Kasper M A Rouschop

Kasper M A Rouschop
Maastricht University | UM · Department of Radiotherapy

PhD

About

44
Publications
5,142
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3,112
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2005 - present
Maastricht University
January 2003 - December 2008
University of Amsterdam
October 2001 - October 2005

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Tumor hypoxia is a common microenvironmental factor that adversely influences tumor phenotype and treatment response. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia occurs through multiple mechanisms, including activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent reports have indicated that hypoxia activates a lysosomal degradation pathway known as autophagy,...
Article
Human tumors are characterized by the presence of cells that experience periodic episodes of hypoxia followed by reoxygenation. These cells are exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon reoxygenation and require adaptation to this stress by lowering ROS production or enhancing ROS-clearance for their survival. We hypothesized that autophagy, a...
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia is a common feature of tumors and an important contributor to malignancy and treatment resistance. The ability of tumor cells to survive hypoxic stress is mediated in part by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-dependent transcriptional responses. More severe hypoxia activates endoplasmatic reticulum stress responses, including the double-strand...
Article
Full-text available
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive cancer arising from T-cell progenitors. Although current treatments, including chemotherapy and glucocorticoids, have significantly improved survival, T-ALL remains a fatal disease and new treatment options are needed. Since more than 60% of T-ALL cases bear oncogenic NOTCH1 mutations, sm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Rosmarinus officinalis L., commonly called rosemary, is one of the most widely used and commercialised plant for obtaining botanical extracts which are not only used as a culinary herb for flavouring but also as an antioxidant ingredient in processed foods and cosmetics. This plant has been traditionally used as an herbal medicine for...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The hypoxic areas of solid cancers represent a negative prognostic factor irrespective of which treatment modality is chosen for the patient. Still, after almost 80 years of focus on the problems created by hypoxia in solid tumours, we still largely lack methods to deal efficiently with these treatment-resistant cells. The consequences of...
Article
Full-text available
Conditions of poor oxygenation (hypoxia) are present in many human tumors including cervix cancer, and are associated with increased risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. Hypoxia is a potent activator of the PERK/eIF2α signaling pathway, a component of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and an important mediator of hypoxia tolerance and tumor gro...
Article
Full-text available
CD44 family members are cell surface glycoproteins, which are expressed on tubular epithelial cells (TEC) solely upon kidney injury and are involved in renal fibrosis development. Renal interstitial fibrosis is the final manifestation of chronic kidney diseases and is regulated by a complex network of cytokines, including the pro-fibrotic factor TG...
Article
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed, amplified or mutated in various human epithelial tumors, and is associated with tumor aggressiveness and therapy resistance. Autophagy activation provides a survival advantage for cells in the tumor microenvironment. In the current study, we assessed the potential of autophagy inhibition...
Article
Oxygen sensing in mammalian cells is a conserved signaling pathway regulated by hypoxia inducible factor type 1 (HIF-1). Inadequate oxygen supply (hypoxia) is common to many pathological disorders where autophagy plays an import role. The aim of this study was the identification and characterization of novel HIF-1 target genes that promote autophag...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor hypoxia is associated with therapy resistance and malignancy. Previously we demonstrated that activation of autophagy and the unfolded protein response (UPR) promote hypoxia tolerance. Here we explored the importance of ULK1 in hypoxia tolerance, autophagy induction and its prognostic value for recurrence after treatment. Hypoxic regulation o...
Article
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Multiple Myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy residing within the bone marrow (BM). We aim to develop allogeneic Natural Killer (NK) cell immunotherapy for MM. As the BM contains hypoxic regions and the tumor environment can be immunosuppressive, we hypothesized that hypoxia inhibits NK cell anti-MM responses. NK cells were isolated...
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia in solid tumors is associated with treatment resistance, resulting in poor prognosis. Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3) is induced during hypoxia and is involved in multiple cellular pathways involved in cell survival. Here, we investigated the role of TRIB3 in breast cancer. TRIB3 mRNA expression was measured in breast tumor tissue from 247 patie...
Article
Tumour hypoxia is an important limiting factor in the successful treatment of cancer. Adaptation to hypoxia includes inhibition of mTOR, causing scavenging of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), the rate-limiting factor for cap-dependent translation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of preventing mTOR-dependent translation inh...
Article
In the intestine, Paneth cells participate in the innate immune response. Their highly secretory function makes them susceptible to environmental conditions that cause endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We investigated whether intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces ER stress, thereby activating the unfolded protein response (UPR), and whethe...
Article
BNIP3 is a hypoxia-inducible BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins that regulate apoptosis and autophagy. However the role of BNIP3 in the hypoxia response has proved difficult to define and remains controversial. In this study we show that in cancer cells, knockdown or forced expression of BNIP3 fails to modulate cell survival under hypo...
Article
Tumour hypoxia contributes to failure of cancer treatment through its ability to protect against therapy and adversely influence tumour biology. In particular, several studies suggest that hypoxia promotes metastasis. Hypoxia-induced cellular changes are mediated by oxygen-sensitive signaling pathways that activate downstream transcription factors....
Article
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) 9 expression is induced under hypoxic conditions. Recently we discovered that hypoxia-induced CA9 expression requires an intact unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of reduced CA9 expression in UPR-impaired tumor cells on pH regulation and survival under acidic condi...
Article
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed or mutated in many tumour types. The truncated, constitutively active EGFRvIII variant has not been detected in normal tissues but is found in many malignancies. In the current study, we have investigated the hypothesis that EGFRvIII contributes to a growth and survival advantage under tu...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation to tumor hypoxia is mediated in large part by changes in protein expression. These are driven by multiple pathways, including activation of the hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcription factor and the PKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase PERK, a component of the unfolded protein response. Through gene expression profiling we disc...
Article
The poorly developed vasculature in solid human tumors is responsible for a profound level of intra- and inter-tumor heterogeneity in oxygen concentration. High levels of hypoxia are associated with poor patient prognosis due in part to hypoxia-induced changes in cell metabolism, angiogenesis, invasiveness and resistance to therapy. Over the past d...
Article
Full-text available
The p53 tumor suppressor protein negatively regulates hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). Here, we show that induction of p53 by the small-molecule RITA (reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis) [2,5-bis(5-hydroxymethyl-2-thienyl) furan] (NSC-652287) inhibits HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in vivo and i...
Article
Full-text available
Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most common bacterial infections. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a potent fibrinolytic agent, but can play a role in inflammatory processes as well. We induced pyelonephritis in tPA(-/-) and C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice by intravesical inoculation with 10(10) CFU uropathogenic Escherichia coli 1677. The...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the leading cause of acute renal failure and determinant of renal-transplant outcome. Although many experimental studies show decreased injury and preserved renal function after dampening of the inflammatory response, surprisingly little progress has been made in the development of novel therapies.
Article
Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors associated with therapy resistance, increased malignancy and poor prognosis. Several approaches have been developed with the hope of identifying patients harboring hypoxic tumors including the use of microarray based gene signatures. However, studies to date have largely ignored the strong time dependency...
Article
Human tumors are characterized by temporal fluctuations in oxygen tension. The biological pathways that respond to the dynamic tumor microenvironment represent potential molecular targets for cancer therapy. Anoxic conditions result in eIF2alpha dependent inhibition of overall mRNA translation, differential gene expression, hypoxia tolerance and tu...
Article
Human tumors are characterized by large variations in oxygen concentration and hypoxic tumors are associated with poor prognosis. In addition, tumors are subjected to periodic changes in oxygenation characterized by hypoxia followed by reoxygenation. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia is well documented, nevertheless little is known about adaptive mech...
Article
Full-text available
The urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is expressed at the cell surface of inflammatory cells and plays an important role in neutrophil migration. To investigate the in vivo role of uPAR during urinary tract infection, acute pyelonephritis was induced in uPAR-/- and wild-type (WT) mice by intravesical inoculation with 1 x 10(9) colony-...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen found in urinary tract infections (UTIs), mainly affecting children and women. We report that CD44, a hyaluronic acid (HA) binding protein that mediates cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, facilitates the interaction of E. coli with urothelial cells and thus the infection of the host. We found that C...
Article
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As CD44 is involved in the activation, proliferation, adhesion, and extravasation of lymphocytes, we hypothesized that CD44 could be involved in the pathogenesis of acute renal allograft rejection. Renal biopsies and plasma were collected from patients suffering an episode of acute renal allograft rejection. CD44 and its ligands, hyaluronic acid (H...
Article
CD44 is a glycoprotein that is involved in inflammation and cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions, is upregulated in the kidney upon injury, and leads to fibrosis through enhancement of TGF-beta1 signaling. Absence of CD44 prevents development of renal fibrosis in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). A hallmark of development of renal fibrosis is th...
Article
Full-text available
Acute renal failure is often the result of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Neutrophil influx is an important damaging event in I/R. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) not only is a major fibrinolytic agent but also is involved in inflammatory processes. A distinct upregulation of tPA after I/R, with de novo tPA production by proximal renal...
Article
Full-text available
Since CD44 is involved in activation, proliferation, rolling and extravasation of lymphocytes, we hypothesized that it could be involved in the pathophysiology of acute renal allograft rejection. Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from patients 24 h prior to transplantation and analysed retrospectively. Soluble CD4...
Article
Full-text available
TLRs are conserved pattern recognition receptors that detect motifs of pathogens and host material released during injury. For unknown reasons, renal TLR2 mRNA is mainly expressed by tubular cells and is enhanced upon renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We evaluated the role of TLR2 in I/R injury using TLR2-/- and TLR2+/+ mice, TLR2 antisense...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation contributes to renal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, potentially causing renal dysfunction. The inflammatory infiltrate mainly consists of neutrophils, which are deleterious for the renal tissue. Because CD44 is expressed by neutrophils and is rapidly upregulated by capillary endothelial cells after I/R injury, it was hypothesized t...
Article
CD44 is a glycoprotein involved in inflammation and cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. CD44 is upregulated in the kidney upon injury; however, its role in the pathogenesis of renal damage and fibrosis remains largely unknown. The authors show that mice lacking CD44 developed more tubular damage, associated with decreased proliferation and increase...
Article
Progressive renal fibrosis occurs via common pathophysiologic mechanisms, regardless of the primary underlying disease. This cascade includes release of cytokines/chemokines and toxic molecules, interstitial inflammation, tubular cell damage, accumulation of myofibroblasts, and finally, fibrosis. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming grow...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in tumor cells but not in healthy cells. Similar to CD95 ligand (CD95L), TRAIL signaling requires ligand-receptor interaction; the downstream signaling molecules, such as Fas-associated death domain and caspase-8, also seem similar. Using cells stably e...

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