Keith E Davis

Keith E Davis
University of South Carolina | USC · Department of Psychology

PhD Duke U

About

69
Publications
55,317
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,681
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
2519 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
January 1988 - December 2003
University of South Carolina

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
This study examined how perceivers with initial negative expectations about a chat partner developed their final expectations in text versus avatar-based settings, and which computer-mediated communication (CMC) environments exhibited higher attributional confidence in these impressions. Experimental conditions indicated that when participants attr...
Article
Full-text available
An integrative review of three theories that explain why some individuals engage in persistent pursuit—coercive control theory, relational goal pursuit, and attachment theory—is presented. The meta-analytic evidence pointing to persistent pursuit as a gendered behavior is reviewed, and coercive control theory is used to explain gender differences....
Article
Reviews the book, The rewards of punishment: A relational theory of norm enforcement by Christine Horne (see record 2009-08886-000). In this elegant short volume, Horne exhibits a mastery of experimental methods used to evaluate theories of norm enforcement and also shows a nearly staggering breadth of reference to philosophical, literary, econom...
Article
Problematic Internet use (PIU) has long been a matter of public concern. Study 1 examined the correlates of a well-validated measure of Internet addiction [Young, K. S. (1998). Caught in the net. New York: John Wiley and Sons] with 315 students (39% male). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that low self-esteem, unrealistic optimism, and th...
Article
Most studies of the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and depression have been limited to cross-sectional designs. The objective of this study was to follow individuals over time to examine whether those with higher levels of CRF have lower risk of developing depressive symptoms. Participants were 11,258 men and 3085 women enroll...
Article
Reviews the book, Erik Erikson and the American psyche: Ego, ethics, and evolution by Daniel Burston (see record 2007-01873-000). Daniel Burston is a distinguished intellectual historian and psychologist who has brought readers a reassessment of Erik Erikson's work and his place among both the psychoanalytic movement and American intellectual his...
Article
Full-text available
Reviews the book, Human nature: The categorial framework by P. M. S. Hacker (see record 2007-00544-000 ). The author's aim in this book is to clarify the broad range of concepts required for the study of human beings, which he calls philosophical anthropology . Hacker is writing to encourage us all to step back from this reflexive endorsement of an...
Article
Reviews the book, Family Routines and Rituals by Barbara H. Fiese (see record 2006-11023-000 ). Have you been at a recent social gathering and heard complaints about children or grandchildren having no manners, not being able to sit at the dinner table until everyone has finished, and having no idea how to carry on a conversation? Do you know frien...
Article
Reviews the book, The Father Factor: How Your Father's Legacy Impacts Your Career by Stephan B. Poulter (see record 2006-08219-000 ). With the growth of life coaching and workplace applications of clinical skills has come the need for a comprehensive framework within which to conduct these interventions. The intended audience for this book is perso...
Article
This chapter proposes a synthesis of clinical and forensic studies of stalker types, suggesting that the vast majority of cases can be encompassed by six types. The types are (a) rejected, previously abusive partners; (b) rejected, non-dangerous partners; (c) love obsessional stalkers; (d) erotomanic stalkers; (e) disorganized, delusional obsessive...
Article
Two hundred thirty-seven young adults from an American university completed a questionnaire designed to test several normative implications of attachment theory. As predicted, the majority of participants (60%) used their parents as primary attachment figures but were in the process of transferring attachment-related functions from parents to peers...
Article
We propose that the primary attachment process that influences partner choice is a normative one, the desire to form a secure attachment bond, and that a potential partner's attractiveness is, in part, a function of the degree to which the partner can offer the opportunity to form a secure attachment bond. An experimental test of the attachment-sec...
Article
Full-text available
This study used the National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS) of women and men to estimate noncohabitating dating violence prevalence by type (physical, forced sex, and stalking), associations between dating violence and other types of interpersonal violence across the lifespan, and association of dating violence with longer-term mental health...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to refine and elaborate models of personality and relationship-specific characteristics in the perpetration of stalking and psychological abuse. Three hundred and forty-two college students who had been in intimate relationships completed a series of questionnaires about their most recent breakup and their former relat...
Article
Full-text available
Few population-based studies have assessed the physical and mental health consequences of both psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) among women or men victims. This study estimated IPV prevalence by type (physical, sexual, and psychological) and associated physical and mental health consequences among women and men. The study...
Article
Background: Few population-based studies have assessed the physical and mental health consequences of both psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) among women or men victims. This study estimated IPV prevalence by type (physical, sexual, and psychological) and associated physical and mental health. consequences among women and me...
Article
Stalking is relatively common yet little is known of the longer-term health effects of stalking. Using the National Violence Against Women survey, we estimated lifetime stalking victimization among women and men, ages 18 to 65, identified correlates of being stalked, and explored the association between being stalked and mental and physical health...
Article
Full-text available
Social support for abused women may reduce the impact of abuse on mental health, yet few studies have addressed this issue. We wish to determine associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health outcomes and to assess the protective role of abuse disclosure and support on mental health among abused women. A cross-sectional surv...
Article
Little research has addressed the impact of dating violence and forced-sex victimization and perpetration on adolescent well-being. In this cross-sectional study, we provide (1) estimates of severe dating violence (SDV) by victimization and perpetration status, (2) estimates of lifetime forced-sex victimization and perpetration, (3) demographic and...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies of the correlates of self-reported courtship persistence, stalking-like behaviors following a relationship break-up, and psychological maltreatment of partners were conducted in samples of male (N = 46 and 93) and female (N = 123 and 110) college students. Approximately 40% (38.5% and 44.6%) engaged in at least one stalking behavior fol...
Article
Full-text available
Findings of the article in this two-volume series on stalking are reviewed. Building on the findings of the National Violence Against Women Survey (Tjaden & Thoennes, 1998), this series of studies adds to the literature in defining and measuring stalking behaviors. Repeated stalking victimization is reported by up to 62% of young adults, although f...
Article
Relationships among attachment styles and the infliction and receipt of emotional abuse among college students in romantic relationships were examined. Both self-report and interview measures were collected. The self-reports were administered to a sample of 427 college students, 61 (42 women and 19 men) of whom were interviewed. For women (but not...
Article
This work uses samples of 285 college students and their mothers to offer validity to a fourth attachment style and to test a new hypothesis: that partners would be preferred as a function of their potential for providing a secure attachment bond. Profiles exemplifying four attachment styles of potential partners were rated by the participants for...
Article
Employing predictors derived from the stress resistance and adult attachment literature, two studies are reported on the effects of war separation due to Operation Desert Storm on the families of South Carolina Reserve and National Guard member families. Study One, conducted during March and April 1991 (just following the cessation of fighting), sa...
Article
Adult attachment styles in 354 heterosexual couples in serious dating relationships were examined. Principal findings included the following: (a) male and female attachment styles were nonrandomly paired, for example, no anxious-anxious or avoidant-avoidant pairs were found; (b) male and female styles related to concurrent relationship ratings of b...
Article
Two studies were conducted to investigate the relative ability of Hendrick & Hendrick's (1986) measure of Lee's (1973) lovestyles and the Hazan & Shaver (1987) measure of attachment styles to predict concurrent relationship characteristics among unmarried dating couples. Relationship characteristics were assessed by the Davis & Todd (1985) Relation...
Article
This paper uses data from an employee health promotion project for government employees to examine initial health practices and their relationship to social and demographic variables. It then uses data collected one year later to examine changes in health behaviors and to try to explain what types of people are most likely to undertake health behav...
Article
The effects of emotional as well as physical abuse toward children have become a matter of great concern and study among health care professionals as well as social scientists and educators. The signs and symptoms of child abuse are familiar to many professionals working with children. However, when violence occurs between parents but is not direct...
Article
Using a sample of seventy heterosexual undergraduate couples, we examined the usefulness of the new measures developed by Hendrick & Hendrick (1986) of six of Lee's (1973) basic love styles to predict individual and couple relationship qualities. The six love styles (Eros, Storge, Pragma, Ludus, Agape and Mania) were related to six aspects of relat...
Article
A quasi-experimental research design is used to evaluate Carolina Healthstyle, a health promotion project for South Carolina state employees. A 10% stratified random sample of employees was surveyed in the Spring of 1983 and again in 1984. Eighteen agencies were intervention agencies and the rest comparison that year. This article reports changes w...
Article
A model of risk factors and psychosocial variables that should enhance the prediction of participation in worksite health promotion programs was evaluated in a sample of 357 States employees in South Carolina. Degree of satisfaction with one's current health status, intent to change it, and participation in a relevant program were assessed in four...
Article
A model of risk factors and psychosocial variables that should enhance the prediction of participation in worksite health promotion programs was evaluated by a sample survey (10% random sample) of approximately 13,000 State employees in South Carolina. The response rate for the survey was 66.3%, n = 854. A split sample strategy was employed to deve...
Article
Full-text available
The present study is an attempt to determine volunteering bias in racial, gender, and age groups in an adult development study. Samples were drawn from three different types of organizations in the Columbia, South Carolina SMSA. Volunteering rates were calculated as a function of the number eligible to participate in three age groups: young adult (...
Article
Presents a case formulation of friendship (FS) and love relationships (LRSs). Nine subrelations are taken to be essential features of the archetypical concept of friendship and 11 of the archetypical concept of romantic love. The major conceptual contrast between FS and LRSs is taken to lie in the contrast between the passionate aspects of love and...
Article
Data from 365 subjects from seven types of social groups (jail inmates, college students of three ethnic backgrounds, members of Catholic and Protestant religious organizations) were examined. While amount of exposure was negatively related to the overall index of character, the relationship held primarily for those subjects first exposed after age...
Article
Administered questionnaires to 140 couples to test the hypotheses that (a) feelings of love become more highly correlated with trust and acceptance as relationships develop through time and (b) parental interference in a love relationship intensifies the feelings of romantic love between members of the couple. The 1st hypothesis was derived from th...
Article
The major focus of this paper was on the implications of recent changes in social-sexual practices on marriage rates. Questionnaire data on interpersonal feelings and social background variables were obtained from 31 going-together couples and 18 living-together couples, all of whom were, of course, unmarried. It was found that the going-together c...
Article
A framework that is applicable to prosocial behavior was developed. Distinctions between psychological versus task helping and attempted versus achieved help were applied to the helping behaviors of normal and retarded children of 2 age groups observed in natural settings. Contrary to expectation, the older normals were not more helpful than the yo...
Article
In this study we examined and compared both personal reasons for not engaging in sexual intercourse, and students' conceptions of which reasons were most important for other men and women. We have both practical and theoretical reasons for studying students' sex role conceptions in this area. To the extent that there are significant errors in perce...
Article
One of the major problems facing researchers in the area of sexual behavior and attitudes is the extent to which the individuals who volunteer for such studies or complete all items on the questionnaires are representative of the populations from which they were drawn. This problem becomes particularly acute when one tries to assess the extent to w...
Article
While it is clear that important changes in college sexual behavior are occurring, these changes do not justify the term sexual revolution." Rather, they are related to changes in moral standards that show considerable continuity with the past. (Author)
Article
In marked contrast to pre-1962 research was a reported premarital coital rate for college women (mostly sophomores) of 41 percent—a finding which appears representative of this University and was replicated in an independent follow-up study. For males, a 60 percent coital rate differed little from previous research. But in spite of their relatively...
Article
present evidence from an ongoing study of marital partners who as members of National Guard or military reserve units were separated from their spouses and deployed overseas during Operation Desert Storm / [attempt] to understand and predict individual differences in emotional reactions during reunion and in postreunion marital adjustment and confl...
Article
examine prototypes or paradigm case formulations as conceptual devices for representing both the logical structure and the fuzziness of the ordinary notions of friendship / present empirical evidence for the ability of an assessment procedure based on these devices to distinguish among naturally occurring friendships of various types (including bro...
Article
The fundamental purpose of this experiment was to obtain empiric, replicatable, dose-response data from human subjects on the psychological effects of a common psychoactive drug. Six normal humans were first trained for six sessions on a series of tasks involving different aspects of memory and attention. Their individual sensitivity to secobarbita...
Article
The consistency of individual conformity to group pressure was investigated in three quite different situations-a perceptual judgment task, self-reported acceptance of peer group norms, and self-reported acceptance of authority pressures. There was a small but consistent trend for persons who conformed in one situation to conform in the other two....
Article
It was predicted that the degree of opinion conformity exhibited by workers to their supervisor's opinions would be a joint function of the extent to which their outcomes were dependent upon the supervisor's evaluation of them, and the degree to which the supervisor seemed likely to engage in uncalled for punitive attacks upon his subordinants. Spe...
Article
For college couples who were seriously considering marriage, measures of need complementarity (Schutz's FIRO scales) and value consensus (Farber's index of consensus) were compared with progress toward permanence over a seven month period. Consensus was found to be significantly related to progress for only the short-term couples, and complementari...
Article
Full-text available
2groups of 40 female students each were selected from 210 who had taken the 4th revision of the Christie's Mach Scales designed to measure Machievellian values. Those selected for the 2 comparison groups were from the upper 3rd and the lower 3rd of the scoring range, respectively. They were then interviewed in groups of 10, by 10 male graduate stud...
Article
Full-text available
The hypotheses were offered that the degree to which an individual conforms to a role (a set of behavior expectancies), the less he reveals about himself; in complete identity with the role, S's behavior is almost entirely determined by what he experiences to be expected of him; and behavior inconsistent with role expectancy is generally determined...
Article
Full-text available
A situation was structured so that Ss were under the impression they were reading to someone a negative evaluation about him. Half of the Ss expected to meet this person later, where the nature of the situation could be explained and rectified; the other half were told they would not be given such an opportunity. It was predicted that there would b...
Article
Pairs of Ss listened to two persons evaluate the personality of one member of the pair. One of the stimulus persons made derogatory remarks about the "involved' member, the other was noncommittal In one experimental condition the derogator was pre-identified as maladjusted, the nonderogator as well-adjusted. In another condition the identifications...

Network

Cited By