Kees De Bot

Kees De Bot
University of Pannonia, Veszprém · Department of Applied Linguistics

Professor of Applied Linguisti

About

187
Publications
154,337
Reads
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6,708
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
3392 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
September 1975 - October 2003
Radboud University
Position
  • Chair of Applied Linguistics

Publications

Publications (187)
Chapter
In this contribution, we discuss bilingual language production and some of the theoretical concepts related to this. Our starting point will be the 1989 Speaking Model by Willem Levelt. Despite the fact that it is now more than 30 years old, it still stands as the most elaborate and empirically founded model for language production. The original mo...
Article
Full-text available
Real-time verbal interactions between foreign language teachers and their students are of vital importance for language development, but classroom interactions are also multi-faceted and complex. The way a teacher understands and responds to learner utterances can be a powerful pedagogical strategy to scaffold learner language development. In this...
Article
Previous research has shown that language switching is costly, and that these costs are likely to persist even when speakers are given ample time to prepare. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are cognitive limitations to speakers' ability to prepare for a switch, or whether a new language can be prepared in advance and any cost t...
Article
Full-text available
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian speakers who outnumbered the number of speakers of the titular language of Kazakhstan became a linguistic minority within the newly-formed independent state aimed at derussification. The present paper addresses two research questions: (1) whether the aim of the new language policy of Kazakhstan is...
Article
Full-text available
In recent studies in second language (L2) development, notably within the focus of Complex Dynamic Systems Theory (CDST), non-systematic variation has been extensively studied as intra-individual variation, which we will refer to as variability. This paper argues that variability is functional and is needed for development. With examples of four lo...
Book
The aim of the present volume is to provide an authoritative overview of research on multilingualism and ageing. Multilingualism exists in all countries, partly for historical reasons, but currently also because large numbers of people are moving into different countries due to wars, conflicts, and more general trends of globalisation. Furthermore,...
Article
This publication provides an overview of research on a large range of topics relating to language processing and language use from a life-span perspective. It is unique in covering and combining psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic approaches, discussing questions such as: Is it beneficial to speak more than one language when growing old? How are l...
Chapter
The chapter provides an overview of the role of cognitive processing in bilinguals for language contact. It, therefore, outlines current trends in studying cognitive factors in bilingualism. In particular, taking a Complex Dynamic Systems Theory perspective, it claims that bilingualism should be considered as a process rather than a fixed state: us...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A dozen publications have reported that bilinguals develop certain executive functions in their brain, which are not present in monolinguals. In particular, they believe that bi- and multilinguals are better in creative thinking, metalinguistic awareness, logical thinking, flexibility in thinking and the enhanced ability to learn languages. Some ot...
Article
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Regional variation in African-American English (AAE) is especially salient to its speakers involved with hip-hop culture, as hip-hop assigns great importance to regional identity and regional accents are a key means of expressing regional identity. However, little is known about AAE regional variation regarding prosodic rhythm and melody. In hip-ho...
Article
Full-text available
Hazim Alkhrisheh-Kees de Bot: The effect of maturity and gender on verbal fluency: in Jordanian University students The effect of maturity and gender on verbal fluency: in Jordanian University students Im vorliegenden Artikel werden von jordanischen Studierenden generierte Daten zur verbalen Flüssigkeit dargestellt. Ziel war es, die Auswirkungen vo...
Article
Een groeiende groep migranten wordt oud in een omgeving waar de dominante taal (T2) verschilt van hun moedertaal (T1). Deze studie bekijkt in hoeverre er een taalbarrière bestaat bij het verkrijgen van informatie over en toegang tot (zorg)voorzieningen, en wanneer een beperkte T2 taalvaardigheid een belemmering vormt voor het welbevinden van een gr...
Poster
Full-text available
The goal of this study is to determine to what extent language switching in bilingual speakers is a costly process. It is widely agreed that when bilinguals use one language, the other one is inhibited. In order to switch language, this inhibition needs to be overcome and the new language has to be reconfigured. Both processes take some time to b...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive advantages for bilinguals have inconsistently been observed in different populations, with different operationalisations of bilingualism, cognitive performance, and the process by which language control transfers to cognitive control. This calls for studies investigating which aspects of multilingualism drive a cognitive advantage, in whi...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on aging and migration often note a ‘language barrier’ for older migrants when communicating in a (medical) second language (L2) context. Yet how a limited L2 proficiency impacts the aging process of migrant adults has, so far, not been systematically investigated. This question is important given that having a limited L2 proficiency may po...
Article
Full-text available
Reaction time data have long been collected in order to gain insight into the underlying mechanisms involved in language processing. Means analyses often attempt to break down what factors relate to what portion of the total reaction time. From a dynamic systems theory perspective or an interaction dominant view of language processing, it is imposs...
Article
In this article, we explore the naming skills of a bilingual English-Norwegian speaker diagnosed with Primary Progressive Aphasia, in each of his languages across three different speech contexts: confrontation naming, semi-spontaneous narrative (picture description), and conversation, and at two points in time: 12 and 30 months post diagnosis, resp...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims at assessing how bilinguals select words in the appropriate language in production and recognition while minimizing interference from the non-appropriate language. Two prominent models are considered which assume that when one language is in use, the other is suppressed. The Inhibitory Control (IC) model suggests that, in both produ...
Article
An important goal of educational research is to find out which teaching practices are effective in promoting students' learning. In order to assess these practices, adequate observation instruments are needed. Existing observation schemes for language teaching are not suitable to gauge which teaching strategies scaffold EFL reading comprehension in...
Article
Full-text available
The study explores the effects of teacher support and student cohesiveness on foreign language (FL) learning outcomes and compares their effect with that of FL anxiety. One hundred and forty-six first-year Chinese undergraduates of Japanese, who were also learning English, participated in two surveys that were administered over a 2-month interval....
Article
Full-text available
Human behavior is not constant over the hours of the day, and there are considerable individual differences. Some people raise early and go to bed early and have their peek performance early in the day (“larks”) while others tend to go to bed late and get up late and have their best performance later in the day (“owls”). In this contribution we rep...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined preteens’ screen media use and potential differences in media use by child and family demographics among 1464 Dutch preteens. The results demonstrated that watching TV is still a very popular activity among children. However, other electronic media are also popular within this age group as 72 % of preteens had a cellphone. Child...
Article
Full-text available
The current study focuses on one child's (male, 3 years old) learning behaviors in an English as a Foreign Language classroom, and explores the coordination and developmental patterns of his nonverbal (gestures and body language) and verbal (verbal repetition and verbal responses) learning behaviors over time. Guided by the principles of the theory...
Preprint
The current study focuses on one child's (male, 3 years old) learning behaviors in an English as a Foreign Language classroom, and explores the coordination and developmental patterns of his nonverbal (gestures and body language) and verbal (verbal repetition and verbal responses) learning behaviors over time. Guided by the principles of the theory...
Article
Full-text available
This study assesses the impact of internal and external factors on very young EFL learners in an instructional setting. 71 child English learners in China (onset age: 2;0 - 5;6) were involved: their receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary and receptive grammar were taken as outcome variables, and age of onset, short-term memory, nonverbal intel...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations of language use in multilingual regions are traditionally done through the usage of retrospective questionnaires, either distributed on paper, or digitally. The aim of the present study was to test a new method of measuring language choice and use: by using social media to contact individuals several times a day and ask them what lan...
Article
Full-text available
Adopting a longitudinal design, this study investigates the effects of foreign language anxiety on foreign language proficiency over time within English and Japanese learning contexts. It also explores the stability of anxiety in English and Japanese over time and the stability of anxiety across English and Japa-nese. Chinese university students (N...
Research
Full-text available
The current study aims at exploring whether second language performance is optimal when the test is conducted at the preferred time of the day of individual learners.
Article
This paper reports a study that investigates and compares the effects of foreign language proficiency, social status of a learner’s family, self-esteem, and competitiveness on FL anxiety. Chinese university students ( N = 146), who were learning Japanese and English, participated in this study. Social status data were collected once with the Social...
Article
This study investigated whether lifelong bilingualism can be associated with enhanced executive control, particularly mental flexibility, and with a modulation of an age-related decline in these functions. We compared performance of middle-aged and elderly speakers of German and bilingual speakers of Dutch and Frisian in a cued task-switching parad...
Article
Full-text available
This study assesses the impact of internal and external factors on very young EFL learners in an instructional setting. 71 child English learners in China (onset age: 2;0 - 5;6) were involved: their receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary, and receptive grammar were taken as outcome variables, and age of onset, short-term memory, nonverbal inte...
Article
How has Applied Linguistics been defined and how has the field of Applied Linguistics developed over the last 30 years? Who were the leaders that pushed the agenda? What are the core publications in the field? Who are the authors that have been cited most and how is that related to leadership? What were the main themes in research? Why did formal l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on the effectiveness of bilingual education in the Netherlands. After a brief history of the rise of bilingual education in the Netherlands, the study traces the development of English proficiency of two cohorts at Dutch high schools during one year: a group of Year 1 students (average age 12) and a group of Year 3 students (aver...
Chapter
Full-text available
Wordy, the homunculus in a well-known applied linguist’s head, reports on all the work to be done in the multilingual lexicon and on the changes in view on the lexicon over time. He reflects on the old days when the lexicon was still organized according to different languages and laments the demise of the high status of words. He notes that his wor...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation as a variable in L2 development is no longer seen as the stable individual difference factor it was once believed to be: Influenced by process-oriented models and principles, and especially by the growing understanding of how complex dynamic systems work, researchers have been focusing increasingly on the dynamic and changeable nature of...
Article
Full-text available
Most theories of (second) language processing are based on component-dominant models that assume linear relationships between linguistic factors affecting language production and language comprehension. In this contribution we argue that in the wake of current nonlinear approaches to cognition, language processing must be seen in terms of interacti...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were carried out in order to create distinct motivational profiles of students, examine the way in which context had an effect on motivational styles, and attempt to collaborate these findings with the L2 Motivational Self-System. The research questions for this study were concerned with ascertaining whether or not it is possible to ide...
Article
In this Forum piece, we address several common misunderstandings of the generative L2A framework that are current in the wider L2A literature. Many of these misunderstandings stem from proposals that, although tested and eventually discarded, are still cited as though they were still accepted and in active use. We hope that by addressing four of th...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cette étude analyse les compétences linguistiques de deux élèves débutants en anglais, à l'écrit comme à l'oral. En se basant sur les modèles théoriques de la langue, nous avons trouvé des différences ainsi que des similitudes entre l'écrit et l'oral. Nous avons étudié cent épisodes parlés et écrits de deux jumeaux sous deux aspects: la dive...
Article
Full-text available
Aims The current study tests Clarke’s (1999) findings on phases and variations of the English development of young second-language learners in a Chinese English as a Foreign Language setting and explores the cause of these variations under the following questions: 1) What verbal and non-verbal behavior can be observed in Chinese preschoolers in an...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on a number of projects on early English teaching in the Nether-lands. The focus of these projects has been on the impact of English on the development of the mother tongue and the development of skills in the foreign language. Overall the results show that there is no negative effect on the mother tongue and that the gains in...
Chapter
We conducted a study to investigate effects of bilingualism on nonverbal and verbal cognitive performance. Here we report on the results from the first part of our study, in which 26 middle-aged (MA 46) and 26 elderly (MA 73.2) early bilingual speakers of Dutch and Frisian performed a verbal fluency test, a task switching test and a working memory...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper will present an overview of the state of the art in language attrition research, attempting to provide an integrated picture of the attrition process in the light of Dynamic Systems Theory. Recent findings suggest that a fully developed L1 system is a powerful attractor state, as defined by Dynamic Systems Theory. Once this state...
Article
While bilingual and multilingual dreaming has been mentioned in literature as a sign of language proficiency, there is an absence of empirical research. This research is the first attempt exploring new grounds, providing evidence in debunking the myth that a high level of L2 fluency is required for L2 dreaming and discovering a positive correlation...
Article
Full-text available
Taking a dynamic systems perspective on second language development, this paper argues that development is change over time, which is never stable and has no end state. Moreover, time can be defined at different scales: from the millisecond, minute, week and year to the lifespan. At all scales we can see change over time in language development at...
Article
In this article data are presented that suggest that individual language learners may have different optimal times of the day for learning a foreign language. Learners were tested on vocabulary learning and retention at different times of the day. In addition, different components of language aptitude were tested. Two components of the language apt...
Article
Full-text available
While research on third language (L3) and multilingualism has recently shown remarkable growth, the fundamental question of what makes trilingualism special compared to bilingualism, and indeed monolingualism, continues to be evaded. In this contribution we consider whether there is such a thing as a true monolingual, and if there is a difference b...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this contribution it is argued that Dynamic Systems Theory (DST) can be seen as a comprehensive theory that can unify and make relevant a number of different 'middle level' theories on Second Language Acquisition (SLA) which in our view are theories that attend to different levels of granularity and different time scales, provided of course that...
Article
Full-text available
If language processing and development is viewed as a dynamic process in which all subsystems interact over time, then some basic assumptions behind more traditional approaches to language analysis are problematic: new methods of analysis and modeling are needed to supplement and partly replace existing paradigms. This argument is illustrated with...
Article
Full-text available
Development, and thus language development takes place at many interacting timescales, ranging from the milliseconds of lexical retrieval to pragmatic development at the scale of the life span. Different factors play a role in development at different time scales and even the same factor may play out differently at different time scales. Motivation...
Article
This article reports on a study on learning new and relearning forgotten words of French as a foreign language in young (mean age 22.4), middle‐aged (mean age 50.3), and elderly speakers (mean age 76.0). The three age groups performed similarly on relearning old words, but the younger learners were significantly better at learning new words. Data f...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cognitive processing in bilinguals is the focus of this article. It proposes a move from the current largely static models of multilingual processing to more dynamic models. As in the first edition of this book, the focus is on language production because the models that have been developed for this are detailed, well supported, and have been accep...
Article
This semi-longitudinal/cross-sectional study explores the role of two possible variables in the L2 development of Dutch high school students: scholastic aptitude (operationalized as CITO score) and the amount of input, both in school (two hours a week versus 15 hours a week) and out of school. First grade participants were followed for two years an...
Book
Full-text available
Gestures are prevalent in communication and tightly linked to language and speech. As such they can shed important light on issues of language development across the lifespan. This volume, originally published as a Special Issue of Gesture Volume 8:2 (2008), brings together studies from different disciplines that examine language development in chi...
Article
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This paper presents the findings of research investigating first-language attrition of Turkish speakers in Australia and the role of subjective ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions in that process. It examines the relationship between societal factors and individuals' perception of the language contact situation as reflected in their speech behavio...