Kathya Araujo

Kathya Araujo
University of Santiago, Chile | USACH · Instituto de Estudios Avanzados (IDEA)

About

56
Publications
10,566
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736
Citations
Citations since 2017
14 Research Items
564 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Individualism in Latin America; The Reconfiguration of the exercise of Authority in Chilean Society; The Social Handling of Power Asymmetries Interactive Inequalities The social bond

Publications

Publications (56)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract As indicated by the current debate in the social sciences, we are witnessing today the advance of a set of transformative currents (individualization, technological development, pluralism, the fragmentation of social frames, de-traditionalization processes, etc.) that bring to the fore questions about the forms taken by the management of p...
Article
This article argues why core classical sociological notions that are still extremely influential in global sociological thinking need to be reviewed and reconceptualized, as well as to present an example of how this might be done. The discussion is in two parts. First, the article outlines what the author suggests is a major problem of social and s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the question of why, despite a widespread recognition of the existence of an important set of individualistic manifestations in Latin America, there is a strong reluctance in these societies to interpret themselves from the framework of individualism. It argues that understanding this paradox demands to take into account the vi...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La articulación entre el individualismo y los movimientos sociales es una cuestión ampliamente debatida en las ciencias sociales estadounidenses o europeas, pero relativamente ausente en el marco de la sociología latinoamericana. El artículo propone explorar este vínculos a través de tres grandes movimientos. En primer lugar, recuerda breve...
Book
Este libro se interesa por lo que cada cual vive en las calles de Santiago de Chile. En un movimiento doble busca indagar la manera en que los rasgos de la condición histórica actual se expresan en las calles, al mismo tiempo que establece lo que las calles, por medio de diversas experiencias, aportan a las formas en que se perfilan tanto las relac...
Book
Full-text available
El 18 de octubre 2019 se detonó en Chile un conjunto de eventos que en pocas semanas cuestionaron, en profundidad, muchas de nuestras certidumbres colectivas. El país se ha visto enfrentado a su más grave crisis social desde hace décadas. Un conjunto heterogéneo de disputas y demandas han desestabilizado el lugar de la economía de mercado; han ex...
Article
Full-text available
As ciências sociais em geral propuseram leituras das classes populares e do popular que tenderam a minimizar a existência de formas de individualidade em seu seio, dando lugar a visões altamente coletivistas de seus membros. Com base em duas investigações empíricas de tipo qualitativo sobre o caso do Chile, realizadas mediante entrevistas semiestru...
Article
Based on empirical research, this article approaches the reasons why, in the case of Chile, interactional inequalities have ended up constituting a privileged lens to read social events as well as to establish judgments about society. The thesis defended is that the relevance of these inequalities in the perception of individuals reveals how the pr...
Article
Full-text available
Con la investigación empírica como apoyo, en este artículo nos acercamos a las razones por las cuales las desigualdades en la interacción en Chile se han constituido en un lente privilegiado para leer los acontecimientos sociales y establecer juicios respecto a la sociedad. La tesis que se defiende es que la relevancia de estas desigualdades revela...
Article
a pesquisa aponta a necessidade de desenvolvimento da sociologia jurídica da norma, em especial, para lidar com a relação que se tem com as normas, em países da América Latina. Iniciando com uma exposição referente a como os clássicos lidam com essa relação, o texto se desenvolve com a literatura mais recente, apresenta dados empíricos sobre o caso...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El objetivo de este artículo es discutir el trabajo que desarrollan los individuos para sostenerse en la vida social, centrándose en la cuestión de los “anclaje socio-existenciales”, y en particular en un tipo de estos: las expectativas de futuro. Luego de una revisión del debate teórico y basándose sobre los resultados de una investigación...
Article
Full-text available
Relying upon the outcomes of two empirical studies, the aim of this paper is to discuss the ambivalent character of the relationship from individuals to the effects of neoliberalism as economic and social model in the case of Chile. On the one hand, it will be discussed a set of criticisms embodied in six subject ideals impelled by this model based...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo discute la importancia y centralidad que ha adquirido el mérito en la sociedad chilena hoy, enfocándose principalmente en sus efectos asociados con la experiencia educacional. El argumento es desarrollado en tres pasos. Luego de una presentación del contexto histórico y de las transformaciones sociales que dan cuenta de su expansión,...
Article
The social sciences have usually downplayed the existence of forms of individuality in their analysis of popular classes and the popular, offering instead highly collectivist visions of popular classes and their members. Based on two qualitative, empirical studies conducted in Chile using semistructured interviews and group techniques, this article...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Las ciencias sociales por lo general han propuesto lecturas de las clases populares y de lo popular que han tendido a minimizar la existencia de formas de individualidad en su seno, dando lugar a visiones altamente colectivistas de sus miembros. Sobre la base de dos investigaciones empíricas de tipo cualitativo para el caso de Chile, reali...
Conference Paper
Social differentiation has been identified since the so called sociological “classics” (Durkheim or Simmel) as one of the most important structural features of the emergence of modern societies and modern Individual. The evidence of this thesis was never thoroughly questioned despite the criticism offered by historians, and especially that by anthr...
Article
Full-text available
Sobre la base del análisis de una historia personal de desplazamiento entre academias (peruana y chilena), y la reinvención y el contrabando que toda migración supone, este artículo argumenta de qué manera frente a las nuevas modalidades de evaluación (los rankings, la búsqueda de isomorfismo de las estructuras argumentativas y las formas lingüísti...
Article
The sociological study of individuation processes in modern occidental societies has mobilized the thesis of institutional individualism as a key concept. This article argues that this thesis may not be appropriate to understand societies with different cultural traditions and institutional practices. Based upon the results of qualitative research...
Article
Full-text available
The individual and neoliberalism: reflexions on the experience of Chile This paper analyzes the validity and limits of the neoliberal individual thesis in contemporary Chilean society, based upon qualitative research in which 96 semi structured interviews were conducted. Starting from the fact that Chile has the exceptional character of being the f...
Article
Based on the analysis of an extensive corpus of historic and social science contributions, this paper analyzes the thesis of the authoritarian culture in Chile focusing on the portalian ideal-type. After describing its five constitutive elements, the paper discusses the theoretical consequences of this model for the conceptualization of authority a...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the analysis of an extensive corpus of historic and social science contributions, this paper analyzes the thesis of the authoritarian culture in Chile focusing on th portalian ideal-type. After describing its five constitutive elements, the paper discusses the theoretical consequences of this model for the conceptualization of authority as...
Article
Full-text available
The theoretical premise defended by this article is that the contents of equality are specified and transformed according to a society's structural and historical conditioning factors. To argue this hypothesis, the article draws on the results of three studies in Chile, showing that two relevant effects are shaped in the interface between the wave...
Book
Full-text available
Emerging traits of late global modernity such as transnationalism, multiculturalism, individualization and supranational contexts of action raise the question of what holds society together. Responses have typically made reference to legitimization, but the modern world presents challenges to such responses, for in such a differentiated, globalized...
Book
Emerging traits of late global modernity such as transnationalism, multiculturalism, individualization and supranational contexts of action raise the question of what holds society together. Responses have typically made reference to legitimization, but the modern world presents challenges to such responses, for in such a differentiated, globalized...
Article
Sobre la base de una investigación empírica realizada mediante un centenar de entrevistas semidirectivas con actores pertenecientes a distintos grupos sociales, en este artículo se propone y argumenta el uso de un nuevo concepto para abordar la estratificación social en la sociedad chilena actual, cual es la "inconsistencia posicional". Con esta no...
Article
Full-text available
This article is about the normativities present in public policy regarding sexuality in postdictatorial Chile. The author presents a prescriptive model of subjectivity and of gender identity which questions supposed neutrality. This study is based on the different defi nitions of sexuality and of subjectivity that are implicit in States programs an...
Article
Full-text available
Based on empirical research involving some 100 semi-directive interviews with individuals from different social groups, this article introduces and discusses the use of a new concept for analysing the phenomenon of social stratification in contemporary Chilean society, namely "positional inconsistency". This describes a more or less permanent and g...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Este artículo parte por reconocer la creciente importancia del individuo para la comprensión de las sociedades en el momento actual al mismo tiempo que subrayar ciertos impasses cuando la estrategia privilegiada para ello es la socialización o la subjetivación. En este contexto, y una vez formuladas una serie de críticas a estas vías, el ar...
Article
Full-text available
Este texto se aproxima al estudio del sujeto y de los lazos sociales en nuestra región a partir del análisis del caso del Perú en las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Lo hace tomando apoyo en la noción de configuraciones de sujeto como operador analítico y usando como corpus textos autobiográficos en cuanto se considera que ellos son una vía privileg...
Article
This paper approaches the study of the subject and the social bond in the case of Peru in the first three decades of the 20th century. It uses as analytical operator the notion of subject configurations and it is based upon the analysis of autobiographical texts. The text begins with the presentation of its theoretical and methodological foundation...
Article
Full-text available
This article argues that the study of the expansion of the normative ideal of law in our region must go beyond legal and institutional perspective to put the focus on relationships between individuals and the rule that are specific to each society. The paper presents a theoretical and methodological proposal for this approach and tests them with th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the pertinence of approaching the study of institutionalization processes at the state level as reception processes, that is, as a result of two interconnected dimensions: the political opportunities context and the reception operations. The text underlines the importance of the normative effects of institutionalization process...
Article
This paper presents a theoretical perspective for the study of the relationship between individuals and norms, which allows avoiding the obstacles found in the classical models. To reach this aim, this article proposes an analytical model that seeks to restitute the existing dynamics between Ideal, Social Experience and Subject Configuration. An ar...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo discute las dimensiones problemáticas de las maneras en que la noción de individuo ha sido y es movilizada por una parte importante del feminismo en América Latina. La presentación aborda los avatares de su recepción teórica y política y se detiene en las consecuencias que este modo de comprensión tiene en el ámbito de la producción d...
Article
This article analyses the process whereby domestic violence in Chile became a subject of open discussion and a public issue in- cluded in the institutional agenda of the Executive and the Leg- islature, giving rise to preventive programmes against such violence and public services for aiding its victims, together with the adoption of a law against...
Article
RESUMEN / ABSTRACT Este texto se aproxima al estudio del sujeto y de los lazos sociales en nuestra región a partir del análisis del caso del Perú en las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Lo hace tomando apoyo en la noción de confi guraciones de sujeto como operador analítico y usando como corpus textos autobiográfi cos en cuanto se considera que ellos...
Article
Full-text available
Mayo de 2000 Introducción La ponencia tiene por objetivo analizar los cambios experimentados en las trayectorias laborales de tres generaciones de mujeres, así como también evidenciar los distintos factores que, interrelacionados, configuran estas trayectorias. Revela la coexistencia de diversas generaciones en el mercado laboral y la heterogeneida...

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Projects (2)
Project
Este Centro Núcleo Milenio aborda el problema del ejercicio de la autoridad, uno de los mecanismos sociales más importantes para la gestión de las asimetrías de poder en una sociedad. El objetivo de este Centro es investigar con una perspectiva interdisciplinaria los procesos de re-articulación del ejercicio de la autoridad en la sociedad chilena poniendo énfasis en cuatro esferas: el trabajo, la familia, el espacio urbano y la educación. Busca establecer cuáles son sus consecuencias más importantes para la organización social, relaciones sociales y convivencia, de manera de construir un modelo teórico explicativo de las transformaciones contemporáneas de la autoridad, estimular el diálogo social e influir en actores sociales y políticas públicas. Se espera que los resultados aporten a dar una mirada más comprehensiva del ejercicio de la autoridad y la gestión de las asimetrías de poder en la sociedad chilena y otras realidades, e incidir en aspectos relevantes para el país como el aumento de la capacidad de innovación y productividad, la formación de las nuevas generaciones, la transformación de prácticas sociales erosivas, el bienestar poblacional y el fortalecimiento de lo común. This Millenium Nucleus Center approaches the problem of exercising authority, one of the most important social mechanisms for the management of power asymmetries in a society. VThe objective of this Nucleus is to investigate from an interdisciplinary perspective the rearticulation processes of the exercise of authority in Chilean society,specially in four social spheres: Work, Family, Urban Space and Education. It seeks to establish which are its most important consequences for the social organization, social relations, and living together, in such a way as to construct an explicative theoretical model of the contemporary transformations of authority, stimulate the social dialog, and produce an influence in actors and public policies. It is expected that the results will contribute to provide a more comprehensive view of the exercise of authority in Chilean society and other realities, and have an incidence on important aspects of the country, such as the increase of the capacity for innovation and productivity, the formation of the new generations, the population’s welfare, the transformation of erosive social practices, the strengthening of what is common, and of the adhesion to society.