Kathy Dopp

Kathy Dopp
University of Utah | UOU · Department of Economics

Master of Mathematics

About

23
Publications
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13
Citations

Publications

Publications (23)
Chapter
This chapter concerns post-election manual audits designed to limitLimit the risk of certifying an incorrect election outcome to any desired low probability, say α = 0.05. The contributions of this article are to: provide upper margin error bounds for single or multi-ballot audit unit election audit sampling;describe Stenger’s numerical method for...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses three interdisciplinary scientific skills for avoiding common problems in political science research and provides tools for visualizing, detecting, & measuring asymmetrical relationships such as sufficient, necessary, and coincident conditions in empirical data. The attempt is to provide clear, comprehensive explanation of wh...
Article
Is it possible electronic vote-count manipulation determines who controls government in the United States? The probability that the disparities between predicted and reported 2014 election vote margins were caused by random sampling error is virtually zero. A method for extending and simplifying fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (FsQCA)'s...
Article
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Is vote miscount detectable in the United States? In the United States, there is no federal right to public access of records in order to evaluate electoral outcome accuracy. Most U.S. states individually, also, lack such a right and tally votes using trade secret software without publicly reporting detailed election data by vote type and location...
Article
Full-text available
Methods for evaluating and redrawing legislative district maps may be based on geographic compactness, population compactness, and proportional fairness, as well as on other key criteria. We demonstrate via pictorial counterexamples how most proposed measures of geographic compactness are unreliable, and recommend using the isoperimetric quotient f...
Article
This paper proposes a unified voter utility function similar to Merrill and Grofman's 1999 synthesis of a Downsian proximity voter choice model proposed by Mathews with the Rabinowitz-Macdonald (RM) directional voter choice model into a unified spatial voter utility function, but with changes to enable researchers to incorporate and test the relati...
Article
Is vote miscount detectable in the United State? Citizens in the United States lack federal and state legal rights to access records necessary to judge the accuracy of electoral outcomes. A limited number of statistical methods are available for detecting patterns caused by possible vote miscount given this lack of public verifiability of election...
Article
In "The New Racial Calculus: Electoral Institutions and Black Representation in Local Legislatures" (\emph{American Journal of Political Science}, January 2010), Marschall, Ruhil, and Shah paint a pessimistic picture regarding the efficacy of rainbow coalitions in electing black representatives to local legislatures and find that black representati...
Article
After the United States' 2000 Presidential election, in which Ralph Nader’s candidacy caused G.W.Bush to win rather than Al Gore, a Maryland nonprofit organization led a movement to adopt the instant runoff voting (IRV) method of counting rank choice ballots. IRV was proposed to solve the spoiler effect in the case where a minor third candidate sip...
Article
New York’s position following other States’ development of fossil gas via high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) drilling, and the actions of its State Assembly and Senate Environmental Conservation (EnCon) Committees integrated the efforts and facilitated the communications of a wide network of stakeholder organizations and independent experts. T...
Article
Current voting systems and procedures used to conduct post-election audits fail to provide reliable assurance of the accuracy of election results. Several methods have been found that overcome some of the obstacles to auditing caused by various election system designs. This article provides an overview of the scope and content of post-election audi...
Article
This article * provides an overview of post-election audit sampling research and compares various approaches to calculating post-election audit sample sizes, focusing on risklimiting audits, * discusses fundamental concepts common to all risk-limiting post-election audits, presenting new margin error bounds, sampling weights and sampling probabilit...

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