Kate Woodcock

Kate Woodcock
University of Birmingham · School of Psychology

PhD

About

56
Publications
14,083
Reads
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805
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - present
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Lecturer
February 2011 - present
Peking University
Position
  • Marie Curie research fellow

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Background Emotional and behavioural problems linked to changes to expectations – resistance to change – are linked to disability in neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Prader-Willi (PWS) and fragile X syndromes (FXS). Structuring routines is best practice for minimising current resistance to change. But complete...
Article
Full-text available
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare neurodevelopmental genetic disorder associated with a characteristic behavioral phenotype that includes severe hyperphagia and a variety of other behavioral challenges such as temper outbursts and anxiety. These behaviors have a significant and dramatic impact on the daily functioning and quality of life for th...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Difficulties in emotion regulation are common in adolescence and associated with poor social and mental health outcomes. However, psychological therapies that promote adaptive emotion regulation may be inaccessible and unattractive to youth. Digital interventions may help address this need. OBJECTIVE In this systematic review and meta-a...
Article
Early adolescents are frequent users of online communication tools (OCTs). Yet, we have limited knowledge about how OCTs influence this population and their friendships. We sought opinions of 938 Austrian early adolescents on the role of OCTs for their friendships via a questionnaire and 207 focus groups. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the f...
Article
Social connectedness (SC), as a sense of belonging and a psychological bond a person may feel towards other people or groups, is imperative for the positive mental and physical development of children and early adolescents. Particularly children and early adolescents with a mental disorder often face difficulties feeling socially connected and expe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Emotional and behavioural problems linked to changes to expectations – resistance to change – are linked to disability in neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Prader-Willi (PWS) and fragile X syndromes (FXS). Structuring routines is best practice for minimising current resistance to change. But complet...
Article
Full-text available
Supportive peer relationships (SPR) are crucial for mental and physical health. Early adolescence is an especially important period in which peer influence and school environment strongly shape psychological development and maturation of core social-emotional regulatory functions. Yet, there is no integrated evidence based model of SPR in this age...
Article
Full-text available
Skin picking is highly prevalent in people with Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS). This study addressed the temporal (frequency, duration) and wider characteristics (e.g. type of skin picked, apparent motivations, or management strategies) of skin picking to inform intervention strategies. Nineteen parents/carers who observe skin picking shown by the per...
Preprint
Emotional outbursts (also known as temper outbursts) are commonly experienced by people with neurodevelopmental disorders and people who have experienced childhood adversity, which can negatively impact individuals and their families. Emotional outbursts may manifest via different pathways that are related to context-specific differences in the reg...
Article
Full-text available
Children and adults with severe intellectual disability and complex needs often show behaviours and distress that carers and professionals find difficult to identify causes for, manage and decrease. The prevailing view is that these behaviours and distress are learned and consequently interventions focus on behavioural techniques. In this article w...
Article
Full-text available
Social decision making is often challenging for autistic individuals. Twenty autistic adolescents made decisions in the socially interactive context of a one-shot ultimatum game, and performance was compared to a large matched typical reference sample. Theory of mind, executive functioning and emotion regulation were measured via direct assessments...
Preprint
Supportive peer relationships (SPR) are crucial for mental and physical health. Early adolescence is an especially important period in which peer influence and school environment strongly shape psychological development and maturation of core social-emotional regulatory functions. Yet, there is no integrated evidence based model of SPR in this age...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that individuals from individualistic and collectivistic cultures, due to different construal of the self and social groups, might have different emotional experiences and attenuate their emotional experiences differently across situations. The current research investigates the influence of these cultural orientations spe...
Article
Purpose of review: Challenging behaviour shown by individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) has a major negative impact. There is robust evidence for the efficacy of treatments based on applied behaviour analysis. However, such approaches are limited in important ways - providing only part of the whole solution. We reviewed the literatu...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The ability to rapidly switch between tasks is important in a variety of contexts. Training in task switching may be particularly valuable for children with intellectual disability (ID), specifically ID linked to genetic syndromes such as Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). We have developed a cognitive training game for children with PWS and...
Article
Full-text available
Adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms and in the general population self-focused attention has been associated with depression. Here, we aimed to examine the relationships between aspects of self-focused attention and symptoms of depression in individuals with a diagnosis of ASD. 11...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: Social connectedness - a sense of belonging and relatedness with peers - is one of the crucial factors for mental health and wellbeing of young people. A lack of social connectedness is linked to a range of negative social, emotional and educational outcomes. During certain periods of life, such as transition from primary to secondary s...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive understanding of temper outbursts in Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS). A survey was developed from interviews conducted with individuals with PWS and their caregivers. The survey was completed by 101 primary caregivers. The findings suggest that outburst frequency decreases with age while duration...
Conference Paper
Background: Temper outbursts are recognised as a common form of challenging behaviour, with deleterious effects on people with intellectual disabilities and their carers. However, very few studies have examined this phenomenon in detail. Previous studies indicate high levels of challenging behaviour in Lowe syndrome, with temper outbursts identifie...
Article
Full-text available
The structure of executive function (EF) has been the focus of much debate for decades. What is more, the complexity and diversity provided by the developmental period only adds to this contention. The development of executive function plays an integral part in the expression of children's behavioral, cognitive, social, and emotional capabilities....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) commonly show debilitating resistance to change, which has been linked to cognitive deficits in task switching. Anecdotal reports suggest that exposure to flexibility in routines during development may be beneficial for limiting subsequent resistance to change in people with PWS, which is co...
Article
Full-text available
Background & objectives: Several neurodevelopmental disorders are associated with resistance to change and challenging behaviours - including temper outbursts - that ensue following changes to routines, plans or expectations (here, collectively: expectations). Here, a change signalling intervention was tested for proof of concept and potential pra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Children with Prader-Willi syndrome often exhibit challenging behavior in response to changes to routine. This phenomenon has been linked to a deficit in task switching ability which has been observed in children with the syndrome. TASTER is a cognitive training game which is being designed with input from a group of children with Prader- Willi syn...
Article
Full-text available
Temper outbursts are associated with several psychological disorders and comprise a high priority for intervention. However, the low frequency of outbursts presents a challenge for valid measurement. In the present study an informant report behavior diary for measuring temper outbursts was developed and its validity assessed in a case series. Careg...
Article
Full-text available
Several neurodevelopmental disorders are associated with preference for routine and challenging behavior following changes to routines. We examine individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome, who show elevated levels of this behavior, to better understand how previous experience of a routine can affect challenging behavior elicited by disruption to that...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioural phenotype research is of benefit to a large number of children with genetic syndromes and associated developmental delay. This article presents an overview of this research area and demonstrates how understanding pathways between gene disorders and behaviour can inform our understanding of the difficulties individuals with genetic syndr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The operant learning theory account of behaviors of clinical significance in people with intellectual disability (ID) has dominated the field for nearly 50 years. However, in the last two decades, there has been a substantial increase in published research that describes the behavioral phenotypes of genetic disorders and shows that behaviors such a...
Article
Full-text available
This briefing has been prepared to help parents and carers of children with intellectual disability consider if, or when, a genetic diagnosis can be helpful in understanding their child's needs. It is based on an academic book chapter written by the research team at the University of Birmingham's, Cerebra Centre for Neurodevelopmental Disorders tha...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional responding is sensitive to social context; however, little emphasis has been placed on the mechanisms by which social context effects changes in emotional responding. We aimed to investigate the effects of social context on neural responses to emotional stimuli to inform on the mechanisms underpinning context-linked changes in emotional r...
Article
Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of social context on neural responses to emotional stimuli to inform on the mechanisms underpinning context-linked changes in emotional responding. Design: We measured event-related potential (ERP) components known to index specific emotion processes and self-reports of explicit emotion regulation stra...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Temper outbursts are common in Prader-Willi syndrome but rarely described in detail. This study investigated the phenomenology of temper outbursts in terms of antecedents, sequence of behaviours and emotions and intervention strategies used. Method: A semi-structured interview about temper outbursts was conducted with the main carers...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: To bridge literatures investigating the effect of interpersonal context on emotional responding and examining the neural correlates of specific emotion regulation strategies by: investigating the effect of experimentally manipulated real interpersonal context (the presence of a culturally similar versus dissimilar social par...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Research into the communication skills of individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is extremely limited. This paper aims to evaluate the nature of these skills and impairments in CdLS using a detailed informant assessment of pre-verbal communication skills. Design/methodology/approach – The study used the Pre-verbal Communicati...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have been shown to demonstrate a particular cognitive deficit in attention switching and high levels of preference for routine and temper outbursts. This study assesses whether a specific pathway between a cognitive deficit and behaviour via environmental interaction can exist in individuals with PWS. Fo...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence, phenomenology aetiology and correlates of four forms of challenging behaviour in 32 children and adults with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) were investigated. Cognitive assessments, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data on intellectual disability, verbal and physical aggression, destructive behaviour a...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for assessments of psychological difference and disorder in people who have more severe intellectual disability (ID). Hyperactivity and impulsivity are two behavioural domains of importance as they are correlated with self-injury and aggression and this alludes to a shared cognitive correlate of compromised behavioural inhibition. A...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work has suggested that there are specific deficits in dorsal stream processing in a variety of developmental disorders. Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is associated with two main genetic subtypes, deletion and disomy. Relative strengths in visual processing are shown in PWS, although these strengths may be specific to the deletion subtype. W...
Article
Full-text available
Background Repetitive questions and temper outbursts form part of the behavioural phenotype of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). We investigated the phenomenology of temper outbursts in PWS and their relationship with other PWS behavioural characteristics. Method Four individuals with PWS were observed (5–10 h), during a number of experimental and natur...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioural phenotypes associated with genetic syndromes have been extensively investigated in order to generate rich descriptions of phenomenology, determine the degree of specificity of behaviours for a particular syndrome, and examine potential interactions between genetic predispositions for behaviour and environmental influences. However, rela...
Article
Full-text available
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Fragile X syndrome (FraX) are associated with distinctive cognitive and behavioural profiles. We examined whether repetitive behaviours in the two syndromes were associated with deficits in specific executive functions. PWS, FraX, and typically developing (TD) children were assessed for executive functioning using th...
Article
Full-text available
The behavioural phenotypes of Prader-Willi (PWS) and Fragile-X (FraX) syndromes both comprise repetitive behaviours with differences between the profiles. In this study we investigated the context and antecedents to the repetitive behaviours and the association with other behavioural phenotypic characteristics in order to generate testable hypothes...
Article
Background: We aimed to investigate the causes of phenotypic behaviours in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Interviews with carers of 46 children with PWS suggested that frequent temper outbursts and repetitive questions were related to a resistance to change. In a group comparison with FraX and typically developing children, PWS children showed a spec...
Article
Background This study aims to examine the relationship between how individuals with intellectual disabilities report their own levels of anger, and the ability of those individuals to recognize emotions. It was hypothesized that increased expression of anger would be linked to lower ability to recognize facial emotional expressions and increased te...

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