Katherine Brooke-Wavell

Katherine Brooke-Wavell
Loughborough University | Lough · School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

About

119
Publications
10,623
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1,822
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - present
Loughborough University

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Full-text available
Regular exercisers have lower fracture risk, despite modest effects of exercise on BMC. Exercise may produce localised cortical and trabecular bone changes that affect bone strength independently of BMC. We previously demonstrated that brief, daily unilateral hopping exercises increased femoral neck BMC in the exercise leg versus the control leg of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: whole-body vibration training may improve neuromuscular function, falls risk and bone density, but previous studies have had conflicting findings. Objective: this study aimed to evaluate the influence of vertical vibration (VV) and side-alternating vibration (SV) on musculoskeletal health in older people at risk of falls. Design: s...
Article
Introduction: There is little evidence as to whether exercise can increase BMD in older men with no investigation of high impact exercise. Lifestyle changes and individual variability may confound exercise trials but can be minimised using a within-subject unilateral design (exercise leg [EL] vs. control leg [CL]) that has high statistical power....
Article
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To identify psychological and physiological correlates of stress fracture in female endurance athletes. A cross-sectional design was used with a history of stress fractures and potential risk factors assessed at one visit. Female-endurance athletes (58 runners and 12 triathletes) aged 26.0±7.4 years completed questionnaires on stress fracture histo...
Article
Introduction: Exercise can increase bone strength, but to be effective in reducing fracture risk, exercise must be feasible enough to be adopted into daily life and influence potentially vulnerable skeletal sites such as the superolateral cortex of the femoral neck, where thinning is associated with increased fracture risk. Brief, high-impact exer...
Article
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Objectives The aims of this study were to determine whether lumbar areal bone mineral density (BMD) differed between cricket fast bowlers with and without lumbar stress fracture (LSF), and whether BMD trajectories differed between groups during rehabilitation. Design Cross-sectional and cohort. Method 29 elite male fast bowlers received an AP lum...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to quantify the magnitude and timing of surface measured accelerations during the fast-bowling action. Eleven males performed 6 maximum velocity deliveries with accelerometers positioned over: both ankles; knees; hips; L5; L1; and the C7 vertebrae. Accelerometer signals exhibited decreased peak and increased time to pea...
Article
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Purpose Neuromuscular power is critical for healthy ageing. Conventional older adult resistance training (RT) guidelines typically recommend lifting slowly (2-s; CONV), whereas fast/explosive contractions performed either non-ballistically (FAST-NB) or ballistically (FAST-B, attempting to throw the load) may involve greater acute power production,...
Article
Cricket fast bowling is associated with a high prevalence of lumbar bone stress injuries (LBSI), especially in adolescent bowlers. This has not been sufficiently explained by risk factors identified in adult players. This study aimed to examine the incidence of LBSI in adolescent fast bowlers over a prospective study and potential risk factors. For...
Article
The aim of this study is to determine if bone mineral density (BMD) and bone asymmetry differs between female cricket fast bowlers, spin bowlers and batters. BMD was determined at the total body, lumbar spine, and proximal femurs in 12 fast bowlers, 13 batters and 11 spin bowlers from pre-season DXA scans. High Z-scores at the total body, lumbar sp...
Article
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Purpose: Exercise reduces pain and improves physical function inosteoarthritis (OA) patients with no negative effects on wet or imagingbiomarkers. Exercises with high strain magnitudes and rates are ben-eficial for bone health. High impact exercise generates high strainmagnitudes and rates required for an osteogenic response however, theeffects on...
Article
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Exercise and physical activity can improve bone strength and fall risk, which may offer benefits in the prevention and management of osteoporosis. However, uncertainty about the types of exercise that are safe and effective instigates lack of confidence in people with osteoporosis and health professionals. Existing guidelines leave some questions u...
Article
Introduction: Localised bone mineral density (BMD) adaptation of the lumbar spine, particularly on the contralateral side to the bowling arm, has been observed in elite male cricket fast bowlers. No study has investigated this in adolescents, or the role of fast bowling technique on lumbar BMD adaptation. This study aims to investigate lumbar BMD...
Article
Background and purpose: Dementia prevalence is expected to increase dramatically with population aging. As a nonpharmacological therapy, physical activity is an appealing alternative to tackling aging and dementia. However, contradictions were found in previous studies. The aim of this systematic review is to gather the latest evidence of the effe...
Article
Full-text available
Bone stress injury (BSI) is prevalent in female distance runners. Menstrual disturbances are associated with impaired bone health in endurance athletes. This study aimed to investigate the association between menstrual function and BSI and explore whether plyometric training may protect against BSI in individuals with menstrual disturbances. Compet...
Article
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The objective of this scoping review was to map the evidence on measurement properties of body composition tools to assess whole-body and regional fat and fat-free mass in adults with SCI, and to identify research gaps in order to set future research priorities. Electronic databases of PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane library were searched up to Apr...
Article
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Endurance athletes expend large amounts of energy in prolonged high-intensity exercise and, due to the weight-sensitive nature of most endurance sports, often practice periods of dietary restriction. The Female Athlete Triad and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport models consider endurance athletes at high-risk for suffering from low energy availab...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the tracking of within-athlete changes in criterion measures of whole-body fat percentage (BF%; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) with skinfold thickness (Σ 4, 6, or 8) in wheelchair basketball players. Methods: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived whole BF% and Σ 4, 6, or 8 skinfolds were obtained at 5 time points over...
Article
We provided evidence that a 6-month regular hopping exercise intervention can increase trabecular number and possibly trabecular volume fraction of the distal tibia. Our novel localised analysis demonstrated region-specific changes, predominantly in the anterior region, in postmenopausal women.IntroductionThe localisation of bone remodelling and mi...
Article
Introduction: Lumbar bone stress injuries (LBSI) are the most prevalent injury in cricket. While fast bowling technique has been implicated in the aetiology of LBSI, no previous study has attempted to prospectively analyse fast bowling technique and its relationship to LBSI. The aim of this study was to explore technique differences between elite...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lumbar bone stress injuries (LBSI) have the highest prevalence of any injury in cricket. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in lumbar spine kinematics between fast bowlers who avoid LBSI and those who sustain LBSI. 45 elite male fast bowlers completed 6 maximum effort deliveries captured by a motion analysis system. Upper and lo...
Conference Paper
The ePoster is available for free here: https://virtualmeeting.ctimeetingtech.com/acsm2020/attendee/eposter/poster/793
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate changes in socio-economic inequalities in growth in height, weight, BMI and grip strength in children born during 1955–1993 in Guatemala, a period of marked socio-economic-political change. Design We modelled longitudinal data on height, weight, BMI and hand grip strength using Super-Imposition by Translation and Rotation...
Poster
Full-text available
The response of L1-L4 BMD and BMC following lumbar stress fracture in elite cricket fast bowlers
Article
High impact exercise can improve femoral neck bone mass but findings in postmenopausal women have been inconsistent and there may be concern at the effects of high impact exercise on joint health. We investigated the effects of a high impact exercise intervention on bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and section modulus (Z) as w...
Presentation
A presentation to the cricket research community to detail some preliminary findings from my PhD research.
Poster
A poster to detail the reproducibility study I used to asses a musculoskeletal protocol used in injury monitoring of adolescent cricket fast bowlers.
Article
Purpose Bone responds to mechanical loading by increasing bone mineral density (BMD) and/or bone area to enhance bone strength at the site of the greatest strain. Such localised adaptation has not been demonstrated at the spine. The aim of this study is to determine if BMD and/or bone mineral content (BMC) differs between dominant (ipsilateral to...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, low levels of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behavior (SB) may play a role in enhancing cardiovascular risk. We do not know how long-term control of disease activity impacts upon daily PA levels and if treated patients attain PA levels seen in healthy controls. We therefore comp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lumbar bone stress injuries (LBS) are among the most serious sustained by fast bowlers in cricket, with symptoms often indistinguishable from low back pain. They most often occur in the non-dominant lumbar spine in response to the unique lumbar loading characteristics of fast bowling. It is not known whether lumbar spine bone mass differs according...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate the association between physical growth in preadult life with five outcomes at ages 64 to 76: weight, body mass index (BMI), estimated body fat percentage, hand grip strength, and mortality. Methods Super‐imposition by translation and rotation (SITAR) growth curves of 40 484 Guatemalan indi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Since much of the previous epidemiological research into lumbar stress fracture was conducted, there has been a marked increase in the amount of cricket being played. The aims were to determine the incidence and prevalence of lumbar stress fracture in English County Cricket fast bowlers between 2010 and 2016, determine the association wi...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood IQ has been used to predict later life outcomes across disciplines in epidemiology, education, and psychology. Most often only a single childhood IQ test is available or is used for these purposes in the belief that IQ is stable across the life course. The primary aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal stability of individuals’...
Article
Objective: Quantifying spatial distribution of trabecular bone mechanical competence and microstructure is important for early diagnosis of skeletal disorders and potential risk of fracture. The objective of this study was to determine a spatial distribution of trabecular mechanical and morphological properties in human distal tibia and examine th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Excessive lumbar spine motion during fast bowling has been suggested to contribute towards lumbar stress fracture, among the most serious injuries suffered by fast bowlers (Ranson et al., 2008, Journal of Sports Sciences, 26, 267-276). Facet joints between adjacent vertebrae permit movement of the spine. Despite this, many motion analysis studies h...
Article
Objectives: Sarcopenia is characterised by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with adverse outcomes: physical disability, poor quality of life and death. Low muscle mass and strength are risk factors for falls, although there are few data available on the prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers. This study aimed to determine prevalence of sarco...
Article
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Objectives: This study investigated the influence of high impact exercise on balance, muscle function and morphology in older men. Methods: Fifty, healthy men (65-80 years) were assigned to a 6-month multidirectional hopping programme (TG) and twenty age and physical activity matched volunteers served as controls (CG). Before and after training,...
Article
The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement in body composition measurements of wheelchair athletes using skinfolds, bio-impedance analysis (BIA) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) relative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). A secondary objective was to develop new skinfold prediction equations to estimate %fat for this sa...
Article
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Field-based assessments provide a cost-effective and accessible alternative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for practitioners determining body composition in athletic populations. It remains unclear how the range of physical impairments classifiable in wheelchair sports may affect the utility of field-based body composition techniques. Th...
Article
Full-text available
This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Age and Ageing following peer review. The version of record BROOKE-WAVELL, K. ... et al., 2015. Does adherence to falls prevention exercise programmes benefit bone mineral density in older people? The ProAct65+ bone study. Age and Ageing, 44 (Supp 2), pp. 13 - 1...
Article
Studies of stress fracture (SF) incidence are limited in number and geographical location; this study determined the incidence of SF injury in female endurance athletes based in the United Kingdom. A total of 70 athletes aged between 18 and 45 years were recruited and prospectively monitored for 12 months. Questionnaires at baseline and 12 months a...
Article
Full-text available
exercise can reduce osteoporotic fracture risk by strengthening bone or reducing fall risk. Falls prevention exercise programmes can reduce fall incidence, and also include strengthening exercises suggested to load bone, but there is little information as to whether these programmes influence bone mineral density (BMD) and strength. to evaluate the...
Article
Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility of body composition measurements by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 12 elite male wheelchair basketball players (age 31 ± 7 years, BMI 21 ± 2 kg/m(2) and onset of disability 25 ± 9 years). Two whole body scans were performed on each participant in the supine position on...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the 5 factor structure of the Compulsive Exercise Test and explored the relationship between compulsive exercise and eating psychopathology in athletes. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses of the Compulsive Exercise Test were conducted with 689 competitive athletes (aged 18 to 35 years). Convergent validity with the Eat...
Article
Whilst extensive research has detailed the loss of muscle strength with ageing for isolated single joint actions, there has been little attention to power production during more functionally relevant multiple joint movements. The extent to which force or velocity are responsible for the loss in power with ageing is also equivocal. The aim of this s...
Article
Athletes have higher bone mineral density (BMD) relative to nonathletes. In amenorrheic athletes BMD may be compromised by estrogen deficiency, but it is unknown whether this is accompanied by structural differences. We compared femoral neck bone geometry and density of a-/oligomenorrheic athletes (AAs), eumenorrheic athletes (EAs), and eumenorrhei...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle mass and function are related to bone mineral density (BMD) but associations with bone geometry and BMD at differently loaded hip regions are less well-known. To examine associations of muscle strength, maximal impact forces and body composition with hip bone density and geometry. In 88 sedentary, premenopausal women (32.6 +/- 8.5 years), fa...
Article
INTRODUCTION Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is an emerging treatment with potential benefits for muscle and bone health (Cardinale and Rittweger, 2006; Prisby et al., 2008). There are several WBV devices and the differences are not easily quantifiable. The development of legislation designed to minimise occupational exposure to WBV has led to...
Article
Full-text available
This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Age and Ageing following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afp036
Article
Fall-risk factors were compared between older women who regularly participate in lawn bowls and controls. Participants were 74 healthy women age 60-75 yr. Postural stability, timed up-and-go score, isometric knee-extensor strength, reaction time, range of motion, and calcaneal broadband ultrasonic attenuation (BUA) were assessed. Bowlers and contro...
Article
Most of the peak bone mass is attained during childhood and adolescence. Exercise can enhance bone gains, particularly during early puberty, and some benefit of childhood exercise may persist even after exercise ceases. Many children and adolescents may benefit from increasing exercise participation.
Article
The objectives of the present pilot study were to: (1) examine the prevalence of body image distress in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); (2) assess the effects of a low-cost intervention in the form of a self-directed brisk walking program on body image distress; and (3) assess the level of participation, the feasib...