Katja C Wolthers

Katja C Wolthers
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam | AMC · Department of Medical Microbiology

MD PhD
Interested in organoid technology. I am an active in the Transition towards Animal -free Research

About

253
Publications
127,536
Reads
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7,717
Citations
Citations since 2017
66 Research Items
3259 Citations
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Introduction
I am a staff member clinical virology at the Dept of Medical Microbiology of the Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and head of OrganoVIR Labs where we combine expertise on virus culture with organoid technology. I am coordinator of Organovir, a H202 ITN consortium, and GUTVIBRATIONS, a H2020 organ-on-a-chip consortium. OrganoVIR Labs has airway epithelium, gut and brain organoids for virology. More information on https://organovirlabs.com/
Additional affiliations
June 2012 - present
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Molecular epidemiology and pathogenesis of human picornaviruses
April 2003 - present
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
Position
  • Staff member Clinical Virologist
September 1998 - March 2003
Erasmus MC
Position
  • Trainee Medical Microbiology/Clinical Virology
Education
May 1992 - June 1993
New England Medical Center, Tufts University Boston
Field of study
  • Rat lactase gene regulation
June 1990 - November 1993
September 1989 - May 1990
Sanquin Blood Supply Foundation
Field of study
  • Immunology doctoral student

Publications

Publications (253)
Article
Full-text available
Human milk is important for antimicrobial defense in infants and has well demonstrated antiviral activity. We evaluated the protective ability of human milk against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in a human fetal intestinal cell culture model. We found that, in this model, human milk blocks SARS-CoV-2 replica...
Article
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Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a causative agent of life-threatening neurological diseases in young children. EV-A71 is highly infectious but it remains unclear how the virus disseminates from primary entry sites—the mucosa of the respiratory tract or the intestine—to secondary replication sites—skin or brain. Here, we investigated the role of dendrit...
Article
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Recent outbreaks of enterovirus D68, a nonpolio enterovirus, is associated with a serious neurological condition in young children, acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). As there is no antiviral treatment or vaccine available for EV-D68 it is important to better understand how EV-D68 causes AFM and why only recent outbreaks are associated with AFM.
Article
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Disease modelling plays a fundamental role in biomedical research, even more in virology where the virus depends strictly on its host for replication. Although animal models are extensively used in virology, there is an increasing demand for animal‐free research. Therefore, during this transition, it is crucial to learn and take advantage of animal...
Article
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Airway organoids are polarized 3D epithelial structures that recapitulate the organization and many of the key functions of the in vivo tissue. They present an attractive model that can overcome some of the limitations of traditional 2D and Air–Liquid Interface (ALI) models, yet the limited accessibility of the organoids’ apical side has hindered t...
Article
Background : Enterovirus-D68 (EV-D68) predominantly causes respiratory disease. However, EV-D68 infections also have been associated with central nervous system (CNS) complications, most specifically acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). Diagnosing EV-D68-associated CNS disease is challenging since viral RNA is rarely detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)....
Article
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Pathogenesis of viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS) is poorly understood, and this is partly due to the limitations of currently used preclinical models. Brain organoid models can overcome some of these limitations, as they are generated from human derived stem cells, differentiated in three dimensions (3D), and can mimic human neu...
Article
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Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) causes a major burden of disease. The host response in RSV-LRTI is characterized by airway epithelial injury, inflammation and neutrophil influx, with the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). However, the precise role of NETs in the pathophysiology of RSV-LRTI...
Article
We discovered a highly virulent variant of subtype-B HIV-1 in the Netherlands. One hundred nine individuals with this variant had a 0.54 to 0.74 log10 increase (i.e., a ~3.5-fold to 5.5-fold increase) in viral load compared with, and exhibited CD4 cell decline twice as fast as, 6604 individuals with other subtype-B strains. Without treatment, advan...
Article
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Background Infections with potentially cardiotropic viruses are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, whether direct viral infection of the atria is involved in the pathogenesis of AF is unclear. We have therefore analysed the presence of cardiotropic viral genomes in AF patients. Methods Samples of left atrial tiss...
Article
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Human parechovirus (PeV-A), one of the species within the Picornaviridae family, is known to cause disease in humans. The most commonly detected genotypes are PeV-A1, associated with mild gastrointestinal disease in young children, and PeV-A3, linked to severe disease with neurological symptoms in neonates. As PeV-A are detectable in stool and naso...
Article
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Objectives To assess the effect of migrant status on treatment outcomes among children living with HIV in Europe. Methods Children aged < 18 years at the start of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in European paediatric HIV observational cohorts where ≥ 5% of children were migrants (defined as born abroad) were included. Three outcomes were considered:...
Article
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Background: Non-polio enteroviruses (EVs) and human parechoviruses (PeVs) cause a wide range of human infections. Limited data on their true disease burden exist as standardized European-wide surveillance is lacking. Aims: Our aim is to estimate the disease burden of EV and PeV infections in Europe via establishment of standardized surveillance...
Article
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In 2018, an upsurge in echovirus 30 (E30) infections was reported in Europe. We conducted a large-scale epidemiologic and evolutionary study of 1,329 E30 strains collected in 22 countries in Europe during 2016-2018. Most E30 cases affected persons 0-4 years of age (29%) and 25-34 years of age (27%). Sequences were divided into 6 genetic clades (G1-...
Article
Full-text available
Non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV) and parechoviruses (PeV) are widespread pathogens that cause significant morbidity. Surveillance is based on culturing or genotyping of virus strains found in clinical samples. Sero-surveillance, by measuring neutralising antibodies (nAb) through virus neutralisation assays (VNA), could provide additional information...
Article
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Enteroviruses (EVs) are highly prevalent viruses world-wide, causing a wide range of diseases in both children and adults. Insight in the global prevalence of EVs is important to define their clinical significance and total disease burden, and assists in making therapeutic decisions. While many studies have been conducted to describe epidemiology o...
Article
Background In the Netherlands, access to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) against hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been unrestricted for chronic infection since 2015. We evaluated whether the nationwide incidence of HCV infections in individuals with HIV has changed since 2015. Methods In this retrospective cohort study, data from the ATHENA cohort of p...
Article
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Animal models and cell lines are invaluable for virology research and host–pathogen interaction studies. However, it is increasingly evident that these models are not sufficient to fully understand human viral diseases. With the advent of three-dimensional organotypic cultures, it is now possible to study viral infections in the human context. This...
Article
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The knowledge about enteric viral infection has vastly increased over the last eight years due to the development of intestinal organoids and enteroids that suppose a step forward from conventional studies using cell lines. Intestinal organoids and enteroids are three-dimensional (3D) models that closely mimic intestinal cellular heterogeneity and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human parechoviruses (PeV-A) can cause severe sepsis and neurological syndromes in neonates and children and are currently classified into 19 genotypes based on genetic divergence in the VP1 gene. However, the genotyping system has notable limitations including an arbitrary distance threshold and reliance on insufficiently robust phylogenetic recon...
Article
Full-text available
Enteroviruses (EVs) are highly prevalent viruses worldwide. Recombination is known to occur frequently in EVs belonging to species Enterovirus A, Enterovirus B, and Enterovirus C. Although many recombinant vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) strains have been reported, our knowledge on recombination in non-polio EVs in the species Enterovirus C is li...
Article
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Unfortunately, one of the affiliations of author “A. E. Gorbalenya” was missed in original version. The affiliation is updated here.
Article
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The development of gene therapies for central nervous system disorders is challenging because it is difficult to translate preclinical data from current in vitro and in vivo models to the clinic. Therefore, we developed induced pluripotent stem cell derived cerebral organoids as a model for recombinant adeno associated virus (rAAV) capsid selection...
Article
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Gut organoids are stem cell derived 3D models of the intestinal epithelium that are useful for studying interactions between enteric pathogens and their host. While the organoid model has been used for both bacterial and viral infections, this is a closed system with the luminal side being inaccessible without microinjection or disruption of the or...
Article
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Objectives Confirming the diagnosis in viral central nervous system (CNS) infections can be difficult with current available diagnostic tools. Virus discovery cDNA-AFLP next generation sequencing (VIDISCA-NGS) is a promising viral metagenomic technique, which enables detection of all viruses in a single assay. We performed a retrospective study on...
Article
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Enteroviruses (EVs) and rhinoviruses (RVs) are significant pathogens of humans and are the subject of intensive clinical and epidemiological research and public health measures, notably in the eradication of poliovirus and in the investigation and control of emerging pathogenic EV types worldwide. EVs and RVs are highly diverse in their antigenic p...
Article
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Human parechoviruses (HPeV) of the species Parechovirus A are highly prevalent disease-causing pathogens in children worldwide. HPeVs are capable of causing severe disease in adults as well, but the prevalence in adults may be much lower. The aim of our present study was to determine the prevalence of HPeV in clinical samples from adults sent in fo...
Article
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Background Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has caused major outbreaks of severe respiratory illness worldwide since 2010.AimOur aim was to evaluate EV-D68 circulation in the Netherlands by conducting a serosurvey of EV-D68 neutralising antibodies (nAb) among the Dutch general population.Methods We screened 280 sera from children and adults in the Netherla...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical signs and symptoms of central nervous system (CNS) infections in neonates are often nonspecific. Therefore, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is performed to diagnose CNS infections. Data on combined microbiological results and their correlation with biochemical characteristics in CSF and blood in infants younger than 90 days are limited....
Article
Purpose: Human parechoviruses (HPeVs), particularly type 3, can cause severe neurological disease and neonatal sepsis in infants. HPeV3 lacks the receptor-binding motif arginine-glycine aspartic acid (RGD), and is proposed to use a different receptor associated with severe disease. In contrast, HPeV1, which contains the RGD motif, is associated wi...
Article
Full-text available
Background In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–positive adults, low CD4 cell counts despite fully suppressed HIV-1 RNA on antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the prevalence and outcomes of poor immune response (PIR) in children receiving suppressive ART. Methods Sixteen co...
Article
Full-text available
Parechoviruses (PeVs) are highly prevalent viruses worldwide. Over the last decades, several studies have been published on PeV epidemiology in Europe, Asia and North America, while information on other continents is lacking. The aim of this study was to describe PeV circulation in a cohort of children in Malawi, Africa. A total of 749 stool sample...
Article
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Recent parechovirus A3 (PeV-A3) outbreaks in Australia suggest lower population immunity compared with regions that have endemic PeV-A3 circulation. A serosurvey among populations in the Netherlands, the United States, and Australia before and after the 2013 Australia outbreak showed high PeV-A3 neutralizing antibody prevalence across all regions a...
Article
Full-text available
Human enteroviruses frequently cause severe diseases in children. Human enteroviruses are transmitted via the fecal–oral route and respiratory droplets, and primary replication occurs in the gastro-intestinal and respiratory tracts; however, how enteroviruses infect these sites is largely unknown. Human intestinal organoids have recently proven to...
Article
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Several research groups in Europe are active on different aspects of human picornavirus research. The AIROPico (Academia-Industry R&D Opportunities for Picornaviruses) consortium combined the disciplines of pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapy development in order to fill the gaps in our understanding of how picornaviruses cause human disease and...
Article
Full-text available
Enteroviruses (EVs) are among the most commonly detected viruses infecting humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of EVs is widely studied, the status of EV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa remains largely unknown. The objective of our present study was therefore to increase our knowledge on EV circulation in sub-Saharan Africa. We obtained 749...
Article
Full-text available
Human parechoviruses (HPeVs), a poorly studied genus within the Picornaviridae family, are classified into 19 genotypes of which HPeV1 and HPeV3 are the most often detected. HPeV1 VP1 C terminus contains an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif and has been shown to depend on the host cell surface αV integrins (αV ITGs) and heparan sulfate (HS...
Article
Full-text available
Background Laboratory testing for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) is not routinely performed in primary care. Their etiology is usually unknown, and although RTIs are mainly of viral origin, the contribution of different respiratory viruses is uncertain. Our study aims to increase our insight into the epidemiology of respiratory viruses in prim...
Article
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Human coronaviruses (CoVs) are increasingly recognized as important respiratory pathogens associated with a broad range of clinical diseases. We sought to increase the insight into clinically relevant CoV infections by monitoring antigen concentrations in six confirmed CoV-positive patients using a newly developed assay for rapid detection of CoV O...
Article
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Background: Human parechoviruses (HPeVs) are common pathogens in young children, and in the Netherlands HPeV1, 3 and 4 are the most frequently detected genotypes. HPeV3 in particular has been associated with severe disease in young infants below the age of three months while the other genotypes more often infect older children and elicit mild symp...
Article
Human parechovirus (HPeV) infections usually cause mild symptoms in children. Although their contribution to severe disease in young children - such as neonatal sepsis and meningo-encephalitis - is increasingly recognized, data on long-term consequences are scarce. Here we present the case of a five-year old boy with severe long-term neurodevelopme...
Article
Full-text available
Enteroviruses (EV) can cause severe neurological and respiratory infections, and occasionally lead to devastating outbreaks as previously demonstrated with EV-A71 and EV-D68 in Europe. However, these infections are still often underdiagnosed and EV typing data is not currently collected at European level. In order to improve EV diagnostics, collate...
Article
Background: Human rhinoviruses (RVs) are increasingly associated with severe disease of the respiratory tract. Multiple studies highlighted the clinical significance of different RV species; RV-C is linked to asthma exacerbations and increased disease severity in children, whereas RV-B seems to correlate with milder disease. Objectives: Current...
Article
Full-text available
Human parechovirus 3 (HPeV3), a member of the Picornavirus family, is frequently detected worldwide. However, the observed seropositivity rates for HPeV3 neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) vary from high in Japan to low in the Netherlands and Finland. To study if this can be explained by technical differences or antigenic diversity among HPeV3 strains...
Article
Background: Sepsis-like illness is a main cause for hospital admission in young infants. Our aim was to investigate incidence, epidemiology and clinical characteristics of enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) infections in young infants with sepsis-like illness. Methods: This is a prospective observational cohort study in which infants...
Article
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Rapid diagnosis of respiratory virus infections contributes to patient care. This systematic review evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for the detection of respiratory viruses. We searched Medline and EMBASE for studies evaluating these tests against PCR as reference standard. 179 studies were included of which 134 evaluated rapid tes...
Article
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Background.: Inappropriately high levels of antibiotics are still prescribed in primary health care for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Access to diagnostic point-of-care tests (POCTs) for RTIs might reduce this over-prescription. Objective.: The purpose of our study was to determine the diagnostic performance and clinical feasibility of a...
Article
Background: BK polyomavirus (BKV)-associated nephropathy is a threat to kidney allograft survival affecting up to 15% of renal transplant patients. Previous studies revealed that tubular epithelial cells (TEC) show a limited response towards BKV infection. Here we investigated the interplay between BKV and TEC in more detail. In particular, we que...
Article
Full-text available
VIRO-TypeNed is a collaborative molecular surveillance platform facilitated through a web-based database. Genetic data in combination with epidemiological, clinical and patient data are shared between clinical and public health laboratories, as part of the surveillance underpinning poliovirus eradication. We analysed the combination of data submitt...
Article
The Dutch virus-typing network VIRO-TypeNed reported an increase in ECHOvirus 6 (E-6) infections with neurological symptoms in the Netherlands between June and August 2016. Of the 31 cases detected from January through August 2016, 15 presented with neurological symptoms. Ten of 15 neurological cases were detected in the same province and the ident...
Article
VIRO-TypeNed is a collaborative molecular surveillance platform facilitated through a web-based database. Genetic data in combination with epidemiological, clinical and patient data are shared between clinical and public health laboratories, as part of the surveillance underpinning poliovirus eradication. We analysed the combination of data submitt...