Katarzyna Małek

Katarzyna Małek
National Centre for Nuclear Research · Department of Fundamental Research

PhD

About

267
Publications
17,321
Reads
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4,122
Citations
Citations since 2017
113 Research Items
2666 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
National Centre for Nuclear Research
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
November 2011 - March 2015
Nagoya University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2006 - December 2011
Polish Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (267)
Preprint
Full-text available
The study of galaxy evolution hinges on our ability to interpret multi-wavelength galaxy observations in terms of their physical properties. To do this, we rely on spectral energy distribution (SED) models which allow us to infer physical parameters from spectrophotometric data. In recent years, thanks to the wide and deep multi-waveband galaxy sur...
Article
Full-text available
We present a detailed analysis of 11 local luminous infrared galaxies from ultraviolet through far-infrared to radio (∼70 MHz to ∼15 GHz) bands. We derive the astrophysical properties through spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling using the Code Investigating GALaxy Emission (CIGALE) and UltraNest codes. The radio SEDs include our new observat...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Red nuggets are a rare population of passive compact massive galaxies thought to be the first massive galaxies that formed in the Universe. First found at z ∼ 3, they are even less abundant at lower redshifts, and it is believed that with time they mostly transformed through mergers into today’s giant ellipticals. The red nuggets that mana...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The star formation rate (SFR) is a key ingredient for studying the formation and evolution of galaxies. Being able to obtain accurate estimations of the SFR, for a wide range of redshifts, is crucial for building and studying galaxy evolution paths over cosmic time. Aims. Based on a statistical sample of galaxies, the aim of this paper is...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using VIPERS, we estimated a set of SFR based on photometric and spectroscopic data. We used, as estimators, photometric bands from ultraviolet to mid-infrared, and spectral lines. Assuming a reference SFR obtained from the spectral energy distribution reconstructed with Code Investigating GALaxy Emission, we estimated the reliability of each band...
Preprint
Full-text available
'Red nuggets' are a rare population of passive compact massive galaxies thought to be the first massive galaxies that formed in the Universe. First found at $z \sim 3$, they are even less abundant at lower redshifts, and it is believed that with time they mostly transformed through mergers into today's giant ellipticals. Those red nuggets which man...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Low-surface-brightness galaxies (LSBs) contribute to a significant fraction of all the galaxies in the Universe. Ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) form a subclass of LSBs that has attracted a lot of attention in recent years (although its definition may vary between studies). Although UDGs are found in large numbers in galaxy clusters, groups,...
Preprint
Low-surface-brightness galaxies (LSBs) contribute to a significant fraction of all the galaxies in the Universe. Ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) form a subclass of LSBs that has attracted a lot of attention in recent years (although its definition may vary between studies). Although UDGs are found in large numbers in galaxy clusters, groups, and in t...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present the detailed analysis of 11 local luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) from ultraviolet through far-infrared to radio ($\sim$70 MHz to $\sim$15 GHz) bands. We derive the astrophysical properties through spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling using the Code Investigating GALaxy Emission (CIGALE) and UltraNest codes. The radio SEDs incl...
Article
Full-text available
Aims. This study aims to explore the relation between the physical properties of different galaxy sub-classes, from red passive to blue star-forming, and their environment. Our work is based on the analysis of 31 631 galaxies from the VIMOS Public Extragalactic Redshift Survey (VIPERS), observed at 0.5 < z < 0.9. The unprecedented volume of VIPERS...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Our knowledge of galaxy metallicity – the result of the integrated star formation history and the evolution of the interstellar medium – is important for constraining the description of galaxy evolution. As such, it has been widely studied in the local Universe, in particular, using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The VIMOS...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aims. We focus on how to homogenize the comparison between galaxy samples having different characteristics. We check the projections of the fundamental metallicity relation (FMR) and the evolution of these projections between a sample selected at $z\sim0$ (SDSS) and $z\sim0.7$ (VIPERS). We check, in particular, whether and to what extent selection...
Preprint
Aims. This study aims to explore the relationship between the physical properties of different galaxy subclasses and their environment based on the analysis of 31 631 VIMOS Public Extragalactic Redshift Survey (VIPERS) galaxies observed at 0.5 < z < 0.9. Methods. We use the results of an unsupervised clustering algorithm to distinguish 11 subclasse...
Article
Aims. We aim to generate a catalogue of merging galaxies within the 5.4 sq. deg. North Ecliptic Pole over the redshift range 0.0 < z < 0.3. To do this, imaging data from the Hyper Suprime-Cam are used along with morphological parameters derived from these same data. Methods. The catalogue was generated using a hybrid approach. Two neural networks w...
Article
Full-text available
We use approximately 1800 X-ray active galactic nuclei (AGN) in the eROSITA Final Equatorial-Depth Survey (eFEDS) that span over two orders of magnitude in X-ray luminosity, L X , 2−10 keV ≈ 10 ⁴³⁻⁴⁵ erg s ⁻¹ , and compare their star-formation rate (SFR) to that of non-AGN star-forming systems, at 0.5 < z < 1.5. To this end, we compiled a reference...
Preprint
We use $\sim 1800$ X-ray Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) in the eROSITA Final Equatorial-Depth Survey (eFEDS), that span over two orders of magnitude in X-ray luminosity, $\rm L_{X,2-10keV} \approx 10^{43-45}\,ergs^{-1}$, and compare their star-formation rate (SFR) relative to that of non-AGN star-forming systems, at $\rm 0.5<z<1.5$. For that purpose,...
Article
Full-text available
Feedback from low-excitation radio galaxies (LERGs) plays a key role in the lifecycle of massive galaxies in the local Universe; their evolution, and the impact of these active galactic nuclei on early galaxy evolution, however, remain poorly understood. We use a sample of 10 481 LERGs from the first data release of the LOFAR Two-meter Sky Survey D...
Article
Full-text available
Modern and future surveys effectively provide a panchromatic view for large numbers of extragalactic objects. Consistently modeling these multiwavelength survey data is a critical but challenging task for extragalactic studies. The Code Investigating GALaxy Emission ( cigale ) is an efficient python code for spectral energy distribution (SED) fitti...
Preprint
We aim to generate a catalogue of merging galaxies within the 5.4 sq. deg. North Ecliptic Pole over the redshift range $0.0 < z < 0.3$. To do this, imaging data from the Hyper Suprime-Cam are used along with morphological parameters derived from these same data. The catalogue was generated using a hybrid approach. Two neural networks were trained t...
Article
The far-infrared radio correlation (FIRC) is one of the strongest correlations in astronomy, yet a model that explains this comprehensively does not exist. The new LOFAR all Sky Survey (LoTSS) deep field, ELAIS-N1, allows exploration of this relation in previously unexplored regions of parameter space of radio frequency (150 MHz), luminosity ( L 15...
Preprint
HE 0435-5304 from Hamburg European Southern Observatory survey is a quasar that appears in the literature with two conflicting redshift values: $\sim 1.2$ and $\sim 0.4$. It was used in the studies of the intergalactic medium through fitting of the narrow absorption lines in its ultraviolet (UV) spectrum. This source is also known historically as a...
Article
Context. HE 0435−5304 from Hamburg European Southern Observatory survey is a quasar that appears in the literature with two conflicting redshift values: ∼1.2 and ∼0.4. It was used in the studies of the intergalactic medium through fitting of the narrow absorption lines in its ultraviolet (UV) spectrum. This source is also known historically as a lu...
Preprint
Modern and future surveys effectively provide a panchromatic view for large numbers of extragalactic objects. Consistently modeling these multiwavelength survey data is a critical but challenging task for extragalactic studies. The Code Investigating GALaxy Emission (CIGALE) is an efficient PYTHON code for spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting...
Article
Full-text available
The validity of the unified active galactic nuclei (AGN) model has been challenged in the last decade, especially when different types of AGNs are considered to only differ in the viewing angle to the torus. We aim to assess the importance of the viewing angle in classifying different types of Seyfert galaxies in spectral energy distribution (SED)...
Article
We present a study of optically selected Type II active galactic nuclei (AGN) at 0.5 < z < 0.9 from the VIPERS and VVDS surveys, to investigate the connection between AGN activity and the physical properties of their host galaxies. The host stellar mass is estimated through spectral energy distribution fitting with the CIGALE code, and star formati...
Preprint
We present a study of optically-selected Type II AGN at 0.5 < z < 0.9 from the VIPERS and VVDS surveys, to investigate the connection between AGN activity and physical properties of their host galaxies. The host stellar mass is estimated through spectral energy distribution fitting with the CIGALE code, and star formation rates are derived from the...
Article
Full-text available
We have exploited LOFAR deep observations of the Lockman Hole field at 150 MHz to investigate the relation between the radio luminosity of star-forming galaxies (SFGs) and their star-formation rates (SFRs), as well as its dependence on stellar mass and redshift. The adopted source classification, SFRs, and stellar masses are consensus estimates bas...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have exploited LOFAR deep observations of the Lockman Hole field at 150 MHz to investigate the relation between the radio luminosity of star-forming galaxies (SFGs) and their star formation rates (SFRs), as well as its dependence on stellar mass and redshift. The adopted source classification, SFRs and stellar masses are consensus estimates base...
Preprint
The validity of the unified active galactic nuclei (AGN) model has been challenged in the last decade, especially when different types of AGNs are considered to only differ in the viewing angle to the torus. We aim to assess the importance of the viewing angle in classifying different types of Seyfert galaxies in spectral energy distribution (SED)...
Preprint
Full-text available
How does the environment affect active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity? We investigated this question in an extinction-free way, by selecting 1120 infrared galaxies in the $AKARI$ North Ecliptic Pole Wide field at redshift $z$ $\leq$ 1.2. A unique feature of the $AKARI$ satellite is its continuous 9-band infrared (IR) filter coverage, providing us...
Article
How does the environment affect active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity? We investigated this question in an extinction-free way, by selecting 1120 infrared galaxies in the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole Wide field at redshift z ≤ 1.2. A unique feature of the AKARI satellite is its continuous 9-band infrared (IR) filter coverage, providing us with an unp...
Article
Context. Hyperluminous infrared galaxies (HLIRGs) are shown to have been more abundant in early epochs. The small samples used in earlier studies are not sufficient to draw robust statistical conclusions regarding the physical properties and the power sources of these extreme infrared (IR) bright galaxies. Aims. We make use of multi-wavelength data...
Preprint
Full-text available
We make use of multi-wavelength data of a large hyperluminous infrared (HLIRG) sample to derive their main physical properties, e.g., stellar mass, star-formation rate (SFR), volume density, contribution to the cosmic stellar mass density and to the cosmic SFR density. We also study the black hole (BH) growth rate and its relationship with the SFR...
Article
We use X-ray active galactic nuclei (AGN) observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory within the 9.3 deg ² Boötes field of the NDWFS to study whether there is a correlation between X-ray luminosity ( L X ) and star formation rate (SFR) of the host galaxy, at 0.5 < z < 2.0, with respect to the position of the galaxy to the main sequence (SFR norm ). A...
Article
Aims. We study how the upcoming Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) data from the Vera C. Rubin Observatory can be employed to constrain the physical properties of normal star-forming galaxies (main-sequence galaxies). Because the majority of the observed LSST objects will have no auxiliary data, we use simulated LSST data and existing real obse...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this work we study how to employ the upcoming Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) data to constrain physical properties of normal, star forming galaxies. We use simulated LSST data and existing real observations to test the estimations of the physical properties of galaxies, such as star formation rate (SFR), stellar mass ($M_{star}$), and du...
Preprint
We use X-ray Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory within the 9.3 deg$^2$ Bo$\rm \ddot{o}$tes field of the NDWFS to study whether there is a correlation between X-ray luminosity (L$_X$) and star formation rate (SFR) of the host galaxy, at $\rm 0.5<z<2.0$, with respect to the position of the galaxy to the main sequen...
Article
Full-text available
We present the Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP). This project collates, curates, homogenises, and creates derived data products for most of the premium multi-wavelength extragalactic data sets. The sky boundaries for the first data release cover 1270 deg2 defined by the Herschel SPIRE extragalactic survey fields; notably the Herschel Mu...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a new mission called Space Project for Astrophysical and Cosmological Exploration ( SPACE ) as part of the ESA long term planning Voyage 2050 programme. SPACE will study galaxy evolution at the earliest times, with the key goals of charting the formation of the heavy elements, measuring the evolution of the galaxy luminosity function, tr...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The north ecliptic pole (NEP) field provides a unique set of panchromatic data that are well suited for active galactic nuclei (AGN) studies. The selection of AGN candidates is often based on mid-infrared (MIR) measurements. Such methods, despite their effectiveness, strongly reduce the breadth of resulting catalogs due to the MIR detectio...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present the Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP). This project collates, curates, homogenises, and creates derived data products for most of the premium multi-wavelength extragalactic data sets. The sky boundaries for the first data release cover 1270 deg2 defined by the Herschel SPIRE extragalactic survey fields; notably the Herschel Mu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Context. The North Ecliptic Pole (NEP) field provides a unique set of panchromatic data, well suited for active galactic nuclei (AGN) studies. Selection of AGN candidates is often based on mid-infrared (MIR) measurements. Such method, despite its effectiveness, strongly reduces a catalog volume due to the MIR detection condition. Modern machine lea...
Article
We study the evolution of the colour-magnitude relation for galaxies in the VIMOS Public Extragalactic Redshift Survey (VIPERS) by introducing the concept of the bright edge, and use this to derive constraints on the quenching of star formation activity in galaxies over the redshift range 0.5 < z < 1.1. The bright-edge of the colour-magnitude diagr...
Article
Full-text available
The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) is a sensitive, high-resolution 120-168 MHz survey split across multiple tiers over the northern sky. The first LoTSS Deep Fields data release consists of deep radio continuum imaging at 150 MHz of the Boötes, European Large Area Infrared Space Observatory Survey-North 1, and Lockman Hole...
Preprint
In this work we report the discovery of the hyperluminous galaxy HELP_J100156.75+022344.7 at the photometric redshift of z ~ 4.3. The galaxy was discovered in the Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field, one of the fields studied by the Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP). We present the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the galax...
Article
In this work we report the discovery of the hyperluminous galaxy HELP_J100156.75 + 022344.7 at a photometric redshift of $z$ ≈ 4.3. The galaxy was discovered in the Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field, one of the fields studied by the Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP). We present the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the gal...
Article
The colour bimodality of galaxies provides an empirical basis for theories of galaxy evolution. However, the balance of processes that begets this bimodality has not yet been constrained. A more detailed view of the galaxy population is needed, which we achieve in this paper by using unsupervised machine learning to combine multi-dimensional data a...
Preprint
LOFAR is the only radio telescope that is presently capable of high-sensitivity, high-resolution (<1 mJy/b and <15") observations at ultra-low frequencies (<100 MHz). To utilise these capabilities, the LOFAR Surveys Key Science Project is undertaking a large survey to cover the entire northern sky with Low Band Antenna (LBA) observations. The LOFAR...
Preprint
Full-text available
The colour bimodality of galaxies provides an empirical basis for theories of galaxy evolution. However, the balance of processes that begets this bimodality has not yet been constrained. A more detailed view of the galaxy population is needed, which we achieve in this paper by using unsupervised machine learning to combine multi-dimensional data a...
Article
Full-text available
Aims. We study a system of two galaxies, Astarte and Adonis, at z ∼ 2. At this time, the Universe was undergoing the peak of its star formation activity. Astarte is a dusty star-forming galaxy at the massive end of the main sequence (MS), and Adonis is a less massive companion galaxy that is bright in the ultraviolet and has an optical spectroscopi...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this work we study a system of two galaxies, Astarte and Adonis, at z $\sim $2 when the Universe was undergoing its peak of star formation activity. Astarte is a dusty star-forming galaxy at the massive-end of the main sequence (MS) and Adonis is a less-massive, bright in ultraviolet (UV), companion galaxy with an optical spectroscopic redshift....
Preprint
Full-text available
We provide the most accurate estimate yet of the bright end of the infrared (IR) luminosity functions (LFs) and the abundance of hyperluminous IR galaxies (HLIRGs) with IR luminosities > 10^13 L_solar, thanks to the combination of the high sensitivity, angular resolution, and large area of the LOFAR Deep Fields, which probes an unprecedented dynami...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) is a sensitive, high-resolution 120-168 MHz survey split across multiple tiers over the northern sky. The first LoTSS Deep Fields data release consists of deep radio continuum imaging at 150 MHz of the Bo\"{o}tes, European Large Area Infrared Space Observatory Survey-North 1 (ELAIS-N1), a...
Preprint
Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) in the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) offer valuable probes of early galaxy evolution and the process of reionization; however, the exact evolution of their abundance and the nature of their emission remain open questions. We combine samples of 229 and 349 LAE candidates at $z=5.7$ and $z=6.6,$ respectively, from the SILVER...
Article
Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) in the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) offer valuable probes of both early galaxy evolution and the process of reionization itself; however, the exact evolution of their abundance and the nature of their emission remain open questions. We combine samples of 229 and 349 LAE candidates at z = 5.7 and z = 6.6, respectively, fro...
Article
In order to understand the interaction between the central black hole and the whole galaxy or their co-evolution history along with cosmic time, a complete census of active galactic nucleus (AGN) is crucial. However, AGNs are often missed in optical, UV, and soft X-ray observations since they could be obscured by gas and dust. A mid-infrared (MIR)...
Preprint
Full-text available
In order to understand the interaction between the central black hole and the whole galaxy or their co-evolution history along with cosmic time, a complete census of active galactic nuclei (AGN) is crucial. However, AGNs are often missed in optical, UV and soft X-ray observations since they could be obscured by gas and dust. A mid-infrared (mid-IR)...
Article
The dust-to-stellar mass ratio ( M dust / M ⋆ ) is a crucial, albeit poorly constrained, parameter for improving our understanding of the complex physical processes involved in the production of dust, metals, and stars in galaxy evolution. In this work, we explore trends of M dust / M ⋆ with different physical parameters and using observations of 3...
Article
Aims. We provide the most accurate estimate yet of the bright end of the infrared (IR) luminosity functions (LFs) and the abundance of hyperluminous IR galaxies (HLIRGs) with IR luminosities >10 ¹³ L ⊙ , thanks to the combination of the high sensitivity, angular resolution, and large area of the LOFAR Deep Fields, which probes an unprecedented dyna...
Article
Many theories predict the existence of very heavy compact objects, that in terms of sizes would belong to the realms of nuclear or atomic physics, but in terms of masses could extend to the macroscopic world, reaching kilograms, tonnes, or more. If they exist, it is likely that they reach our planet with high speeds and cross the atmosphere. Becaus...
Preprint
Full-text available
The dust-to-stellar mass ratio ($M_{\rm dust}$/$M_{\rm \star}$) is a crucial yet poorly constrained quantity to understand the production mechanisms of dust, metals and stars in galaxy evolution. In this work we explore and interpret the nature of $M_{\rm dust}$/$M_{\rm \star}$ in 300 massive ($M_{\star}>10^{10}M_{\odot}$), dusty star-forming galax...
Preprint
Many theories predict the existence of very heavy compact objects, that in terms of sizes would belong to the realms of nuclear or atomic physics, but in terms of masses could extend to the macroscopic world, reaching kilograms, tonnes or more. If they exist, it is likely that they reach our planet with high speeds and cross the atmosphere. Due to...
Preprint
Full-text available
We propose a new mission called Space Project for Astrophysical and Cosmological Exploration (SPACE) as part on the ESA long term planning Voyage 2050 programme. SPACE will study galaxy evolution at the earliest times, with the key goals of charting the formation of the heavy elements, measuring the evolution of the galaxy luminosity function, trac...
Article
Context. Dusty high- z galaxies are extreme objects with high star formation rates (SFRs) and luminosities. Characterising the properties of this population and analysing their evolution over cosmic time is key to understanding galaxy evolution in the early Universe. Aims. We select a sample of high- z dusty star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) and evalua...