Kate Larkin

Kate Larkin
Seascape Belgium

BSc, PhD

About

50
Publications
11,857
Reads
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1,039
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2012 - present
European Science Foundation
Position
  • Senior Science Officer
Description
  • At EMB I work at the science-policy interface to bridge the gap between marine science research and research policy, developing common marine research priorities and influencing research agendas in Europe and beyond.
June 2008 - January 2012
Natural Environment Research Council
Position
  • Knowledge Transfer and Project Management
Description
  • Project Management of ocean observatories Operational oceanography Knowledge Transfer
August 2006 - January 2012
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • biogeochemical time-series analysis for the Northeast Atlantic PAP open ocean observatory, project manager for EuroSITES, European open ocean observatory network, operational ocean biogeochemistry

Publications

Publications (50)
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter looks at connecting marine data to society, with a focus on key developments in Europe, set in a global context. It presents the European Marine Observation and Data Network-EMODnet as an exemplar in marine domain. EMODnet has significantly advanced European capability for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable marine knowle...
Article
Full-text available
Marine data are needed for many purposes: for acquiring a better scientific understanding of the marine environment, but also, increasingly, as marine knowledge for decision making as well as developing products and services supporting economic growth. Data must be of sufficient quality to meet the specific users' needs. It must also be accessible...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of stakeholder engagement in ocean observation and in particular the realization of economic and societal benefits is discussed, introducing a number of overarching principles such as the convergence on common goals, effective communication, co-production of information and knowledge and the need for innovation. A series of case stud...
Book
Full-text available
Europe lacks a multi-purpose integrated biological ocean observing system. The Future Science Brief recommends building an integrated biological ocean observation system, while supporting current capacity. Europe needs a strategic vision to increase the relevant biological ocean observation capacity. We also need to bring together key stakeholders,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sometimes referred to as the earth’s “inner space”, the deep sea covers 65% of the earth’s surface and remains the last frontier on our planet. Over 200 years of deep ocean exploration has uncovered a rich diversity of life and habitats, from cold and dark abyssal plains, to hydrothermal vent ecosystems which may hold secrets to the origins of life...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Many nations need information on the Atlantic Ocean. Several of them already share the burden of supporting scientific observations as well as maritime operations. While space-based observations are better coordinated, the in- situ observing networks are still somewhat fragmented. More effective international coordination on requirements, observing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the findings of a European Marine Board working group that was convened to make recommendations on future deep-sea research priorities, taking account of the European economic and policy context. The working group reviewed the current deep-sea research landscape and the knowledge gaps and needs to underpin future management and...
Article
Full-text available
The Arabian Sea is a region of elevated productivity with the highest globally recorded fluxes of particulate organic matter (POM) to the deep ocean, providing an abundant food source for fauna at the seafloor. However, benthic communities are also strongly influenced by an intense oxygen minimum zone (OMZ), which impinges on the continental slope...
Article
Full-text available
The Arabian Sea is a region of elevated productivity with the highest globally recorded fluxes of particulate organic matter (POM) to the deep ocean, providing an abundant food source for fauna at the seafloor. However, benthic communities are also strongly influenced by an intense oxygen minimum zone (OMZ), which impinges on the continental slope...
Article
Full-text available
Foraminifera are an important component of benthic communities in oxygen-depleted settings, where they potentially play a significant role in the processing of organic matter. We tracked the uptake of a 13C-labelled algal food source into individual fatty acids in the benthic foraminiferal species Uvigerina ex. gr. semiornata from the Arabian Sea o...
Article
Full-text available
Foraminifera are an important component of benthic communities in oxygen depleted settings, where they potentially play a~significant role in the processing of organic matter. We tracked the uptake of a 13C-labeled algal food source into individual fatty acids in the benthic foraminiferal species, Uvigerina ex. gr. semiornata, from the Arabian Sea...
Article
Full-text available
The Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained observatory (PAP-SO) in the Northeast Atlantic (498N 16.58W; 4800 m) is the longest running open-ocean multidisciplinary observatory in the oceans around Europe. The site has produced high-resolution datasets integrating environmental and ecologically relevant variables from the surface to the seabed for >20 ye...
Article
The oceans are a huge carbon reservoir and protect the planet from the full force of this greenhouse gas, while still maintaining a delicate balance to sustain life. The PAP-SO is part of a worldwide network of open ocean observatories called OceanSITES. Over 140 years ago, HMS Porcupine set out to sample the deep sea around the British Isles. On b...
Article
At 3000 m depth the downward flux of particulate matter shows substantial seasonal and interannual variation. Complete annual records for eight of the past 14 years have been examined in the light of mixing depths derived from the OCCAM general circulation model and euphotic zone chlorophyll concentration and productivity, which were derived from t...
Article
We present a 3-year multidisciplinary biogeochemical data set taken in situ at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) time-series observatory in the Northeast Atlantic (49°N, 16.5°W; water depth ∼4850 m) for the period 2003 to 2005. The high-resolution year-round autonomous measurements include temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a (derived from in situ...
Article
EuroSITES is a 3 year (2008-2011) EU collaborative project (3.5MEuro) with the objective to integrate and enhance the nine existing open ocean fixed point observatories around Europe (www.eurosites.info). These observatories are primarily composed of full depth moorings and make multidisciplinary in situ observations within the water column as the...
Article
The Pakistan Margin is characterised by a strong mid-water oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) that intercepts the seabed at bathyal depths (150–1300 m). We investigated whether faunal abundance and diversity trends were similar among protists (foraminiferans and gromiids), metazoan macrofauna and megafauna along a transect (140–1850 m water depth) across th...
Article
The faunal responses of benthic Foraminifera were investigated during 2003 at two contrasting sites in the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). Bottom-water-dissolved oxygen concentrations at the seasonally hypoxic 140 m site varied from 2.06 ml l−1 (92±4 μM) during the intermonsoon period (April) to 0.11 ml l−1 (5.0±0.4 μM) during the post-m...
Article
A new multidisciplinary mooring DOMS (Deep Ocean Monitoring Station) was deployed at the PAP time series observatory in June 2007 with a design specification duration of 18 months. Various features failed and the mooring ultimately parted after 47 days. The top part of the mooring was recovered by R/V Pelagia in September 2007. This report summaris...
Article
Full-text available
13C tracer experiments were conducted at sites spanning the steep oxygen, organic matter, and biological community gradients across the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone, in order to quantify the role that benthic fauna play in the short-term processing of organic matter (OM) and to determine how this varies among different environments. Metazoan mac...
Article
13C tracer experiments were conducted at sites spanning the steep oxygen, organic matter, and biological community gradients across the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone, in order to quantify the role that benthic fauna play in the short-term processing of organic matter (OM) and to determine how this varies among different environments. Metazoan mac...
Article
Live (Rose Bengal stained) and dead benthic foraminiferal communities (hard-shelled species only) from the Pakistan continental margin oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) have been studied in order to determine the relation between faunal composition and the oxygenation of bottom waters. Samples were taken from 136 m to 1870 m water depth during the intermon...
Data
Live (Rose Bengal stained) and dead benthic foraminiferal communities (hard-shelled species only) from the Pakistan continental margin oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) have been studied in order to determine the relation between faunal composition and the oxygenation of bottom waters. During R.R.S. Charles Darwin Cruises 145 and 146 (12 March to May 28 20...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming and eutrophication are driving an expansion of hypoxia in the World Ocean. This will favour organisms, such as Foraminifera (testate protists), that tolerate low-oxygen conditions and may lead to an overall decline in marine biodiversity. With this in mind, community and trophic responses of benthic Foraminifera were investigated at...
Article
Full-text available
New insights into global geochemical cycles can be realized through use of in situ nutrient sensors. Although a number of technological advances have been made, there remain challenges to synoptic, long-term nutrient sensing in marine systems. Resources must be expended to address critical sensor development needs that include reductions in size, c...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The European Ocean Coalition (EU4Ocean) connects diverse organisations, projects and people that contribute to ocean literacy and the sustainable management of the ocean. Supported by the European Commission, this bottom-up inclusive initiative aims at uniting the voices of Europeans to make the ocean a concern of everyone. Project website: www.eu-oceanliteracy.eu
Project
iAtlantic will assess the risks and vulnerabilities of deep- and open-ocean Atlantic ecosystems to climate change and other stressors to identify where and when improved management measures are most needed to maintain ocean health. Website: http://www.iatlantic.eu/ This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 818123.This output reflects only the author's view and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. Date: 1 June 2019 – 31 May 2023
Project
The vision of AtlantOS is to improve and innovate Atlantic observing by using the Framework of Ocean Observing to obtain an international, more sustainable, more efficient, more integrated, and fit-for-purpose system. Hence, the AtlantOS initiative will have a long-lasting and sustainable contribution to the societal, economic and scientific benefit arising from this integrated approach. This will be achieved by improving the value for money, extent, completeness, quality and ease of access to Atlantic Ocean data required by industries, product supplying agencies, scientist and citizens.