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This article examines the military history behind the rise of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh (in office from 1952 to 1953) and the (military) factors that led to his fall from power in 1953. The article is also prefaced by the state of the Iranian military following the Second World War up to and including the the events of Mossadegh's t...
This article examines Sasanian military architecture with respect to its integration with the four-region Spāhbed system (Ādurbādagān-Spāhbed, Xwarāsān-Spāhbed, Xwarbārān-Spāhbed and Nēmrōz-Spāhbed) for defending the empire. Following an overview of Sasanian military architecture within Iran, the article examines the Darband wall of the Caucasus in...
This article outlines the military campaign of Marc Antony into northwest Iran (Media Atropatene) in 36 BCE. The military forces of Antony who faced the Parthians and the Medes are examined as well as the tactics of the belligerents. The reasons for the failure of Marc Antony's in Iran are also analyzed.
This article outlines the military career of Xerxes prior to his invasion of Greece, notably his campaigns against the rebellions in Egypt and Babylon. Achaemenid military organization as well as preparations for the invasion of Greece are also discussed in this article.
This text outlines the career of Emperor Trajan (r. 98-117 CE) (Chapter 2) and his successful campaign against the Parthian Empire which was riven by internal dynastic strife during the Roman invasion (4). A detailed overview is provided of the Parthian Army (Chapter 3) as well as Parthian feudal society (Chapter 5). The book was printed in 2018 an...
This paper examines Iranian helmets from the 2nd century BCE Parthian era into the Sasanian era in the 3rd to 7th century CE. Analyses involve excavated helmets, and depictions of helmets on plaques, coins, bullae, metalworks and stone reliefs housed in museums, private collections and auction houses. Clay sculptures and wall paintings in Central A...
This book first provides a comprehensive examination of Romano-Sassanian relations with respect to factors that led to the siege of Amida. These include analyses of the political and religious backgrounds leading to conflict. The wars of 33-350 CE are examined, followed by analyses of the Spah (Sassanian army) as well as its siege warfare capabilit...
p>This article provides an examination of archery techniques, such as drawing techniques of the bowstring, the method of grasping the bow grip and placing the arrow, and their relationship to warfare as depicted on 22 Sassanian and early post-Sassanian silver plates. These plates provide useful information on Sassanian archery equipment and techniq...
The book A Synopsis of the Sasanian Military Organization and Combat Units is the result of several years of collaboration between the authors who undertake daily research on the history of pre-Islamic Iran. The present work is primarily addressed to students of history who acquire their first experiences in exploring the history of the Near East....
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of British Columbia, 2001. Includes bibliographical references.
Farrokh, K., & Khorasani, M.M. This paper examines the role of the Sassanian army’s (Spah) infantry units from the early 3rd century CE to the final days of the Sassanian dynasty in the 7th century CE. The article provides a disambiguation of the functions of the terms infantry, Paighan, and peasant levies mainly due to varied descriptions provided in primary classical sources and interpretations made of these by secondary sources.