Katharina Scheiter

Katharina Scheiter
Universität Potsdam

PhD

About

247
Publications
63,945
Reads
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6,348
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien
Position
  • Professor
April 2002 - September 2009
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (247)
Article
Full-text available
Background Engaging students in computer‐assisted guided inquiry learning has great potential to scaffold their scientific understanding: Students are expected to improve their scientific problem‐solving skills, and at the same time gain a deep conceptual understanding of the subject‐matter. Additional generative activities such as creating video e...
Chapter
Die empirische Lehr-Lern-Forschung geht davon aus, dass eine lernförderliche Gestaltung digitaler Lern- und Lehr-Medien auf die Art und Weise abgestimmt sein muss, wie Menschen Informationen verarbeiten und im Gedächtnis speichern.
Article
Full-text available
Guided inquiry learning is an effective method for learning about scientific concepts. The present study investigated the effects of combining video modeling (VM) examples and metacognitive prompts on university students’ (N = 127) scientific reasoning and self-regulation during inquiry learning. We compared the effects of watching VM examples comb...
Preprint
Full-text available
Optics is a core field in the curricula of secondary physics education. In this study, we present the development and validation of a test instrument in the field of optics, the Converging Lenses Concept Inventory (CLCI). It can be used as a formative or a summative assessment of middle school students' conceptual understanding of image formation b...
Article
Full-text available
Conducting experiments fosters conceptual understanding in science education. In various studies, combinations of real (hands-on) and virtual (computer-simulated) experiments have been shown to be especially helpful for gaining conceptual understanding. The present systematic review, based on 42 experimental studies, focuses on the following: (1) W...
Article
Full-text available
Background When interpreting medical images such as dental panoramic radiographs (Orthopanthomogram, OPT), errors are frequent. Previous research has shown that eye movement modelling examples (EMME) are a supportive training method for medical image interpretation to reduce errors. To date, EMME support for OPTs has not been verified. Objectives...
Presentation
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Article
Asking students to generate explanations to fictitious others by means of different technologies (e.g., instant messenger, video) has gained popularity in schools. Although the potential of these technology-mediated explaining activities is appealing, less is known whether generating these explanations is effective for school students. Additionally...
Article
Full-text available
Effort students put forth when learning (EFF) is paramount to high achievement in an academic context. However, EFF has been shown to decrease over the course of a student’s school career. Using technology (i.e., computer-based technologies including digital [smart] devices like tablet computers) in classroom teaching might be a powerful way to cus...
Article
Full-text available
The article “Is drawing after learning effective for metacognitive monitoring only when supported by spatial scaffolds?”, written by Julia Kollmer · Katrin Schleinschok · Katharina Scheiter · Alexander Eitel., was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 10 July 2020 without open access. With the author(s)’ decision...
Article
Video motion analysis allows tracing trajectories of objects in motion and is an established method in physics education. Tablet computers, with their integrated cameras, offer the opportunity to both record and analyze dynamic motions during experiments on a single device. This enables students to work without transitioning the data between camera...
Article
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Integrating multiple representations into a coherent mental model is one of the challenges when learning with multimedia. In this experimental study (N=173), we examined how highlighting corresponding information in text-graph learning material can help higher education students to make the necessary connections and improve learning outcomes in two...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated in an experiment with 180 university students the joint role of prior knowledge, alleged model competence, and social comparison orientation regarding the effectiveness of Eye Movement Modeling Examples (EMME) for supporting multimedia learning. EMME consisted of short videos with gaze replays of an instructed model demonstrating ef...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Im Beitrag wird der Stand der Forschung zum Einsatz digitaler Medien im Bildungskontext vor dem Hintergrund zweier Forschungsperspektiven beschrieben. Die erste, schon länger vertretene Forschungsperspektive beschäftigt sich mit dem Lernen mit digitalen Medien. Untersucht werden hier vor allem Lernprozesse und -ergebnisse in Abhängi...
Article
Full-text available
Das Thema Digitalisierung hat – nach einem langen Dornröschenschlaf – das deutsche Bildungswesen erreicht. Meilensteine dieser Entwicklung umfassen unter anderem die Veröffentlichung eines Strategiepapiers der Kultusministerkonferenz (2016) zur ‚Bildung in einer digitalen Welt‘, in der Ziele und Handlungsbedarfe für unterschiedliche Bildungsakteure...
Article
Full-text available
Background Improving scientific reasoning and argumentation are central aims of science education. Because of their complex nature, self-regulation is important for successful scientific reasoning. This study provides a first attempt to investigate how scientific reasoning and self-regulation processes conjointly impact argumentation quality. Meth...
Poster
Full-text available
Die Einlösung evidenzbasierter Praxis setzt hohe Anforderungen an die Lehrpersonen und Lehrpersonenbildung. Herausforderungen liegen darin, dass wissenschaftliche Publikationen ein hohes Maß an methodischem und fachlichem Vorwissen voraussetzen, um die Erkenntnisse umfassend verstehen, einordnen und evaluieren zu können. Um den Zugang und die Nutzu...
Article
Although integrating technologies for teaching has received much attention, research demonstrated that teachers rarely use technologies likely because of low levels of technology-related motivation. Theories on teacher motivation such as Expectancy- Value Theory and Technology Acceptance models differ in how they conceive the influence of motivatio...
Chapter
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Article
Writing explanations has demonstrated to be less effective than providing oral explanations, as writing triggers less amounts of perceived social presence during explaining. In this study, we investigated whether increasing social presence during writing explanations would aid learning. University students (N = 137) read an instructional text about...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It is well established that successful learning with multimedia is challenging, especially for younger learners. Aims: It was investigated whether students would profit from instructional support regarding the use of multimedia learning strategies. Sample: Participants were high school students in 8th, 9th, and 10th grade (N = 168)....
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Während der durch die Corona-Pandemie bedingten Schulschließungen im März 2020 führten viele Schulen Fernunterricht ein, der häufig ohne wirkliche Vorbereitung als digitaler Unterricht organisiert wurde. Daraufhin war ein verstärkter Austausch unter Lehrpersonen in Online-Communities zu erwarten. Eine Analyse der Kommunikation der O...
Preprint
Technology integration in the classroom is seen as a crucial factor to enhance teaching and learning processes. Whether and how technology affects student learning, depends on how teachers integrate technology into their classroom practice. To investigate technology integration, we used an experience sampling method with in-service teachers (N = 18...
Preprint
In this experiment, we examined whether text difficulty moderates the effect of the modality of explaining on students’ learning. Students (N = 115) read a high-difficult and a low-difficult text. Additionally, students generated either a written or an oral explanation. A control group of students retrieved the content. For the low-difficult text,...
Preprint
In an expertise study with 94 mathematics teachers varying in their teaching experience (i.e., pre-service, induction, in-service teachers), we examined effects of teachers’ professional knowledge and motivational beliefs on their ability to effectively integrate educational technology into their lesson plans. We assessed teachers’ professional kno...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dieses Kapitel fasst Gelingensbedingungen beim Einsatz digitaler Medien im Unterricht zusammen und erläutert verschiedene empirische Studien der Tübingen School of Education mit Bezug zu kognitiven und motivationalen Voraussetzungen von Lehrpersonen für einen elaborierten Einsatz digitaler Medien im Unterricht.
Article
Full-text available
In dental medicine, interpreting radiographs (i.e., orthopantomograms, OPTs) is an error-prone process, even in experts. Effective intervention methods are therefore needed to support students in improving their image reading skills for OPTs. To this end, we developed a compare-and-contrast intervention, which aimed at supporting students in achiev...
Article
Increasingly more research is exploring how digital media can be used for teaching but is largely focused on how teachers shape technology use. Besides teachers in the classroom, parents at home may also have a pivotal role in shaping students' beliefs towards digital media which are in turn an important precursor to students' use of technology for...
Article
Dental students commit many errors when diagnosing radiographs. To improve performance, students were asked to compare radiographs (with and without disease or with the same disease); relevant structures were highlighted in the radiographs. In a crossover design, students were randomly assigned to two groups differing in training order: Students in...
Article
Full-text available
Being able to categorize objects as similar or different is an essential skill. An important aspect of learning to categorize is learning to attend to relevant features (i.e., features that determine category membership) and ignore irrelevant features of the to-be-categorized objects. Feature variability across objects of different categories is in...
Article
Technology integration in the classroom is seen as an important educational innovation to enhance teaching and learning processes in the 21st century. Teacher motivation has been seen as a critical prerequisite for successful technology integration in the classroom, particularly in early phases of educational innovation. However, whether teacher mo...
Article
Tablets are increasingly being used in classrooms, yet we know little about how students perceive instruction with tablets. Student perceptions come from the perspective of the learner and can help indicate effective integration of technology into the classroom. However, students' perceptions can vary within classrooms depending on their learning c...
Article
The technique of drawing to learn has received increasing attention in recent years. In this article, we will present distinct purposes for using drawing that are based on active, constructive, and interactive forms of engagement. In doing so, we hope to show that drawing to learn should be widely used and that there is good evidence to support its...
Article
Full-text available
In spring 2020, school closures were enacted to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Students and teachers faced the challenge of organizing digital teaching and learning without sufficient time to prepare. In this study, we investigated how teachers implemented teaching from a distance and how these different implementations were associated w...
Article
In multimedia learning, graphs are seen as just one specific instance of pictorial representations requiring the same cognitive processes as realistic depictions. Accordingly, learning from text‐graph combinations should also benefit from the same instructional support such as signaling of text‐picture correspondences depending on learners’ prior k...
Article
Full-text available
The interpretation of medical images is an error-prone process that may yield severe consequences for patients. In dental medicine panoramic radiography (OPT) is a frequently used diagnostic procedure. OPTs typically contain multiple, diverse anomalies within one image making the diagnostic process very demanding, rendering students’ development of...
Article
Full-text available
A central factor in research guided by the Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) is the mental effort people invest in performing a task. Mental effort is commonly assessed by asking people to report their effort throughout performing, learning, or problem-solving tasks. Although this measurement is considered reliable and valid in CLT research, metacognitiv...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated whether drawing after learning supports metacognitive monitoring especially when students are supported in their drawing efforts. Therefore, eighty-eight participants were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups. They were asked to learn from a text comprising five paragraphs about the formation of auror...
Chapter
Full-text available
Das „Handbuch Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerbildung“ bietet aus fachlicher, fachdidaktischer, bildungswissenschaftlicher und schulpraktischer Perspektive einen umfassenden forschungsbasierten Überblick zu allen Bereichen der Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerbildung. Das von 174 Autorinnen und Autoren erarbeitete Orientierungswissen wird in 107 Beiträgen präsentiert...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223941.].
Article
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Die Wirksamkeit digitaler Medien im Grundschulunterricht wird schon seit dem Multimedia-Boom Mitte der 1990er Jahre heftig diskutiert. Waren es da-mals multimedia-und internetfähige Computer, die völlig neue Lernerfahrun-gen ermöglichen sollten, sind es heute mobile Technologien, wie Tablets, die zu erhöhter Motivation und verbesserten Lernleistung...
Article
Free access until June 07, 2020: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1awRp3QACxdXiX - In this experiment, we examined whether linguistic text complexity affects effects of explaining modality on students’ learning. Students (N = 115) read a high-complex and a low-complex text. Additionally, they generated a written or an oral explanation to a fictious...
Article
Full-text available
Digital drawing can foster learning, but only if the drawing is of sufficient quality. Hence, the focus of the present study was to investigate whether and how two types of drawing support may foster drawing quality and, in turn, learning outcomes. To this end, participants (N = 156) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions, in which they e...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding graphically presented information is an important aspect of modern mathematical and science literacy. In our study, we investigated the influence of basic numerical abilities on students’ ability answer mathematical tasks with information presented in graphs. We analyzed data of 750 German students (grades 9–11) and evaluated the dete...
Article
Full-text available
Eye movements reveal what is at the center of people’s attention, which is assumed to coincide with what they are thinking about. Eye movement displays (visualizations of a person’s fixations superimposed onto the stimulus, for example, as dots or circles) might provide useful information for diagnosing that person’s performance. However, making in...
Article
This contribution is a commentary to a special issue titled “Example‐based learning: New theoretical perspectives and advances to a contemporary instructional approach” published in Applied Cognitive Psychology (2020). In the commentary, the presented research is discussed with respect to three extensions compared with previous research, namely, th...
Article
Full-text available
Expert behavior is characterized by rapid information processing abilities, dependent on more structured schemata in long-term memory designated for their domain-specific tasks. From this understanding, expertise can effectively reduce cognitive load on a domain-specific task. However, certain tasks could still evoke different gradations of load ev...
Chapter
Das Lernen mit Multimedia (Kombinationen aus Text und Bild) stellt eine Erfolg versprechende Lernmethode dar. Im Beitrag werden zunächst verschiedene Theorien zum Lernen mit Multimedia beschrieben. Diese betonen die Wichtigkeit einer angemessenen kognitiven Verarbeitung multimedialen Lernmaterials. Allerdings haben Lernende oftmals Schwierigkeiten,...
Article
Technological advancements offer new possibilities of interacting with learning materials, including the use of gestures and body movements. The present study addressed the question of how using one's body to enact movements whilst learning about them would affect outcomes. 85 participants were shown either sequences of photographs or videos of fis...
Preprint
Modeling eye movement indicative of expertise behavior is decisive in user evaluation. However, it is indisputable that task semantics affect gaze behavior. We present a novel approach to gaze scanpath comparison that incorporates convolutional neural networks (CNN) to process scene information at the fixation level. Image patches linked to respect...
Article
Full-text available
Learners face various obstacles during learning from illustrated texts that can be conceptualized against the backdrop of frameworks of self-regulated learning. According to these frameworks, for learning to be successful, students must use appropriate cognitive strategies, hold adequate self-efficacy beliefs, and invest sufficient effort in learni...
Article
In an expertise study with 94 mathematics teachers varying in their relative teacher expertise (i.e., student teachers, trainee teachers, in-service teachers), we examined effects of teachers' professional knowledge and motivational beliefs on their ability to integrate technology within a lesson plan scenario. Therefore, we assessed teachers' prof...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to shed light on the cognitive processes underlying the expertise reversal effect related to multimedia signaling. Multimedia signals highlight correspondences between text and pictures, which is supposed to support text-picture integration and thus learning from multimedia. Previous research suggests that learners’ pr...
Article
Im Beitrag werden vor dem Hintergrund des so genannten DigitalPakts des Bundes und der Länder in Deutschland drei Gelingensbedingungen diskutiert, die für einen lernförderlichen Unterricht mit digitalen Medien zentral erscheinen: (a) das Vorhandensein der dafür notwendigen Infrastruktur, (b) Lehrkräfte, die über die notwendigen professionellen Komp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Expert behavior is characterized by rapid information processing abilities, dependent on more structured schemata in long-term memory designated for their domain-specific tasks. From this understanding, expertise can effectively reduce cognitive load on a domain-specific task. However, certain tasks could still evoke different gradations of load ev...
Article
Full-text available
Differences in daytime preferences can be described on the dimension of morningness-eveningness (continuous) or circadian typology (categorical) and are associated with our physiological functioning, which is reflected in body temperature and cortisol levels in the morning. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between mo...
Article
Learners face several self-regulatory challenges during multimedia learning: choosing adequate cognitive strategies (cognitive self-regulation), relying on their own learning abilities (motivational self-regulation), and investing sufficient effort (behavioral self-regulation). Implementation intentions (plans that help transform intentions into ac...
Article
The goal of the study was to develop an adaptive, gaze-contingent learning environment that would support learners in their information-processing behavior when learning from illustrated texts. To this end, three experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1 (N = 32)three groups of learners were identified based on differences in their eye movements...