Karsten Grunewald

Karsten Grunewald
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development | IOER · Landscape Ecosystems and Biodiversity

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316
Publications
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Publications

Publications (316)
Article
In view of the increased frequency of heat events and their negative effects, principally in cities, many scholars and practitioners are focusing on ways of adapting to climate change. The urban population and, especially, vulnerable groups, are now being affected to such a degree that adaptation measures are deemed necessary. Clearly, the planning...
Article
Full-text available
In view of the increased frequency of heat events and their negative effects, principally in cities, many scholars and practitioners are focusing on ways of adapting to climate change. The urban population and, especially, vulnerable groups, are now being affected to such a degree that adaptation measures are deemed necessary. Clearly, the planning...
Article
Full-text available
The transdisciplinarity lies at the core of the ecosystem services (ES) field and provides a unique opportunity to develop scientific foundations of the concept and foster the integration of nature's values into governance processes. The article introduces the Special Issue that focuses on research integrating ES's biophysical, socio-cultural and e...
Article
Expectations of what forests and woodlands should provide vary among locations, stakeholder groups, and over time. Developing multifunctional forests requires understanding of the dynamic roles of traditions and cultural legacies in social-ecological systems at multiple levels and scales. Implementing policies about multifunctional forests requires...
Article
Durch die projizierte globale Erwärmung werden sich Hitzeextreme verschärfen. Vor allem in den Städten wird die Lebensqualität der Stadtbevölkerung unter sommerlichen Hitzewellen leiden. Im Projekt HeatResilientCity werden bewohnerorientierte Hitzeanpassungsmaßnahmen an Gebäuden und im städtischen Freiraum entwickelt und geprüft sowie Empfehlungen...
Article
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Globally, the process of urbanization is transforming land use and, as a consequence, reducing the efficiency of ecosystem services (ESs), which ensure a healthy and comfortable urban environment. In cities, green infrastructure (GI) is a key source of urban ESs. Russia is a highly urbanized country: 70% of its population live in towns or cities. A...
Chapter
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The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) together with the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) initiated the pilot project “Integration of ecosystems and ecosystem services (ES) into the Environmental-Economic Accounting”. An interdisciplinary team was set up involving experts from the Technisc...
Article
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Against the background of global problems such as climate change, biodiversity loss and marine pollution, political confrontation can frustrate joint action to the point of non-implementation of already reached agreements. Consequently, we consider the role that environmental policy transfer driven by non-governmental experts can play at an informa...
Article
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Russia’s ecosystems and ecosystem services (ES) are critical not only for the country’s economy and well-being of the people but also for maintaining biodiversity and biosphere regulation around the world. Thus, the introduction of ecosystem accounting in Russia is an urgent national and international goal to which the TEEB-Russia project is dedica...
Article
Urban green spaces and their ecosystem services (ES) are vital for the well-being and quality of life of growing urban populations. The concept of ES is a useful aid to urban planners and a major factor in the development of city districts in which local people have access to urban greenery and their services. Here we present a transferable method...
Article
Die Ökosystemleistung der Bestäubung wird insbesondere von wildlebenden Insektenpopulationen erbracht; diese sind jedoch durch den zunehmenden Verlust von Nist- und Nahrungshabitaten zurückgegangen. Um diese Lebensräume in Deutschland zu überwachen, haben wir einen Indikator für das Bestäubungspotenzial von solitären Wildbienen mit kleinem Flugbere...
Article
This paper presents a summary of lessons learned from implementing the ecosystem services (ES) approach into urban planning practice in different European urban settings. We summarise a survey co-created with, and presented to, researchers and end-users in city administrations from ten European case study cities. To complement the expert analysis,...
Article
Full-text available
Mangrove forests provide a large variety of ecosystem services (ES) to coastal societies. Using a case study focusing on the Ajuruteua peninsula in Northern Brazil and two ES, food provisioning (ES1) and global climate regulation (ES2), this paper proposes a new framework for quantifying and valuing mangrove ES and allow for their small-scale mappi...
Article
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The quality of life in our cities critically depends on the intelligent planning and shaping of urban living space, in particular urban nature. By providing a wide range of ecosystem services (ES), urban nature essentially contributes to the well-being of city dwellers and plays a major role in avoiding common diseases through its positive impact o...
Book
Full-text available
This report outlines the ecosystem accounting applications that have been presented in the Ecosystem Services World Conference in Hannover, Germany in 2019. Eight cases are summarized here; applications of ecosystem accounts in Europe, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Uganda, Bulgaria, Andalusia-Spain and Oslo-Norway. Most of these applications are...
Article
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The choice of suitable biodiversity assessment methods for practical purposes in city planning and decision-making is still a challenging problem. Despite the availability of a wide variety of methods for almost all dimensions of diversity (mainly species and habitat diversity, including spatial aspects), few of them have entered the practical ‘dai...
Article
Full-text available
Information on changes in the area of different ecosystems is needed in order to establish an accounting system for ecosystem conditions and services. Currently, there are no comprehensive field mappings for the German federal states that obey a uniform mapping system. To create a nationwide “ecosystem accounting”, it is necessary to develop a unif...
Chapter
Russian landscapes provide important ecosystem services (ES) of local, regional and global scale and are crucially important for the economy and people of the country. The Project TEEB-Russia is the first attempt at a nation-wide ES assessment in Russia. The result of the first phase of the project (2013–2015) was the “Prototype National Report on...
Poster
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Recent development (such as demographical changes, urbanization or climate change) has caused an increasing interest in the quality of life in cities. Ecosystem services (ES) provided by green and blue infrastructure (GBI) increase residents’ well-being and overall quality of life in cities. Recent studies showed people are aware of some of the ben...
Article
Our economic and social activities are constantly putting pressure on our ecosystems, changing their condition and their capacity to produce the services we desire in a sustainable manner. Against this background, the integration of ecosystems and their services in the national economic accounts seems necessary since it offers considerable potentia...
Article
The capacity to absorb and retain surface waters in the floodplain in case of floods and thus prevent or reduce threats to settlement areas through flooding is an important aspect among others within the ecosystem service “Regulation service of floodplains”. Two simplified indicators for measuring the potential flood retention in Germany are propos...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the question of how a sustainable urban development can be supported through simple measured quantities in the context of the specific provision of green space and open space. The specific provision of green space is analysed based on a combination of six indicators that describe, on the one hand, the access of inhabitants to g...
Article
This research reveals relationships between climate variables and inter-annual dynamics in the area of the glacieret located in the cirque Golemiya Kazan in the Pirin Mountains. The study period is 1993–2017. The correlations are identified using statistical methods. Also, a statistical model is constructed, including some climate variables as pred...
Article
Full-text available
Decision makers are increasingly interested in information from ecosystem services (ES) assessments. Scientists have for long recognised the importance of selecting appropriate indicators. Yet, while the amount and variety of indicators developed by scientists seems to increase continuously, the extent to which the indicators truly inform decision...
Article
The Project TEEB-Russia is the first attempt at a nation-wide assessment of ecosystem services (ES) in Russia. The result of the pilot phase of the project (2013–2015) was the “Prototype National Report on Ecosystem Services of Russia, Volume 1, Terrestrial Ecosystems Services”. A methodology for ES assessment was developed with allowance for the c...
Article
This study aimed to characterize the landscape sustainability in terms of landscape services (LS) provided in seven study areas with different characteristics located in Malopolska Province. The results of the qualitative categorization of LS using an assessment matrix were juxtaposed with the results of the quantitative assessment using indicators...
Chapter
The elements of the green infrastructure in the urban space represent habitats for numerous species and provide a high variety of ecosystem services. A clarification of the benefits urban residents gain from urban green spaces as well as control of urban green quality at the city and federal level are necessary to derive and pinpoint urban planning...
Chapter
In the context of ongoing urbanization processes and sustainable urban development, the aim is to capture, describe, and convey to various target groups the current significance, the values, and the potentials of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services. To seek sustainable pathways, the current developments and different approaches are to be stud...
Chapter
A conceptual approach for greener cities must always be based on recognized actual and expected challenges. A first reaction is to develop strategies to deal with these challenges. These strategies have to be conceptualized in clear, targeted concepts. This is the main idea of this chapter and of the book as a whole. Doing this for two very differe...
Chapter
In order to secure and create urban green space, actions need to be coordinated across different policy areas and between institutions and persons involved in sustainable urban development as well as on different subnational planning levels (regional level, city-wide level, district/site level). The implementation needs to be seen as a joint task b...
Book
The book aims to capture, describe and convey the current significance, the values and potentials of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services to scientists and professionals in the context of sustainable urban development and ongoing urbanization processes. Current developments, different approaches and future challenges in the competition of gree...
Article
Full-text available
The paper summarises the multiple benefits of urban green spaces for city dwellers and provides an overview of proximity approaches and common key parameters for green-space quantification in cities. We propose indicators for the assessment of the ecosystem service ‘recreation in the city’ on a national scale. The calculation procedure, which takes...
Article
Full-text available
Ecosystem services (ESs) are influenced by use intensity. Arising disparities between supply and demand are often depending on spatial relationships. We propose to classify the spatial relations into six cases with regard to the relocation of resources to the affected groups of people. Based on these six cases, the paper also identifies the human c...
Article
Gemäß Ziel 2, Maßnahme 5 der EU-Biodiversitätsstrategie 2020 sind die Mitgliedstaaten aufgefordert, den Zustand und die Leistungen der Ökosysteme auf nationaler Ebene zu bewerten und in die nationale Rechnungsführung zu integrieren. Eine derartige nationale Bestandsaufnahme ist für Deutschland neu. Dies erfordert einen indikatorbasierten Ansatz. Im...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of evidence suggests that processes of upward treeline expansion and shifts of vegetation zones may occur in response to climate change. Such shifts can be, however, limited by a variety of non-climatic factors, such as nutrient availability, soil conditions, landscape fragmentation, or species-specific traits, including dispersal ca...
Article
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The obligations of the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 are generating a need to create national maps and monitoring systems for the state of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) on the basis of indicators. The paper gives an overview of the ecosystem services indicators being developed for Germany in the context of ongoing research projects. Addi...
Article
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Global warming, land-use change, mass tourism and a deteriorating socio-economic situation pose serious threats to the sustainability of mountain areas. The future development of these areas could be an example of the Great Transition scenario. Based on iterative and collaborative discussions with 60 treeline experts, we (1) envisioned plausible fu...
Article
The National assessment of ecosystem services of Russia is an urgent task taking into account their key importance for maintaining the quality of life of the population and the regulation of biosphere processes. The purpose of the present paper is to propose a natural science methodology for evaluation supplied, demanded and consumed ecosystem serv...
Article
The Biodiversity Strategy of European Union demands a nationwide assessment and mapping of ecosystem services for all member countries by 2020. In order to fulfil the task, Germany has developed an indicator set for selected ecosystem services (ES) that comprises both supply and demand indicators representing the three main categories providing, re...
Article
Full-text available
The ecosystem service “regulatory service of floodplains” describes the ability of floodplains to retain surface waters in the case of flooding, contributing to the avoidance or mitigation of flooding of settlements. The study presents two simplified indicators for the measurement of the potential flood retention on federal level: on the one hand t...
Conference Paper
The paper introduce the Sino-German ‘Green Cities Study’. In the last decades China and Germany have experienced a rapid urbanization process caused by rural-urban migration flows, re-densification and population growth. Against this background current developments, different approaches and future challenges in the competition of green spaces and u...
Article
Full-text available
The concepts of resilience and ecosystem services broaden the opportunities for assessing sustainability of social-ecological systems (SESs). The lack of operational frameworks for assessing the resilient provision of ecosystem services by SESs impedes greater integration of resilience thinking in natural resource governance. The greatest challenge...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving social equity among local stakeholders should be a key objective for ecosystem service (ES) governance in Europe’s ecologically fragile treeline areas. The ES literature tends to be biased towards distributional equity and market-based instruments when assessing social equity of ES governance. In this study, we analyze a wide range of soc...
Article
Full-text available
In the light of ongoing global urbanization and the high pace of resource consumption, there is an urgent need to foster compact cities. Currently, however, we lack integrative guidelines on how to manage trade-offs between urban densification and the provision of green space. Against this background, this study applies the concepts of green infras...
Article
Full-text available
We present options for a National Ecosystem Assessment in Germany (NEA-DE) that could inform decision-makers on the state and trends of ecosystems and ecosystem services. Characterizing a NEA-DE, we argue that its cross-sectoral, integrative approach would have the advantages of increased scientific understanding, addressing specific policy questio...
Article
The ecosystem service “regulatory service of floodplains” describes the ability of floodplains to retain surface waters in the case of flooding, contributing to the avoidance or mitigation of flooding of settlements. The study presents two simplified indicators for the measurement of the potential flood retention on federal level: on the one hand t...
Article
Full-text available
Recreation is considered an important ecosystem services (ES) in urban woodlands and puts pressure on other ES. Visitor management strategies can be tools to safeguard biodiversity and ES. On-site data are necessary to evaluate the demand for outdoor recreation opportunities in urban woodlands, but also for providing more reliable values for moneti...
Article
Full-text available
Die Erfassung der fußläufigen Erreichbarkeit öffentlicher Grünflächen basiert zumeist auf einer Luftlini-endistanz zwischen potenziellen Nutzern und Grünfläche. Dabei wird beispielweise für die Approxima-tion der tatsächlichen fußläufigen Wegstrecke von 500 m eine Luftliniendistanz von 300 m angesetzt. Auf großer Maßstabsebene und bei entsprechende...
Article
Full-text available
Concept of national indicators for ecosystem services in Germany – Further development, types of classes and sheet of indicators Target 2, Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy stipulates that the member states will map and assess the state of the ecosystems and their services (ES) and promote the integration into the reporting systems at the EU...
Article
Full-text available
Die Erarbeitung von empirischen Grundlagen und Handlungszielen für „Grün in der Stadt“ stellt eine Basis für das Bemühen um eine nachhaltigere Stadtentwicklung dar, denn eine grün-blaue Infrastruktur macht einen Großteil der Lebensqualität in Städten aus. In diesem Kontext wurden Indikatoren für die Bewertung der Ökosystemleistung „Erholung in der...
Article
Full-text available
The development of empirical data and action goals for “Green in the City” represents a basis for the pursuit of a more sustainable urban development, as green and blue infrastructure significantly contributes to the quality of life in cities. In this context, indicators for assessing the ecosystem service “recreation in the city” were proposed and...
Article
The paper summarises the status of TEEB-related processes, and the national assessment of ecosystems and their services in Russia, as a preliminary result of the Russian-German project 'TEEBi-Russ: Valuation of Ecosystem Services (ES) in Russia, First Steps'. The planned structure of a prototype of a National Report on ES in Russia is presented. Ru...
Chapter
Full-text available
Maßnahme 5 der EU-Biodiversitätsstrategie sieht vor, dass die Mitgliedstaaten den Zustand der Ökosysteme und ihrer Leistungen (ÖSL) kartieren und bewerten sowie die Integration in die Berichtssysteme auf EU- und nationaler Ebene bis 2020 voranbringen. Im Rahmen eines aktuellen Forschungsprojektes werden von 2014 bis 2016 quantitative Werte für ausg...