Kayihan Pala

Kayihan Pala
Uludag University · Department of Public Health

Professor of Public Health

About

80
Publications
47,227
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535
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - present
Turkish Medical Association
Turkish Medical Association
Position
  • Other
September 1997 - October 2018
Uludag University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
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This research aims to reveal the premature deaths caused by long-term exposure to PM2.5 in 2018 in Turkey utilizing the AirQ+ program developed by the World Health Organization. Calculation of yearly average PM2.5 concentration in provinces, acreage of provinces, and the mortality rate of the at-risk population was the data required for the operati...
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Article
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he WHO and UNICEF organized conferences on primary care and services in two different periods in the past, brought relevant issues to discussion and informed the public through declarations on suggestions that are shared by most countries. In this issue of the Community and Physician, these conferences and associated declarations are evaluated toge...
Book
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Hava kirliliği ile ilgili genel bilgiler Hava kirliliğinin tanımı Hava kirliliğinin sağlık etkileri Hava kirleticileri Temel hava kirleticilerinin sağlık etkileri Hava kirliliğinin ölçülmesi Hava kirliliği ölçümlerinin özellikleri Hava kirliliği ile ilgili sınır değerler PM2.5 ile ilgili sınır değer önerisi Uyarı eşiği Bursa’da hava kirliliği ölçüm...
Presentation
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Sağlık alanında kamu-özel ortaklığı modeli ve bu model ile inşa edilen ve işletilen şehir hastanelerinin durumu
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Türkiye'de yaşanan ekonomik krizin sağlık alanındaki mevcut ve olası yansımaları
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Bursa'da son yıllarda yaşanan hava kirliliğinin hava kirletici düzeylerine göre değerlendirilmesi
Presentation
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Sağlıkta Eşitsizliklerin tanımlanması ve gösterilmesi
Article
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The nature of neoliberal health reforms that brings market orientation to health and making it a new area of profit maximization for capital has, within the last three decades, deeply affected public hospitals in Turkey in terms of organization, financing and employment. The financing structure of public hospitals has radically changed in this proc...
Presentation
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Sağlık politikaları ve sınırlar: Konuya «Sağlık hakkı» üzerinden bakmak
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Belediyelerin sağlık alanındaki görev ve sorumlulukları, kentte yaşayanların sağlığını doğrudan ve dolaylı olarak etkileyebilir. Yerel yönetimlerin sağlık ile ilişkili görevleri sağlığın sosyal belirleyicilerinin büyük bir bölümünü ve doğrudan sağlık hizmeti sunumunu kapsamaktadır. Sağlığı belirleyen etmenlerin sağlık üzerindeki olumsuz etkilerini...
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Aim: The prevalence of childhood obesity has gradually increased around the world. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the change in the prevalence of childhood obesity among 6 to 12-year-old school children over a 13 year period. Methods: This study compared the data from two large population studies conducted in Gemlik in 2001 and 2014. 4487 chil...
Article
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Kömürlü termik santraller, santral çevresinde yaşayanlarda rahatsızlanmaya, hastalanmaya ve erken ölümlere yol açan doğrudan sağlık etkilerinin yanında; küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliklerine katkıları nedeniyle yaralanma, hastalanma ve ölümler gibi dolaylı sağlık etkilerinin oluşmasına da katkıda bulunmaktadır. Sermayenin daha fazla kâr elde etm...
Article
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Background Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily pr...
Article
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Amaç:Hekimlik pratiğine dair meslek örgütüne yansıyan ihlal iddialarını ve belirleyenlerini incelemektir. Yöntem:Araştırma, Bursa Tabip Odası (BTO) Yönetim Kurulu’nun 1991-2014 yılları arasındaki tüm kayıtlarının, Onur Kurulu dosyalarının ve bilgisayar kayıtlarının taranmasıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir.Bulgular:İncelenen dönemde BTO’ya yapılan 593 başv...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate tuberculosis control programmes of patients who applied to the Bursa Nilufer Tuberculosis Dispensary and by investigating the changes in the variables over 3 decades. Method: In this retrospective descriptive study, the records of all tuberculosis cases (1662 people) treated in the last 30 years (19...
Article
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the trend of occupational injuries in Turkey using epidemiologic criteria such as incidence mortality and fatality/all injuries recorded - rates. Materials and methods: Safety and health data were obtained from the Annual Statistic Books of the Social Insurance Institution (1988-2006) and Socia...
Research
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Türkiye için sağlık reformu önerisi
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In this article, challenges experienced by an elderly and disabled patient living alone were addressed in terms of access to healthcare and social services and were discussed from the point of view of what needs to be done to the services available to the patients. Problems included not cover under the family physician system, user fees, and delays...
Article
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of house visits on hypertension control in the elderly. Materials and Method: In Bursa, the Nilufer Public Health Training and Research Area conducts a follow-up program for the elderly. Nurses and midwives visit people over 65 years of age every six months, which is a new practice in T...
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One of the most important components of health promotion is community participation. The importance of community participation in health care was raised by the Alma-Ata Declaration in 1978. According to the Alma-Ata Declaration community participation should be ensured by planning, organization, implementation and supervision of health services at...
Article
Self-rated health is a good indicator for mortality and morbidity, and many of the factors affecting self-rated health are well known. However, the effect of familial disease history on an individual's health perception has not been investigated. This study examined the effects of chronic and serious diseases in mothers, fathers, and siblings, and...
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Background Less than half of migraineurs receive prescription treatment and this causes a great loss of economical resources. We aimed to evaluate the effect of migraine treatment on migraine-related economic burden among migraineurs employed in schools. Methods Forty-two subjects with migraine with two or more attacks per month included in this st...
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Airborne particulate matter (PM) and associated metals were measured in a district of an industrial city in Western Turkey. We compared PM concentrations in Bursa, Turkey (Nilufer district) with international air quality standards. Turkish legislature adopted the EC Air Quality Framework in 2008, and compliance is required in the medium term. State...
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AIM: Payment methods of health workers effects health service providing positively or negatively in different forms. Performance Related Payment (PRP) System is a new supplementary payment method, implementing till 2004 in our country. But; as the way PRP is performed in our country, it can be accepted to be the main payment method. The aim of this...
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Summary Aim: The Provincial Health Authority declared that in 2008 infant mortality rate was 6 0 per thousand in Bursa As this rate is very low for Turkey there was a need to investigate it The objective of this study was to estimate the infant mortality rate for 2008 in Bursa Material and Method: In order to calculate the infant mortality rate dat...
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The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the health and respiratory function of residents around the Orhaneli thermal power plant in Turkey. The study was conducted using face-to-face interviews, and respiratory functions were measured with a spirometer. The respiratory functions of 2350 residents, 15 years and older, living in communi...
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Aim: This study was carried out in order to determine the nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and the faecal carriage of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in food industry workers. Materials and methods: During the study, face to face interviews were conducted with the...
Article
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Aim: The Provincial Health Authority, declared that in 2008, infant mortality rate was 6,0 per thousand, in Bursa. As this rate is very low for Turkey, there was a need to investigate it. The objective of this study was to estimate the infant mortality rate for 2008, in Bursa. Material and Method: In order to calculate the infant mortality rate, da...
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The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to wood dust in the furniture industry in a minor industrial estate in Bursa, Turkey. The study was conducted between October 2006 and May 2007. In this study, a total of 656 persons, 328 woodworkers and 328 controls were included. A questionnaire was used in the study. Physical examinatio...
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The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the blood lead levels of apprentices working in lead-related industries with those of non-apprentice controls and to evaluate the influence of such occupational exposure. The study was conducted between October 2004 and June 2005 in Bursa, Turkey. Subjects included 231 apprentices and 252 male co...
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The aim of this study was to determine the cardiovascular disease risk factors (risk of overweight/overweight, dyslipidemia, paraoxonase-1 activity, positive family history, physical inactivity, smoking) that accompany hypertension and investigate the relationship between hypertension and some of these risk factors. This study included 118 hyperten...
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The control of anaemia in women of childbearing age is essential to prevent low birth weight and perinatal and maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the anaemia prevalence and risk factors in women of reproductive age group in Nilufer Public Health Training and Research Area, Bursa, Turkey. In this cross-sectional study, 530 wo...
Article
To determine the hypertension prevalence and risk factors related to hypertension among schoolchildren aged 12-14 years in Bursa, Turkey. We conducted this study at the Bursa Provincial Center between February and June 2006. Two thousand and four hundred seventy-eight schoolchildren were randomly selected. The evaluation of elevated blood pressure...
Article
General practitioners (GPs) diagnose and treat headache in primary care settings. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a 2-day headache education programme for GPs primarily on diagnostic accuracy. The education programme included theoretical lectures and face-to-face patient evaluation with headache specialists. Three GPs e...
Article
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The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Nilufer District, Bursa, Turkey using standardized diagnostic criteria to investigate associated factors, and to determine the risk groups for a preventive public health program. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Nilufer Public Health Training and Resear...
Article
The main objective was to compare new reproductive and family planning data with data from the 1981 survey. All 15-49-year-old married women living in seven villages of Gemlik were interviewed and the data were compared with the 1981 data of the same villages. In 1981, 66.8% used a family planning method, 6.8% used an intrauterine device, 10.2% use...
Article
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension among individuals over 30 years of age and to plan a follow-up programme for the same age group. A community-based sample of 1992 individuals (952 men and 1,040 women) was selected randomly. Out of the total study population, 1,388 (69.7%) ind...
Article
This study was conducted in January 2001, in Bursa, Turkey. Of the 99 traffic policemen who were included in the study, 21 were office workers. Blood lead levels were determined by using an electro-thermal atomic absorption spectrometer (ET-AAS). Average blood lead levels were 9.4 +/- 1.6 micrograms/l and 8.7 +/- 1.7 micrograms/l for policemen work...
Article
Objectives: The main objective was to compare new reproductive and family planning data with data from the 1981 survey. Methods: All 15-49-year-old married women living in seven villages of Gemlik were interviewed and the data were compared with the 1981 data of the same villages. Results: In 1981, 66.8% used a family planning method, 6.8% used an...
Article
The objectives of this study were to gain information about some fertility issues, contraceptive method choices, and the reasons for coitus interruptus (CI) use among married women aged 15-49, in Gemlik, Turkey. One thousand nine hundred ten women were interviewed for this cross-sectional study. The pregnancy rate per woman was 2.9. 716 women (37.5...
Article
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ZET Bu çalışma, 17 Nisan 2000 ve 30 Ocak 2002 tarihleri arasında Bursa ili Orhangazi ilçe merkezindeki 6 ilköğretim okulunda okuyan 6-14 yaş 5795 çocukta yapılmıştır. Çalışmada çocukların boy ve ağırlıkları ölçülüp, Beden Kütle İndeksleri (BKI)hesaplanarak, bu yaş grubun-da kilo fazlalığı (overweight) ve obezite prevalansının saptanması amaçlanmışt...
Article
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ZET Bu araştırmada, Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi (UÜTF)'nde çalışan araştırma görevlileri ve uzmanların yaşam kalitesini değerlendir-mek amaçlanmıştır. Temmuz-Ağustos 2001'de Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi'nde çalışan 237 asistan ve 36 uzman doktorda, WHOQOL-BREF(TR) yaşam kalitesi ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda elde edilen yaşam...

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