Keith Davids

Keith Davids
Sheffield Hallam University | SHU · Sport and Physical Activity Research Centre

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656
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Publications

Publications (656)
Article
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Background Match analysis has evolved exponentially over the past decades in team sports resulting in a significant number of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses. An umbrella review of the available literature is needed to provide an integrated overview of current knowledge and contribute to more robust theoretical explanations of team p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Twenty expert coaches were interviewed exploring their conceptions of the fastbowling technique and how they coached it. Coaches noted highly individualised techniques, that altered at varying times, due to game structure and tactical imperatives, which often required technical intervention. Previous have failed to identify these changes; however,...
Preprint
This chapter presents an ecological dynamics approach to conceptualizing affordances in the context of sports to understand the acquisition of skilled behaviors. Ecological dynamics is a multidisciplinary framework anchored in the sciences of complex systems, framed by concepts in ecological psychology and nonlinear dynamics, for analyzing behavior...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence investigating skilled performers in sport suggests that a prominent component of skilled behavior is, in part, due to the development of more effective and efficient perception-action couplings. Further, the Quiet Eye has emerged as a useful tool in which to investigate how skilled performers regulate action through fixating on visual info...
Article
The aim was to investigate the effects of a gym-based strength training intervention on biomechanics and intermuscular coordination patterns during short-term maximal cycling. Twelve track sprint cyclists performed 3 × 4 s seated sprints at 135 rpm, interspersed with 2 × 4 s seated sprints at 60 rpm on an isokinetic ergometer, repeating the session...
Article
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Equestrianism is part of a global industry influenced by a rich history of over 4000 years of culture and tradition. As the only interspecies Olympic event, equestrianism is facing negative public perceptions of competition performance and traditional coaching practices. In this position paper, we propose a constraints-led approach as a framework f...
Article
Full-text available
Equestrianism is part of a global industry influenced by a rich history of over 4000 years of culture and tradition. As the only interspecies Olympic event, equestrianism is facing negative public perceptions of competition performance and traditional coaching practices. In this position paper, we propose a constraints-led approach as a framework f...
Chapter
A common belief is that closed self-paced motor tasks enable the per-former to “activate” a pre-prepared plan to (re)produce actions, despite top performers underperforming at “big” moments. Elite athletes and players seem incapable of repeating a movement pattern, despite having “plenty of time to prepare and ‘run-off’ their well-drilled, standard...
Article
Background: Specific learning experiences are vital for athletes to continuously interact with developing knowledge of the performance environment, through the refined design of representative learning contexts (ecological paradigm), and appropriate didactical interventions (constructivist paradigm). Although there is a well-established relationshi...
Article
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What should professional development of knowledge and skills of academic sport scientists look like? We address this question by first dwelling in what ‘being a professional academic’ entails. Professionals work methodically, typically specialising their knowledge and skills while strategically planning how to progress their careers, often not rock...
Article
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For practitioners working in high performance sport, the primary goal is to ensure that precious preparation time is utilised efficiently, effectively and resourcefully to provide maximal impact on the performance potential of the individual or team. To achieve this goal, there is a need to treat athlete learning and development as an integral part...
Article
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In this paper, we consider how youth sport and (talent) development environments have adapted to, and are constrained by, social and cultural forces. Empirical evidence from an 18-month ethnographic case study highlights how social and cultural constraints influence the skill development and psychological wellbeing of young football players. We uti...
Article
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In this paper, we outline an ecological approach to practice design in American football to support coaches in helping players to coordinate skilled movement behaviours in dynamic performance environments. This approach may require moving away from some long-held practice approaches traditionally employed by some coaches across all performance leve...
Article
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Ideas and concepts taken from ecological dynamics might provide an alternative perspective on physical literacy assessment. The aim of this paper was to pilot an assessment of physical literacy conceptualised in an ecological dynamics theoretical rationale. The assessment that was designed has a number of unique features: its scale of analysis is c...
Article
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How best to summarise the professional work of sport scientists? What if we were to view them as artisans? As enskiled crafts-persons who think through and with their materials? What implications would this idea have for how we take up with research and ensuing scientific methods? Here, we explore these philosophical questions – of applied relevanc...
Article
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The last few decades have witnessed a surge of interest in adventure sports, and has led to an emerging research focus on these activities. However, recent conceptual analyses and scientific reviews have highlighted a major, fundamental question that remains unresolved: what constitutes an adventure sport. Despite several proposals for definitions,...
Article
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The value of talent development programmes, aimed at nurturing children and adolescents into high performance sport, has been widely questioned. However, there seems to be some agreement that the general concept of talent development is not the issue, rather, the problems exist in the design, implementation, and management of these systems. These c...
Article
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Sport science has increasingly witnessed use of contemporary ecological approaches to athlete development, preparation, and skill acquisition, providing alternatives to traditional pedagogical approaches. Here we examine an ecological perspective on transferring theory into coaching practice for athlete self-regulation and performance preparation,...
Article
Background: The behaviours of golfers could be interpreted as emergent, resulting from the cyclical relations of perception-action couplings established under the interacting constraints of competitive performance environments. Underpinned by an ecological dynamics approach, the aim of this study was to investigate how a simple adaptation of ta...
Preprint
The last few decades have witnessed a surge of interest in adventure sports, and an emerging research focus on these activities. However, recent conceptual analyses and scientific reviews have highlighted a major, fundamental question that remains unresolved: what constitutes an adventure sport (and are they ‘sports’ at all)? Despite several propos...
Article
Full-text available
The fossil record is scarce and incomplete by nature. Animals and ecological processes devour soft tissue and important bony details over time and, when the dust settles, we are faced with a patchy record full of variation. Fossil taxa are usually defined by craniodental characteristics, so unless postcranial bones are found associated with a skull...
Article
Background: Traditionally, Physical Education (PE) has adopted a multi-skills approach, where children generally engage in decontextualized practice of sport techniques to develop specific movement skills and facilitate sports participation. This approach has been critiqued for having a weak conceptual and philosophical justification, and a lack of...
Article
Background: Traditionally, Physical Education (PE) has adopted a multi-skills approach, where children generally engage in decontextualised practice of sport techniques to develop specific movement skills and facilitate sports participation. This approach has been critiqued for having a weak conceptual and philosophical justification, and a lack of...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to explore a different, more relational worldview of skill, learning and education in sport. To do this, we turn to the work of social anthropologist, Tim Ingold, leaning on the notion of enskilment, which proposes that learning is inseparable from doing and place . From this worldview, what is learned is not an established...
Article
Contemporary learning and development models have identified parkour-style training as a vehicle for athlete enrichment. However, perceptions of team-sport coaches and their receptiveness to such models of athlete enrichment have not been investigated and remain unclear. To explore how parkour-style training could be integrated into athlete develop...
Conference Paper
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Providing augmented information (i.e. feedback and instruction) is considered a dominant coaching behaviour (Raya-Castellano et al., 2020). Augmented information is typically delivered concurrently (i.e. during movement performance) or terminally (i.e. after movements) in the form of error correction (Davids et al., 2008) to prescribe footballers '...
Article
Introduction Recently Baggs and Chemero (2018. “Radical Embodiment in Two Directions.” Synthese, 1–16. doi:10.1007/s11229-018-02020-9) advocated for the possible ‘productive synthesis’ between the enactive and the ecological approaches in order to understand and to explain how an agent behaves and interacts with the environment. This paper argues t...
Article
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Key principle 3 (specificity and generality of practice for enrichment)
Article
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Information technology has been integrated into most areas of sport, providing new insights, improving the efficiency of operational processes, and offering unique opportunities for exploration and inquiry. While acknowledging this positive impact, this paper explores whether sufficient consideration has been directed towards what technology risks...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Despite the long-standing premise that competitive performance data should inform performance preparation (training designs), researchers tend to investigate athlete performance behaviours that emerge in competition and practice separately. Analyses of performance in training or competition environments tend to adopt a product-oriente...
Article
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Place kicks present valuable opportunities to score points in Rugby Union, contributing almost half of all points scored at international level. From an ecological dynamics perspective, place kickers adapt to interacting task, environmental, and individual constraints in performance environments. The aim of this study was to analyse effects of spec...
Article
Bernstein's (1996) levels of movement organization includes tonus, the muscular-contraction level that primes individual movement systems for (re)organizing coordination patterns. The hypothesis advanced is that the tonus architecture is a multi-fractal tensegrity system, deeply reliant on haptic perception for regulating movement of an individual...
Article
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The declining discovery rate of world-class ore deposits represents a significant obstacle to future global metal supply. To counter this trend, there is a requirement for mineral exploration to be conducted in increasingly challenging, uncertain, and remote environments. Faced with such increases in task and environmental complexity, an important...
Article
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This is the third of a four-part series on motor skill acquisition in figure skating. Readers can refer to the reference list to explore topics more deeply.
Article
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In this article we challenge deterministic practices on learning and development, biased towards individual properties of learners (e.g., genetic endowment) and knowledge acquisition (e.g., internal representations). These traditional approaches typically fail to account for environmental influences which may interact in unique ways with relevant p...
Article
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The promotion of inter- and multidisciplinarity - broadly drawing on other disciplines to help collaboratively answer important questions to the field - has been an important goal for many professional development organisations, universities, and research institutes in sport science. While welcoming collaboration, this opinion piece discusses the v...
Conference Paper
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A key mechanical feature of maximal cycling is hip and ankle joints working in synergy during the downstroke to enable the ankle to transfer power produced by the hip extensors to the crank. This study applied a modified vector coding technique to quantify the strength of the hip-ankle moment synergy in the downstroke during maximal cycling at vary...
Article
A major challenge to sport practitioners working across all levels of sport is ensuring that technological platforms are integrated effectively to assist learning along the development pathway. Under the framework of ecological dynamics, we introduce technology as a support opportunity for athletes to learn to become better attuned to, and utilise,...
Article
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Research has shown how social and cultural factors continually shape an athlete’s development journey. For example, the types of practice designed, which individuals are identified as talented and the characteristics that distinguish a good coach, are continually shaped by sociocultural constraints. This potential for a myriad of possible complex a...
Article
Analyses of training or competition environments traditionally tend to adopt a product oriented perspective through the recording and statistical analysis of performance outcomes. Consequently, most investigations continue to ignore the processes underpinning functional achievement of outcomes, therefore, failing to examine contextual effects of ho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The inherent complexity of sport praxis requires the mutual integration of the different, but complementary, paradigms to satisfy the daily challenges faced by the practitioners. Monitoring such praxis is also needed so that we can intentionally and continuously adapt it according to the team's needs. Using an insider action-research (AR) design im...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Scientific researchers have sought to comprehend how players synchronize actions during successful competitive sport performance. A deeply, and contextualized interpretation of this process could be reached, and enriched, by integrating Constraint-led (ecological) and Step-Game (constructivist) approaches. Adopting an action-research (AR) design ov...
Article
This inquiry explores a theoretical question, of applied practical relevance in fields like sport science, relating to how people come to know the performance landscapes they inhabit, and the dynamic opportunities for action they present. Here, we propose that how people come to know their performance landscapes, and how they learn to correspond wi...
Article
The aim of the present study was to examine how team composition of players with different roles constrains individual and collective tactical behaviours, and ball possession effectiveness, during competitive 3 vs 3 small-sided and conditioned games (SSCGs) in youth soccer players. Fifteen male players (under 15 yrs, mean age 13.2 ± 1.03 years, mea...
Article
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In this manuscript, we extend ecological approaches and suggest ideas for enhancing athlete development by utilizing the Skilled Intentionality Framework. A broad aim is to illustrate the extent to which social, cultural and historical aspects of life are embodied in the way football is played and the skills young footballers develop during learnin...
Article
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This is the second of a four-part series on motor skill acquisition in figure skating. Readers can refer to the reference list to explore topics more deeply.
Article
Full-text available
The sub-discipline of motor learning frames understanding of skill performance and practice in sports, relevant for developing talent and enhancing expertise of athletes (Ribeiro et al., 2021). Research in this area has important implications for the professional support work of practitioners such as coaches, trainers and sport scientists (Woods et...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional talent identification and development programs have sought to identify and select the most promising children as athletes of the future, to provide them with specialised training and preparation for expert performance in sport from an early age. Traditional models of talent identification and development tend to be linear, emphasising t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
roviding augmented Information (i.e. feedback & instruction) is considered a dominant coaching behaviour, typically delivered concurrently (i.e. during a movement action) or terminally (i.e. after a movement action) in the form of error correction to prescribe footballers with an optimal movement template. Here, we propose a model to prevent footba...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first of a four-part series on motor skill acquisition in figure skating. Readers can refer to the reference list to explore topics more deeply. We specifically provided hyperlinks to many of the references to make this process easier for coaches.
Article
Understanding how individuals navigate challenging accuracy demands required to register a legal jump is important in furthering knowledge of competitive long jumping. Identification of coordination tendencies unique to each individual emphasises the need to examine the presence of unique movement solutions and presents important information for in...
Article
Abstract Adopting a coaching perspective centred on athlete-environment interaction, this article summarises contemporary skill training literature and theoretical principles based on Nonlinear Pedagogy (NLP) and the Constraints-Led Approach (CLA). Our analysis highlights two main issues: 1) that athletes learn by using information in a performance...
Article
Full-text available
As it is appreciated that learning is a non-linear process - implying that coaching methodologies in sport should be accommodative - it is reasonable to suggest that player development pathways should also account for this non-linearity. A constraints-led approach (CLA), predicated on the theory of ecological dynamics, has been suggested as a viabl...
Article
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Worldwide, 1.3 billion people live in Poverty , a socio-economic status that has been identified as a key determinant of a lack of sports participation. Still, numerous athletes around the world have grown up in underprivileged socio-economic conditions. This is the case in Brazil, a country with around 13.5 million impoverished citizens, yet, over...
Article
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Background: In this paper, we explore physical education from a relational worldview. Theoretically guided by an ecological dynamics framework, this perspective calls us to conceptualise ‘education’ in its etymological roots – ex-ducere – meaning ‘to lead’ an individual ‘out’ into the world. In doing so, an educator would employ a ‘softer’ pedagogy...
Article
Background Nonlinear Pedagogy, underpinned by concepts in ecological dynamics, is a pedagogical framework that advocates an exploratory approach to acquisition of movement skills with an emphasis on individualised movement solutions. Its key principles have been successfully implemented in sports teaching and coaching and are currently being applie...
Article
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This is an exciting era for applied research in high-performance sporting environments. Specifically, there are growing calls for researchers to work with coaches to produce 'real-world' case examples that offer first-hand experiences into the application of theory. Whilst ecological dynamics has emerged as a guiding theoretical framework for learn...