Katie Lavigne

Katie Lavigne
McGill University | McGill · Department of Psychiatry

Doctor of Philosophy

About

42
Publications
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411
Citations

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Many individuals living with severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia, present cognitive deficits and reasoning biases negatively impacting clinical and functional trajectories. Remote cognitive assessment presents many opportunities for advancing research and treatment but has yet to be widely used in psychiatric populations. We conducted a sc...
Preprint
Schizophrenia and related psychoses are complex neuropsychiatric diseases representing dysconnectivity across multiple scales, through the micro (cellular), meso (brain network), manifest (behavioral), and social (interpersonal) levels. In-vivo human neuroimaging, particularly at ultra-high field (UHF), offer unprecedented opportunity to examine mu...
Chapter
Episodic memory research in schizophrenia has a long history already which has clearly established significant impairments and strong associations with brain measures and functional outcome. The purpose of this chapter is not to make an exhaustive review of the recent literature but to highlight some relatively recent developments in the cognitive...
Article
Verbal memory (VM) dysfunction is prevalent in first-episode psychosis (FEP) and has major impacts on long-term functional and clinical outcomes. Nevertheless, a substantial proportion of FEP patients have VM performance in the norm, called normal-range (NR) VM, and only a few studies have explored its relation to outcomes. Moreover, probable decre...
Article
Hippocampal circuitry and related cortical connections are altered in first episode psychosis (FEP) and are associated with verbal memory deficits, as well as positive and negative symptoms. There are robust sex differences in the clinical presentation of psychosis, including poorer verbal memory in male patients. Consideration of sex differences i...
Article
Background Persistent negative symptoms (PNS, e.g., avolition, anhedonia, alogia) are present in up to 30% of individuals diagnosed with a first episode of psychosis and greatly impact functional outcomes. PNS and secondary PNS (sPNS: concomitant with positive, depressive, or extrapyramidal symptoms) may index distinct pathophysiologies reflected b...
Article
Full-text available
Severe cognitive impairments and cognitive distortions are core to schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (SSDs) and are associated with deteriorated social functioning. Despite well-established efficacy of group psychosocial therapies targeting cognitive health in SSDs, dissemination of these programs remains limited. Remote delivery offers a promising...
Article
Schizophrenia is characterized by cognitive impairments and widespread structural brain abnormalities. Brain structure-cognition associations have been extensively studied in schizophrenia, typically involving individual cognitive domains or brain regions of interest. Findings in overlapping and diffuse brain regions may point to structural alterat...
Article
From the onset of schizophrenia, verbal memory (VM) deficits and negative symptoms are strongly associated, and both additively predict functional outcomes. Emotion recognition (ER) and theory of mind (ToM; the ability to infer others' mental states), two components of social cognition, are also particularly affected in schizophrenia. Explanatory m...
Article
Persistent negative symptoms (PNS) are an important factor of first episode of psychosis (FEP) that present early on in the course of illness and have a major impact on long-term functional outcome. Lack of clinical insight is consistently associated with negative symptoms during the course of schizophrenia, yet only a few studies have explored its...
Preprint
Background: Psychosis is often characterized by global and regional brain structure alterations as well as general and domain-specific cognitive deficits. Previous brain structure-cognition findings in psychosis generally involve brain regions of interest or individual cognitive domains that may reflect global/general rather than regional/domain-sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Schizophrenia is characterized by cognitive impairments and widespread structural brain alterations (e.g., decreased volume, thickness, surface area). Brain structure-cognition associations have been extensively studied in schizophrenia, typically involving individual cognitive domains or brain regions of interest. Findings in overlapping and diffu...
Article
Negative symptoms are present at the onset of psychosis and their persistence is significantly associated with poor psychosocial functioning and lower quality of life. Persistent negative symptoms (PNS) may be idiopathic or secondary to other factors such as depression, positive symptoms, and medication side-effects. Several studies have examined n...
Preprint
Many individuals living with severe mental illness present cognitive deficits and reasoning biases negatively impacting clinical and functional trajectories. Within the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, clinicians and researchers must adapt traditional in-person assessments for remote delivery, but little guidance is available for this ende...
Article
Combining structural (sMRI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data in schizophrenia patients with and without auditory hallucinations (9 SZ_AVH, 12 SZ_nAVH), 18 patients with bipolar disorder, and 22 healthy controls, we examined whether cortical thinning was associated with abnormal activity in functional brain networks associated w...
Article
Background Theory of mind (ToM), the cognitive capacity to attribute mental states to self and others, is robustly affected in schizophrenia. The neural substrates of ToM impairment have been largely studied with functional imaging but little is known about structural abnormalities. We compared structural covariance (between-subjects correlations o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Verbal memory (VM) is one of the most affected cognitive domains in individuals with a first episode of psychosis (FEP). In the general population, there are well-documented sex differences in VM such that males perform worse than females. This has implications for understanding cognitive deficits in psychosis given that male patients pr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Verbal memory is one of the most affected cognitive domains in patients with schizophrenia and related psychoses. Several studies have found associations between cognitive abilities and white matter fractional anisotropy (FA) in schizophrenia; however, only a few tractography studies have investigated FA relative to verbal memory in pati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although growing research has observed a positive association between cannabis consumption and cognition in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP), such better performance has not always been found across all cognitive domains. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether frequency of use is related to cognitive functioning in a dose-dep...
Article
Full-text available
Verbal memory (VM) is one of the most affected cognitive domains in first-episode psychosis (FEP) and is a robust predictor of functioning. Given that healthy females demonstrate superior VM relative to males and that female patients show less-severe illness courses than male patients, this study examined whether normative sex differences in VM ext...
Article
Cognitive biases, which are tendencies to systematically process, select and remember certain information (e.g., jumping to conclusions), are exacerbated in schizophrenia and associated with delusions. Here we review and quantitatively assess psychological interventions targeting cognitive biases (e.g., metacognitive training, reasoning training, M...
Article
Integrating evidence that contradicts a belief is a fundamental aspect of belief revision and is closely linked to delusions in schizophrenia. In a previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study on healthy individuals, we identified functional brain networks underlying evidence integration as visual attention network (VsAN; dorsal ante...
Article
Full-text available
The Schizophrenia International Research Society (SIRS) recently held its first North American Congress, which took place in Orlando, Florida from 10-14 April 2019. The overall theme of this year's congress was United in Progress – with the aim of cultivating a collaborative effort towards advancing the field of schizophrenia research. Student trav...
Article
Cognitive biases affecting evidence integration contribute to delusions and delusional ideation in the psychosis continuum. In previously published work we observed hyperactivity in a visual attention network (VsAN) during confirmatory evidence integration, and hypoactivity in a cognitive evaluation network (CEN) during disconfirmatory evidence int...
Article
Full-text available
Background Verbal memory is one of the most severely affected cognitive domains in schizophrenia and related psychoses and impairment in this domain is one of the strongest predictors of poor clinical and functional outcome. Verbal memory deficits in schizophrenia have been linked to alterations in various measures of brain structure (e.g., cortica...
Article
Full-text available
Background Verbal memory (VM) is one of the most affected cognitive domains in patients with schizophrenia and a robust predictor of functional outcome. There are well-documented sex differences in verbal memory in healthy individuals, which may be particularly pertinent to study in psychosis. For instance, in healthy individuals, women tend to hav...
Article
Hypercoupling of activity in speech-perception-specific brain networks has been proposed to play a role in the generation of auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia; however, it is unclear whether this hypercoupling extends to nonverbal auditory perception. We investigated this by comparing schizophrenia patients with and without AVH...
Article
Full-text available
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory condition with variable clinical presentation and disease progression. Importantly, animal models of RA are widely used to examine disease pathophysiology/treatments. Here, we exploited known vendor colony-based differences in endocrine/immune responses to gain insight into inflammatory modulators...
Article
Delusions of reference in schizophrenia are thought to result from misattributions of self-relevance to neutral events. Activation of regions within the cortical midline structures (CMS; e.g., medial prefrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, and precuneus) have been previously associated with self-referential processing in schizophrenia patients; howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Schizophrenia patients show widespread impairments in brain activity during oddball tasks, which involve responding to infrequent target stimuli while refraining from responding during continuous non-target stimuli. In a network-based investigation comparing schizophrenia or schizoaffective patients to healthy controls, we sought to clarify which n...
Article
Activity in dorsal attention (DAN) and frontoparietal (FPN) functional brain networks is linked to allocation of attention to external stimuli, and activity in the default-mode network (DMN) is to allocation of attention to internal representations. Tasks requiring attention to external stimuli shift activity to the DAN/FPN and away from the DMN, a...
Article
Source monitoring refers to the recollection of variables that specify the context and conditions in which a memory episode was encoded. This process involves using the qualitative and quantitative features of a memory trace to distinguish its source. One specific class of source monitoring is reality monitoring, which involves distinguishing inter...
Article
Full-text available
Impairment in controlled semantic association is a central feature of schizophrenia, and the goal of the current functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to identify the neural correlates of this impairment. Thirty people with schizophrenia and 30 healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects performed a task requiring participants to mat...
Article
Following stroke, functional networks reorganize and the brain demonstrates widespread alterations in cortical activity. Implicit motor learning is preserved after stroke. However the manner in which brain reorganization occurs, and how it supports behaviour within the damaged brain remains unclear. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fM...
Article
Processing evidence that disconfirms a prior interpretation is a fundamental aspect of belief revision, and has clear social and clinical relevance. This complex cognitive process requires (at minimum) an alerting stage and an integration stage, and in the current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we used multivariate analysis met...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Task-based functional neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia have not yet replicated the increased coordinated hyperactivity in speech-related brain regions that is reported with symptom-capture and resting-state studies of hallucinations. This may be due to suboptimal selection of cognitive tasks. Methods: In the current study, we us...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals exposed to alcohol during gestation show higher rates of psychopathologies. The hyperresponsivity to stress induced by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may be related to this increased rate of psychopathologies, especially because this population is more likely to be exposed to stressful environments throughout life. However, alcohol-ind...
Article
Optimally interpreting our situations and experiences frequently requires comparing the evidence supporting conflicting hypotheses and deciding which to accept. This decision is comparable to an "Aha!" moment reached during insightful problem solving. We used a probabilistic reasoning task to investigate the neural activity underlying these process...
Article
The goal of the current study was to identify aspects of personality that are associated with different ways in which people find meaning in life. This was achieved using constrained principal component analysis (CPCA) on data from 322 university students, who completed the Sources of Meaning and Meaning in Life questionnaire and the Big Five Aspec...

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