related metabolic disorders. This study evaluated the preventive efficacy of myricetin derivative-rich fraction (MD) from Syzygium malaccense leaf extract against HFD-induced obesity, hyperglycaemia, and oxidative stress in C57BL/6J mice. Methods HFD-fed mice were administered MD (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Understanding the genetic diversity of candidate genes for malaria vaccines such as circumsporozoite protein (csp) may enhance the development of vaccines for treating Plasmodium knowlesi. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate the genetic diversity of non-repeat regions of csp in P. knowlesi from Malaysian Borneo and Peninsular...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Understanding the genetic diversity of candidate genes for malaria vaccines such as circumsporozoite protein (csp) may enhance the development of vaccines for treating Plasmodium knowlesi. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate the genetic diversity of non-repeat regions of csp in P. knowlesi from Malaysian Borneo and Peninsular...
Article
Ganoderma neo-japonicum is an annual polypore mushroom that is consumed by Malaysian indigenous tribes to treat various ailments including diabetes. The present study aimed to investigate the nutritive composition and in vitro antihyperglycemic effects of G. neo-japonicum extracts on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Nutritional analysis of G. neo-japonicum ba...
Article
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae has become a major global concern. OXA-48-like carbapenemase gene and its variants have been increasingly reported worldwide. This study reported the first OXA-181-producing Klebsiella quasipneumoniae isolate in Malaysia. This bacterium was isolated from blood specimen of a three-year-old...
Article
Aeromonads are ubiquitous in aquatic environments and have been implicated in fish and human infections. In this study, we isolated, studied antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and screened the existence of 15 virulence genes in aeromonads from two famously consumed fish species—seven marine Tiger Grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) and eight fre...
Article
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Background Burkholderia pseudomallei causes melioidosis, a serious illness that can be fatal if untreated or misdiagnosed. Culture from clinical specimens remains the gold standard but has low diagnostic sensitivity. Method In this study, we developed a rapid, sensitive and specific insulated isothermal Polymerase Chain Reaction (iiPCR) targeting...
Article
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OXA-48-like carbapenemase gene remains a hidden threat, as different OXA-48 variants have varying presentations of susceptibility to antibiotics that might affect the treatment decisions. Rapid detection and differentiation of OXA-48-like carbapenemase genes are critical for targeted treatment and infection control. In this study, we aimed to devel...
Article
Myricetin derivatives (F2) isolated from leaf extract of Syzygium malaccense (Malay apple) which contains myricitrin predominantly, could potentially serve as functional food ingredient based on previous findings. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of F2 against hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress in ARPE-19 (retinal p...
Article
Aeromonas dhakensis is an emergent human pathogen with medical importance. This study was aimed to determine the sequence types (STs), genetic diversity, and phylogenetic relationships of different clinical sources of 47 A. dhakensis from Malaysia using multilocus sequence typing (MLST), goeBURST, and phylogenetic analyses. The analysis of a concat...
Article
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is one of the main causative agents of pneumococcal diseases. To date, more than 90 distinct serotypes have been identified. Implementation of vaccines has caused a drastic reduction in vaccine-serotype pneumococcal diseases but increase in cases due to non-vaccine serotype has been observed in Malaysia. How...
Article
Malaysia is a non‐endemic country for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. However, seroprevalence as high as 50% among samples of aboriginal people were reported over two decades ago. A total of 207 samples collected from seven aboriginal villages in rural settlements across two states in Malaysia were analysed for anti‐HEV IgG and IgM by an enzyme‐...
Article
Background: Entamoeba is a free-living protozoan parasitic species that infect a variety of hosts. In humans, Entamoeba histolytica is the causative agent of amoebiasis. Entamoeba species has also been reported in dogs. However, little is known about the molecular epidemiology and the specific species of this parasite in dogs globally, including M...
Article
Objective: Plasmodium knowlesi, the fifth human malaria parasite, has caused mortality in humans. We aimed to identify P. knowlesi novel binding peptides through a random linear dodecapeptide phage display targeting the 19-kDa fragment of Merozoite Surface Protein-1 protein. Methods: rPkMSP-119 protein was heterologously expressed using Expresso...
Article
Colorectal cancer is one of the most prevalent noncommunicable diseases worldwide. 5-Fluorouracil is the mainstay of chemotherapy for colorectal cancer. Previously, we have demonstrated that high glucose diminishes the cytotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil by promoting cell cycle progression. The synergistic impact of rosiglitazone on 5-fluorouracil-induc...
Article
Aim: To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in ATG16L1 and IRGM genes with Crohn's disease (CD) in Malaysian patients. Methods: A total of 335 subjects were recruited, including 85 CD patients and 250 unrelated healthy controls, and informed consent was obtained. Genomic DNA was extracted via a conventional phenol-chlorofor...
Article
Full-text available
Staphylococcus aureus is an important nosocomial pathogen and its multidrug resistant strains, particularly methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), poses a serious threat to public health due to its limited therapeutic options. The increasing MRSA resistance towards vancomycin, which is the current drug of last resort, gives a great challenge to th...
Article
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There is an alarming increase in the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) present mainly in Enterobacteriaceae and other nonfermenting gram-negative bacteria, such as Alcaligenes faecalis, which is the only species in that genus that is clinically relevant. We investigated Alcaligenes species from 7 cases (6 inpatients and one outpa...
Article
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The spread of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a public health concern. The inducible macrolide-lincosamide-streptogrammin B (iMLSB ) phenotype (or inducible clindamycin resistance) is associated with false clindamycin susceptibility in routine laboratory testing and may lead to treatment failure. Tigecycline resistance remains rare in...
Article
Full-text available
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) is a key genetic factor conferring risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but precise independent localization of HLA effects is extremely challenging. As a result, the contribution of specific HLA alleles and amino-acid residues to the overall risk of SLE and to risk of specific autoantibodies are far from comple...
Article
Malaria is the most common vector-borne parasitic disease in Malaysia and Thailand, especially in Malayan Borneo and along the Thailand border areas, but little is known about the genetic diversity of the parasite. Present study aims to investigate the genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum isolates in these two countries and eventually contrib...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Oxidative stress is implicated in the etiology of diabetes and its debilitating complications, such as diabetic retinopathy (DR). Various flavonoids have been reported to be useful in reducing DR progression. Myricetin derivatives (F2) isolated from leaf extract of Syzygium malaccense have the potential to serve as functional food as repo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa is ubiquitous, has intrinsic antibiotic resistance mechanisms, and is associated with serious hospital-associated infections. It has evolved from being a burn wound infection into a major nosocomial threat. In this study, we compared and correlated the antimicrobial resistance, virulence traits and clonal relatedne...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus is able to form multilayer biofilms embedded within a glycocalyx or slime layer. Biofilm formation poses food contamination risks and can subsequently increase the risk of food poisoning. Identification of food-related S. aureus strains will provide additional data on staphylococcal food poisoning involved in biofilm formation...
Article
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Background & objectives: streptococcus pneumoniae: (pneumococcus) is a highly invasive extracellular pathogen that causes diseases such as pneumonia, otitis media and meningitis. This study was undertaken to determine the serotype diversity and penicillin susceptibility of S. pneumoniae isolated from paediatric patients in a tertiary teaching hosp...
Article
Purpose: The taxonomy of Aeromonas keeps expanding and their identification remains problematic due to their phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity. In this study, we aimed to develop a rapid and reliable polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay targeting the rpoD gene to enable the differentiation of aeromonads int...
Article
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Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterised by long-term kidney damage and renal function decline. Diabetic CKD is the principal subtype of kidney disease in Malaysia and is associated with oxidative stress which plays an important role in development and progression of the disease. Glycaemic control slows down the progression of diabe...
Data
Data S1 The dataset contains the information of 214 study participants including the CKD status, diabetes status, glycaemic control status, demographic characteristics, renal function measurement (eGFR), glutathione peroxidase activity, superoxide dismutase activity and soluble RAGE level.
Article
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the species distribution, genetic relatedness, virulence gene profiles, antimicrobial sensitivities, and resistance gene distribution of clinical Aeromonas strains from Singapore and Malaysia. Methods: A total of 210 Aeromonas clinical isolates were investigated: 116 from Singapore General Ho...
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which is often administrated to disrupt carcinogenesis, was found to elevate blood glucose level among CRC patients. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the influence of rosiglitazone on antiproliferative effect of...
Article
Malaria is a notorious disease which causes major global morbidity and mortality. This study aims to investigate the genetic and haplotype differences of Plasmodium knowlesi (P. knowlesi) isolates in Malaysian Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia based on the molecular analysis of the cytochrome b (cyt b) gene. The cyt b gene of 49 P. knowlesi isolates c...
Article
Objectives: The increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa along with the discovery of novel metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) is of concern. In this study, the isolation of Malaysian MBL-producing P. aeruginosa clinical strains was investigated. Methods: Fifty-three P. aeruginosa clinical strains were isolated from different...
Article
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STK15 is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates chromosomal segregation during mitosis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in this gene, Phe31Ile (rs2273535) and Val57Ile (rs1047972), are inconsistently associated with gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) across different populations. However, this association is unclear in Malaysian population. The...
Article
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AURKA, CENPW, and TIMP1 are reported to be genes involved in the regulation of the cell cycle and are highly associated with various cancers, including breast cancer (BC). These genes appear to be overexpressed in cancerous tissues, but unknown in peripheral blood. This study uses quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) to assess the differential express...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to determine the gastro-intestinal (GI) parasitic infections among small ruminants (i.e., goats, sheep, deer) in Malaysia through formalin-ether concentration technique. Overall, 70.9% or 302 out of 426 small ruminants (79.4% or 251/316 goats; 87.5% or 35/40 sheep; 22.9% or 16/70 deer) were infected with at least on...
Article
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Background Plasmodium is an obligate intracellular parasite. Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is the most prominent and well characterized malarial surface antigen that is essential for parasite-host cell invasion, i.e., for sporozoite to invade and replicate within hepatocytes in the liver stage and merozoite to penetrate and replicate within eryt...