Katia Perini

Katia Perini
Università degli Studi di Genova | UNIGE · Dipartimento di Scienze per l'architettura (DSA)

About

67
Publications
36,468
Reads
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2,514
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
2191 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
Energy use and relative CO2 emissions drive climate change that affects both the environment and human health. Extreme events caused by climate change, such as heat waves, flooding, and droughts are increasingly frequent and dangerous and the quality of life in cities is progressively decreasing. The building sector is among the most energy intensi...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation, due to its contribution to climate change and loss of biodiversity, damages ecosystems, thereby affecting human health and well-being. Current urban and architectural design approaches, that aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, include, among other strategies, the integration of greening systems but focusing primarily...
Article
A low cost and lightweight moss envelope system for buildings has been developed to address the problem of the lack of greening in densely urbanized areas. Several moss species have been sampled in the wild, selected, based on their ability to tolerate the abiotic stresses of urban environments, cultivated in controlled conditions and tested for th...
Article
Full-text available
Dense urban areas are facing relevant issues related to their high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and ecosystem health. The study presents a case study of a regeneration project with Nature-based Solutions in the city of Genoa (Italy) and, more specifically, in a neighbourhood characterised by relevant health and well-being issues....
Chapter
This chapter introduces the notion of Informed Urban Environments based on the application of data integrated methods for human- and ecology-centred perspectives to urban planning, design and adaptation. The aim is to initiate a data-based inter- and trans-disciplinary discourse in sustainable urban development that is multi-domain and transscalar...
Chapter
Growing urban areas are facing significant challenges in terms of ecosystem health, human wellbeing, and environmental quality. Ecosystems are composed of biotic and abiotic components and their interactions. Healthy urban ecosystems can provide numerous so-called ecosystem services, which are benefits provided by nature to society and the economy....
Book
Full-text available
This book collects ground-breaking works on the actual and potential impact of big data and data-integrated design for resilient urban environments, including human- and ecology-centred perspectives. Comprehending and designing for urban social, demographic and environmental change is a complex task. Big data, data structuring, data analysis (i.e....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban areas are facing significant challenges regarding degradation of environments and ecosystems, species loss, and increased vulnerability to climate hazards, all of which impact negatively upon human health and well-being.Focusing on building envelopes can offer an effective approach to the regeneration of urban ecosystems, by providing new spa...
Article
Full-text available
The urban heat island (UHI) effect is among the most critical issues caused by human activities and high building density. UHI has severe impacts on the urban and natural environment as well as on human health and wellbeing. The research presented here aims at evaluating the effects of nature-based solutions (NBS) in improving the livability of a d...
Chapter
The chapter analyses the potential usage of vegetation in cities to provide cooling effect due to plant evapotranspiration, shading and air flow control, discussing how lower temperatures, pressure differences and air flows can favour natural ventilation to improve comfort and reduce energy demand. Due to the urban heat island phenomenon, which is...
Article
Full-text available
Urban greening provides a wide range of ecosystem services to address the main challenges of urban areas, e.g., carbon sequestration, evapotranspiration and shade, thermal insulation, and pollution control. This study evaluates the environmental sustainability of a vertical greening system (VGS) built in 2014 in Italy, for which extensive monitorin...
Article
Full-text available
Technology is transforming societies worldwide. A major innovation is the emergence of robotics and autonomous systems(RAS), which have the potential to revolutionize cities for both people and nature. Nonetheless, the opportunities and challenges associated with RAS for urban ecosystems have yet to be considered systematically. Here, we report the...
Article
Technology is transforming societies worldwide. A major innovation is the emergence of robotics and autonomous systems (RAS), which have the potential to revolutionize cities for both people and nature. Nonetheless, the opportunities and challenges associated with RAS for urban ecosystems have yet to be considered systematically. Here, we report th...
Article
The present study evaluated the role of having plants at home during the confinement period as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic that deprived people of freely visiting open green spaces. Preferences concerning the quantity of the desired vegetation as well as the ways in which the COVID-19 crisis affected the change of perceptions with regard to h...
Article
Majority of the world population live in urban settlements where for the city dwellers, the quality of life is directly influenced by the environmental conditions as a result of the built environment. The environmental conditions on the public realm and in the buildings, shape how people use outdoor and indoor spaces in their daily life. Correspond...
Article
Vertical greening systems and green roofs provide ecosystem services in the urban context. Despite the important benefits they provide, economic (initial and maintenance costs) and environmental issues may limit the widespread diffusion of these greening systems. Mosses can be a low-cost and low-maintenance alternative green envelope for large-scal...
Article
Full-text available
A wide diffusion of green envelopes in cities can be an opportunity to improve urban environment conditions and reduce negative effects of climate change. The green roof system is a widespread solution adopted all over the world due to the relative simplicity of installation and the large private and social benefits provided. Despite this, some fac...
Article
Studies on microclimate of cities have already proved that pedestrian thermal comfort is function of built environment and it is fundamental to understand this phenomena both with numerical techniques and field measurements to achieve comfortable, healthier and more livable urban spaces. There has been wide variety of methods to approach this quest...
Chapter
This chapter describes the positive effects and improvements of green streets on outdoor thermal comfort, considering the relevant influence on human well-being and urban heat island phenomenon in cities. The most influencing characteristics of plant species, which determine outdoor comfort, are described, e.g., foliage shape and dimension, leaf ar...
Chapter
Applying vertical greening systems (VGS) on both new and existing buildings can offer multiple environmental benefits, including air pollutants’ mitigation and air quality improvement. The direct effects of VGS on air quality are mainly related to the absorption of fine dust particles and the uptake of gaseous pollutants. Indirect effects, e.g., co...
Chapter
In this chapter, the mitigation effect of greening solutions on air pollution within urban canyons is reviewed. First, a glance at the specific scientific literature is made and the different outcomes by authors about the effectiveness of greening solutions on air quality improvements are stressed. The main parameters to consider, the most promisin...
Chapter
Different types of vertical greening systems (VGS) can be identified; these have different aesthetic and functional performances. Green facades, i.e., the extensive VGS, are based on climbing plants growing in the ground or in planter boxes. We can distinguish two large groups of living wall systems, i.e., the intensive VGS: cloth (or felt) and pan...
Chapter
In November 2014 a green façade was built in the Sestri Ponente district in Genoa, Italy, on an office building owned by the Istituto Nazionale di Previdenza Sociale (National Institute of Social Insurance). This area, which is characterized by a relatively high population density, faces important environmental issues related to, for example, air p...
Article
Greening the building envelope is not a new concept, however it has not been fully approved as an energy saving method for the built environment. Vertical green can provide a cooling potential on the building surface, as plants are functioning as a solar filter and prevent the adsorption of heat radiation of building materials extensively. In this...
Conference Paper
The research proposes a mathematical generative methodology to identify performance linking urban forms and density indicators. Selected performance criteria for this preliminary study are shadow factor (on the public ground) and Urban Heat Island effect. The results are interpreted based on the mathematical correlation between building form factor...
Article
In urban areas the impact of built environment on wellbeing and human health should be considered due to urban heat island phenomenon. The present research aims at identifying a method for an accurate estimation of thermal outdoor comfort and mean radiant temperature, modeling and simulating the effects of urban form and vegetation on microclimate...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper aims at highlighting the connections between the environmental assessment of urban planning and building design activities at different scales. Environmental assessment is a multi-scale and inter/trans disciplinary process, which considers the city through an ecological approach. Environmental assessment includes different tools d...
Book
Urban Sustainability and River Restoration: Green and Blue Infrastructure considers the integration of green and blue infrastructure in cities as a strategy useful for acting on causes and effects of environmental and ecological issues. River restoration projects are unique opportunities for sustainable development and smart growth of communities,...
Article
Urban vegetation has been shown to improve air quality. Green envelopes can provide wide vegetated surfaces in dense cities. This research investigates the performances of four selected plant species used for vertical greening systems, comparing the fine and ultrafine dusts (PM10, PM2.5) collecting capacity by leaves, under the same conditions (hei...
Article
Green envelopes can provide environmental and ecological benefits in dense urban areas, improving air quality, mitigating Urban Heat Island effect, reducing energy use for air conditioning. The aim of the research presented is to determine the performance of vertical greening systems in the Mediterranean climate of Italy, analyzing a pilot project...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The world has experienced extreme urban growth in the last and current centuries, since more than half of the world population living in urban areas. Cities are expanding toward megacities with higher densities and narrower urban canyon profiles with huge urban structures and building masses. The transformation of urban landscape to densified city...
Chapter
The Bronx River restoration project demonstrates how effective collaboration between local community organisations and public bodies can improve social and environmental issues in a low-income neighbourhood. The Bronx River and Borough have undergone an impressive renovation, especially in recent years, thanks to the citizen's ongoing involvement s...
Chapter
The benefits deriving from ecosystems, defined ecosystem services, are fundamental for human well-being. The future capability of ecosystems to provide drinking water, clean air, healthy food, and protection against floods, is determined by changes in socioeconomic characteristics, land use, biodiversity, atmospheric composition, and climate. In ur...
Chapter
Mitigation and adaptation strategies to limit the effects of climate change and greenhouse gas emissions are crucial to achieve sustainable development. Climate change affects water resources in terms of quantity and quality. It alters the functions of many ecosystems with a negative effect on terrestrial, freshwater and marine species. It impinges...
Chapter
Cities are particularly exposed to climate change and environmental problems caused by anthropic activities. Integrating green and blue infrastructure (GBI) within urban systems can enhance resilience in the face of disturbances. The term green infrastructure was coined in Florida, in 1994. In the last 15 years, several studies have described green...
Chapter
The Bronx River runs through naturalised, industrial, and residential areas in the Bronx borough in New York City, which is vexed by social, economic and environmental issues. The river ecology has suffered from the impact of human activities implemented in the last 200 years due to increased annual stormwater runoff and habitat degradation. Green...
Chapter
The restoration of the Emscher River and its surrounding areas lasted about 30 years. It resulted in the creation of the Emscher Landscape Park to preserve and reuse abandoned industrial buildings. It significantly improved aesthetical aspects and ecological and environmental conditions in a former industrial area. The International Building Exhibi...
Chapter
The Emscher River flows in the highly industrialised and densely populated Ruhr region, in Germany. The industrial production had a relevant impact on the river, which has served as a waste water canal for decades. The Emscher River restoration and rehabilitation has improved water quality and environmental and ecological conditions. The conversion...
Chapter
Urban areas are responsible for significant levels of energy consumption and global carbon emissions. However, in denser urban environments the emissions connected to transportation needs and building energy demand can be reduced. It is hence fundamental to address air pollution, the urban heat island effect, and stormwater management within cities...
Chapter
Bottom-up initiatives can definitely improve critical environmental and ecological conditions in dense urban areas. Local participation in the United States is based on a deep-rooted tradition, community organisations and activist involvement and were initially bolstered by the national campaigns of the Environmental Justice Movement. Interesting b...
Chapter
Unvegetated green and blue infrastructure (GBI) can be integrated in different contexts, including parking lots and roads to reduce stormwater runoff and improve water quality. Water squares provide two important functions for dense urban areas: water storage and public spaces. Pervious pavements allow stormwater infiltration. Infiltration trenches...
Chapter
Since 2004, the priorities for the Paillon River catchment area are specified in territorial coherence schemes and development plans. At a local scale, land-use planning and water management are coordinated through SAGE (Schéma d'aménagement et de gestion des eaux). The Contrat de Rivière, a river contract established among local community actors,...
Chapter
The Madrid Río Project is the result of the relocation of a 6-kilometre highway along the Manzanares River. A vast parkland was created in its place and a green corridor currently joins six districts and several urban parks. Land use, urban planning, and poor environmental and ecological conditions had resulted in an insufficient connectivity among...
Article
A wide replication of green envelopes can be a good opportunity to improve urban environment conditions, as demonstrated by several studies. Greening systems increase also building envelope performances; however their economic sustainability has not been fully investigated. This study evaluates the economic sustainability of two combined greening s...
Article
Vertical greening systems (VGS) can increase the energy performances of building envelopes, while providing several environmental and ecological benefits in dense urban areas. In 10 November 2014, the first vertical greening system in the city of Genoa (Italy) was installed on the south facade of a public institution office building, as pilot proje...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are highly vulnerable to climate change effects, especially with regard to flooding and heat waves. Green and blue infrastructures are among the mitigation and adaptation nature based strategies, as they improve environmental and ecological qualities in dense urban areas. The paper aims analyzing storm water management practices in urban are...
Article
In October and November 2014, a green facade was built on an office building owned by the National Institute of Social Insurance (Istituto Nazionale di Previdenza Sociale) in Genoa's Sestri Ponente district, an area characterized by relatively high population density (13,000 inhabitants/km2). As in many Italian cities, Sestri Ponente has high rates...
Article
This paper analyses the outcomes of an experimental simulation on the microclimatic effects and on thermal comfort of vegetation in urban environment, conducted by means of a three-dimensional microclimate model, ENVI- met 3.1. The simulation considers a wide range of hypothetical cases of typical city areas with different characteristics related t...
Article
The integration of vegetation in urban areas is a constantly evolving research field. However, green envelopes (especially the most innovative vertical greening systems) are not yet fully accepted as an environmental quality restoration and energy-saving method for the built environment, due to the lack of data needed to quantify their effects and...
Article
Greening the building envelope using vegetated (green) façades is a good example of a new construction practice. Plants and partly growing building materials, in the case of living wall systems (LWS), have a number of functions that are beneficial for the built environment. However, the development of LWS is so rapid that various different material...
Article
Full-text available
Several researches show the environmental and microclimatic benefits of the integration of vegetation in architecture; however the potentialities of vertical and horizontal greening systems to retrofit buildings are still not much investigated. The retrofitting project of the Barsanti Institute of Camogli (Genoa, Italy) is presented, a building dat...
Article
Full-text available
Data shows that buildings play an important role in the field of energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. The exchange of information among different countries is a key element to promote a wider diffusion of practices for sustainable development in the fields of architecture and urban planning, contributing to the improvement of new ski...
Conference Paper
Contemporary architecture is increasingly focusing on vertical greening systems as a means to restore the environmental integrity of urban areas and sustainability. Despite the interest demonstrated by the European market and the international research on this topic, vertical greening systems are not yet fully accepted as an energy saving method fo...
Article
This study shows that greening the building envelope with vertical greening systems such as climbing plants or living wall systems provides ecological and environmental benefits. Contemporary architecture in fact is increasingly focusing on vertical greening systems as a means to restore the environmental integrity of urban areas, biodiversity and...
Article
Greening the building envelope is a rapidly developing field in the words of ecology, horticulture and built environment, since it's an opportunity for combining nature and buildings (linking different functionalities) in order to address environmental issues in dense urban surroundings. A green envelope is a good opportunity for improving the urba...
Article
Greening the building envelope focusing on green façades with vegetation is a good example of a new construction practice. Plants and partly growing materials in case of living wall systems (LWS) have a number of functions that are beneficial, for example: increasing the biodiversity and ecological value, mitigation of urban heat island effect, out...
Article
The use of horizontal and vertical greening has an important impact on the thermal performance of buildings and on the effect of the urban environment as well, both in summer and winter. Plants are functioning as a solar filter and prevent the adsorption of heat radiation of building materials extensively. Applying green façades is not a new concep...
Article
Full-text available
For greening the building envelope several concepts can be used, for example green roofs, façades greened with climbing plants or living wall systems (modular pre-vegetated panels), etc. Greening the building envelope allows to obtain a relevant improvement of the its effi-ciency, ecological and environmental benefits as well as an increase of the...

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