Kaspar Burger

Kaspar Burger
University of Zurich | UZH · Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development & Department of Sociology

Professor

About

47
Publications
31,392
Reads
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940
Citations
Introduction
Kaspar Burger is an SNSF Eccellenza Professor at the University of Zurich and an Honorary Associate Professor at University College London. Kaspar's work focuses on issues at the intersection of sociology of education, educational psychology, life course research, and children's rights studies.
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - present
University College London
Position
  • Fellow
October 2018 - September 2019
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Position
  • Fellow
January 2015 - September 2018
University of Geneva
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that parental educational aspirations for their children are an important predictor of children's academic attainment. However, recent studies have pointed to potential negative effects, in particular if there is a mismatch between parental educational aspirations and the aspirations of their children. This study examine...
Article
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In the research on life-course outcomes, there is a long-standing debate on the relative importance of institutional structure and human agency. This study examines how structure and agency influence educational trajectories in Switzerland. The Swiss education system is hierarchically differentiated but permeable, providing both standard and nonsta...
Article
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Expectations about the future direct effort in goal-oriented action and may influence a range of life course outcomes, including educational attainment. Here we investigate whether such expectations are implicated in the dynamics underlying the persistence of educational advantage across family generations, and whether such dynamics have changed in...
Article
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Introduction: This study examines the role of individual agency and parental co-agency as resource factors enabling educational mobility (university enrolment and degree completion) among first-generation students. Methods: The study is based on Next Steps, a nationally representative cohort of UK students. Path models were run, linking differen...
Preprint
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The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
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Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Research
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Study finds that the effect of socioeconomic status on student achievement is stronger in more socially segregated education systems. This suggests that social segregation in education systems may contribute to the intergenerational transmission of educational (dis)advantage and thus serve to exacerbate wider problems of socioeconomic inequality in...
Article
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Despite considerable evidence of the importance of self-esteem and self-efficacy for agentic, goal-oriented behavior, little attention has been directed to these psychological dimensions in the status attainment literature. The present research uses data from the longitudinal, three-generation Youth Development Study (N = 422 three-generation triad...
Article
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Prior studies have noted several risk and protective factors for school dropout; however, only a few have examined longer-term vulnerabilities alongside temporary risk and protective factors. Consequently, we focused on the role that both stable and time-varying psychosocial risk and protective factors play in dropout intentions and actual dropout,...
Article
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In "Social Equality in Education: France and England 1789-1939," Ann Margaret Doyle examines the evolution of the French and English education systems from the French Revolution to the beginning of World War II. She argues that the two countries took different approaches to implementing a nation-wide education system, with France attempting to deve...
Article
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Given recent evidence of rising levels of social segregation in European countries, this study uses standardized data from the Program for International Student Assessment (n = 171,159; 50.5% male) to examine the extent to which education systems in Europe are socially segregated and whether social segregation in the school system affects achieveme...
Preprint
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In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Article
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This study examined how children appraise the importance of their participation rights—that is, the right to express their views and the right to be heard—and whether such appraisals vary as a function of perceived discrimination in the school environment. The sample comprised 1,006 children (9.6–14.3 years of age; 51% boys) from 14 public primary...
Research
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Zusammenfassung der Bestandsaufnahme "Studien zur frühkindlichen Bildung, Betreuung und Erziehung in der Schweiz" und politische Empfehlungen.
Research
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Both researchers and policymakers have wanted to discover whether certain policies help minimize social inequality in education. Much attention has been focused on extending instruction time and the effects that doing so might have on inequality. Considering research findings, it seems reasonable to assume that expanding instruction time will help...
Research
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Ce rapport fournit un aperçu des études publiées jusqu’en 2016. L’objectif était de renseigner sur l’étendue des connaissances scientifiques concernant les thèmes et les problématiques de la formation, de l'accueil et de l'éducation de la petite enfance en Suisse, et sur les éventuelles lacunes existantes nécessitant davantage de recherches.
Research
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Studien zur frühkindlichen Bildung, Betreuung und Erziehung in der Schweiz: Der in Kooperation zwischen dem Universitären Zentrum für Frühkindliche Bildung Fribourg (ZeFF) (Sascha Neumann, Kathrin Brandenberg) und dem Centre interfacultaire en droits de l’enfant (CIDE) (Kaspar Burger) erarbeitete Bericht, welcher von der Jacobs Foundation in Auftra...
Article
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Children's participation rights are recognised across the world. However, we still have relatively little empirical evidence on children's views of these rights and on the necessary conditions to effectively realise them. This study set out to explore how children assess their participation rights in school, and whether these assessments vary as a...
Article
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Life satisfaction is an important indicator of successful development. However, adolescents' life satisfaction tends to be relatively unsteady, and environmental influences play a critical role in shaping life satisfaction among adolescents in the transition to young adulthood. Given the paramount importance that education plays in adolescents' liv...
Article
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Research has shown that parents tend to pass educational advantage or disadvantage on to their children. However, little is known about the extent to which the intergenerational transmission of education involves children’s agency. In this study we drew from two traditions in sociological and social psychological theorizing—the theory of cultural a...
Article
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There is much debate on early childhood education in research, politics, and society at large. Furthermore, early childhood education research and policy have become increasingly complex and multidimensional. Nonetheless, transdisciplinary research frameworks are still scarce. This report gives insights into a project that used a transdisciplinary...
Article
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Research has examined how education systems affect student achievement. Much of this research has compared comprehensive systems of schooling with tracked (selective) systems with regard to the degree to which they influence social class gradients in educational achievement. This study looks at comprehensive schooling in a broader way. Using standa...
Article
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The historical developments of infant schools in Great Britain and salles d’asile in France – both precursors of present-day preschools – were interconnected. However, historians have not yet analysed specifically how transnational exchange influenced the growth and nature of these institutions. Drawing on archival data and secondary sources, and u...
Article
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This research article attempts to determine strategies that can be used to support children's cognitive and social-emotional development in early childhood care and education programs. By synthesizing empirical evidence about pedagogical techniques that promote children's competencies, the article aims to identify those characteristics of programs...
Chapter
Early childhood is a unique and precious stage in the human life cycle. Children's environments and experiences impact on child development and contribute to shape children’s behaviors, intellect, and well-being. The significance of positive development during early childhood years for later educational achievement, successful interpersonal relatio...
Chapter
Early childhood care and education has become a subject of increasing public interest in a great number of countries and among several international organizations and foundations. The subject is on the agenda not only of many practitioners but also of economists, politicians and other stakeholders. In some countries, the heightened interest has con...
Chapter
The present research essentially makes four major contributions to the literature. Although numerous authors have investigated the effects of early childhood care and education on children's cognitive development, the results of more recent studies have not been reviewed systematically across national boundaries. The first contribution therefore pr...
Chapter
Early childhood care and education has become the subject of considerable debate and interest in both private and public sectors and the significance of early care and education to fostering children's early learning and development has been recognized widely. Across many countries, economic development and social change have transformed traditiona...
Article
Early childhood care and education has become a key issue in social science as well as in politics. In many countries, different actors increasingly use early childhood programs to tackle a variety of societal challenges. The studies collected in this book contribute theoretical and empirical dimensions to a body of research that has neglected a nu...
Article
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This study analysed the role of both sociocultural background and exposure to a crèche on children's development of cognitive competence in Switzerland. Data were derived from a survey on children's cognitive proficiency after enrolment to primary school. Correlations and multiple linear regressions indicate that crèche experience was not related t...
Article
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The historical trajectories of childcare institutions and of ideas pertaining to childcare show parallels in France and in the United States. Yet, the two countries differ considerably in regards to their approaches to childcare and to the use of childcare services. Relative to the French, American traditions of childcare have been underpinned by a...
Article
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Using data from a survey on cognitive proficiency levels of first graders in Switzerland (N = 1.830), this study analyzes (1) who has access to institutional childcare, (2) whether institutional childcare affects cognitive skills of children who differ in terms of socioeconomic status, home literacy, native country, and home language, and (3) how d...
Chapter
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In the first half of the 19th century, a new educational institution for young children emerged both in France and in the United States. The French salle d’asile and the American infant school shared important characteristics as schools for children from poor and working-class families. Yet while the new facilities gradually became firmly establish...
Article
A number of authors have investigated the impact of early childhood education and care programs on the development of children. Often they have focused on the effects on children from socio-economically disadvantaged families. To assess the effects of various preschool programs on cognitive development, recent key studies were reviewed. In addition...