Kate Sherren

Kate Sherren
Dalhousie University | Dal · School for Resource and Environmental Studies

PhD & PDF (ANU), BES Hons (Waterloo),

About

129
Publications
39,321
Reads
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2,143
Citations
Education
June 2004 - February 2008
Australian National University
Field of study
  • Resource Management and Environmental Science

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
First 50 days free here: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1Vak0iZ5st7O9 Social impact assessment (SIA) is well-established but uses conventional approaches that have become less effective in recent decades, particularly in relation to declining survey response rates and a lack of youth engagement. Images from digital archives and social media source...
Article
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A gap exists in cross-technology and large-scale research about public support for energy infrastructure, particularly the influence of exposure on attitudes. We used a national panel sample of Canadians to explore drivers of support across ten energy technologies, comparing predictors such as exposure, political views, environmental values and sec...
Article
Full-text available
We review what is known about ecosystem service (ES) delivery from agricultural dykelands and tidal wetlands around the dynamic Bay of Fundy in the face of climate change and sea-level rise, at the outset of the national NSERC ResNet project. Agricultural dykelands are areas of drained tidal wetland that have been converted to agricultural lands an...
Article
First 50 downloads free at https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/MP8AQ2REZHKZI4U8KU7J/full?target=10.1080/21683565.2022.2107597 ** Adaptive multi-paddock (AMP) grazing practices have been debated based on production, environmental and workload impacts, but farmer wellbeing is only beginning to be explored. A panel-based online survey of 200 Canadian b...
Article
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Coastal communities face increasingly difficult decisions about responses to climate change. Armoring and defending the coast are being revealed as ineffective in terms of outcomes and cost, particularly in rural areas. Nature-based options include approaches that make space for coastal dynamism (e.g., through managed retreat) or leverage ecosystem...
Article
What does resilience mean when it's applied to adapting the food system to climate change? The term is a "boundary object": it has multiple definitions which do not necessarily correspond. While this slippery state can serve to unite different actors, it can also be co-opted by government to twist transformative adaptation into maintaining the stat...
Article
Full-text available
A leverage points perspective recognises different levels of systemic depth, ranging from the relatively shallow levels of parameters and feedbacks to the deeper levels of system design and intent. Analysing a given social-ecological system for its characteristics across these four levels of systemic depth provides a useful diagnostic to better und...
Article
The ongoing global biodiversity crisis not only involves biological extinctions, but also the loss of experience and the gradual fading of cultural knowledge and collective memory of species. We refer to this phenomenon as 'societal extinction of species' and apply it to both extinct and extant taxa. We describe the underlying concepts as well as t...
Article
This paper applies an innovative approach to monitoring social effects occurring before and during construction of two hydroelectric dams in Canada. The two studied dams, Site C and Keeyask, are under construction in Canada and underwent community-based impact assessment (CBIA). News coverage and the CBIA documents were analyzed to understand and c...
Technical Report
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Coastal systems provide multiple ecosystem services like food, accommodation, recreation, and protection, to name a few (Loomis & Paterson, 2014). Abundant in life supporting services, coastal system have historically been attractive to people, although overuse of these services have taken the systems to the brink of degradation. With an increasing...
Article
Reviewing Social impact assessment (SIA) documents is important to understand whether SIA methods and the range of issues covered have evolved as a response to legislation changes and best practices. A national study can help researchers to understand the practice of SIA under comparable regulatory requirements. This study used available hydroelect...
Chapter
Recent commentaries on the corpus of social acceptability research around renewable energy have identified the need for critical approaches that move beyond individualist and positivist methodologies. Many energy-related behaviours, much like the landscapes in which they play out, are recursively recreated and institutionalized as they are enacted,...
Article
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We conducted a scoping review to identify and describe trends in the use of social media images as data sources to inform social science research in published articles from 2015 to 2019. The identified trends include the following: (1) there is increasing interest in social media images as research data, especially in disciplines like sociology, cu...
Article
Nature based coastal adaptation (NbCA) sustainably helps minimize sea-level rise impacts, using and enhancing the natural capacity of coastal ecosystems. Despite its relative advantages over conventional hard protection infrastructure, the implementation of NbCA is challenged by diverse barriers, many of which cannot be overcome in the absence of a...
Article
In 2018, two studies were conducted by Canada’s Parliament on the connections between climate change and agriculture. Links between grazing management and climate change adaptation and mitigation are included in the testimonies gathered during these studies but the resulting final reports are silent on the topic. Analysis of 112 parliamentary files...
Article
While shifting electricity production to renewable sources is of critical importance in addressing global climate change, the costs of such development are often felt locally. This study explores what leads to support for wind development when respondents are asked to think about three different geographic scales: general, regional and within view...
Chapter
Global social and economic changes, alongside climate change, are affecting the operating environment for agriculture, leading to efforts to increase production and yields, typically through the use of agrochemicals like pesticides and fertilizers, expanded irrigation, and changes in seed varieties. Intensification, alongside the expansion of agric...
Preprint
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Fulltext https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/j.ctv19t41pj.4.pdf Many of us, when facing landscape change such as energy infrastructure development, often demonstrate a belief that we inhabit a 'climax' landscape. In successional terms, a climax landscape is defined here as one that is perceived by those who live in and use it to have reached a stable...
Article
Contemporary methods of rangeland health (RH) assessment evaluate indicators designed to assess land use impacts on ecosystem function. These methods have not been tested relative to variation in specific grazing practices, including grazing period length and stocking rates during the growing season. We report on RH outcomes for three habitat types...
Article
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Place-based social-ecological research is often designed to improve local environmental governance, but it can also inform decisions at larger scales or in other places. However, the focus on local perspectives in such research creates challenges for transferring insights to other locations, and for aggregating understanding to larger scales. In th...
Article
en Frameworks of ecosystem services (ES) are promoted as a new and important way to recognize, understand, and account for nature's benefits. We questioned assertions of the novelty of ES ideas and conducted a comparative analysis of approaches in planning, landscape architecture, and sustainable forest management against the Millennium Ecosystem A...
Chapter
As renewable energy technologies evolve, how we think and talk about energy landscapes is also changing. Energy discourses shape our thinking, our reactions, and our sense of what is desirable or undesirable in the surrounding landscape. Understanding discourses as the subconscious organization of collectively held values and mental models (Lakoff,...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing digital revolution in the age of big data is opening new research opportunities. Culturomics and iEcology, two emerging research areas based on the analysis of online data resources, can provide novel scientific insights and inform conservation and management efforts. To date, culturomics and iEcology have been applied primarily in the...
Article
It has become common to explore farmer motivations for adopting land management changes on a scale from intrinsic to extrinsic, including in studies on “motivation crowding” that examine how external incentives can undermine or reinforce a farmer’s intrinsic reasons for protecting nature. We set out to do the same in a study on riparian management...
Article
In assessment of costs (and benefits) of wildlife conservation, conventional economic valuation frameworks may inadequately address various non-tangible values and neglect social, cultural and political contexts of resources and their use. Correspondingly, there seems to be much more focus on quantifying the economic, material benefits and costs of...
Article
Climate change and sea level rise threaten coastal areas around the world. In the Bay of Fundy area of the Canadian Maritime Provinces, there are 364 km of dykes protecting 32,350 ha of drained agricultural land. The Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture is in charge of dyke maintenance on its coast, and making decisions about which dykes to reinfo...
Article
Free for 50 days at https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1aoBNcUG5EeOu **** As a means of understanding responses to landscape change, the concept of climax thinking proposes that communities resist changes because individuals view their current landscape as in its optimal state. We examined perceptions of past landscape change to help predict support fo...
Article
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We examine collective action in the food system of the Canadian Maritimes to determine its effect on the resilience and adaptive capacity of food producers, distributors, retailers and governance institutions. Our data suggest that beyond their immediate benefits for their participants, expressions of collective action generate higher‐level impacts...
Article
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50 days free at https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1abJ22eyKFZgaF ----While there is broad agreement in theory that farmers' expertise should be integrated into discussions of land management and climate change adaptation in the food system, it is unknown how much research practice has integrated these recommendations. To gauge the state of the field,...
Article
50 days free at https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1abJ22eyKFdSGo. -----The Falkland Islands (‘Falklands’) are home to half a million sheep that graze a marginal and drying landscape. This presents new challenges for the grazing management decisions that sustain farmers’ livelihoods, lifestyles, and the surrounding natural environment. Our examination...
Article
Full-text available
https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/7UE6KXVR5HEK594ZMKAV/full?target=10.1080/1472586X.2020.1715068
Article
Full-text available
Sea-levels have been rising at a faster rate than expected. Because of the maladaptive outcomes of engineering-based hard coastal protection infrastructure, policy makers are looking for alternative adaptation approaches to buffer against coastal flooding-commonly known as nature-based coastal adaptation (NbCA). However, how to implement NbCA under...
Presentation
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Engaging community stakeholders in coastal areas about climate change adaptation is a persistent and complex challenge in coastal communities everywhere. The 2018 IPCC report on climate change indicates that rising sea levels will continue increasing the risk to the global community and that change is needed to mitigate the effects. Mitigating risk...
Article
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Incentive programs to encourage landowners to protect habitat should be carefully designed to avoid motivation crowding: basically, replacing intrinsic reasons such as a land ethic with extrinsic ones like payments. Little research on motivation crowding tests real programs, and no such work has been done in Canada. We surveyed farmers in Nova Scot...
Article
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People and Nature (2575-8314) https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/pan3.10046 Sheep farms dominate the Falkland Islands landscape and have for over a century. The introduction of sheep, and several other species, has significantly transformed the ecology of this archipelago—the near elimination of tussac grass being one of...
Article
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https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol24/iss3/art19/ --- Holistic management (HM) is a decision-making framework, first developed in grazing systems, which combines intensive, rapid rotation of grazing livestock with adaptive and holistic decision making. Holistic management's use of systems thinking concepts may help farmers cope with increasing co...
Article
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The potential of land-use planning to implement ecosystem services (ES) knowledge is mostly unfulfilled. Examining how ES concepts are currently applied can provide practical and theoretical insights for supporting their further integration. The purpose of our research was to establish the use of ES concepts in Canadian municipal planning policy. W...
Article
Large industrial projects change communities, landscapes, and ecosystems, with significant impacts for local people. But, conventional project evaluations often underestimate wide-ranging local interests, especially those of young people. To address this gap, we collected data from Instagram, where a younger demographic dominates the medium, focusi...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter describes a project to realign a section of the North Onslow dyke near Truro, Canada. This project was intended to achieve the multiple goals of reducing dyke maintenance costs, enhancing protection of public and private infrastructure, and enhancing resilience to climate change through the restoration of a coastal flood plain. Read t...
Article
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How to graze livestock sustainably is an important and complex question. The debate between rotational and continuous grazing has been ongoing since the 1950s, yet evidence is perennially mixed. We used scientometrics to understand the structure of science on Holistic Management (HM), the most contentious of these adaptive practices. We used papers...
Article
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Producer organizations representing Canada’s farm and livestock sectors are powerful change agents and advocates for their industries, particularly during challenging times such as climate- or weather-related hardships. Such organizations have a complex role: engaging with policy-makers, as well as their memberships and the public, to pursue the in...
Article
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1. The Special Feature led by Sutherland, Dicks, Everard, and Geneletti (Methods Ecology and Evolution, 9, 7-9, 2018) sought to highlight the importance of "qualita-tive methods" for conservation. The intention is welcome, and the collection makes many important contributions. Yet, the articles presented a limited perspective on the field, with a f...
Article
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Farmland comprises an important opportunity for biodiversity conservation worldwide. The likelihood of a farmer fostering habitat for biodiversity has been studied from the perspective of personal or economic drivers. Beyond farm area, the geographic characteristics of the farmland itself—such as parcel sizes, numbers, and distribution—are rarely c...
Article
Full-text available
Most agree that social and ecological approaches should be integrated to ensure sustainable management of natural resources. However, an analysis of the content of three problem-based journals shows that if social sciences are included at all, they are typically subservient to natural sciences, and that quantitative approaches are privileged. We ar...
Chapter
Our aim in this chapter is to identify distinct discourses on energy development in the south-western region of Alberta and to identify areas of overlapping interest (common ground) that can serve as a focal point and a foothold for progress on participatory governance within this energy landscape.
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to identify distinct discourses on energy development in the south-western region of Alberta and to identify areas of overlapping interest (common ground) that can serve as a focal point and a foothold for progress on participatory governance within this energy landscape.
Article
Full-text available
Free online at http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/6/1848 -- Abstract: Holistic Management (HM) is a grazing practice that typically uses high-intensity rotation of animals through many paddocks, continually adapted through planning and monitoring. Despite widespread disagreement about the environmental and production benefits of HM, researchers from...
Article
This study utilized the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) pollination model to investigate the impacts of using field data on ecosystem services mapping studies by using potential pollination services in Cumberland and Colchester counties in Nova Scotia, Canada, as a case study. The model was run using two different...
Article
As Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is taking off world-wide as a holistic approach to marine management, there has been a growing need for the inclusion of socio-economic factors in this process. Yet, producing spatial data for cultural values, in particular, remain a challenge because these values are abstract and difficult to extract and quantify....
Article
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In 2013, the state-owned electrical energy utility in New Brunswick, Canada, announced that a problem with concrete expansion was shortening by 40 years the expected life of the 660 MW Mactaquac Generating Station on the Saint John River. Its construction late in the 1960s, and the subsequent inundation of 10,000 hectares (ha) was part of a regiona...
Article
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Nowadays, firms spend a great deal of effort on Corporate Environmental Responsibility (CER) disclosure. From prospect theory, firms might disclose more CER information when they fail to achieve expected financial performance of the organization. We have constructed a CER disclosure index based on the “Guidelines for Environmental Information Discl...
Article
Landscape values indicate how humans perceive and evaluate the landscape. In our study areas, two hydroelectric proposals have the potential to alter the landscape dramatically, particularly the river (reservoir) and riparian land. An understanding of the spatial patterns of landscape values, especially the social and cultural values which are inta...
Article
Full-text available
Culturomics, as commonly described, is limited to text-based ‘big data’, even for applications such as conservation where images are much closer to the phenomena under study. Conservation issues are primarily cultural problems. Conservation culturomics should be expanded to include images, as has been developing in the context of cultural ecosystem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Local populations, when facing 'public good' landscape change, often demonstrate a belief that they inhabit a climax cultural landscape. In successional terms, a climax landscape is one that has reached a stable state after various stages of socio-cultural progress, from ‘pioneers’ on up, as humans met their needs through landscape modifications. C...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Producer organizations are powerful change agents and advocates for their industries. They give a voice to individual producers spread far and wide, and ensure that hardships endured and criticisms are heard from this sector, as it works to provide food and fibre for Canadians. This report describes the discourse by farming organizations around cli...
Article
Hydroelectricity is an old yet reliable form of renewable energy, with acknowledged social and ecological impacts. A tension currently exists between such concerns and energy needs, with dam construction and removal ongoing around the world. It is critical to better understand the implications of both on local citizens. We performed map elicitation...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the fall of 2014 our research team conducted a national survey on energy literacy and energy citizenship in Canada (Comeau et al. 2015). That survey included questions covering: • energy knowledge (self-assessed and tested), engagement and activity; • exposure, support and opposition to various energy sources; and, • personal values, beliefs,...
Poster
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Does the geography of a farm influence how it is managed? For instance, are isolated or small parcels considered impractical to integrate into daily farming, so left to natural processes? Alternatively, are such parcels less likely to be seen as comprising an ecosystem (or a significant share of one), thus managed more intensively? We set out to ex...
Article
The ecosystem goods and services (EGS) model is implicit in many conservation schemes, including agricultural extension programmes with the aim of conserving and protecting wetlands and waterbodies. The design of such programmes requires an understanding of how farmers perceive these features, their associated cost and benefits. Very little researc...
Article
Landscape impacts are commonly cited as barriers to new energy infrastructure, but rarely are perceptions of such impacts monitored over time. Built in the mid-1960s, the Mactaquac hydroelectric generating station in New Brunswick, Canada, is degrading, and its future is under review. We took locals on houseboats to learn how they felt about the da...
Data
Full-text available
Allan Savory is the founder of Holistic Management (HM), a systems-thinking, adaptive management approach to grazing livestock that is based on goal-setting and careful monitoring, and is often characterized by native rangelands and high-intensity, short-duration rotational grazing. Authors citing his work discuss diverse subjects and perceive his...
Technical Report
Full-text available
We implemented a multi-purpose landholder survey in mid-2015 to explore landholder perspectives and use of marginal land on their farms, with an eye towards policy and outreach on biodiversity The survey garnered a good response rate of 37%. Our participant pool was mostly male with an average age that was slightly higher than the last census of a...
Article
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Globally, rural regions are searching for innovative growth opportunities to reinvigorate their economies. This paper examines the redevelopment of rural communities through an ecological lens – based on the notion of continuous cycles of adaptive change within complex systems as first identified within Holling’s concept of panarchy. Panarchy sugge...