Kastytis Šmigelskas

Kastytis Šmigelskas
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences | LSMU · Department of Health Psychology

PhD

About

65
Publications
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338
Citations
Introduction
Kastytis Smigelskas currently works at the Department of Health Psychology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. Kastytis does research in Health Psychology and Public Health.
Additional affiliations
December 2018 - December 2023
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Worldwide statistics highlight that many adolescents suffer from various types of maltreatment, which often tend to co‐occur in the form of poly‐victimisation. The experience of maltreatment at a young age causes physical and mental health problems, and can also lead to self‐harm and suicide. To explore the possible impact of maltreatment and poly‐...
Article
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Background: Since the COVID-19 pandemic emerged, humanity has had to face unprecedented change in daily routines. Therefore, the pandemic has also had an impact on mental health. Most of the literature analyzes adult experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic, while the youth is less investigated. The purpose of this study was to reveal adolescent e...
Article
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Background Happiness is becoming increasingly relevant in recent research, including adolescents. Many studies are using the single-item measure for adolescent happiness, however, its validity is not well known. We aimed to examine the validity of this measure among adolescents in three countries from distinct European regions – Eastern (Lithuania)...
Article
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(1) Background. During the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare professionals faced psychological and social challenges in addition to a sharp increase in workload. The aim of this work was to reveal how healthcare and pharmacy workers assessed their wellbeing and the methods of coping they employed to overcome stress during quarantine. (2) Methods. The m...
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Our study evaluated the relationship between adolescent health complaints and socioeconomic position in 45 countries. Data are from the 2017/2018 international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey which used proportionate sampling among adolescents aged 11 to 15 years old ( n =228,979). Multilevel, multinomial regression analysis assesse...
Article
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Objectives: Relationships with supportive adults during adolescence may be a protective factor that lowers the risks associated with bullying. The current study aimed to examine the moderating role of supportive adults in the associations between bullying involvement (in-person and cyber) and mental health problems (psychological symptoms and low l...
Article
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Early nutrition is one of the most modifiable factors influencing postnatal growth. Optimal nutrient intakes for very preterm infants remain unknown, and poor postnatal growth is common in this population. The aim of this study was to assess nutrient intake during the first 4 weeks of life with early progressive enteral feeding and its impact on th...
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Background: Happiness is a phenomenon that relates to better mental and physical health and even longevity. There has been an increase in surveys assessing subjective well-being as well as happiness, one of the well-being components that reflect one's feelings or moods. Happiness is mostly measured in adult samples. There is a lack of an overview...
Article
Spirituality is an ancient concept with many contemporary applications to the field of health promotion. While recognized in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as a basic human right, definitional misunderstandings about what spirituality is, and is not, and the mechanisms by which it affects the health of young people, remain. In this cr...
Article
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In the present study, we aimed to explore the relationship between intensity of social media use (SMU), problematic SMU and well-being outcomes. Four categories of SMU were developed taking into account both intensity of use and problematic SMU simultaneously: non-active; active; intense; and problematic use. Using these four categories, we assesse...
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Background: Adolescence is a sensitive period accompanied by rapid developmental changes that can result in health complaints. The aim of the study was to describe the trend of subjective health complaints (HBSC-SCL) of Polish adolescents compared to their peers from 30 other countries and to rank all countries based on a proposed standardised mea...
Article
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In the setting of disasters, people seek information as they hope that knowledge will provide security. This makes the media a critical source of crisis exposure. The aim of the study described in this article was to analyze COVID-19 pandemic-related psychological aspects of media use by healthcare and pharmacy workers in Lithuania and to reveal th...
Conference Paper
COVID-19 pandemijos metu sveikatos priežiūros ir farmacijos specialistai susidūrė ne tik su staigiai padidėjusiu darbo krūviu, bet ir psichologiniais ir socialiniais iššūkiais. Nors per pandemijos pirmąją bangą Lietuvoje buvo fiksuojama gana nedidelis užsikrėtimų ir mirčių nuo COVID-19 skaičius, tačiau sveikatos priežiūros sistemos reagavimas į inf...
Poster
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Kiekvienais metais į Lietuvą atvyksta vis daugiau studentų, studijuojančių tarptautinėse studijų programose. Sėkmingas jų prisitaikymas prie naujos kultūrinės aplinkos ir gera psichikos sveikata yra ypač svarbūs jų savijautai ir studijoms. Nepaisant vis didėjančio aktualumo, tyrimų, nagrinėjančių tarptautinių studentų prisitaikymą Lietuvoje ir jų s...
Article
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Background. Betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has spread in early 2020 worldwide just in several months. The official statistics are consistently collected, but this is mainly based on symptomatic reports. This study was aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Lithuanian population. Materials and methods. Study was conducted during...
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Purpose. This study aimed to investigate the effect of elicited emotional states on women's reaction to food cues. Methods. 87 women (aged 20-39) participated in the study. The study used experimental design, in which reaction times to food cues were measured before and after randomly assigned experimental mood induction group (negative, positive o...
Article
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Problem and aim. There are quite many studies addressing the health of adults and elderly in detail, however, an integral assessment of health among young people is still missing. Most frequently, the studies choose clinical samples or certain components of health, therefore the aim of this research was to overview the studies on adolescent health...
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The aim of the study is to assess the time trends in Baltic adolescents' physical activity, dietary habits and BMI and compare the results with the average of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. The research used HBSC data from 2006 to 2018. The total number of respondents was 17,458 in Estonia, 18,416 in Latvia and 20,466 in...
Article
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Objectives: Recently, adolescents fall short of adequate physical activity (PA) requirements, though the benefits of active lifestyle are well documented. In this study, we analyzed how the PA is associated with life satisfaction among adolescent girls and boys. Methods: Data for this study were collected in April-June 2018 during the internatio...
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The migration makes an influence on children’s mental health and behaviors. However, the majority of studies investigate the families and people in migration rather than left-behind groups in their home countries. OBJECTIVE: to assess the possible impact of parents’ migration on emotional and behavioral problems of their left-behind children. The s...
Article
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The causal item of illness perception from Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ) has no clearly defined response categories. It restricts the comparison of findings across studies on illness perception. Therefore, this study analyzed the causal item responses and proposed a categorization structure. The cohort study measurements were conduc...
Article
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Purpose Insufficient and poor sleep patterns are common among adolescents worldwide. Up to now, the evidence on adolescent sleep has been mostly informed by country-specific studies that used different measures and age groups, making direct comparisons difficult. Cross-national data on adolescent sleep that could inform nations and international di...
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Background. Adolescents face important emotional well-being and physical inactivity challenges. Mobile applications can be an easy and attractive tool to tackle these problems. Aim. Assessing the peculiarities of mobile applications experience and use during one month. Materials and methods. An exploratory study was conducted with the focus on hea...
Article
Social media use is one of the most popular leisure activities among adolescents. Concomitant to this is a growing concern regarding problematic social media use and its relationship with health behaviors. To further increase the body of research into this phenomenon, our study explored the relationship between problematic social media use and phys...
Article
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Background: To evaluate the role of the quality improvement course (QIC) to reduce the caesarean section (CS) rate among nulliparas (Robson groups 1 and 2) and to find out which group of women have reduced the CS rate following attendance at the course. Methods: The QIC was organized in 2015. For the evaluation of the CS rate after the OIC, deli...
Poster
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ĮVADAS. Vaikystė ir paauglystė-svarbus amžiaus tarpsnis, kurio metu formuojasi tam tikri socialiniai ir kognityviniai elgsenos bei sveikatai palankios gyvensenos įpročiai [1, 2]. Sveikatai palanki gyvensena-mitybos įpročiai, fizinis aktyvumas ir psichoemocinis atsparumas-gali turėti pasekmių ir vėlesniame žmogaus gyvenime [3-5]. Itin svarbūs mitybo...
Article
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Gera fizinė ir psichologinė savijauta bei palanki socialinė aplinka leidžia jauniems žmonėms nesunkiai įveikti paauglystėje kylančius sunkumus ir sumažina riziką rimtesnėms sveikatos problemoms ateityje. Šiuo tyrimu buvo siekiama nustatyti subjektyvaus sveikatos įvertinimo ir psichologinės gerovės rodiklių svarbą pasitenkinimui gyvenimu. Duomenys r...
Article
Policing is a demanding occupation which can expose its employees to many adverse, such as alcohol misuse and dependence. The aim of the study was to analyze and determine factors associated with police officers’ alcohol dependence (AD). Five hundred and thirteen Lithuanian police officers and employees were surveyed. The variables measured were in...
Article
Illness perception is a concept that reflects patients' emotional and cognitive representations of disease. This study assessed the illness perception change during 6 months in 195 patients (33% women and 67% men) with acute coronary syndrome, taking into account the biological, psychological, and social factors. At baseline, more threatening illne...
Article
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The study examined the relationship between local geomagnetic field fluctuations and physical and mental health among young adults in Lithuania. 264 participants were recruited for a two-week period study, during which they had to fill-in paper questionnaires, consisting of a 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12), assessing physical and mental health,...
Poster
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BACKGROUND. Social media takes an increasing time in the daily life, especially among the young people. Previous studies in this field show that problematic social media use (PSMU) is related to lower psychological well-being, loneliness, social anxiety, poorer health outcomes, and unhealthy lifestyle [1–3]. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the prevalence o...
Article
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Background: This study aimed to explore the prevalence of chronic specific-site and multisite pain in adolescents and to investigate how it can possibly be determined by school-related factors. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 in Lithuania as a Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey. The samp...
Article
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Background and Objectives: In very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns, parenteral nutrition (PN) is delivered via a peripheral venous catheter (PVC), a central venous catheter (CVC), or a peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC). Up to 45% of PICCs are accompanied by complications, the most common being sepsis. A PVC is an unstable PN del...
Article
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INTRODUCTION. Electronic survey mode has become a more common tool of research than it used to be previously. This is strongly associated with the overall digitization of modern society. However, the evidence on the possible mode effect on study results has been scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the comparability of finding...
Article
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The body image is an approximate reflection of how the person sees own body. This perception is based on how a person feels about own body, which is not necessarily the same as the body actually appears. A negative perspective on own body can relate to low self-esteem, lower quality of life may contribute to mental issues such as depression or eati...
Article
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Introduction. Cynical distrust is defined as the negative personal beliefs about other people. It is one of hostility components, often associated with poorer lifestyle or health. Due to the lack of a validated tool, the cynical distrust in Lithuania has not been analysed so far. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the Lithuanian v...
Article
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Background: To evaluate the role of the TGCS to reduce the caesarean section (CS) rate among nulliparas (Robson groups 1 and 2) and to find out which group of women have reduced the CS rate by using this tool. Methods: The Robson classification was introduced in Lithuanian hospitals prospectively classifying all the deliveries in 2012. The CS ra...
Article
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Our study aimed to find out the views of nurses working in neonatal intensive care units about the limits of professional competencies and to identify situations where the limits are crossed. Methods The research employed the focus group method. For this research we had three focus groups with nurses working in neonatal intensive care units. The r...
Article
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Background: This study aims to explore how sufficient social support can act as a possible preventive factor against fighting and bullying in school-aged children in 9 European countries. Methods: Data for this study were collected during the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. The sample consisted of 9 European countr...
Article
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Purpose. This study aimed to investigate how personality traits and PEB associate with daily dietary habits in young adults. Methods. Anonymous questionnaire was distributed in Kaunas city public places (n = 300). Personality traits were measured using Modern Personality Assessment based on Big Five Personality Dimensions, eating styles – with Thre...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyze nurses’ professional burnout and health complaints and the relationship between the two components. Methods The anonymous survey included 94 neonatal intensive care nurses from two centers of perinatology. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) was used to evaluate professional burnout; i...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cynical distrust on mortality in middle-aged and aging men. The analysis is based on Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease study, follow-up from 1984 to 2011. Sample consisted of 2682 men, aged 42-61 years at baseline. Data on mortality was provided by the National Death Registry, causes of death were cla...
Poster
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INTRODUCTION. Research shows that life satisfaction in young people is strongly influenced by a dynamic interaction between their environment, which includes physical environment, housing quality, socio-economic condition and the quality of their social and familial relationships (Cavallo, 2015).Quality of family relations is an important factor of...
Poster
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BACKGROUND. Adolescence is a challenging period of life, with physical, emotional, cognitive and social sensitivity all combining to make this transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescents in academically challenging curricula likely face additional normative stressors related to school (e. g., increased workload and more high-stakes tests) a...
Article
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Background and purpose.Type D personality is characterized by negative af-fectivity and social inhibition. This personality construct is linked to cardiovascular diseases and is considered as stable. However, there has been little research on preva-lence in non-clinical samples and on stability of this construct. The main aim of this study was to e...
Article
Medical students are the subgroup of young adults who sleep patterns and quality. The aim of the study was to establish medical students' studying and sleeping habits and determine their relations with academic achievements. In total, 131 medical students completed a self-administered questionnaire, which included demographic indicators, lifestyle...
Article
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Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate psychosocial predictors of smoking during pregnancy. Materials and methods: It was a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective birth-cohort study. The participants were 514 mothers of full-term infants. Women completed questionnaires during hospital stay after delivery. Questionnaire included items...
Article
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Background: The genetic influence on dental arch morphology may be country-specific, thus it is reasonable to check the estimates of genetics across different populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the heredity of dental arch morphology in the sample of Lithuanian twins with accurate zygosity determination. Material and methods:...
Poster
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INTRODUCTION. Health inequalities receive more and more attention and emphasis in health policies both at the national and international levels. The children are a group of population which is affected by inequalities more than others since they strongly depend on socioeconomic status of the family. It is one of the vulnerable groups in society sin...
Article
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Interleukin-10 and tumor necrosis factor α play an important role in breast carcinogenesis. Genes, encoding those two cytokines, contain single nucleotide polymorphisms, which are associated with differential levels of gene transcription. This study analyzes single nucleotide polymorphisms in interleukin 10 and tumor necrosis factor α genes and the...
Article
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Background: Type A personality was introduced in the 1950s and was defined as an action-emotion complex characterized by excessive competitive drive, intense striving for achievement, easily provoked hostility, aggressiveness, impatience, and exaggerated sense of time urgency. Despite many positive findings earlier, almost 50 years of studies have...
Article
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Background and objective: Since 1990, the tuberculosis incidence rate in Eastern Europe and post-Soviet republics has been increasing in many countries including Kazakhstan. This problem is particularly important in Kazakhstan regions with limited financial resources, among them - in South Kazakhstan province. The aim of this study was to investig...
Article
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Background and objective: Timely assessment and prevention of risk factors for the main perioperative complications in elderly patients provide an opportunity to avoid them, decrease mortality, and diminish costs associated with longer hospital stay. The aim of this study was to estimate perioperative factors that could potentially predict the len...
Article
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Background: Breast cancer in Kazakhstan and its Kyzylorda oblast is the most prevalent cancer in women and features increasing trends of incidence. The aim of study was to reveal risk factors for breast cancer among women of Kyzylorda oblast of Kazakhstan. Materials and methods: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted at Kyzylorda obla...
Article
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Objective: Nonadherence to the prescribed antibiotic treatment is a widespread problem, affecting not only individual patients, but also public health. As measures to predict it are still lacking, we aimed to design an instrument to identify nonadherence risk in short-term antibiotic therapies. Methods: Patient adherence was assessed by pill cou...
Article
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To evaluate the change in the healthcare indicators in major and minor counties of Lithuania following the healthcare reforms of 2002-5. The healthcare indicators were defined in the strategy for restructuring the healthcare settings. There were eight supply indicators (related to human resources and infrastructure). Analysis was performed comparin...
Article
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The aim of this study is to examine the attitudes of Lithuanian pharmacists towards migration to other countries of the European Union or European Economic Area. Using a questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour and Solidarity of France, surveys were sent to 654 Lithuanian pharmacists (response rate 47.5 per cent). Univariat...
Article
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Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, affecting 121 million people in whole world. In many developed countries, the number of prescriptions for antidepressants increased steeply during the 1990s. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antidepressant prescribing patterns in all regions of Lithuania during 2...
Article
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When health care reform was started in 1991, the physician workforce in Lithuania was dominated by specialists, and the specialty of family physician (FP) did not exist at all. During fifteen years of Lithuania's independence this specialty evolved rapidly and over 1,900 FPs were trained or retrained. Since 2003, the Lithuanian health care sector h...

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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/young_health_CEE We would like to invite authors from Central and Eastern European countries to participate in this Special Issue, focusing on child and adolescent health. We propose a broad scope of topics, and only the geographical region and age group are criteria for eligibility. Review articles and original papers based on administratively collected data (such as mortality statistics) as well as survey results will be considered. The thematic scope of t