Kathiresan Kandasamy

Kathiresan Kandasamy
Annamalai University · Center of Advanced Study in Marine Biology

M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc.

About

324
Publications
157,965
Reads
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14,418
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
8623 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - December 2016
Annamalai University
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
April 2003 - March 2005
Annamalai University
Field of study
  • Marine Biology
August 1979 - October 1984
University of Madras
Field of study
  • Botany
June 1977 - May 1979
University of Madras
Field of study
  • Special Botany

Publications

Publications (324)
Chapter
Full-text available
Marine Cyanobacteria were isolated from sediments of Pichavaram mangrove forest situated in south east coast of India. Seven spices belonging to order Chorococcales were identified based on the size and shape and they were Synechococcus elongatus, Gloeocapsa sp. Synechocystis salina, Gloeobacter sp., Gloeocapsa stegophila, Snechocystis padalecki an...
Chapter
Mangrove forests of India are globally unique and have the highest record in biodiversity of flora and fauna. India is the second richest country for mangrove biodiversity in the world, with the presence of a “mangrove genetic paradise” in Bhitarkanika, and globally threatened wildlife species in Sundarbans. A vast area of Indian mangrove cover is...
Preprint
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Burrowing crabs are considered to be the ecosystem engineers in mangrove ecosystems because they have impact on the ecosystem functioning through bio-geochemical transformations. This process depends on the size and shape of burrows. The present study analysed architecture of burrows, constructed by crabs in a restored mangrove habitat. Fourteen cr...
Chapter
Mangroves are of great ecological significance and economic importance. They are of different types—deltaic, estuarine, lagoon, and fringe mangroves—based on coastal location. The mangroves are of six functional types—fringe, riverine, basin, over-wash, scrub, and hammock. They are also of three types—river-dominated, tide-dominated, and interior m...
Chapter
Biogeography refers to reconstruction in the patterns of distribution of biological diversity and to identify the processes that are responsible for those distributions over the time. Despite the better understanding of global patterns of mangrove distribution using improved exploration techniques, satellite cartography, or the use of geographic in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cyanobacteria are the Gram negative, oxygen evolving photosynthetic prokaryotes and have wide variety of application in biotechnological research. Releasing of textile dye effluents into general water bodies is a major environmental and health problem. Micro algae and cyanobacteria are considered as an important source for decolorizing dye and text...
Article
This work assessed the carbon storage and sequestration potential in the planted mangrove stands of Avicennia marina of different age groups (16 – 27.2 years), as influenced by vegetation and soil characteristics in an estuarine system of southeast coast of India. The carbon storage was 22-folds higher in soil and 56-folds greater in both tree biom...
Article
Full-text available
Cyanobacteria are the largest group of photosynthetic prokaryotes, capable of fixing both atmospheric carbon and nitrogen. They are unique in their widespread occurrence abundance and morphological diversity, similar to gram negative bacteria in their cell structure and biochemistry. Only few studies are available on marine cyanobacteria from mangr...
Chapter
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Mangrove derived unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus produced microbial biomass was tested as bioadsorbent for removal of lead in the artificial sewage. The significant percentage of lead removal was observed in dried biomass of Synechococcus elongatus. Further, the optimization and adsorption kinetics of lead removal process was done...
Article
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The present study investigated the antibacterial activity of resazurin method by mangrove-derived marine cyanobacteria. Three marine cyanobacteriaSynechococcuselangatus ARKK1, Gloeocapsasp.,ARKK2 and Phormidium sp., ARKK3were tested against four clinical pathogenic bacteria viz,Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiellapneumoniaeand...
Article
The present study isolated and identified six species of bacteria and fungi from the rhizosphere soil of mangroves species (Avicennia marina), treated for 60 days with artificial wastewater, and further tested for their potential in heavy metal accumulation and Zn solubilization. The wastewater treated mangrove soil had higher microbial counts, por...
Chapter
Mangroves support salt-tolerant microbial communities such as microalgae, fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria as well as viruses. The microbes form the basis of the functioning of the mangrove habitats. The mangrove system is a detritus-based one that depends on the microorganisms that play a vital role in decomposing the organic matter, making the prot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Each mangrove region has a specific history which needs to be understood as it is a central component for adapting current conservation plans to changing coastal conditions induced by increasing natural or human pressures. As these latter impact the functioning, physiognomy and extent of mangroves, it is urgent to design and implement monitoring pr...
Article
Marine cyanobacteria were isolated from water samples of the three mangrove site in Kurusadai island, south east coast of India. Totally 12 species of cyanobacteria were recorded in which one species was heterocystous and 11 were non-heterocystous, belonging to 5 families. The species such as Oscillatoria tenuis, Oscillatoria cortiana, Oscillatoria...
Article
This work attempted the mass multiplication of Trichoderma strains on three different wastes of agriculture, synthetic and marine origin, individually as substrates. Three different strains of Trichoderma (NPK2, NPK3 and NPK4) were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Rhizophoraannamalayana at Pichavaram mangrove forest, southeast coast of India,...
Article
Xylocarpus granatum (Meliaceae) is one of the most widespread core component species of mangrove forests in the Indo-West Pacific (IWP) region, and as such is suitable for examining how genetic structure is generated across spatiotemporal scales. We evaluated the genetic structure of this species using maternally inherited chloroplast (cp) and bi-p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dried microbial biomass of Gloeocapsa sp. Trichoderma, and Thrustochytrids used as bioadsorbent for the removal of cadmium in the artificial sewage. Among the three species the maximum adsorption recorded in Gloeocapsa sp. biomass. For the augmentation of cadmium removal in sewage, adsorption process conditions was statistically optimized by the me...
Article
Present work enumerated nine groups of microorganisms in the soil samples drawn at 10depths from two mangrove sites for four seasons in two years, along with 23 physicochemical characteristics in a mangrove forest. The microbial density was higher in dense mangrove sediments than that in sparse ones. Among the microorganisms, actinobacteria, total...
Article
Mangroves ecosystem provides the unique habitat for the colonization of fungi and bacteria. Interestingly, the enzymes derived from mangroves associated microorganisms have enormous economic value in industries of agriculture, pulp, paper, medicine, sewage treatments, etc. Microbial enzyme activity is required for the metabolism of plants and anima...
Article
Full-text available
Mangroves are unique in structure and functionally special, but ecologically sensitive to environmental changes. Hence, it is imperative to assess their structural and functional characteristics. Bearing this in mind, the present study analysed densities of trees, saplings, seedlings and sesarmid crab holes, as well as tree height, basal area, spec...
Article
Full-text available
Mangrove environment holds a rich source for discovery of novel microbiota with potential applications in pharmaceutical science. Marine derived fungi are known to produce secondary metabolites with excellent biomedical applications when compared with that of terrestrial origin. The marine fungi produce bioactive compounds that could be used as a p...
Article
Natural hybridization is ubiquitous in flowering plants and it plays a crucial role in plant evolution and diversification. Among mangroves, the tribe Rhizophoreae (Rhizophoraceae) includes the largest taxonomic congregation exclusively of mangroves. However, the systemic distinction between two hybrids Rhizophora × annamalayana and Rhizophora × la...
Article
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The increasing demands on nanoparticles have wide pertinent in almost all the fields. Marine ecosystem has variety of living resources, which includes prokaryotes like microorganism to eukaryotic organism like higher plants and animals. The present review dealt with the application of marine organisms in nanotechnology. Our discussion mainly focuse...
Article
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The present work aimed at purifying the intracellular fungal metabolites, such as 16- methylheptadecanoic acid methyl ester (HDA) and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (ODA) from marine Trichoderma, Hypocrea lixii TSK8, Hypocrea rufa SKS2 respectively, and investigating their anticancer and antioxidant effects. The two fungal metabolites were tested agains...
Article
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Anti-apoptotic proteins play a pivotal role in the deactivation of the apoptosis process in cancer. Apoptosis process can be activated in cancer state by inhibiting anti-apoptotic proteins (BCL2) and inhibition of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members is a major target for anticancer therapies. In the present study the drought tolerant and highly inva...
Article
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Therapeutic potential of phages was examined against biofilm forming bacteria (BFB) Pseudomonas stutzeri (PS) and Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPH) in lung cancer animals. Phages were isolated from mangrove soil. The latent period of the infectious cycle was determined as 20 and 55 min for PS and VPH phages respectively. The mean burst size was found t...
Article
In order to produce the highly potential antimicrobial cotton fabrics a biological oriented nanoparticles-treatment process was adopted in this study. Six different metal (Ag, Au, Zn, Cu, Mg and Ca) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised by using a Mangrove plant Xylocarpus mekongensis Pierre leaves extract and these NPs were coated to cotton fabrics...
Article
Mangroves are extraordinary ecosystems, providing many goods and services to human beings. These particularly include fisheries, forest products, pollution abatement, carbon sequestration and coastal protection against natural calamities such as tsunami and cyclones. However, a recent article by Satheeshkumar et al. (2012) questioned the role of ma...
Article
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The study aimed to identify the antibacterial potential of commercial antibiotics such as ampicillin, streptomycin, chloromphenicol, tetracycline and biosynthesized silver nanoparticles by mangrove leaf of Avicennia officinalis against biofilm forming bacteria (BFB) BFB1, BFB5, BFB7 and BFB8. In in vitro antibacterial assay, ampicillin exhibited a...
Article
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are an important component of the natural defences of most living organisms against invading pathogens. In the present study marine yeast (.Saccharomyces cerevisiae) was cultured in Yeast Malt Agar medium followed by protein extraction and quantification by using sonication method and Bradford assay, respectively. The...
Article
Full-text available
Marine yeasts isolated from coastal mangrove ecosystem namely Candida albicans, Kuraishia capsulate and Sacchromyces cerevisae were screened for the cytotoxicity against a non-transformed Vero (African green monkey kidney normal cell line) and two cancer cell lines human breast carcinoma cells (HepG2), human breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7) in differ...
Article
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Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. (family Convolvulaceae), commonly known as "Ivy leaf morning glory" has long been used as a traditional medicine. This study was intended to characterize the antioxidant properties and the total phenolic compounds (TPC) of four extracts of I. pes-caprae obtained by hexane, dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate and meth...
Article
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Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit the reaction caused by free radicals thereby preventing or delaying damage to the cells and tissues. Protection against free radicals can be enhanced by taking sufficient amounts of exogenous antioxidants. The present study evaluated the antioxidant activity of the mangrove-derived thraustochytrids for their...
Article
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Tropical mangroves are one of vital coastal systems which support migratory and resident waterbird species round the year. Globally the potential of mangrove habitats in relation to support waterbirds is poorly understood. We examined density of waterbirds in five different habitats: mudflats, open water, emerging mangroves, well-grown mangroves an...
Article
Full-text available
This work quantified the total carbon and 12 other sediment characteristics at 10 soil depths, in planted and or natural mangrove forests in comparison with non-vegetated soil for four seasons of the year 2009-2010 in the Vellar-Coleroon estuarine complex, India. The sediment characteristics varied significantly between mangrove-vegetated and non-v...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyze the concentrations of 12 micro-nutrients (Al, B, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in different plant parts of Avicennia marina and its rhizosphere soil of the south east coast of India. Methods: The samples were acid digested, then analyzed by using inductively coupled plasma system (ICP-Optical Emission Spectro...
Article
Full-text available
Mangroves and associated plant species were surveyed in 56 estuaries from Pulicat Lake (13º 25' 955" N; 080º 19' 284" E) to Manakkudy Estuary (08º 05' 254" N; 077º 29' 049" E) along 1076 km of coastline in Tamil Nadu, during 2012-2014. The study area was divided into five groups: West coast of Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, South and North C...
Article
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Phytoremediation is an environmentally sound technology for pollution prevention, control and remediation of soil, water, or air. From January 2012 to April 2013, the concentration of Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn and Zn were examined in the mangrove sediment and plant species like Avicennia marina and Rhizophora mucronata. At the end of 16 th month,...
Article
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The study was performed to investigate the concentration of cadmium, cobalt, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, nickel, lead, zinc, aluminium, chromium and boron in muscle, gill and liver of fin and shell fishes collected from two estuaries (Uppanar and Vellar) of Southeast coast of India. Tissue samples of fin and shell fishes had different level...
Article
Coral reefs and seagrass beds reduce the water tidal flow which provides less stress on the mangroves which exist behind the other ecosystems. The adult fishes of coral reefs utilize mangroves and seagrasses, mainly as nursery grounds. Our studies in Gulf of Mannar have proved that the mangroves provide nutrients, essential for multiplication of ba...
Article
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of low-molecular-weight cysteine-rich multifunctional proteins involved in metal stress response. Heavy metals are non-biodegradable and are thus persistent in the marine environment. Despite the confirmation of the presence of MT genes in mangrove plants, relatively little is known about their expression, functi...
Article
Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br (IP) is a valuable medicinal plant, distributed in the tropics and subtropics regions. The present investigation was carried out to determine the antimicrobials as well as possible chemical components in IP by FTIR and GC-MS technique. The different solvent extracts (hexane, di-chloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol)...
Article
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Lung cancer is considered to be the most common cancer in the world. The purpose is to review scientific evidence, particularly epidemiologic evidence of overall lung cancer burden in the world. And molecular understanding of lung cancer at various levels by dominant and suppressor oncogenes.
Data
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actinomycetes population ranged between 2.1 X 104 and 6.4 X 104 cfu g-1 of dry sediment. Maximum actinomycetes population was noted in rhizosphere of Avicennia marina and the minimum with Excoecaria agallocha. About 50% of the isolates showed activity against S. aureus followed by B. subtilis, E. coli, V. cholerae, K. pheumoniae, P. vulgaris and S....
Article
Full-text available
The prediction of RNA structure is useful for understand evolution for both In-Silico and In-Vitro studies. Physical methods like NMR studies to predict structure are expensive and difficult. RNA secondary structure prediction is one of major task in Bioinformatics and various computational methods have been proposed so far. MFOLD is one of the met...
Article
Abstract Objectives: To study the stingray (Himantura imbricata) spine structure and to evaluate the anticoagulant properties of the spine extract obtained through various solvents followed by antibacterial activity against human pathogens. Methods: Spines of H. imbricata were collected from Nagappattinam coast, Tamil Nadu, India and their spines...
Article
Full-text available
This work demonstrated a green method to the rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the mangrove species, Rhizophora mucronata. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of silver nanoparticles with cubic phase. The UV-visible spectra of silver nanoparticles showed the surface plasmon resonant effect. The FT-IR spectra revealed the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To study the spine structure of stingray Himantura imbricata (H. imbricata) and to evaluate the anticoagulant properties of the spine extract obtained through various solvents extracts followed by antibacterial activity against human pathogens. Methods: Spines of H. imbricata were collected from Nagappattinam coast, Tamil Nadu, India...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile Virus is an arthropod borne virus of genus Flavivirus. Mosquitoes are predominate arthropod vector. WNV is a single stranded, positive sense RNA of about 11 kb containing a single long open reading frame flanked by Non coding region at both ends. The RdRp polymerase activity of Nonstructural protein NS5 has essential role in viral replica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The procedure for using phages as therapeutic agents is rather simple and phages have many advantages over antimicrobial agents because of their specificity against a host or host range not affecting the normal microflora. For medicinal applications, high purity and viability of phages are required and successful isolation, propagation and purifica...
Article
Scombroid food poisoning is a food borne illness that results from eating spoiled (decayed) fish. Histamine is the causative agent of scombroid poisoning, a food borne chemical intoxication. Histamine is one of the main biogenic amines and it is heterocyclic and biologically active primary amine, formed post-mortem in the muscles of scombroid and n...
Article
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The present study aims to identify relationship between the structural and ecological characteristics of mangrove ecosystem and mollusc communities. Bivalve and gastropod are considered as the main molluscs of mangrove forests and often show marked zonation patterns both horizontally and vertically. Gastropods have high distribution in the mangrove...
Article
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Heavy metals such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) concentration range were 13330-32500 ppm, 260-780 ppm, 32.7-158 ppm, 27.6-82.6 ppm, 15.6-46.8 ppm, 5.46-42.7 ppm, 3.48-14.7 ppm and 0.15-1.75 ppm reported respectively. At all the sampling sites, the mean concentrations were...
Article
Objective: Clinical utility of curcumin in the treatment of cancer is restricted due to multi-drug resistance and metabolism via glucuronidation and sulfation in the liver and intestine. To overcome these limitations, we have hypothesized to use curcumin in combination with natural bio-enhancers such as piperine, quercetin and silibinin, as these p...
Article
The Uppanar River is situated in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India. The study was conducted to find out the physico-chemical characteristics of the river. 11 physico - chemical variables were analyzed in the water samples collected every month for 3 years during November 2009 - December 2012. Continuous monitoring of the water quality is...
Article
Full-text available
Physicochemical and microbial analysis was made in sediments of natural and restored mangroves at Pichavaram, southeast coast of India. The parameters analysed were tidal height, tidal spread, humidity, temperature, pH and pore water salinity of soil, microbial counts and levels of nutrients (N, P, K, total sugars, total amino acids, tannins, total...
Data
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INTRODUCTION Marine plants and animals are reported to possess a wide spectrum of bioactive substances which are structurally novel and biologically active substances. Research in the areas of marine natural products has grown geometrically in the recent past. [1-2] However, reports on the bioactive substances possessed by coastal plants are very m...
Article
The present work aimed at producing bioethanol using lignocellulosic waste sawdust and marine yeast fermentation. Lignocellulosic waste materials were converted into monosugars through acid hydrolysis and finally treated with cellulase enzyme derived from Trichoderma/Hypocrea. To enhance the conversion of the glucose from sawdust, the experimental...
Article
Full-text available
This work analysed the carbon sequestration potential in two species of mangroves (Rhizophora mucronata and Avicennia marina) along with their growth, biomass, sediment characteristics for four seasons of the year 2009–2010, in planted stands of different age (1–17.5 years) in the Vellar-Coleroon estuarine complex, India. The mangroves were recorde...
Article
Cancer is one of the most dreadful human diseases and it has a multiple etiology, including lifestyle, culture and environment. Despite there being many synthetic anticancer drugs available in the market, there remains a need for potent drugs of natural origin. In this regard, marine algae, which are rich in phytochemicals and show a wide species d...
Article
Full-text available
This study mainly focused on to screen normal microbial flora changes in benzo (a) pyrene induced pulmonary carcinoma in Mus musculus. Benzo (a) pyrene is an important environmental carcinogenic chemical which cause number of health problems including lung cancer in human. In this present investigation there are numerous changes have been observed...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was carried out with the following objectives: (1) to isolate the endophytic bacilli strains from the leaves of mangrove plant Avicennia marina, (2) to screen the potential strains for the production of adenosine deaminase, (3) to statistically optimize the factors that influence the enzyme activity in the potent strain, and (4) t...