# Karsten MatthiesUniversity of Bath | UB · Department of Mathematical Sciences

Karsten Matthies

PhD, Freie Universitat Berlin, 1999

## About

45

Publications

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352

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

September 2005 - present

September 2002 - August 2005

## Publications

Publications (45)

A linear Boltzmann equation is derived in the Boltzmann-Grad scaling for the deterministic dynamics of many interacting particles with random initial data. We study a Rayleigh gas where a tagged particle is undergoing hard-sphere collisions with background particles, which do not interact among each other. In the Boltzmann-Grad scaling, we derive t...

The dynamical stability of solitary lattice waves in non-integrable FPUT chains is a long-standing open problem and has been solved so far only in a certain asymptotic regime, namely by Friesecke and Pego for the KdV limit, in which the waves propagate with near sonic speed, have large wave length, and carry low energy. In this paper we derive a si...

Peridynamics describes the nonlinear interactions in spatially extended Hamiltonian systems by nonlocal integro-differential equations, which can be regarded as the natural generalization of lattice models. We prove the existence of solitary traveling waves for super-quadratic potentials by maximizing the potential energy subject to both a norm and...

We study the long-time behavior of symmetric solutions of the nonlinear Boltzmann equation and a closely related nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation. If the symmetry of the solutions corresponds to shear flows, the existence of stationary solutions can be ruled out because the energy is not conserved. After anisotropic rescaling, both equations conser...

We study the eigenvalue problem for a superlinear convolution operator in the special case of bilinear constitutive laws and establish the existence and uniqueness of a one-parameter family of nonlinear eigenfunctions under a topological shape constraint. Our proof uses a nonlinear change of scalar parameters and applies Krein-Rutmann arguments to...

We consider a two-dimensional, two-layer, incompressible, steady flow, with vorticity which is constant in each layer, in an infinite channel with rigid walls. The velocity is continuous across the interface, there is no surface tension or difference in density between the two layers, and the flow is inviscid. Unlike in previous studies, we conside...

This article includes a short survey of selected averaging and dimension reduction techniques for deterministic fast–slow systems. This survey includes, among others, classical techniques, such as the WKB approximation or the averaging method, as well as modern techniques, such as the GENERIC formalism. The main part of this article combines ideas...

A class of fast-slow Hamiltonian systems with potential Uɛ describing the interaction of non-ergodic fast and slow degrees of freedom is studied. The parameter ɛ indicates the typical timescale ratio of the fast and slow degrees of freedom. It is known that the Hamiltonian system converges for ɛ→0 to a homogenised Hamiltonian system. We study the s...

We study the eigenvalue problem for a superlinear convolution operator in the special case of bilinear constitutive laws and establish the existence and uniqueness of a one-parameter family of nonlinear eigenfunctions under a topological shape constraint. Our proof uses a nonlinear change of scalar parameters and applies Krein–Rutman arguments to a...

A class of fast-slow Hamiltonian systems with potential $U_\varepsilon$ describing the interaction of non-ergodic fast and slow degrees of freedom is studied. The parameter $\varepsilon$ indicates the typical time-scale ratio of the fast and slow degrees of freedom. It is known that the Hamiltonian system converges for $\varepsilon\to0$ to a homoge...

A system of ordinary differential equations describing the interaction of a fast and a slow particle is studied, where the interaction potential $U_\epsilon$ depends on a small parameter $\epsilon$. The parameter $\epsilon$ can be interpreted as the mass ratio of the two particles. For positive $\epsilon$, the equations of motion are Hamiltonian. I...

We study a class of nonlinear eigenvalue problems which involves a convolution operator as well as a superlinear nonlinearity. Our variational existence proof is based on constrained optimization and provides a one-parameter family of solutions with positive eigenvalues and unimodal eigenfunctions. We also discuss the decay properties and the numer...

Peridynamics describes the nonlinear interactions in spatially extended Hamiltonian systems by nonlocal integro-differential equations, which can be regarded as the natural generalization of lattice models. We prove the existence of solitary traveling waves for super-quadratic potentials by maximizing the potential energy subject to both a norm and...

We summarize some recent asymptotic results on the appoximation and the stability of high‐speed waves in FPUT chains.

We study the long-time behavior of symmetric solutions of the nonlinear Boltzmann equation and a closely related nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation. If the symmetry of the solutions corresponds to shear flows, the existence of stationary solutions can be ruled out because the energy is not conserved. After anisotropic rescaling both equations conserv...

A linear Boltzmann equation with nonautonomous collision operator is rigorously derived in the Boltzmann-Grad limit for the deterministic dynamics of a Rayleigh gas where a tagged particle is undergoing hard-sphere collisions with heterogeneously distributed background particles, which do not interact among each other. The validity of the linear Bo...

Recent asymptotic results in [12] provided detailed information on the shape of solitary high-energy travelling waves in FPU atomic chains. In this note we use and extend the methods to understand the linearisation of the travelling wave equation. We show that there are not any other zero eigenvalues than those created by the translation symmetry a...

Recent asymptotic results by the authors provided detailed information on the shape of solitary high-energy travelling waves in FPU atomic chains. In this note we use and extend the methods to understand the linearisation of the travelling wave equation. We show that there are not any other zero eigenvalues than those created by the translation sym...

We consider a cubic nonlinear wave equation with highly oscillating cubic coefficient and wave packet initial data. Using a regularization step of the initial data, we give a low regularity justification of the Nonlinear Schrödinger equation as the envelope equation.

It is well established that the solitary waves of FPU-type chains converge in
the high-energy limit to traveling waves of the hard-sphere model. In this
paper we establish improved asymptotic expressions for the wave profiles as
well as explicit formulas for the wave speed. The key step in our proofs is the
derivation of an asymptotic ODE for the a...

The existence of travelling wave type solutions is studied for a scalar reaction diffusion equation in R2 with a nonlinearity which depends periodically on the spatial variable. We treat the coefficient of the linear term as a parameter and we formulate the problem as an infinite spatial dynamical system. Using a centre manifold reduction we obtain...

Numerical solutions of a one dimensional model of screw dislocation walls (twist boundaries) are explored. The model is an exact reduction of the 3D system of partial differential equations of Field Dislocation Mechanics. It shares features of both Ginzburg-Landau (GL) type gradient flow equations as well as hyperbolic conservation laws, but is qua...

Phase transitions waves in atomic chains with double-well potential play a
fundamental role in materials science, but very little is known about their
mathematical properties. In particular, the only available results about waves
with large amplitudes concern chains with piecewise-quadratic pair potential.
In this paper we consider perturbations of...

This paper develops a method to rigorously show the validity of continuum de-scription for the deterministic dynamics of many interacting particles with random initial data. We consider a hard sphere flow where particles are removed after the first collision. A fixed number of particles is drawn randomly according to an initial density f 0 (u, v) d...

We consider an exact reduction of a model of Field Dislocation Mechanics to a scalar problem in one spatial dimension and investigate the existence of static and slow, rigidly moving single or collections of planar screw dislocation walls in this setting. Two classes of drag coefficient functions are considered, namely those with linear growth near...

This paper introduces a new method to show the validity of a continuum description for the deterministic dynamics of many interacting particles. Here the many-particle evolution is analyzed for a hard sphere flow with the addition that after a collision the collided particles are removed from the system. We consider random initial configurations wh...

The existence of several small planar traveling waves with arbi-trary direction of propagation is shown for two-dimensional cubic networks of oscillators with linear nearest-neighbor coupling. The analysis is based on a spatial dynamics reformulation of the relevant advance-delay equation. Whereas important aspects of the analysis are discontinuous...

A novel, rigorous approach to analyse the validity of continuum approximations for deterministic interacting particle systems is discussed. The focus is on the Boltzmann-Grad limit of ballistic annihilation, a topic which has has received considerable attention in the physics literature. In this situation, due to the deterministic nature of the evo...

We derive estimates on the magnitude of the interaction between a wide class of analytic partial differential equations and a high-frequency quasiperiodic oscillator. Assuming high reg-ularity of initial conditions, the equations are transformed to an uncoupled system of an infinite dimensional dynamical system and a linear quasiperiodic flow on a...

Reaction diffusion systems on cylindrical domains with terms that vary rapidly and periodically in the unbounded direction can be analyzed by averaging techniques. Here, using iterated normal form transformations and Gevrey regularity of bounded solutions, we prove a result on exponential averaging for such systems, i.e., we show that traveling wav...

Many partial differential equations with rapid spatial or temporal scales have effective descriptions which can be derived
by homogenisation or averaging. In this article we deal with examples, where quantitative estimates of the error is possible
for higher order homogenisation and averaging. In particular, we provide theorems, which allow homogen...

We consider the existence of stationary or pinned waves of reaction–diffusion equations in heterogeneous media. By combining averaging, homogenization and dynamical-systems techniques we prove under mild non-degeneracy conditions that if the heterogeneity is periodic with period ε, pinned solutions persist at most for intervals in parameter space w...

A problem of homogenization of a divergence-type second order uniformly elliptic operator is considered with arbitrary bounded rapidly oscillating periodic coefficients, either with periodic "outer" boundary conditions or in the whole space. It is proved that if the right-hand side is Gevrey regular (in particular, analytic), then by optimally trun...

We consider systems of semilinear elliptic equations on infinite cylinders, where is a nonlinear rapid periodic inhomogeneity in the unbounded direction. We transform the equation, such that the inhomogeneous term is exponentially small in the period of the inhomogeneity for bounded solutions. The results can be used to show that equilibrium soluti...

Homoclinic orbits of semilinear parabolic partial differential equations can split under time-periodic forcing as for ordinary differential equations. The stable and unstable manifold may intersect transverse at persisting homoclinic points. The size of the splitting is estimated to be exponentially small in the period of the forcing with ! 0. We e...

A numerical method for reaction–diffusion equations with analytic nonlinearity is presented, for which a rigorous backward error analysis is possible. We construct a modified equation, which describes the behavior of the full discretization scheme up to exponentially small errors in the step size. In the construction the numerical scheme is first e...

We derive estimates on the magnitude of non-adiabatic interac-tion between a Hamiltonian partial differential equation and a high-frequency nonlinear oscillator. Assuming spatial analyticity of the initial conditions, we show that the dynamics can be transformed to the uncoupled dynamics of an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system and an anharmon...

The existence of longitudinal solitary waves is shown for the Hamiltonian dynamics of a 2D elastic lattice of particles interacting via harmonic springs between nearest and next nearest neighbours. A contrasting nonexistence result for transversal solitary waves is given. The presence of the longitudinal waves is related to the two-dimensional geom...

A numerical method for reaction-diusion equations with analytic nonlinearity is presented, for which a backward error analysis is possible. We construct a modied equation, which describes the behaviour of the full discretisation scheme up to exponentially small errors in the step size. The construction is based on embedding into nonautonomous equat...

One-dimensional monatomic lattices with Hamiltonian are known to carry localized travelling wave solutions for generic nonlinear potentials V [Comm. Math. Phys. 161 (1994) 391]. In this paper we derive the asymptotic profile of these waves in the high-energy limit H→∞ for Lennard–Jones type interactions. The limit profile is proved to be a universa...

We derive estimates on the magnitude of non-adiabatic interaction between a Hamiltonian partial differential equation and a high-frequency nonlinear oscillator. Assuming spatial analyticity of the initial conditions, we show that the dynamics can be transformed to the uncoupled dynamics of an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system and an anharmoni...

The phases of a large class of parabolic partial differential equations with rapid time-periodic forcing can be separated up to exponential small errors. The originally nonautonomous equation is transformed such that the nonautonomous terms are exponentially small in the period h of the forcing. This is a counterpart for partial differential equati...

. We study the versal unfolding of a vector eld of codimension two, that has an algebraically double eigenvalue 0 in the linearisation of the origin and is equivariant under a representation of the symmetry group D 3 . A subshift of nite type is encountered near a clover of homoclinic orbits. The subshift encodes the itinerary along the three diere...

Reaction diusion systems on cylindrical domains with terms that vary rapidly and periodically in the unbounded direction can be analyzed by averaging techniques. Here, using iterated normal form transformations and Gevrey regularity of bounded solutions, we prove a result on exponential averaging for such systems, i.e., we show that traveling wave...