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Kateřina Klapilová

Kateřina Klapilová
National Institute of Mental Health and Charles University in Prague

PhD.

About

94
Publications
394,925
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566
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2008 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (94)
Preprint
Background: A recent study focusing on dietary predictors of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) found that women with higher levels of partner support, and those who had use oral contraception (OC) when they met the father, both tended to report less severe NVP compared with previous non-users or those with less supportive partners. We provide...
Article
Background There is limited evidence to date about changes to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) during the initial wave of COVID-19 disease. To address this gap, our team organized a multi-country, cross-sectional online survey as part of a global consortium. Methods Consortium research teams conducted online surveys in 30 countries. Sampling m...
Article
Full-text available
Due to COVID-19 pandemic, different restrictive measures in terms of physical distancing and lockdowns have been introduced in most European countries, affecting all facets of social life. Currently, little is known about how partnered individuals perceive changes in their sexual life during this complex emergency. This study explored retrospective...
Article
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a burning social issue worldwide. According to global statistics, the incidence of IPV has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic due to restrictive measures (e.g., reduced social contacts, the need to stay at home often with a perpetrator in the same household). This study aims to provide data about the incidence...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To better understand sexual and reproductive health (SRH) during the initial COVID-19 wave, we organized a multi-country cross-sectional survey. Methods: Consortium research teams conducted online surveys in 30 countries. Primary outcomes included sexual behaviors, partner violence, and SRH service utilization, and we compared three mon...
Article
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Sex robots may present an opportunity for a clinical management of individuals with paraphilic interests whose realisation would result in infliction of harm and/or legal consequences. We explored the prevalence of desire for sex robot experience in a control group and two target groups: one with paraphilic interests in minors, the other with inter...
Article
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Depression greatly affects sexuality. Theoretical and empirical accounts evidence the existence of attention bias relating to sex-related stimuli. This attention bias might be impaired in depression, resulting in sexual problems. A sample of 13 patients with depression and 13 matched healthy controls were tested using the dot-probe and picture reco...
Article
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V České republice existuje poměrně dobře vyvinutá systémová péče o jedince s parafilní preferencí, kteří již mají za sebou historii spáchání sexuálně motivovaného trestného činu. Systematický způsob včasné intervence v naší zemi ale prozatím chybí. Projekt Parafilik se snaží tuto mezeru vyplnit nabídkou terapeuticko-poradenské intervence pro sebeid...
Article
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We assessed the relative contribution of economic, personal, and affective power bases to perceived relationship power. Based on evolutionary studies, we predicted that personality dominance and mate value should represent alternative personal power bases. Our sample was comprised of 84 Czech heterosexual couples. We measured the economic power bas...
Article
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The relationship between major depression and cognitive processes leading to sexual reactions is insufficiently exmpiricaly explored. In a present work the dual control model is explained and and its importance in the context of depressive symptomatology is discussed. Based on the analysis of the model, a systematic search of the literature was per...
Article
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The review aims to present methods recently used for assessment of pedophilic preferences in research and clinical practice. It includes description of the wide range of methods from standardized self-reported questionnaires, penile plethysmography and polygraphy, eye tracking, visual reaction time and recent progress in the field of neuroimaging....
Article
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Attention to sexual stimuli is necessary for the development of sexual response, yet while there is some evidence of attention bias in favor of sexual stimuli, the direction and magnitude of the effect remain unknown. A high-powered sample of 113 participants was tested using the dot-probe task (DPT) and picture recognition task (PRT) to measure vi...
Article
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Numerous studies show that personality traits are linked to various aspects of sexuality and sexual health. A limited number of studies investigated associations between the Big Five personality traits and individual propensity to sexual excitation and inhibition, i.e. factors explaining individual variability in sexual responsiveness. We used Sexu...
Article
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Introduction: A limited number of scientific studies explore the frequency with which various sexual positions are used in human populations and the potential of particular sexual position to facilitate female coital orgasm. Aim: The aim of this study was to provide data about the prevalence and frequency of various sexual positions, their rated...
Article
Power imbalance in romantic couples is associated with lower relationship quality. Reasons underlying this phenomenon remain, however, unclear. In 192 Czech and Slovak long-term heterosexual couples, we measured relationship quality (Dyadic Adjustment Scale) and assessed its link with perceived relationship power, control, decision making, and pers...
Article
The number of population-based studies focused on the prevalence of paraphilic sexual interests in men is very low and for women, the subject remains largely unexplored. The two main aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of paraphilias and to explore sex differences in an online representative sample of Czech men and women using vari...
Article
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The function of mate retention strategies is to preserve the bond between romantic partners and to prevent desertion, which is also why such behaviours are often elicited by the presence of a potential rival. Most existing studies on mate retention are based on self‐reports, which are prone to various biases. In this study, we observed non‐verbal b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Using the dot-probe task (DPT) paradigm, previous studies have found contradictory evidence for the direction of an attention bias for sexual stimuli in a nonclinical population. This study seeks to further explore this area using the DPT and the picture recognition task (PRT). Methods: Within-subjects design was employed with a sample...
Article
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This paper provides an international perspective on the use of medications to treat problematic sexual interests, paraphilic disorders, and sexual preoccupation in men who have committed a sexual offence. Experts from Canada, the Czech Republic (CR), Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States met in Prague, CR in May 2017 to review and compa...
Article
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This paper reviews the use of psychotherapeutic approaches to treat individuals who have committed sex crimes and/or have problematic sexual interests (PSI); including types of psychotherapy used, descriptions of preventive and reintegration programmes, and highlighting specific theoretical controversies. In the second part, experts from Canada, th...
Article
Penile plethysmography (PPG) is the primary physiologic assessment method used to gauge sexual responses in adult men. Depending on the country or jurisdiction of assessment, stimuli used to elicit arousal can include videos, still images, and audio materials. It can depict a variety consenting and non-consenting sexual scenarios as well as neutral...
Article
This article provides a comparison and comprehensive analysis of varied approaches to the assessment of sexual interest and behaviours at different international sexual behaviour assessment labs. The assessment protocols are described for four sexual behaviour laboratories: the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre’s Sexual Behaviours Clinic in Canada;...
Article
Objective: Vaginismus is caused by involuntary spasm of muscle surrounding the vaginal wall, a condition which makes it impossible to have a comfortable sexual intercourse. Due to its significant psychogenic part this topic is often neglected by specialists, however it is a very sensitive one for women patients. We are bringing a summary of litera...
Article
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Ženský orgasmus je komplexní psychosomatický proces. Přestože existuje celá řada definic ženského orgasmu, většina z nich se shoduje, že se skládá ze dvou komponent: z tělesné složky, kdy dochází k uvolnění neuromuskulárního napětí v těle ženy v reakci na tělesné dráždění, a z psychologické složky, kdy ženy pociťují sexuální naplnění a uspokojení....
Conference Paper
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Some instances of rape are marked by attacking stranger victims without any preparatory erotic interaction. It points to a possibility, that this type of rape is a strategy to avoid female pre-coital erotic signals. We hypothesized, that showing a female naked body and accessible genitalia in the context of her flirtatious and/or lustful behaviour...
Conference Paper
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Background: Sex flushes, the color changes in face and body accompanying high sexual arousal, has not been experimentally investigated yet. Other colorations of the skin known as blushing are usually triggered by various emotional responses. The continuity of these two phenomena is not known. The aim of our study was to test thermal and color chang...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the number of theoretical explanations, the etiology of pedo/hebephilic preferences in people still calls for empirical testing. Neurodevelopmental research has shown higher proportion of left handedness in child sexual offenders. Behavioral learning models suggest that an abused child may imitate inappropriate sexual behaviors in the later...
Poster
Full-text available
Discussion and conclusions: Our hypotheses were partly proved valid; rapists failed to deactivate prefrontal inhibitive ("control") areas in response to strongly seductive female sexual behaviour. However, they did not show significant differences in brain activation in response to coy flirtatious behaviour, which might mean that a "block" pertains...
Poster
Full-text available
Aims: To test the associations of non-consensual preferences with selected demographic parameters and to assess their connection to sadism. Conclusions: Factor analysis revealed the three distinct factors underliing positive responses to the non-consent and sadism items of our questionnaire. It indicates that there are three ethiologically differen...
Article
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Ženské sexuální vzrušení je komplikovaný psychosomatický proces. Nalezení objektivních výzkumných nástrojů, které hodnotí sexuální žen a zvláště pak měření fyziologického sexuálního vzrušení, je předmětem zájmu výzkumníků z oblasti sexuologie po řadu desetiletí. V rámci tohoto textu přibližujeme přístroje nejčastěji používané ve výzkumné praxi (nás...
Poster
Full-text available
The description of various sexual positions during sexual intercourses has been a topic of popular books. Numerous studies described association of sexual positions with orgasmic behavioral displays in primates. In humans, diierent positions are supposed to have diverse impact on female orgasm potential. In the representative Swedish sample of wome...
Article
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There are many reasons for utilising 3D animation and virtual reality in sexuality research. Apart from providing a mean with which to (re)experience certain situations there are four main advantages: a) bespoke animated stimuli can be created and customized, which is especially important when researching paraphilia and sexual preferences, b) stimu...
Article
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Women who are regularly cycling exhibit different partner preferences than those who use hormonal contraception. Preliminary evidence appears to suggest that during pregnancy women's partner preferences also diverge from those prevalent while regularly cycling. This is consistent with the general assertion that women's mate preferences are impacted...
Poster
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Background: A number of studies on the consumption of pornography have revealed large and clearly defined gender differences. Thus, men appear to be more attracted to and consume significantly more pornography than women (e.g. Hald, 2006). The study of Hald and Štulfoher (2015) found the preference of different pornography contents in women and men...
Article
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Numerous recent studies document peri-ovulatory increases in women's physical attractiveness and in their preferences for certain male traits, which appear to be linked to cyclical fluctuation in levels of ovarian hormones. Changes in physical traits are subtle, leading to the widespread conclusion that cues of ovulation are adaptively concealed. I...
Article
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Term sodomy refers to any kind of sexual activity that would not lead to reproduction. Usually this term referred, in the past, to homosexual behavior which is widely studied and accepted by society by this day. Also it referred to sexual contact with animals – bestiality. In modern age the most known are studies by Kinsey who identified 8 % and Hu...
Article
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Objective: Activation of endogenous stem cells (ESCs) might help conservation intrinsic healing capacity of a healthy organism as well as rejuvenation of damaged erectile function. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and mechanism of incariside II (ICA II) in the treatment of ED in a rat model of bilateral cavernous nerves (CN)...
Article
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IntroductionResearch indicated that (i) vaginal orgasm consistency is associated with indices of psychological, intimate relationship, and physiological functioning, and (ii) masturbation is adversely associated with some such measures.AimThe aim of this study was to examine the association of various dyadic and masturbation behavior frequencies an...
Article
Full-text available
Speakers modulate their voice when talking to infants, but we know little about subtle variation in acoustic parameters during speech in adult social interactions. Because tests of perception of such variation are hampered by listeners’ understanding of semantic content, studies often confine speech to enunciation of standard sentences, restricting...
Article
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We review recent evidence that suggests that hormonal contraceptives may influence the dynamics of sexual relationships and the human pair-bond. Hormonal contraception likely has positive effects on cementing the pair-bond by decoupling sex from conception. However, changes in women's evolved mate preferences associated with initiation or discontin...
Article
Full-text available
Hormonal fluctuation across the menstrual cycle explains temporal variation in women's judgment of the attractiveness of members of the opposite sex. Use of hormonal contraceptives could therefore influence both initial partner choice and, if contraceptive use subsequently changes, intrapair dynamics. Associations between hormonal contraceptive use...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation prior to publication of the article with the same name: Leongómez, J. D., Binter, J., Kubicová, L., Stolařová, P., Klapilová, K., Havlíček, J., & Roberts, S. C. (2014). Vocal modulation during courtship increases proceptivity even in naive listeners. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35(6), 489–496. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.06.008