Kasra Momeni

Kasra Momeni
University of Alabama | UA · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Ph.D.

About

66
Publications
11,417
Reads
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1,097
Citations
Introduction
My main areas of expertise are Computational Mechanics and Material Science and Materials Genome. My goal is to develop a synergistic interaction among computation, experiment, and theory to design new advanced materials with superior properties at a fraction of current cost and time-to-market. Specifically, I focus on developing theoretical/numerical tools to understand the multi-scale/physics response of materials. I am utilizing various analytical methods, including atomistic-, meso-, and mac
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - July 2016
Pennsylvania State University
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Developing phase field and FEM simulations for materials with large deformations and 2D material synthesis.
August 2011 - July 2015
Iowa State University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • I have been working on developing advanced phase field models for the phase transformation in materials under extreme environments in collaboration with researchers from Ames Lab and NIST.

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
A multiscale approach is pursued to develop a modified shear-lag model for capturing size-scale effects on electrostatic potential generated by a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire (NW) in a nanocomposite electrical generator (NCEG). The size-scale effect on elastic modulus of ZnO NWs is captured using a core-surface model. Closed form of governing equation...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of elastic energy on nucleation and disappearance of a nanometer size intermediate melt (IM) region at a solid-solid (S1S2) phase interface at temperatures 120 K below the melting temperature is studied using a phase-field approach. Results are obtained for broad range of the ratios of S1S2 to solid-melt interface energies, kE, and width...
Article
Aluminum alloys are among the top candidate materials for in-space manufacturing (ISM) due to their lightweight and relatively low melting temperature. A fundamental problem in printing metallic parts using available ISM methods, based on the fused deposition modeling (FDM) technique, is that the integrity of the final printed components is determi...
Article
In this research, a room temperature multicycle nanoindentation technique was implemented to evaluate the effects of the laser peening (LP) process on the surface mechanical behavior of additively manufactured (AM) Inconel 625. Repetitive deformation was introduced by loading-unloading during an instrumented nanoindentation test on the as-built (No...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, no commercial aluminum 7000 series filaments are available for making aluminum parts using fused deposition modeling (FDM)-based additive manufacturing (AM). The key technical challenge associated with the FDM of aluminum alloy parts is consolidating the loosely packed alloy powders in the brown-body, separated by thin layers of surface...
Article
We developed a combined finite element and CALPHAD based model of the Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) process for AA7075 alloy that considers the effect of feedstock composition and print parameters. A single-pass of a laser on a layer of AA7075 alloy powder has been considered. Sensitivity of temperature evolution and melt pool geometry to variatio...
Article
We developed a coupled CALPHAD and finite element-based computational model of the Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) process for HAYNES230, considering the feedstock composition and packing density. We further used this model to investigate the effect of variation in feedstock composition and print parameters on the quality of the final printed part....
Article
Full-text available
The exotic properties of 2D materials made them ideal candidates for applications in quantum computing, flexible electronics, and energy technologies. A major barrier to their adaptation for industrial applications is their controllable and reproducible growth at a large scale. A significant effort has been devoted to the chemical vapor deposition...
Article
We use molecular dynamics (MD) to study radiation-induced mixing through multi-metallic layered composites' interfaces for nuclear reactor applications. Here, we consider the Incoloy-Ni and the Inconel-Ni system with four different compositions of Inconel. We investigate the irradiated structure of these composites at different temperatures by perf...
Article
Full-text available
The successful discovery and isolation of graphene in 2004, and the subsequent synthesis of layered semiconductors and heterostructures beyond graphene have led to the exploding field of two-dimensional (2D) materials that explore their growth, new atomic-scale physics, and potential device applications. This review aims to provide an overview of t...
Article
Introduction: The thickness threshold for detecting endodontic biomaterials depends on many factors, such as the nature of the radiopacifier and the particle size. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of thickness on radiodensity of various endodontic biomaterials; and evaluate the impact of radiopacifier particle size on radioden...
Preprint
This work is driven by the continuous improvement in additive manufacturing and the growing interest in developing flexible strain sensors with complex designs and structures. Characterization and analysis require not only understanding the mechanical behavior of the sensor but also the electrical behavior and the coupled electromechanical behavior...
Article
Structural elements made of nickel-based superalloys usually operate at high temperatures. Many surface failure mechanisms such as creep, fatigue, fretting fatigue, corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking start from the surface. Thus, studying the surface mechanical properties and deformation behavior of materials is vital in order to draw a corre...
Article
Diamond is the hardest superhard material with excellent optoelectronic, thermomechanical, and electronic properties. Here, we have investigated the possibility of a new synthesis technique for diamane and diamond thin films from multilayer graphene at pressures far below the graphite → diamond transformation pressure. We have used the Molecular Dy...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of additive manufacturing, along with the introduction of the concept of metamaterials, allows the synthesis of high-performance materials with superior specific strength. With recent advances in printing multi-material structures, the design space of metamaterials has exponentially grown. Variation in dimensions of the printed metama...
Article
Full-text available
Mono- and few-layer graphene exhibit unique mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. However, their hardness and in-plane stiffness are still not comparable to the other allotrope of carbon, i.e. diamond. This makes layered graphene structures to be less suitable for application in harsh environments. Thus, there is an unmet need for the syn...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a physics-based prediction of crack initiation at the microstructure level using the phase field (PF) model without finite element discretization, coupled with an efficient and accurate modeling of crack propagation at macro-scale based on extended finite element method (XFEM). Although the macro-scale model assumes linear elast...
Article
Since their modern debut in 2004, 2-dimensional (2D) materials continue to exhibit scientific and industrial promise, providing a broad materials platform for scientific investigation, and development of nano- A nd atomic-scale devices. A significant focus of the last decade's research in this field has been 2D semiconductors, whose electronic prop...
Article
The superior intrinsic mechanical properties of graphene have been widely studied and utilized to enhance the mechanical properties of various composite materials. However, it is still unclear how heterostructures incorporating graphene behave, and to what extent graphene influences their mechanical response. In this work, a series of graphene/Al2O...
Article
With the advent of additive manufacturing, fabrication of complex structures with high efficiency for energy absorption and blast and impact mitigation has entered a new era. In this research the role of the architecture and material properties on the static and dynamic energy absorption properties of additively-manufactured complex cellular struct...
Article
Full-text available
2D growth: multiscale simulations capture MoS2 CVD growth dynamics A computational multiscale framework is capable of modelling the growth morphology during chemical vapour deposition (CVD) synthesis of MoS2. A team led by Kasra Momeni at Louisiana Tech University and Long-Qing Chen at Pennsylvania State University developed a hierarchical model ca...
Article
Full-text available
The Acknowledgments section of the original version of this Article did not acknowledge all of the relevant funding sources. This has now been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the Article.
Preprint
Full-text available
Two dimensional (2D) materials continue to hold great promise for future electronics, due to their atomic-scale thicknesses and wide range of tunable properties. However, commercial efforts in this field are relatively recent, and much progress is required to fully realize 2D materials for commercial success. Here, we present a roadmap for the real...
Article
Full-text available
Moving to nanoscale is a path to get perfect materials with superior properties. Yet defects, such as stacking faults (SFs), are still forming during the synthesis of nanomaterials and, according to common notion, degrade the properties. Here, we demonstrate the possibility of engineering defects to, surprisingly, achieve mechanical properties beyo...
Article
Among post-graphene two dimensional (2D) materials, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs, such as MoS2) have attracted significant attention due to their superior properties for potential electronic, optoelectronic and energy applications. Scalable and controllable powder vapor transport (PVT) methods have been developed to synthesize 2D MoS2 wit...
Article
Understanding nucleation and growth of two-dimensional (2D) and layered materials is a challenging topic due to the complex van der Waals interactions between layers and substrate. The morphology of 2D materials is known vary depending on experimental conditions. For the case of MoS2, the morphology has been shown to vary from rounded (molybdenum r...
Article
Mechanical properties of nanocrystals are influenced by atomic defects. Here, we demonstrate the effect of planar defects on the mechanics of ZnO nanorods using atomic force microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and large scale atomistic simulation. We study two different conditionally grown single nanorods. One contains ext...
Article
Reducing the dimensions of materials to atomic scales results in a large portion of atoms being at or near the surface, with lower bond order and thus higher energy. At such scales, reduction of the surface energy and surface stresses can be the driving force for the formation of new low-dimensional nanostructures, and may be exhibited through surf...
Article
Full-text available
Voltage-driven 180° magnetization switching provides a low-power alternative to current-driven magnetization switching widely used in spintronic devices. Here we computationally demonstrate a promising route to achieve voltage-driven in-plane 180° magnetization switching in a strain-mediated multiferroic heterostructure (e.g., a heterostructure con...
Article
Magnetic domain-wall motion driven by a voltage dissipates much less heat than by a current, but none of the existing reports have achieved speeds exceeding 100 m/s. Here phase-field and finite-element simulations were combined to study the dynamics of strain-mediated voltage-driven magnetic domain-wall motion in curved nanowires. Using a ring-shap...
Article
Full-text available
A phase-field approach for phase transformations (PTs) between three different phases at nonequilibrium temperatures is developed. It includes advanced mechanics, thermodynamically consistent interfacial stresses, and interface interactions. A thermodynamic Landau-Ginzburg potential developed in terms of polar order parameters satisfies the desired...
Article
A multiscale approach is pursued to develop a shear-lag model in combination with core-surface and core-shell models for capturing size-scale effect on mechanical properties of ZnO nanowire (NW)-reinforced nanocomposites. Surface effects are represented by a zero-thickness (finite-thickness) surface with different elastic modulus from the central p...
Article
An advanced three-phase phase-�eld approach (PFA) is suggested for a non-equilibrium phase interface which contains an intermediate phase, in particular, a solid-solid interface with a nanometersized intermediate melt (IM). Thermodynamic potential in the polar order parameters is developed, which satis�es all thermodynamic equilibrium and stability...
Article
Full-text available
Solid–solid (SS)(SS) phase transformations via nanometer-size intermediate melts (IMs)(IMs) within the SS interface, hundreds of degrees below melting temperature, were predicted thermodynamically and are consistent with experiments for various materials. A necessary condition for the appearance of IMs, using a sharp interface approach, was that th...
Article
One-dimensional (1D) zinc oxide nanostructures are the main components of nanogenerators and central to the emerging field of nanopiezotronics. Understanding the underlying physics and quantifying the electromechanical properties of these structures, the topic of this research study, play a major role in designing next-generation nanoelectromechani...
Conference Paper
A multiscale approach is pursued for modeling the size-scale effect on generated electric potential by nanocomposite electrical generators of ZnO nanowires. A core-surface model is used for capturing the effect of size-scale on elastic modulus of ZnO NWs. In this model, a surface with different elastic modulus as of the core of NW was considered. U...
Article
In this work, piezoelectricity of individual ZnO nanobelts grown along the [0 1 ī 0] direction is studied using piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM). It is found that the effective piezoelectric coefficient of these NBs, $d_{33}^{\mathrm{eff}}$ , is increasing from 2.7 pm/V at 30 kHz to 44 pm/V at 150 kHz. The results were explained by the Debye...
Article
A nanocomposite electrical generator composed of Zinc oxide nanowires (ZnO NWs) was modeled using continuum mechanics and Maxwell's equations. Axial loading was considered and the optimum aspect ratio of ZnO NWs for getting to maximum electric potential was calculated. The bonding between the ZnO NWs and the polymer matrix was considered to be perf...
Article
The size scale effect on the piezoelectric response of bulk ZnO and ZnO nanobelts has been studied using molecular dynamics simulation. Six molecular dynamics models of ZnO nanobelts are constructed and simulated with lengths of 150.97 Å and lateral dimensions ranging between 8.13 and 37.37 Å. A molecular dynamics model of bulk ZnO has also been co...
Article
We report here investigations of crystal and electronic structure of as-synthesized and annealed ZnO nanobelts by an in-situ high-resolution transmission electron microscope equipped with a scanning tunneling microscopy probe. The in-situ band gap measurements of individual ZnO nanobelts were carried out in scanning tunneling spectroscopy mode usin...
Article
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2011 in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, August 7–August 11, 2011.
Article
of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2011 in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, August 7–August 11, 2011.
Article
In this investigation, the size-scale in mechanical properties of individual [0001] ZnO nanowires and the correlation with atomic-scale arrangements were explored via in situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) equipped with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoindentation (NI) systems. The Young's modulus was determined to be s...
Article
Emerging nanogenerators have attracted the attention of the research community, focusing on energy generation using piezoelectric nanomaterials. Nanogenerators can be utilized for powering NEMS/MEMS devices. Understanding the piezoelectric properties of ZnO one dimensional materials such as ZnO nanobelts (NBs) and Nanowires (NWs) can have a signifi...
Article
A nanocomposite electrical generator composed of an array of zinc oxide nanowires is considered. The electric potential distribution along zinc oxide nanowires is modeled using continuum mechanics and Maxwell's equations for the case of axial loading. A perturbation technique is used for decoupling the constitutive equations. The governing differen...
Article
of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2010 in Portland, Oregon, USA, August 1 – August 5, 2010.
Article
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have been a subject of interest for most of the researches after their discovery, due to their superior mechanical properties and ability to be used as the reinforcement phase in nanocomposites. The other carbon structure which was discovered a few years after the discovery of CNTs was Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs). The structure...
Article
Full-text available
In this work a new method for analyzing nanostructured materials has been proposed to accelerate the simulations for solid crystalline materials. The proposed Structural Approximation Method (SAM) is based on Molecular Dynamics (MD) and the accuracy of the results can also be improved in a systematic manner by sacrificing the simulation speed. In t...
Article
We report here, an investigation on electrical and structural-microstructural properties of an individual ZnO nanobelt via in situ transmission electron microscopy using an atomic force microscopy (AFM) system. The I-V characteristics of the ZnO nanobelt, just in contact with the AFM tip indicates the insulating behavior, however, it behaves like a...
Article
Cellulose nanofibers are known to possess aspect ratios larger than 200 and mechanical properties comparable to carbon nanotubes. Combined with other significant properties including low cost, low density, and biocompatibility, cellulose nanofibers are an attractive reinforcement material for nanocomposites. The load transfer between embedded fiber...
Conference Paper
Too much effort has been done for manipulating individual atoms, using nano-manipulators and Scanning Tunneling Microscopes (STM). On the other hand, characterization and manipulation of nano-flows is of great concern. In the current work a molecular valve has been considered, which is made up of six atoms placed on the circumstance of a circle. A...
Conference Paper
The stress distribution on open-ended Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) embedded in a composite material is considered in this work and an analytical solution for the stress distribution has been obtained. The effects of CNT's thickness and CNT's length on the distribution of stress have been investigated. To find the governing relations, continuity equation...
Article
... shape fibers . In some of these works Analytical Solution of Stress Distribution on a Hollow Cylindrical Fiber of a Composite with Cylindrical Volume Element under Axial Loading MH Kargarnovin, and K. Momeni N International ...

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