Kean Long Lim

Kean Long Lim
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · Fuel Cell Institute

PhD

About

49
Publications
12,162
Reads
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1,174
Citations
Citations since 2016
43 Research Items
1035 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Carbon-intensive industries must deem carbon capture, utilization, and storage initiatives to mitigate rising CO2 concentration by 2050. A 45% national reduction in CO2 emissions has been projected by government to realize net zero carbon in 2030. CO2 utilization is the prominent solution to curb not only CO2 but other greenhouse gases, such as met...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulose-rich empty fruit bunches (EFBs) have high potential as feedstock for second-generation biofuel and biochemical production without compromising food security. Nevertheless, the major challenge of valorizing lignocellulose-rich EFB is its high pretreatment cost. In this study, the preliminary techno-economic feasibility of expanding an...
Article
Full-text available
An anion-exchange electrolyte membrane, QPAF(C6)-4, polymerized with hydrophobic 1,4'-bis(3-chlorophenyl)perfluorohexane and hydrophilic (6,6'-(2,7-dichloro-9H-fluorene-9.9-diyl)bis(N,N-dimethylhexan-1-amine) is physically flexible and chemically stable. The drawbacks are relatively large water swelling and lower OH- conductivity at higher water up...
Article
The development of protic ionic liquids (PILs) in proton exchange membrane has drawn significant interest. The intrinsic properties of high thermal stability and proton conductivity of PILs at high temperature (> 100 °C) enables fuel cell operation at anhydrous condition. This review discusses the roles of PILs in different types of polymeric membr...
Article
The commercialization of fuel cells is hindered by the high cost of noble metal electrocatalysts, such as platinum. Mesostructured silica nanoparticles (MSNs), as a novel catalyst support, are added to active palladium nanoparticles to create a Pd-MSN electrocatalyst with low Pd content to improve catalytic efficacy and decrease costs. Wet impregna...
Article
The study aimed to obtain a chitosan/sulfonated poly(vinyl alcohol) (CS/SPVA) membrane with optimised hydrolytic stability and ion conduction properties by using the Taguchi method. Three factor variables including concentration of glutaraldehyde (GA), crosslinking temperature and crosslinking time were considered. An L18 orthogonal array along wit...
Article
Full-text available
This review discusses the roles of anion exchange membrane (AEM) as a solid-state electrolyte in fuel cell and electrolyzer applications. It highlights the advancement of existing fabrication methods and emphasizes the importance of radiation grafting methods in improving the properties of AEM. The development of AEM has been focused on the improve...
Article
This study aims to develop a decision model to optimise the oil palm biomass value chains by minimising the environmental impact whiles generating economy value from their bioproducts. The model considers two major components, namely, a fuzzy analytic hierarchy (FAHP) framework and a multi-objective optimisation model. Both components will be used...
Article
Electrolyte activated battery finds its important use during natural disaster emergencies, such as floods and typhoons. Nevertheless, high corrosion rate will deteriorate the discharge performance of the battery and it is influenced by the type of electrolyte and discharge current. In this study, the corrosion and discharge performance of a commerc...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to produce noble-metal-free oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst via irradiation. Gamma ray irradiation reduction has been utilized to produce N-doped reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-supported iron (Fe)-based catalysts, whose weight percent (wt.%) of Fe loading varies from 10% to 20%. In this study, the physicochemical pro...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, single phase of nickel oxides was synthesized using a feasible precipitation technique. The sample was irradiated by argon ion beams with pulsed plasma of kilojoules energy to induce microstructural changes in the materials before it was assembled on a graphene support as electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reactions in fuel cell. P...
Article
Full-text available
The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is a portable device and has the potential to produce 10 times higher energy density than lithium-ion rechargeable batteries. It is essential to build efficient methanol electrooxidation reaction electrocatalysts for DMFCs to achieve their practical application in future energy storage and conversion. A catalyst...
Article
This paper studies on the preparation of the alanate‐borohydride combined system, LiAlH4 + Mg(BH4)2 with diverse molar ratios (1:1, 1:2, and 2:1) using the ball milling technique. The findings show that there is a mutual destabilization between the hydrides where the newly combined system has superior hydrogen storage performances as opposed to the...
Article
Full-text available
The production of hydrogen to be used as an alternative renewable energy has been widely explored. Among various methods for producing hydrogen from hydrocarbons, methane decomposition is suitable for generating hydrogen with zero greenhouse gas emissions. The use of high temperatures as a result of strong carbon and hydrogen (C–H) bonds may be red...
Article
This work aims to study the effect of using sulfosuccinic acid (SSA) and 4-sulfophthalic acid (SPTA) to crosslink the chitosan/poly(vinyl)alcohol (CS/PVA) composite membrane on the proton conduction properties for fuel cell applications. The CS/SPVA membranes were prepared with different CS to PVA ratios with a fixed mass of crosslinker. The result...
Article
This work reports utilised of RGO from Sengon wood biomass to support Fe–N–C noble-free catalyst (Fe–N-RGO), while also attempt to investigate the effect of pyrolysis stage on Fe–N-RGO catalysts with four different nitrogen precursors towards the ORR activity in acidic medium. One- and two-step pyrolysis were performed at 900 °C for 1 h and 2 h res...
Article
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Non-precious metals (NPM) such as iron and nitrogen-doped carbon (Fe-N-C) have been actively studied as alternative electrocatalysts to platinum for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). However, its low stability is associated to the structural morphology of the electrode made of Fe-N-C and its support that...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogen is an alternative source of renewable energy that can be produced by methane decomposition without any COx formation. In this work, an impregnation method was used to prepare a set of Ni-based catalysts (5% to 50%) supported on mesostructured silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for its application in methane decomposition. The use of MSN as an eff...
Article
Full-text available
Nickel/scandia-ceria-stabilized-zirconia (Ni/10Sc1CeSZ) cermet is a potential anode for solid oxide fuel cells. The anode powder is prepared through a microwave-assisted glycine nitrate combustion process, and its properties, including phase and chemical composition as well as morphology, are characterized by XRD, TEM, and EDS techniques. The elect...
Article
Full-text available
Reduced graphene oxide (RGO) has progressed as one of key emerging carbon for catalyst support material. As an alternative to the conventional RGO precursor, bio- mass Sengon wood was converted into RGO for use as a noble metal free catalyst support in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This work intends to reveal the applica- bility of Sengon wood-d...
Article
Full-text available
Empty fruit bunches (EFB) are valuable palm oil mill waste that could be used to produce multiple products in the form of energy, chemicals, and materials. Therefore, efficient utilization of these biomass resources is essential to optimize the profitability of the industry while addressing environmental issues. In this study, a decision-support to...
Article
Biomass is a promising resource in Malaysia for energy, fuels, and high value-added products. However, regards to biomass value chains, the numerous restrictions and challenges related to the economic and environmental features must be considered. The major concerns regarding the enlargement of biomass plantation is that it requires large amounts o...
Article
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is a biodegradable, water-soluble membrane that has low methanol permeation and reactive chemical functionalities. Modification of these features makes PVA an attractive proton exchange membrane (PEM) alternative to NafionTM. However, the pristine PVA membrane is a poorer proton conductor than the NafionTM membrane due to...
Article
Full-text available
Recycling of materials, in particularly concrete was not frequently practiced in construction and moreover no study has been carried out yet. Furthermore, the environmental impact of recycling in construction was not known and no study has been carried out, thus now it leads to give an abundance of wasted concrete at site. Autoclaved aerated concre...
Article
This review paper summarizes the recent progress of anode catalysts for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR)in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). The electrocatalytic activities of the noble and noble-free catalysts in different electrolyte media are compared and discussed. Noble-free catalysts exhibit high activity in alkaline medium, whereas Pt-bas...
Article
Humanity’s future sustainable supply of energy, fuels and materials is aiming towards renewable sources such as biomass. Several studies on biomass value chains (BVCs) have demonstrated the feasibility of biomass in replacing fossil fuels. However, many of the activities along the chain can disrupt the food–energy–water (FEW) nexus given that these...
Article
Polymer electrolyte membranes, also known as proton exchange membranes (PEMs), are a type of semipermeable membrane that exhibits the property of conducting ions while impeding the mixing of reactant materials across the membrane. Due to the large potential and substantial number of applications of these materials, the development of proton exchang...
Article
Carbon nanofibres have high specific surface area to adsorb hydrogen on their surface and are widely investigated for hydrogen storage. Although carbon nanofibres can store a considerable amount of hydrogen, the adsorption of the latter must be conducted at cryogenic conditions. Here, MgO is proposed as a catalyst to improve the hydrogen storage pe...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents the use of pulsed fibre laser ablation in water (PLAW) to study the corrosion behaviour and surface hardness of stainless steels. A stainless-steel plate was ablated with a pulsed ytterbrium-doped fibre laser at a power of 4.2 W. The laser-ablated sample was subjected to corrosion testing using electrochemical impedance spectrosc...
Article
Full-text available
Chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend composite was prepared through two strategies of chemical modification, namely pre- and post-sulfonation. The sulfonation was carried out by using 4-sulfopthalic acid (sPTA) as the sulfonating agent. The modified chitosan/PVA blend composite was prepared under a range of chitosan content (10:90, 25:75, 50:50...
Article
This work aims to study the effect of choline chloride (ChCl) and urea based deep eutectic solvent (DES) on the proton conduction and thermal properties of chitosan-carboxymethylcellulose (Chitosan-CMC) membrane. Chitosan-CMC biocomposites were prepared in different ratios of 5:95, 10:90, 25:75, 50:50 and 75:25 with DES and was characterised. This...
Article
Full-text available
The potential for using O-methylene phosphonic κ-carrageenan (OMPk) as a filler in the chitosan-based polymer electrolyte N-methylene phosphonic chitosan (NMPC) was investigated. OMPk, a derivative of κ-carrageenan, was synthesized via phosphorylation and characterized using infrared spectroscopy (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Both the...
Article
Full-text available
The electrical conductivity and electrochemical performance of a La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ (LSC) cathode produced by a modified citrate-EDTA sol-gel method assisted with activated carbon are characterized for a proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell (H+ −SOFC) application at intermediate temperature. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed that the decompositi...
Article
This study aims at the use of a fiber laser for modifying the surface properties of cold-rolled low carbon steel via a pulse laser ablation technique in water. The effect on the corrosion behavior of the fiber laser-treated metal surface was investigated in NaCl and HCl environments. Electrochemical tests showed significant improvement in the corro...
Article
In order to realize a low-carbon hydrogen economy, a continuous search for materials able to store hydrogen in the solid form has been actively carried out globally. The need to accurately characterize the hydrogen storage properties of a variety of materials, including the thermodynamic and kinetic information, is of paramount importance. However...
Article
Full-text available
Polymer electrolyte membranes based on the natural polymer κ-carrageenan were modified and characterized for application in electrochemical devices. In general, pure κ-carrageenan membranes show a low ionic conductivity. New membranes were developed by chemically modifying κ-carrageenan via phosphorylation to produce O-methylene phosphonic κ-carrag...
Article
The cycle stability of La-Mg-Ni based alloys in a gas–solid reaction system was investigated in this work. Both partial substitutions of La and Ni by Ce and Al, respectively, improved the cycle stability of La(0.65−x)CexCa1.03Mg1.32Ni(9−y)Aly alloys. Although the addition of Al reduced the hydrogen storage capacity significantly, it is still import...
Article
Hydrogen is conventionally stored as either a compressed gas or a cryogenic liquid. However, the lack of efficient storage materials has thus far critically limited the widespread adoption of hydrogen, and to overcome this limitation, a promising solid-state storage method is needed. Attractive lightweight metal-based materials for solid-state stor...
Article
La–Mg–Ni based alloys have a high hydrogen storage capacity, but their cycle stability is usually poor. In this work, a series of composites were synthesized by mixing La–Mg–Ni based alloys with a commercial AB5 type alloy. The aim was to investigate the effects of AB5 additions and ball milling treatment in improving the cycle stability of La–Mg–N...
Article
Full-text available
Microwave irradiation is a simple yet effective way of altering the properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). This work studies the interactions between microwave-irradiated MWNTs and hydrogen. Effects of MWNT diameter and irradiation duration on the hydrogen-storage capacity have been investigated. We find that microwave irradiation indu...
Chapter
One of the possible solutions to provide electricity to a remote area community is to build a self-sustaining power generation system by harvesting the renewable energy. However, the intermittent nature of renewable energy has become a key issue to be solved in order to guarantee an uninterrupted power supply at all times. Hence, this chapter discu...
Article
Hydrogen in metal hydrides could be one of the promising energy storage mediums to address the intermittent nature of renewable energy. To convert the hydrogen energy to electricity, the storage system has to be coupled with a fuel cells system. Hence, it is important to design a hydrogen storage system that meets the operating requirements for a f...
Article
Recent attention has focused on steam reforming (SR) of methanol to produce high-purity hydrogen for ‘clean’ energy applications. Methanol (as a hydrogen carrier) is a renewable and easily accessible energy source that can be produced from biomass and natural gas; the advantages are its availability, high energy density, relative low cost, and easy...
Article
Hydrogen is important as a new source of energy for automotive applications. It is clear that the key challenge in developing this technology is hydrogen storage. Current methods for hydrogen storage have yet to meet all the demands for on-board applications. High-pressure gas storage or liquefaction cannot fulfill the storage criteria required for...
Article
Fuel cell as a clean and efficient source of electrical power, which requires hydrogen-rich feed gas as fuel has led to the study of efficient and economical hydrogen production. This article presents the study of the effect of catalyst metal loading and temperature in the reduction of carbon monoxide concentration on hydrogen production by steam r...

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