Katinka Dijkstra

Katinka Dijkstra
Erasmus University Rotterdam | EUR · Department of Psychology Education and Child Studies

Ph.D.

About

86
Publications
27,599
Reads
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3,470
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
1909 Citations
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Introduction
Katinka Dijkstra is the director of the Department of Psychology, Education, and Child Studies at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. Her field of research in on autobiographical memory, embodied cognition, language comprehension, and aging. Her most recent publication (with Arnout Boot) is 'How character limit affects language usage in tweets'.
Additional affiliations
April 2007 - October 2020
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • I am the director of the Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. My research focuses on autobiographical memory, cognitive aging, embodied cognition, and misinformation.

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
The current study aims to explore the factors that could affect people’s description of a motion event endpoint. The study conducted by Liao, Dijkstra, and Zwaan (2021, Language and Cognition, 13[2], 161–190) found that two non-linguistic factors (i.e., the actor’s goal and the interlocutor’s social status) affect people’s choice between two Dutch...
Article
In this advanced review, the development of the three most commonly used functions of autobiographical memory—directing behavior, social bonding, and self‐continuity—and the support they have received in the literature are discussed. Support for this tripartite model often comes from correlational studies that use self‐report measures, but particip...
Article
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People routinely shift between direct and indirect speech in everyday communication. The factors that impact the selection between these two modes of reporting during language production are under-investigated. The present study examined how utterance-related factors (the vividness of non-verbal information and the utterance type) influence the use...
Article
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The current study investigated how psychological distance affects people’s preference for direct and indirect speech in a narrative task. In three experiments, participants were instructed to first watch a video and then retell what happened in the video to an imagined/anticipated listener. We manipulated social distance (Experiment 1), temporal di...
Article
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Contemporary news often spreads via social media. This study investigated whether the processing and evaluation of online news content can be influenced by Likes and peer-user comments . An online experiment was designed, using a custom-built website that resembled Facebook, to explore how Likes, positive comments, negative comments, or a combinati...
Article
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Adults’ reports of earliest autobiographical memories from before the age of 3 are typically scarce. However, recent research suggests that the age range of this childhood amnesia is flexible when participant instructions provide a context in which earlier or later ages of childhood events are plausible (Kingo et al., 2013). This age manipulation m...
Article
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Two Dutch directional prepositions (i.e., naar and richting) provide a useful paradigm to study endpoint conceptualization. Experiment 1 adopted a sentence comprehension task and confirmed the linguistic proposal that, when naar was used in motion event descriptions, participants were more certain that the reference object was the goal of the agent...
Article
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Previous studies have provided contradictory information regarding the activation of perceptual information in a changing discourse context. The current study examines the continued activation of color in mental simulations across one (Experiment 1), two (Experiment 2), and five sentences (Experiment 3), using a sentence-picture verification paradi...
Article
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Studies on the presence of mental simulations during language comprehension have typically focused only on single object properties. This study investigates whether two objects are combined in mental simulations, and whether this is influenced by task instructions. In both experiments, participants read sentences describing animals using a tool in...
Article
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We study to what extent linguistic differences in grammatical aspect systems and verb lexicalisation patterns of Dutch and mandarin Chinese affect how speakers conceptualise the path of motion in motion events, using description and memory tasks. We hypothesised that speakers of the two languages would show different preferences towards the selecti...
Article
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Over the past decade or so, developments in language comprehension research in the domain of cognitive aging have converged on support for resilience in older adults with regard to situation model updating when reading texts. Several studies have shown that even though age-related declines in language comprehension appear at the level of the surfac...
Article
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In November 2017 Twitter doubled the available character space from 140 to 280 characters. This provided an opportunity for researchers to investigate the linguistic effects of length constraints in online communication. We asked whether the character limit change (CLC) affected language usage in Dutch tweets and hypothesized that there would be a...
Article
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We investigated whether finger pointing toward picture locations can be used as an external cognitive control tool to guide attention and compensate for the immature cognitive control functions in children compared with young adults. Item and source memory performance was compared for picture‐location pairs that were either semantically congruent (...
Article
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We examined how grounded mental simulations are updated when there is an implied change of shape, over the course of two (Experiment 1) and four (Experiment 2) sentences. In each preregistered experiment, 84 psychology students completed a sentence–picture verification task in which they judged as quickly and accurately as possible whether the pict...
Article
Acute psychological stress commonly occurs in young and older adults’ lives. Though several studies have examined the influence of stress on how young adults learn new information, the present study is the first to directly examine these effects in older adults. Fifty older adults (M age = 71.9) were subjected to either stress induction or a contro...
Article
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The results reported by Kidd and Castano (2013) indicated that reading a short passage of literary fiction improves theory of mind (ToM) relative to reading popular fiction. However, when we entered Kidd and Castano’s results in a p-curve analysis, it turned out that the evidential value of their findings is low. It is good practice to back up a p-...
Preprint
The results reported by Kidd and Castano (2013) indicated that reading a short passage of literary fiction improves theory of mind (ToM) relative to reading popular fiction. However, when we entered Kidd and Castano’s results in a p-curve analysis, it turned out that the evidential value of their findings is low. It is good practice to back up a p-...
Article
This study examined how age, depressive symptoms, demographic variables, frailty, and health factors jointly influence episodic memory across the lifespan in two large, diverse samples. Hierarchical regression analyses from both samples showed that depressive symptoms negatively impacted episodic memory performance with the effect being more pronou...
Article
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Many argue that there is a reproducibility crisis in psychology. We investigated nine well-known effectsfrom the cognitive psychology literature—three eachfrom the domains of perception/action, memory, and language,respectively—and find that they are highly reproducible. Not only can they be reproduced in online environments but they can also be re...
Article
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Many visual aspects of paintings, as well as exposure to art and cultural norms, contribute to the aesthetic evaluation of paintings. The current study looked at heightened visual contrast as an important factor in the appreciation of paintings. Participants evaluated abstract digitized paintings that were manipulated in contrast for an appreciatio...
Article
Full-text available
Many argue that there is a reproducibility crisis in psychology. We investigated nine well-known effects from the cognitive psychology literature—three each from the domains of perception/action, memory, and language, respectively—and found that they are highly reproducible. Not only can they be reproduced in online environments, but they also can...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many argue that there is a reproducibility crisis in psychology. We investigated nine well-known effects from the cognitive psychology literature—three each from the domains of perception/action, memory, and language, respectively—and find that they are highly reproducible. Not only can they be reproduced in online environments but they can also be...
Preprint
Research suggests that language comprehenders simulate visual features such as shape during language comprehension. In sentence-picture verification tasks, whenever pictures match the shape or orientation implied by the previous sentence, responses are faster than when the pictures mismatch implied visual aspects. However, mixed results have been d...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that language comprehenders simulate visual features such as shape during language comprehension. In sentence-picture verification tasks, whenever pictures match the shape or orientation implied by the previous sentence, responses are faster than when the pictures mismatch implied visual aspects. However, mixed results have been d...
Chapter
Health care related technology, or E-health, has the potential to lessen the impact of the growing aging population on the health care system and support older adults’ preference for aging in place. However, for technologies to be adopted by older users, research is needed to understand older adults’ unique health care needs, their preferences for...
Article
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According to the facial feedback hypothesis, people’s affective responses can be influenced by their own facial expression (e.g., smiling, pouting), even when their expression did not result from their emotional experiences. For example, Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) instructed participants to rate the funniness of cartoons using a pen that th...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster on two ERP experiments on the effect of context on implicit emotion regulation.
Article
Presenting affective pictures as a work of art could change perceivers' judgment and strength in emotional reactions. Aesthetic theory states that perceivers of art emotionally distance themselves, allowing them to appreciate works of art depicting gruesome events. To examine whether implicit emotion regulation is induced by an art context, we asse...
Article
Health care related technology, or E-health, has the potential to lessen the impact of the growing aging population on the health care system and support older adults' preference for aging in place. However, for technologies to be adopted by older users, research is needed to understand older adults' unique health care needs, their preferences for...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the role of aging in the recall and recognition of autobiographical memories. Young and older adults submitted personal events during a period of three months to an Internet diary. After this period, they performed a cued-recall test based on what, who, and where retrieval cues. Three months later, participants completed a recog...
Article
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This paper is a critical review of recent studies demonstrating the mechanism of sensorimotor simulation in different cognitive domains. Empirical studies that specify conditions under which embodiment occurs in different domains will be discussed and evaluated. Examples of relevant domains are language comprehension (Tucker and Ellis, 1998), autob...
Article
Background This study examined the efficacy of coping and relaxation interventions on learning technology-driven tasks in younger and older adults. Both interventions were assumed to reduce levels of stress, particularly in older adults and to improve performance on a challenging task involving new technology relative to a control task. Moreover, o...
Article
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Effective communication by nursing home staff is related to a higher quality of life and a decrease in verbal and physical aggression and depression in nursing home residents. Several communication intervention studies have been conducted to improve communication between nursing home staff and nursing home residents with dementia. These studies hav...
Article
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Current approaches on cognition hold that concrete concepts are grounded in concrete experiences. There is no consensus, however, as to whether this is equally true for abstract concepts. In this review we discuss how the body might be involved in understanding abstract concepts through metaphor activation. Substantial research has been conducted o...
Article
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Embodied cognition research has shown how actions or body positions may affect cognitive processes, such as autobiographical memory retrieval or judgments. The present study examined the role of body balance (to the left or the right) in participants on their attributions to political parties. Participants thought they stood upright on a Wii(™) Bal...
Article
This study examined the role of modality in correct recognition and misinformation acceptance in a naturalistic event cognition task that reflected an everyday life sequence of events. Participants heard, observed or acted out a sequence of events and were tested on memory for these events after being presented with an accurate description of the e...
Chapter
Health care related technology, or E-health, has the potential to lessen the impact of the growing aging population on the health care system, at the same time supporting aging in place. However, for technologies to be developed that are adopted by older users, research is needed to capture a thorough picture of older adults’ unique health care nee...
Article
Older adults (n = 113) participated in focus groups discussing their use of and attitudes about technology in the context of their home, work, and healthcare. Participants reported using a wide variety of technology items, particularly in their homes. Positive attitudes (i.e., likes) outnumbered negative attitudes (i.e., dislikes), suggesting that...
Article
Can simple motor actions affect how efficiently people retrieve emotional memories, and influence what they choose to remember? In Experiment 1, participants were prompted to retell autobiographical memories with either positive or negative valence, while moving marbles either upward or downward. They retrieved memories faster when the direction of...
Article
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Younger (age<40 years) and older (age>50 years) workers who used desktop and laptop computers at home were assessed in their homes for posture and self-reported arm and/or shoulder and wrist pain. Adherence to ergonomic guidelines was significantly worse at home than at work. More wrist pain was reported at work than at home, though arm and/or shou...
Article
This study examined the effects of age and reading span on the ability to use contextual constraints during language comprehension. Older and younger participants listened to sentences over headphones and named pictures that appeared subsequently. Older adults named pictures faster when the preceding sentence context matched rather than mismatched...
Article
The objective of the current study was to compare the trajectories of physiological levels of stress and self-report measures of mood in younger and older adults and to examine how a stress induction would affect performance. The current study examined physiological and subjective indicators of stress and mood before, mid-way through, and after bei...
Article
The current study examined four factors that were expected to influence recognition accuracy of previously retrieved events: remoteness of the event, rated emotionality of the event, the type of changes that were made to the original memory report, and the plausibility of these changes. This was done in a study with 33 participants who were tested...
Article
Older adults may benefit from using technology in their everyday lives. However, adults over 65 may need more training than their younger counterparts given they have had less experience with technology. In this study, 113 adults between the ages of 65 and 85 participated in focus group interviews discussing their training needs and preferences for...
Article
Rempel, Willms, Anshel, Jaschinski &Sheedy (2007) recommend 52-73 cm for eye distance to a computer monitor based on an experiment that manipulated viewing distance. Jaschinski (2002) found a preferred viewing distance of 63 cm. However, these and other studies of viewing distance used relatively small samples of young adults below age 40. In this...
Article
The present study assessed whether golf expertise, presentation modality, and domain relevance affected memory for golf-related and everyday items. Forty-eight experienced golfers and 48 non-golfers were compared in their memory for golf-related ("putt to the hole") and everyday ("turn on the lamp") items. To-be-remembered items were presented verb...
Article
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Facets of computer workstation design were investigated in a random sample of 206 university employees, half age 50+ and half age 40 or below. Results indicated significant age effects on self-reported wrist pain, with greater pain in younger adults [Odds Ratio=2.33]. Age effects remained significant when adjusting for posture, ergonomic design, an...
Article
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Over the past several years, a number of studies have been done that assess processing at the level of the situation model in relation to issues of aging (Morrow, Leirer, & Altieri, 1992; Radvansky, Copeland, Berish, & Dijkstra, 2003; Radvansky, Copeland, & Zwaan, 2003; Stine-Morrow, Gagne, Morrow, & DeWall, 2004; Stine-Morrow, Morrow, & Leno, 2002...
Article
We assessed potential facilitation of congruent body posture on access to and retention of autobiographical memories in younger and older adults. Response times were shorter when body positions during prompted retrieval of autobiographical events were similar to the body positions in the original events than when body position was incongruent. Free...
Article
Autobiographical memories contain activity, location, temporal, and participant information (Lancaster & Barsalou, 1997). Our study analysed potential dominance of activity information in autobiographical memories. The results indicated stability in dominance of the activity component, defined as similar occurrence in first and subsequent reports,...
Article
Full-text available
Young and older adults participated in a task in which they were asked to say items printed on a card out loud (verbal condition), act out a command printed on a card (enactment condition), and retrieve memories associated with a theme or action printed on a card (autobiographical encoding condition). The results indicate that items in the subject-...
Article
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The purpose of the two studies described in this paper was to assess whether adults with dementia could assume an advice-giving role (Study 1) and a teacher role (Study 2) despite their cognitive impairments. So far, no research on adults with dementia has compared language production in a social conversation condition with that in an advice-giving...
Article
In this study, retrieval of autobiographical memories was compared within or without the context of a lifetime period and between younger and older adults. The results of two experiments demonstrated that memories were more accessible for younger and older adults when they were retrieved within a time period context than without such context. Howev...
Article
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This study examined whether teaching nursing aides to interact more effectively with patients with dementia affected self-, proxy, and concordance ratings of depression. Predictors of depression ratings were determined from measures of verbal interaction under different conditions of social closeness, training condition, and patient variables. Resu...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to compare the discourse profiles of 30 nursing home residents with dementia and of 30 healthy older adults. A total of 60 transcripts of interview style conversations were analyzed using a discourse analysis schema. The results revealed a higher frequency of discourse building features, such as coherence and cohesion,...
Article
Older and younger participants read sentences about objects and were then shown a picture of an object that either matched or mismatched the implied shape of the object in the sentence. Participants' response times were recorded when they judged whether the object had been mentioned in the sentence. Responses were faster in the shape-matching condi...
Article
This study is a critical analysis of the components of a communication skills training program designed to increase the quantity and quality of nursing aides' (N = 126) verbal interactions with residents with dementia (N = 125) during care routines. Training included a didactic in-service, one-on-one, criterion-based training during care interactio...
Article
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Confirmatory factor analysis of the Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist--Nursing Home (RMBPC) replicated the factor structure of the community-based RMBPC (L. Teri et al., 1992). The reliability of the total score was high as indexed by estimates of internal consistency (alpha = .95), test-retest reliability (r = .86), and interrater rel...
Article
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The identification of nursing home residents who can continue to participate in advance care planning about end-of-life care is a critical clinical and bioethical issue. This study uses high quality observational research to identify correlates of advance care planning in nursing homes, including objective measurement of capacity. The authors used...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate age differences in narrative comprehension and memory, with a focus on the updating of situation models during comprehension. While there are large effects of aging on memory for propositional textbase information, there is very little evidence that older adults have difficulty at the situation model level....
Article
To examine correlates of analgesic medication prescription and administration in communicative, cognitively impaired nursing home residents. Residents' behaviors were assessed using computer-assisted real-time observations as potential adjunctive indicators of pain. Cross-sectional study over a 4-week period. Five nursing homes in the greater Birmi...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a communication intervention on discourse characteristics of nursing home residents with dementia and the nursing assistants assigned to care for them. Nursing assistants participated in an intervention program that included the use of effective communication techniques and memory books that the...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to assess discourse profiles of nursing-home residents in the early, middle, and late stages of dementia. Sixty transcripts of conversations between nursing-home residents with dementia and their nursing aides were analyzed with a discourse analysis schema. The results suggest that discourse level and utterance level c...
Article
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We examined the effects of communication skills training and the use of memory books by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) on verbal interactions between CNAs (n = 64) and nursing home residents (n = 67) during care routines. CNAs were taught to use communication skills and memory books during their interactions with residents with moderate cognit...
Article
The effect of memory aids on conversations between nursing aides and residents with dementia during 5-minute conversations was examined. Nursing home units in seven nursing homes were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions. Residents in the treatment condition were given 12-page memory books consisting of autobiographical, daily sche...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: We examined the effects of communication skills training and the use of memory books by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) on verbal interactions between CNAs (n 64) and nursing home residents (n 67) during care routines. Design and Methods: CNAs were taught to use communication skills and memory books during their interactions with resid...
Article
Field studies were conducted in homes, offices, and public places with younger and older adults to determine how legibility performance (in a proofreading and phone book search) changes with age and luminance. Homes and public places generally exhibited much lower than recommended luminance values for reading. Older adults had higher light levels i...
Article
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In this study, we addressed the question of social differentiation in book reading preferences. Two theoretical insights are examined that explain why readers from the higher social classes prefer complex and prestigious books more than readers from the lower social strata. At first, membership in the higher social classes is seen as an indication...
Article
This study investigated conditions that enable viewers to predict future events while viewing a movie. Predictions about future events can be supported by visual, auditory, and discourse information. These information sources serve to emphasize or introduce the individually necessary, and jointly sufficient, conditions that support predictive infer...
Article
This paper addresses two types of emotions: character emotions and reader emotions, in particular suspense. We assumed that character emotions and suspense are enhanced or suppressed by other story aspects, such as pragmatic intent, imagery, literary devices, and indeterminacy. We also assumed that character emotions and suspense have an effect on...
Article
Older and younger participants read sentences about objects and were then shown a picture of an object that either matched or mismatched the implied shape of the object in the sentence. Participants' response times were recorded when they judged whether the object had been mentioned in the sentence. Responses were faster in the shape-matching condi...
Article
The present study examined the ways that body posture facilitated retrieval of autobiographical memories in more detail by focusing on two aspects of congruence in position of a specific body part: hand shape and hand orientation. Hand shape is important in the tactile perception and manipulation of objects. We manipulated two aspects of hand shape...