Katrin Vohland

Katrin Vohland
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien · Directory

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172
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3,215
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Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Full-text available
In this document the NHMW rolls out in which areas the museum already contributes and can contribute to implement Open Science in its processes and products, which resources are necessary, and which already have been aquired, mainly in the form of third party funded projects. The key contribution is linked to its global responsibility regarding the...
Article
This report offers some reflections for a better understanding of the realization of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) at a local level, describing the implementation of the newly established Austrian EOSC Mandated Organisation and the EOSC Support Office Austria.
Technical Report
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ICTs, personal data, digital rights, the GDPR, data privacy, online security… these terms, and the concepts behind them, are increasingly common in our lives. Some of us may be familiar with them, but others are less aware of the growing role of ICTs and data in our lives - and the potential risks this creates. These risks are even more pronounced...
Book
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Annual report 2020 of the Natural History Museum Vienna
Article
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[DE] Die systematische Erfassung und Analyse von Biodiversitätsdaten und Ökosystemleistungen ist unerlässlich. Sie trägt zum Verständnis von Ursachen des Biodiversitätsverlusts bei und wird zur Analyse von Trends sowie zur Evaluierung von Interventionsmaßnahmen und politischen Strategien benötigt. Ehrenamtliche Datenerhebungen und wissenschaft- lic...
Article
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Citizen science has expanded rapidly over the past decades. Yet, defining citizen science and its boundaries remained a challenge, and this is reflected in the literature—for example in the proliferation of typologies and definitions. There is a need for identifying areas of agreement and disagreement within the citizen science practitioners commun...
Article
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Citizen science is a transdisciplinary approach that responds to the current science policy agenda: in terms of supporting open science, and by using a range of science communication instruments. In particular, it opens up scientific research processes by involving citizens at different phases; this also creates a range of opportunities for science...
Chapter
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Citizen science broadly refers to the active engagement of the general public in scientific research tasks. Citizen science is a growing practice in which scientists and citizens collaborate to produce new knowledge for science and society. Although citizen science has been around for centuries, the term citizen science was coined in the 1990s and...
Chapter
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This chapter uses informed consent as a point of departure for the description of multiple ethical facets in citizen science. It sets out an overview of general ethical challenges in citizen science, from conceptual issues around social imbalances and power relations, to practical issues, such as how to deal with privacy for participants as well as...
Chapter
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This book is the culmination of the COST Action CA15212 Citizen Science to Promote Creativity, Scientific Literacy, and Innovation throughout Europe . It represents the final stage of a shared journey taken over the last 4 years. During this relatively short period, our citizen science practices and perspectives have rapidly evolved. In this chapte...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we explore the landscape of citizen science across Europe, how networks have developed, and how the science of citizen science has evolved. In addition to carrying out a literature review, we analysed publicly available data from the European Commission’s Community Research and Development Information Service (Cordis). We also extr...
Chapter
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Citizen science has manifold relationships to policy, which is understood as sets of ideas or plans for action followed by a government, business, political party, or group of people. In this chapter, we focus on the relationship between citizen science, government policies, and the related notions of politics and polity. We discuss two core areas...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we address the perennial question of what is citizen science? by asking the related question, why is it challenging to define citizen science? Over the past decade and a half, we have seen the emergence of typologies, definitions, and criteria for qualifying citizen science. Yet, citizen science as a field seems somewhat resistant...
Chapter
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The natural sciences include the life and physical sciences and study nature through observing and understanding phenomena, testing hypotheses, and performing experiments. Key principles such as reliability, validity, objectivity, and predictability are achieved through transparent assumptions, methods, data, and interpretations as well as multidis...
Preprint
Citizen science has expanded rapidly over the past decades. Yet, defining citizen science and its boundaries remained a challenge, and this is reflected in the literature - for example in the proliferation of typologies and definitions. There is a need for identifying areas of agreement and disagreement within the citizen science practitioners comm...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this workshop was to ask potential end-users of the citizens’ information pack on legal and ethical issues around ICTs (i.e. citizens and citizens’ groups) the following questions: What is your knowledge of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and what actions have you taken in response to these regulations? What challenge...
Article
Citizen Science (CS) projects involve members of the general public as active participants in research. While some advocates hope that CS can increase scientific knowledge production (“productivity view”), others emphasize that it may bridge a perceived gap between science and the broader society (“democratization view”). We discuss how an integrat...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen Science (CS) projects involve members of the general public as active participants in research. While some advocates hope that CS can increase scientific knowledge production (“productivity view”), others emphasize that it may bridge a perceived gap between science and the broader society (“democratization view”). We discuss how an integrat...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science evolved through multiple disciplinary manifestations into a new field of study and a participatory method of enquiry. While most citizen science projects take place within problem-focused natural sciences, social sciences and humanities help understanding the human dimension and open a broad methodological spectrum for enriching sci...
Preprint
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Boundary spanning activities in the biodiversity science-policy interface are urgently needed. Effective science communication and uptake of scientific findings by policymakers is crucial for a successful, cross-scale policy implementation. For this, national platforms promoting knowledge exchange between different stakeholder groups are key. Estab...
Article
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The neoliberal turn in science has led to the economisation of knowledge, economic criteria for evaluating research, and a retreat of the state from governance of the scientific system. These steps have important ramifications for citizen science. On one hand, citizen science may add to the neoliberalization of science by filling gaps in “tradition...
Article
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Das Biodiversitätsmonitoring in Deutschland ist disziplinär und institutionell stark fragmentiert ‐ mit der Folge, dass weder der Zustand der Biodiversität noch ihre Entwicklungstrends einheitlich abgebildet werden. Das wäre jedoch die Voraussetzung, damit Deutschland dem Biodiversitätsverlust gezielt entgegentreten sowie seinen nationalen und inte...
Chapter
Citizen science activity is growing rapidly around the world and diversifies into new disciplines with recent advances in technology. This expansion is accompanied by the formation of associations and networks dedicated to citizen science practitioners, which aim at supporting citizen science as a research approach. This chapter examines how four s...
Research
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NeFo führt seit Sommer 2016 eine Potenzialanalyse hinsichtlich der Frage durch, wie der Weltbiodiversitätsrat IPBES von der deutschen Forschung besser unterstützt und aus welchen (wissenschaftlichen) Projekten diese Unterstützung generiert werden könnte. Dazu wurde nun eine im Jahre 2017 durchgeführte Akteursbefragung ausgewertet, die Aufschluss da...
Chapter
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Highlights • Strategic capacity-building programmes have been initiated at the European and national scale leading to the development of the Socientize Green and White Paper for Citizen Science in Europe and the Greenpaper Citizen Science Strategy 2020 for Germany. • These programmes have broader relevance in informing national and supranational pr...
Chapter
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Natural history museums (NHMs) have a long history of collaboration with the amateur-expert naturalist community. A tradition of two-way knowledge sharing that continues today. Over time, NHMs have renewed their functions within society and assumed a relevance not only for the conservation of collections, but also for engaging society in the genera...
Conference Paper
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Am Museum für Naturkunde Berlin sind zwei Projekte angesiedelt: Das GEOEssential-Projekt, das sich mit der Einbeziehung von Stakeholdern bei der Suche nach aussagekräftigen Variablen befasst und gemeinsam unter anderem mit der Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung den Dialog mit Stakeholdern sucht, und das Netz- werk-Forum für Biodiversitätsf...
Research
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Zur Analyse der Vernetzung und vergangenen Entwicklung sowie zur strategischen Weiterentwicklung der Bio- diversitätsforschung in Deutschland wurde eine soziale Netzwerkanalyse durchgeführt. Als Datengrundlage diente der Forschungsatlas des Netzwerk-Forums zur Biodiversitätsforschung (NeFo), der an Biodiversität forschende Institutionen und u. a. i...
Technical Report
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Die Synthetische Biologie steht in engem Zusammenhang mit Fragen der Erhaltung und nachhaltigen Nutzung der biologischen Vielfalt. Der Gedanke, dass der Artenschutz durch Veränderung der Eigenschaften von Arten profitieren könnte, muss weiter untersucht werden, da Wechselwirkungen noch nicht ausreichend erforscht sind und das Risikomanagement unkla...
Article
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Citizen science is growing as a field of research with contributions from diverse disciplines, promoting innovation in science, society, and policy. Inter- and transdisciplinary discussions and critical analyses are needed to use the current momentum to evaluate, demonstrate, and build on the advances that have been made in the past few years. This...
Article
Both citizen science and transdisciplinary sustainability research involve nonacademic actors in the production of knowledge while seeking to contribute to sustainability transitions, albeit in different ways. From citizen science, transdisciplinary researchers can learn about the multiple ways of engaging knowledge holders, and producing and shari...
Article
In diesem Artikel werden Kernzuschreibungen von Open Science und Citizen Science in der europäischen Wissenschaftspolitik analysiert und zueinander in Beziehung gesetzt. Beide Konzepte postulieren und forcieren eine zukünftige Öffnung von Wissenschaft – wobei die Open-Science-Politik vor allem auf den Prozess von Wissenschaft abhebt, während bei de...
Book
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The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) assesses the state of biodiversity and of the ecosystem services provided to society, in response to requests from decision makers. The mission of IPBES is to strengthen the science-policy interface for biodiversity and ecosystem services. Within two years...
Article
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Citizen science has become more popular in recent years, quickly taking on a variety of potentially conflicting characteristics: a way to collect massive data sets at relatively low cost, a way to break science out of the ivory tower and better engage the public, an approach to educate lay people in scientific methods. But the extent of current cit...
Chapter
Citizen science activity is growing rapidly around the world and diversifies into new disciplines with recent advances in technology. This expansion is accompanied by the formation of associations and networks dedicated to citizen science practitioners, which aim at supporting citizen science as a research approach. This chapter examines how four s...
Article
Full-text available
Göbel, C., Agnello, G., Baïz, I., Berditchevskaia, A., Evers, L., García, D., Pritchard, H., Luna, S., Ramanauskaite, E. M., Serrano, F., Boheemen, P. v., Völker, T., Wyszomirski, P., Vohland, K. (2017): European Stakeholder Round Table on Citizen and DIY Science and Responsible Research and Innovation. Doing-it-Together Science Report. URI: http:/...
Article
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Since 2012, three organizations advancing the work of citizen science practitioners have arisen in different regions: The primarily US-based but globally open Citizen Science Association (CSA), the European Citizen Science Association (ECSA), and the Australian Citizen Science Association (ACSA). These associations are moving rapidly to establish t...
Technical Report
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Seit der Überblicksstudie zur Biodiversitätsforschung in Deutschland von Bergholz et al. (2012) hat sich die deutsche Biodiversitätsforschungslandschaft verändert und weiterentwickelt (Reuter et al. 2016a). Als Grundlage für die Überblicksstudie von Bergholz et al. (2012) wurden die vertiefenden NeFo-Studien zu den Bereichen ökologische, sozioökono...
Book
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Die Publikation "Citizen Science für alle“ ist eine praktische Ressource für Initiierende, Beteiligte und Interessierte an Citizen Science-Projekten. Die Handreichung liefert praktische Tipps für die Planung und Umsetzung von Citizen Science- Projekten und schafft einen Überblick zur Citizen Science-Praxis in Deutschland. Welche Punkte muss ich be...
Article
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Climate change has significant implications for biodiversity and ecosystems. With slow progress towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, climate engineering (or ‘geoengineering’) is receiving increasing attention for its potential to limit anthropogenic climate change and its damaging effects. Proposed techniques, such as ocean fertilization for...
Article
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The Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the United Nations’ Strategic Plan for Biodiversity set ambitious goals for protecting biodiversity from further decline. Increased efforts are urgently needed to achieve these targets by 2020. The availability of comprehensive, sound and up-to-date biodiversity data is a key requirement to implement policies, stra...