Katarzyna Budzynska

Katarzyna Budzynska
Polish Academy of Sciences | PAN · Institute of Philosophy and Sociology

About

52
Publications
6,601
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
345
Citations

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Collective, historical memory becomes increasingly important in public debates on cultural heritage across many countries. Their key elements are contested cultural objects – such as statues or memorials – which construct nations’ memory that governs societal processes such as decolonisation or de-Stalinization. This paper analyses arguments about...
Article
Full-text available
TO DOWNLOAD PAPER, PLEASE CLICK ON THE DOI In the spirit of the pragmatic account of quotation and reporting offered by Macagno and Walton (2017), we outline a systematic pragmatic account of rephrasing. For this purpose, we combine two interrelated methods of inquiry into the variety of uses of rephrase as a persuasive device: (i) the annotation...
Article
Full-text available
In their book Commitment in Dialogue , Walton and Krabbe claim that formal dialogue systems for conversational argumentation are “not very realistic and not easy to apply”. This difficulty may make argumentation theory less well adapted to be employed to describe or analyse actual argumentation practice. On the other hand, the empirical study of re...
Article
Full-text available
Despite questions having a long-standing history in theoretical linguistics, the interface between empirically grounded corpus linguistics of questioning behaviour and analytically driven pragmatic theory of question structure and context has received significantly less attention. This paper aims to contribute to this field of research by showing t...
Article
Full-text available
Ethotic arguments, such as arguments from expert opinion and ad hominem arguments, play an important role in communication practice. In this paper, we argue that there is another type of reasoning from ethos, in which people argue about actions in the world. These subspecies of ethotic arguments are very common in public debates: societies are invo...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present US2016, the largest publicly available set of corpora of annotated dialogical argumentation. The annotation covers argumentative relations, dialogue acts and pragmatic features. The corpora comprise transcriptions of television debates leading up to the 2016 US presidential elections, and reactions to the debates on Reddit....
Article
Full-text available
In September 2018, the ArgDiaP association, along with colleagues from Germany and the UK, organised one of the longest and most interdisciplinary series of events ever dedicated to argumentation - Warsaw Argumentation Week, WAW 2018. The eleven-day ‘week’ featured a five day graduate school on computational and linguistic perspectives on argumenta...
Conference Paper
Endorsing the character of allies and destroying credibility of opponents is a powerful tactic for persuading others, impacting how we see politicians and how we vote in elections, for example. Our previous work demonstrated that ethos supports and attacks use different language, we hypothesise that further distinctions should be made in order to b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Automatically recognising and extracting the reasoning expressed in natural language text is extremely demanding and only very recently has there been significant headway. While such argument mining focuses on logos (the content of what is said) evidence has demonstrated that using ethos (the character of the speaker) can sometimes be an even more...
Article
Full-text available
The study of fallacies is at the heart of argumentation studies. In response to Hamblin’s devastating critique of the state of the theory of fallacies in 1970, both formal dialectical and informal approaches to fallacies developed. In the current paper, we focus on an influential informal approach to fallacies, part of the pragma-dialectical theory...
Article
Governments around the world are increasingly utilising online platforms and social media to engage with, and ascertain the opinions of, their citizens. Whilst policy makers could potentially benefit from such enormous feedback from society, they first face the challenge of making sense out of the large volumes of data produced. In this article, we...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presented at the second European Conference on Argumentation (ECA), 20-23 June 2017, Fribourg.
Article
Debating technologies, a newly emerging strand of research into computational technologies to support human debating, offer a powerful way of providing naturalistic, dialogue-based interaction with complex information spaces. The full potential of debating technologies for dialogical argument can, however, only be realized once key technical and en...
Article
Full-text available
The Argument Web is maturing as both a platform built upon a synthesis of many contemporary theories of argumentation in philosophy and also as an ecosystem in which various applications and application components are contributed by different research groups around the world. It already hosts the largest publicly accessible corpora of argumentation...
Article
Full-text available
The simulation of mathematical reasoning has been a driving force throughout the history of Artificial Intelligence research. However, despite significant successes in computer mathematics, computers are not widely used by mathematicians apart from their quotidian applications. An oft-cited reason for this is that current computational systems cann...
Conference Paper
Despite the fact it has been recognised since Aristotle that ethos and credibility play a critical role in many types of communication, these facts are rarely studied in linguistically oriented AI which has enjoyed such success in processing complex features as sentiment, opinion, and most recently arguments. This paper shows how a text analysis pi...
Conference Paper
Rapid growth in the area of argument mining has resulted in an ever increasing volume of analysed argument data. Being able to store information about arguments people make in favour or against different opinions, decisions and actions is a highly valuable resource, yet extremely challenging for sense-making. How, for example, can an analyst quickl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Governments are increasingly utilising online platforms in order to engage with, and ascertain the opinions of, their citizens. Whilst policy makers could potentially benefit from such enormous feedback from society, they first face the challenge of making sense out of the large volumes of data produced. This creates a demand for tools and technolo...
Article
Full-text available
Building on our diverse research traditions in studying reasoning, language and communication, the Polish School of Argumentation integrates different disciplines and institutions across Poland in which scholars are dedicated to understanding the phenomenon of the force of argument. Crafting methodological program and establishing organisational in...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to explore the interrelation between persuasion tactics and properties of speech acts. We investigate two types of arguments ad: ad hominem and ad baculum. We show that with both of these tactics, the structures that play a key role are not inferential, but rather ethotic, i.e., related to the speaker’s character and trust....
Article
Full-text available
Pragmatics and dialectics are two disciplines which have been amongst the first and most important partners for argument studies in the exploration of the complex realm of communication. Treating argumentation as a construct consisting of premises and conclusion allows for investigating some interesting properties of the phenomenon of reasoning, bu...
Article
The paper proposes a dialogue system LND which brings together and unifies two traditions in studying dialogue as a game: the dialogical logic introduced by Lorenzen; and persuasion dialogue games as specified by Prakken. The first approach allows the representation of formal dialogues in which the validity of argument is the topic discussed. The s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Whilst computational argumentation and explanation have both been studied intensively in AI, models that incorporate both types of reasoning are few and far between. The two forms of reasoning need to be clearly distinguished, as they may influence dialogue protocol and strategy. Using the language of the Argument Interchange Format, we show that t...
Conference Paper
The paper proposes an extension of the modal logic ${\cal AG}_n$ with operators for reasoning about different types of strategies which agents may adopt in order to win a dialogue game. We model agent communication using the paradigm of formal systems of dialogues and in particular, a system proposed by Prakken. In the paper, the traditional notion...
Article
Whilst computational argumentation and computational explanation have both been studied intensively in AI, models that in-corporate both types of reasoning are only just starting to emerge. The two forms of reasoning need to be clearly distinguished, as they may influence dialogue protocol and strategy. We show that this dis-tinction can be made by...
Conference Paper
The aim of the paper is to extend the syntax and semantics of the AGn logic with components allowing the representation and verification of strategies in persuasion dialogue games. The AGn logic was introduced to express beliefs and persuasive actions of agents, and then it was used to perform model checking in persuasive inter-agent communication....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to apply the software tool Perseus to modelling epistemic interactions. We focus on the issue of agents’ knowledge acquisition, using a logical puzzle in which agents increase their knowledge about the hats they wear. In the paper, first we present a model of epistemic interactions, which allows us to resolve the hats puzzle...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The teaching of argumentation theory, argumentation skills and critical thinking has only very recently enjoyed any bespoke software support for classroom activities. As software has started to become available, it has been characterised by idiosyncratic, incompatible approaches not only to data representation and processing but also to underlying...
Conference Paper
The paper aims to present the software system Araucaria-PL which is the only Polish tool designed to teach argumentation theory. It is developed on the basis of Araucaria by Reed and Rowe and extended with a module capturing persuasive aspects of argumentation. The tool has been used to create a Polish online corpus of analyzed argumentation ArgDB-...
Conference Paper
It is well known that argumentation can usefully be analysed as a distinct, if complex, type of speech act. Speech acts that form a part of argumentative discourse, and in particular, of argumentative dialogue, can be seen as anchors for the establishment of inferences between propositions in the domain of discourse. Most often, the speech acts tha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to apply the software tool Perseus to modelling of epistemic interactions. We focus on the issue of agents' knowledge acquisition, using a logical puzzle in which agents increase their knowledge about hats they wear. In the paper, first we present a model of epistemic interactions, which allows to resolve the hats puzzle. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to propose how to enrich a formal model of persuasion with a specification for actions which are typical for persuasion process. First, since these actions are verbal, they influence a receiver but do not change the agent’s environment. In a formal framework, we represent them as actions that change not the particular state...
Conference Paper
The aim of the paper is to propose a robust model of interpersonal argumentation (IP). The IP-arguments directly address participants of communication, i.e. they refer to speech acts rather than to propositional contents. Argumentation theory recognizes several IP-arguments, e.g. argument from position to know or ad hominem arguments. The model pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper builds upon the proposed dialogical extensions to the AIF, termed AIF+, by making explicit the representation of the role of illocutionary force in the connection between argument structures and dialogical structures. Illocutionary force is realised in the form of Illocutionary Application (YA-) nodes that provide an explicit linkage bet...
Chapter
The aim of the paper is to propose the semi-formal model of dialogues with conflict resolution. We focus on the specification for goals and effects of this type of dialogue. Our proposal is based upon the popular and influential model by D. Walton. We show that this model, even though referring directly to conflict resolution , does not allow to ex...
Conference Paper
The aim of the paper is to propose an extension for a model of logic AGn\mathcal AG_n. Thus far, AGn\mathcal AG_n was applied for reasoning about persuasiveness of actions in multi-agent systems, i.e., we examined which arguments, provided by agents, are successful and how big such a success is. Now we enrich our approach in order to study why thes...
Article
The aim of the paper is to present the software tool Perseus and show how it can be used to examine multi-agent systems where the ability to persuade is specified. Especially we want to study the issues such as: what arguments individuals use to successfully convince others, what type of a persuader guarantees a victory etc. This work describes imp...
Article
Full-text available
In the article, we introduce a sound and complete deductive system (AGn) which can be used to reason about persuasion process performed in distributed systems of agents in circumstances of uncertain and incomplete information. In order to express degrees of beliefs of these agents, we adopt methods of Logic of Graded Modalities. To represent degree...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to provide a formal model of a persuasion process in which a persuader tries to influence audience's beliefs. We focus on various interactions amongst agents rather than only exchange of arguments by verbal means. Moreover, in our approach the impact of the parties of the dispute on the final result of the persuasion is...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of our paper is to investigate the possibilities of a logical representation for argumentation executed in multi-agent sys- tems. We concentrate particularly on belief's uncertainty and revision that an agent deals with throughout the process of discussion. Moreover, we propose a formalism based on a multi-valued logic that allows for...
Article
Full-text available
The talk aims to present the AIF+ [1], which is a dialogical extensions to the Argument Interchange Format, AIF (see e.g. [2]). We also show the role of illocutionary force in the connection between argument structures and dialogical structures. Illocutionary force is realized in the form of Illocutionary Application (YA-) nodes that provide an exp...
Article
Full-text available
The general motivation of our research is to provide the tool, called Perseus, which enables the formal verification of the persuasion process [3]. In particular, we are interested in studying those properties of persuasion which are typically not considered in formal approaches, but which are very important from the perspective of the real-life pr...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
ArgDiaP is a Polish nationwide initiative dedicated to the issues of argumentation, dialogue and persuasion. Established in 2008, ArgDiaP has been continuously providing infrastructure facilitating the networking process and fostering research on argumentation in Poland, including the research of the Polish School of Argumentation.