Ke Ma

Ke Ma
Southwest University in Chongqing | SWU · School of Psychology

About

20
Publications
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439
Citations
Introduction
Ke Ma currently works at Southwest University. The project is 'The sensorimotor basis of the self'. Please visit my supervisor's website for papers: www.bernhard-hommel.eu.
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
We used the virtual hand illusion paradigm to investigate the effect of physical load on perceived agency and body ownership. Participants pulled a resistance band that required exerting a force of 1 N, 10 N, or 20 N while operating a virtual hand that moved in synchronous or out of sync with their own hand. Explicit agency and ownership ratings we...
Article
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People are assumed to represent themselves in terms of body ownership and agency. Studies using the rubber- or virtual-hand illusion have assessed ownership and agency by means of explicit ownership and agency ratings and implicit measures, like proprioceptive drift in the case of ownership. These measures often show similar effects but also some d...
Article
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It is often claimed that the human self consists of perceived body ownership and agency, which are commonly assessed through explicit ownership and agency judgments and implicit measures, like proprioceptive drift, skin conductance responses, and intentional binding effects. Bottom-up multisensory integration and top-down modulation were predicted...
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Single-bout focused-attention meditation (FAM) and open-monitoring meditation (OMM) are assumed to bias metacontrol states towards more persistent versus more flexible processing, respectively. In Experiment 1, we tested whether monitoring and updating of WM representations in an N-Back task with high (3-back), medium (2-back), and low (1-back) WM...
Article
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The enfacement illusion refers to the illusory perception that features of another face that moves in synchrony with one’s own facial movements become part of one’s own body. Here, we tested whether males whose facial movements are synchronized with a virtual female face exhibit a less pronounced implicit gender–science stereotype than males whose...
Article
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The virtual hand illusion (VHI) paradigm demonstrates that people tend to perceive agency and bodily ownership for a virtual hand that moves in synchrony with their own movements. Given that this kind of effect can be taken to reflect self–other integration (i.e., the integration of some external, novel event into the representation of oneself), an...
Article
Eating behaviors play an important role in individuals' development, and restrained eaters have a higher risk of obesity in the future. In the present study, we used the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to measure restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, and emotional eating in 158 young, normal-weight, Chinese women. We developed a multiple linear...
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Virtual-hand-illusion studies often use explicit and implicit measures of body ownership but no agreed-on implicit measure of agency exists. We investigated whether the Intentional Binding (IB) effect could serve as such a measure. A pilot study confirmed that current consistency increases both perceived agency and IB. In three experiments, current...
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Seeing another person's face while that face and one's own face are stroked synchronously or controlling a virtual face by moving one's own induces the illusion that the other face has become a part of oneself-the enfacement effect. Here, we demonstrate that humans can enface even members of another species and that this enfacement promotes "featur...
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Previous rubber/virtual hand illusion studies have established important constraints for the illusion that an artificial effector becomes part of one’s own body (perceived ownership), and that its actions are being caused by oneself (perceived agency). We can take these observed constraints to establish two of three Wegner’s (Trends Cogn Sci 7:65–6...
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Studies investigating how people represent themselves and their own body often use variants of "ownership illusions", such as the traditional rubber-hand illusion or the more recently discovered enfacement illusion. However, these examples require rather artificial experimental setups, in which the artificial effector needs to be stroked in synchro...
Article
People tend to perceive the face of another person more as their own if own and other face are stroked in synchrony—the enfacement illusion. We conceptually replicated the enfacement illusion in a virtual reality environment, in which participants could control the movements of a virtual face by moving and touching their own face. We then used this...
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The tendency to perceive an artificial effector as part of one’s own body is known to depend on temporal criteria, like the synchrony between stimulus events informing about the effector. The role of spatial factors is less well understood. Rather than physical distance, which has been manipulated in previous studies, we investigated the role of re...
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The rubber hand illusion shows that people can perceive artificial effectors as part of their own body under suitable conditions, and the virtual hand illusion shows the same for virtual effectors. In this study, we compared a virtual version of the rubber-hand setup with a virtual-hand setup, and manipulated the synchrony between stimulation or mo...
Article
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Rubber-hand and virtual-hand illusions show that people can perceive body ownership for objects under suitable conditions. Bottom-up approaches assume that perceived ownership emerges from multisensory matching (e.g., between seen object and felt hand movements), whereas top-down approaches claim that novel body parts are integrated only if they re...
Article
Full-text available
The rubber hand illusion refers to the observation that participants perceive "body ownership" for a rubber hand if it moves, or is stroked in synchrony with the participant's real (covered) hand. Research indicates that events targeting artificial body parts can trigger affective responses (affective resonance) only with perceived body ownership,...
Article
In three dimensional (3D) shape measurement based on fringe projection, a serial of well designed color strips is used to encode each period of the projected sinusoidal fringe. It is considered one of the most reliable techniques for recovering 3D shape of a tested objects, even with spatially isolated surface. The sinusoidal fringe intensity is us...
Article
A new coding method is proposed for measuring the three-dimensional (3D) shape of spatially isolated objects . Based on Gray Code and sinusoidal stripe, this coded fringe pattern whose RGB components comprise the multiplications of three different frames in Gray Code and sinusoidal stripes, appears to be digital color coded sinusoidal fringes. The...
Article
When projecting a fringe pattern onto the object that has spatially isolated surface to retrieve its 3D shape, the difficulty of unwrapping the discontinuous and complex phase distribute often leads to the failure of whole work. Using color information to encode the projected sinusoidal fringe pattern and mark the order of each stripe will be helpf...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Theoretical frameworks regarding the human self often carry substantial philosophical overhead and considerable cultural biases (with the Western, individualistic self concept serving as the not further justified point of departure). Empirical studies on self-development and studies using artificial, often virtual body extensions increasingly suggest a surprisingly plastic self-representation that emerges through sensorimotor interactions. This project aims at unraveling the mechanisms underlying this dynamic process. Please note that we don't reply to paper requests as all papers are either open access or can be downloaded here: http://bernhard-hommel.eu/pubs.htm.