Kathleen Margaret Griffiths

Kathleen Margaret Griffiths
Australian National University | ANU · Research School of Psychology

BSc(Hons), PhD

About

266
Publications
80,685
Reads
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20,843
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - August 2017
Australian National University
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
January 2001 - December 2013
Australian National University

Publications

Publications (266)
Article
Full-text available
Eating disorder mental health literacy (ED-MHL) refers to knowledge about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of eating disorders (EDs) and is an important factor in people’s attitudes towards individuals with EDs and help-seeking for EDs. Associations between ED-MHL, stigma, ED symptomatology, and gender were investigated in a sample of N = 194 Ge...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Growing evidence supports the effectiveness of Internet-based prevention programs for eating disorders, but the adjunctive benefit of synchronous peer support has yet to be investigated. In the current study, a randomised controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an indicated Internet-based prevention program (Pro...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims The current trial tested the benefits of offering a brief online intervention for hazardous alcohol consumption along with one for depression among people experiencing both conditions. Methods Online advertisements were used to recruit people with persistent low mood. Those who also had current hazardous alcohol consumption wer...
Article
This study describes the development and pilot evaluation of a smartphone- delivered Ecological Momentary Intervention (EMI) for people with social anxiety symptoms. Using a software engineering framework (agile modeling, model-driven development, bottom-up development), mental health experts and software developers collaborated to develop a 4-modu...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate help‐seeking attitudes, intentions, and behaviors, and to systematically explore perceived barriers to help‐seeking for eating, weight, or shape concerns among young adults. Differences in perceived barriers as a function of type of eating disorder symptomatology were also examined. Method Data w...
Article
There is growing recognition of the importance of addressing the mental health needs of young people attending university. Anonymous, scalable, and evidence-based online interventions can help to reduce burden on university services and increase access to care for marginalised or disconnected students. This paper reports the participatory design me...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Many people are accessing digital self-help for mental health problems, often with little evidence of effectiveness.Social anxiety is one of the most common sources of mental distress in the population and many people with symptoms do not seek help for what represents a significant public health problem. OBJECTIVE Two group randomized c...
Article
Background: Many people are accessing digital self-help for mental health problems, often with little evidence of effectiveness. Social anxiety is one of the most common sources of mental distress in the population and many people with symptoms do not seek help for what represents a significant public health problem. Objective: Two group randomi...
Data
The file includes the balanced 28-item Prejudice towards People with Mental Illness (PPMI) Scale (and instructions for scoring). The scale is published in: Kenny, A., Bizumic, B., & Griffiths, K. M. (2018). The Prejudice towards People with Mental Illness (PPMI) scale: Structure and validity. BMC Psychiatry, 18, 293. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-...
Article
Full-text available
Background The perspectives of mental health consumers and carers are increasingly recognised as important to the development and conduct of research. However, research directions are still most commonly developed without consumer and carer input. This project aimed to establish priorities for mental health research driven by the views of consumers...
Article
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Background: Although there is a substantial body of research on the stigma associated with mental illness, much of the extant research has not explicitly focused on the concept of prejudice, which drives discriminatory behaviour. Further, research that has investigated prejudice towards people with mental illness has conceptual, theoretical and psy...
Article
Objective: Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia is efficacious for insomnia, and post hoc analyses suggest mood improvements. We undertook the first clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on depressive symptoms as an adjunct to guideline-based treatment of de...
Article
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Introduction Hazardous alcohol consumption is common among people experiencing depression, often acting to exacerbate depressive symptoms. While many people with these co-occurring disorders do not seek face-to-face treatment, they do seek help online. There are effective internet interventions that target hazardous alcohol consumption or depressio...
Article
Acacia: The Australian Capital Territory Consumer and Carer Mental Health Research Unit is based at The Australian National University and employs academic researchers with lived experience to undertake research directly relevant to the needs of mental health consumers and carers with the aim of influencing policy and practice. In this study, we s...
Article
There is disagreement in the literature as to whether biological attribution increases or decreases stigma. This study investigated the effect of an online biological intervention on stigma and help-seeking intentions for depression among adolescents. A three-arm, pre-post test, double-blind randomised controlled trial (RCT) was used to compare the...
Article
Background: University students experience high levels of mental health problems; however, very few seek professional help. Teaching staff within the university are well placed to assist students to seek support. Aims: To investigate university teaching staff experiences of, and training needs around, assisting students with mental health problems....
Article
Objective: Insomnia and anxiety commonly co-occur, yet the mechanisms underlying this remain unclear. The current paper describes the impact of an Internet-based intervention for insomnia on anxiety, and explores the influence of two cognitive-behavioural constructs - dysfunctional beliefs about sleep and sleep-threat monitoring. Methods: A larg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of a pilot Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) on the effects of a mobile prototype delivering an Ecological Momentary Intervention (EMI) for social anxiety disorder (SAnD). 55 participants were randomized into two groups 1) a standalone EMI based on exposure therapy or 2) a waitlist control group. After excluding peo...
Article
Objective: This pilot study examined the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of using an online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating Chinese patients with depression. Methods: Seventy-five Chinese patients with depression in outpatient clinics were randomized into a 5-week intervention. The intervention group received...
Article
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Objective: Suboptimal visit-to-registration rates limit the reach and potential impact of online health interventions. In this study, we examined whether testimonials presented during a new-user registration process could increase the uptake rates of MoodGYM, an open-access automated intervention designed to reduce the symptoms of depression. Met...
Article
Full-text available
Background Insomnia treatment using an internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) program reduces depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. However, the speed, longevity and consistency of these effects are unknown. Aims To test the following: whether the efficacy of online CBT-I was sustained over 18 mont...
Article
Despite high rates of mental disorders in university students, very few seek professional help. University teaching staff are well placed to connect students with mental health care. However, little is known about university staff attitudes to and knowledge about mental health problems, or whether these factors influence their experience with and a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Although social anxiety disorder is a persistent and debilitating condition, only a minority of people with social anxiety disorder seek help and little is known about methods for promoting help seeking for social anxiety disorder. This pilot trial explored the potential effectiveness of an online program designed to increase help-seeki...
Article
Full-text available
Design and objective: This paper describes the protocol for a large-scale pragmatic, randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the self-directed E-Couch social anxiety module versus a waiting list control condition, for reducing sub-clinical social anxiety symptoms in the general...
Article
Objectives To examine whether poor objective and subjective sleep quality are differentially associated with cognitive function. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Participants were recruited from primary and secondary care, and directly from the community, in Sydney, Australia. Participants The sample consisted of 74 men 50 years and older (mean [...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning is an important public health problem in Sri Lanka. Current evidence from Sri Lanka suggests that this phenomenon is more common among young people, and females, and is associated with a recent interpersonal conflict. International studies indicate that recent non-fatal selfharm is associated wit...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of delivering an online anxiety prevention program in schools, and to assess the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing symptoms of anxiety. Three schools located in South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory were recruited to participate in the trial, wi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Internet support groups (ISGs) for mental ill-health are common but little is known about the characteristics of users, the usage and predictors of ISG usage and if and how these change over time. Aim: This study evaluated the attributes of a publically accessible ISG for depression and other mental disorders including: (1) the demograp...
Article
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Background The majority of content in an Internet Support Group (ISG) is contributed by 1 % of the users (‘super users’). Computational methods, such as topic modelling, can provide a large-scale quantitative objective description of this content. Such methods may provide a new perspective on the nature of engagement on ISGs including the role of s...
Article
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Background Depression and anxiety interfere with an individual's quality of life and result in substantial economic costs to the workplace through lost productivity. The internet offers an unparalleled opportunity for the large scale, cost-effective delivery of mental health awareness and destigmatisation programs in the workplace. However, to date...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research on depression stigma is needed to gain more insight into the underlying construct and to reduce the level of stigma in the community. However, few validated measurements of depression stigma are available in the Netherlands. Therefore, this study first sought to examine the psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of t...
Article
Stigma has been identified as a barrier to help-seeking for mental health problems. The aim of the current study was to examine levels of personal and perceived generalized anxiety disorder stigma among an adolescent population, and to identify potential predictors of these constructs. A total of 1,840 adolescents (64.6% female) aged between 12 and...
Article
Objective: To systematically review the literature on perceived barriers and facilitators of help-seeking for eating disorders. Method: Three databases (PubMed, PsychInfo, Cochrane) were searched using keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms. Retrieved abstracts (N = 3493) were double screened and relevant papers (n = 13) were double...
Article
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Background: Few studies have examined modifiable psychosocial risk factors for mental disorders among university students, and of these, none have employed measures that correspond to clinical diagnostic criteria. The aim of this study was to examine psychosocial and demographic risk factors for major depression and generalised anxiety disorder (G...
Article
Background Despite great progress in Cognitive Behavioural Therapies (CBTs) for children and adolescents over the last two decades, as many as four out of five young people who could benefit from therapy are not accessing it. The demand on available services, the stigma of mental health difficulties, costs and time demands of treatment, and geograp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Little is known about the community structure of mental health Internet support groups, quantitatively. A greater understanding of the factors, which lead to user interaction, is needed to explain the design information of these services and future research concerning their utility. Objective: A study was conducted to determine the c...
Article
Background: Anxiety is a common mental health problem in youth. The current study aimed to test the effectiveness of an online self-directed anxiety prevention program in a school-based sample and to compare two methods of implementing an anxiety program in schools. Methods: A three-arm cluster stratified randomised controlled trial was conducte...
Article
Background: In view of the high co-occurrence of depression and insomnia, a novel way to reduce the risk of escalating depression might be to offer an insomnia intervention. We aimed to assess whether an online self-help insomnia program could reduce depression symptoms. Methods: We did this randomised controlled trial at the Australian National...
Article
Full-text available
Background: University students experience high levels of mental health problems yet very few seek professional help. Web-based mental health interventions may be useful for the university student population. However, there are few published qualitative studies that have examined the perceived benefits and drawbacks of seeking help for mental healt...
Article
The life expectancy of people living with mental illness is significantly shorter than that of the rest of the population. Despite the profound impact of physical health issues on both quality of life and life expectancy, the perspectives of mental health consumers have yet to be thoroughly explored. Furthermore, research has focused far more on de...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Internet interventions are increasingly being recognized as effective in the treatment and prevention of mental health conditions; however, the usefulness of such programs from the perspective of the participants is often not reported. Objective: This study explores the experiences of participants of a 12-week randomized controlled t...
Article
Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning in common in Sri Lanka, but little is known about variation of psychiatric morbidity and suicidal intent across differing ages. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka across three different age groups (namely 14-24 years, 25-34 years and ≥ 35 years...
Article
Full-text available
Background: University students have high levels of tobacco and other drug use, yet they are unlikely to seek traditional care. Technology-based interventions are highly relevant to this population. This paper comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized trials of technology-based interventions evaluated in a tertiary uni...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Understanding how people participate in and contribute to online health communities (OHCs) is useful knowledge in multiple domains. It is helpful for community managers in developing strategies for building community, for organizations in disseminating information about health interventions, and for researchers in understanding the soc...
Article
Full-text available
Background Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning is common in Sri Lanka. To date, most preventive strategies have focused on limitation of access to toxic pesticides, which has reduced the rates of fatal self-poisoning. However the ongoing phenomenon of non-fatal self-poisoning indicates the need for exploration of alternate preventive strategies....
Conference Paper
Background Australia has had a Statement on Consumer and Community Participation in Health and Medical Research (1) for more than a decade. However, progress on the active involvement in the research process of stakeholders other than researchers has been limited. This is in part due to the limited availability of training: for researchers on how t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: University teaching staff may be a first point of contact for students in need of support for mental health problems. University students report willingness to use online mental health services. However, little is known about the attitudes and behaviours of teaching staff with regard to online mental health resources. Information from t...
Article
Objectives Mobile technologies may be suitable for delivering Ecological Momentary Interventions (EMI) to treat anxiety in real-time. This review aims to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of EMI for treating anxiety conditions. Materials and Methods Four databases and the reference lists of previous studies were searched. A total of 1949 a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescence and early adulthood are critical periods for the development of mental disorders. Online peer-to-peer communication is popular among young people and may improve mental health by providing social support. Previous systematic reviews have targeted Internet support groups for adults with mental health problems, including depr...
Article
Full-text available
The high prevalence of major depressive disorder in adolescents and the low rate of successful treatment highlight a pressing need for accessible, affordable adolescent depression prevention programs. The Internet offers opportunities to provide adolescents with high quality, evidence-based programs without burdening or creating new care delivery s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Online, peer-to-peer support groups for depression are common on the World Wide Web and there is some evidence of their effectiveness. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which Internet support groups (ISGs) might work. Objective: This study aimed to investigate consumer perceptions of the benefits and disadvantages of o...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that web-based interventions can be effective treatments for depression. However, dropout rates in web-based interventions are typically high, especially in self-guided web-based interventions. Rigorous empirical evidence regarding factors influencing dropout in self-guided web-based interventions is lacking due to small study samp...
Article
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Background: There is a growing need to develop online services for university students with the capacity to complement existing services and efficiently address student mental health problems. Previous research examining the development and acceptability of online interventions has revealed that issues such as privacy critically impact user willin...
Article
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Background: Research into e-mental health technologies has developed rapidly in the last 15 years. Applications such as Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy interventions have accumulated considerable evidence of efficacy and some evidence of effectiveness. These programs have achieved similar outcomes to face-to-face therapy, while requ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Help seeking for mental health problems among university students is low, and Internet-based interventions such as virtual clinics have the potential to provide private, streamlined, and high quality care to this vulnerable group. Objective: The objective of this study was to conduct focus groups with university students to obtain in...
Article
Full-text available
Background Insomnia is a significant risk factor for depression onset, can result in more disabling depressive illness, and is a common residual symptom following treatment cessation that can increase the risk of relapse. Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia has demonstrated efficacy and acceptability to men who are less likely...
Article
Background: Over the past two decades, governments have invested significantly in policies and strategies to prevent the tragic loss of life to suicide. However, there has been little focus on evaluating the implementation of such policies. Aims: This paper reports on the evaluation of the implementation of "Managing the Risk of Suicide: A Suici...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable online peer-to-peer support groups require engaged members. A metric commonly used to identify these members is the number of posts they have made. The 90-9-1 principle has been proposed as a ‘rule of thumb’ for classifying members using this metric with a recent study demonstrating the applicability of the principal to digital health s...