Karlson James Hargroves

Karlson James Hargroves
Curtin University · Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP)

B.E.(Civil/Structural), PhD (Sustainability Transitions)

About

220
Publications
156,103
Reads
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1,866
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
865 Citations
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Introduction
Charlie is an experienced sustainable development researcher, strategist and author, and has co-authored 5 international books, numerous chapters and papers, and delivered over 50 keynote presentations and guest lectures. Charlie focuses on sustainable development in areas of transition theory, technology policy, capacity building, and behaviour change at Curtin University and the University of Adelaide. Charlie lives in Adelaide and he and his wife, Stacey, have two children, Grace and Tyson.
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
University of Adelaide
Position
  • Sustainable Development Fellow
January 2010 - present
Curtin University
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (220)
Article
Full-text available
The need for transit oriented development (TOD) around railway stations has been well accepted and continues to be needed in cities looking to regenerate both transit and urban development. Large parts of suburban areas remain without quality transit down main roads that are usually filled with traffic resulting in reduced urban value. The need to...
Preprint
The need for Transit Oriented Development (TOD) around railway stations has been well accepted and continues to be needed in cities looking to regenerate both transit and urban development. Large parts of suburban areas remain without quality transit down Main Roads which are usually filled with traffic resulting in reduced urban value. The need to...
Article
Full-text available
In an era of smart cities, planning support systems (PSS) offer the potential to harness the power of urban big data and support land-use and transport planning. PSS encapsulate data-driven modelling approaches for envisioning alternative future cities scenarios. They are widely available but have limited adoption in the planning profession (Russo,...
Chapter
As the world comes to grips with the need to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, a range of questions are being asked about how to effectively transition economies to low carbon operation over the coming decades. A growing number of pressures are now being felt across a range of sectors to reduce emissions, in particular carbon-related f...
Article
In the 21st century, much of the world will experience untold wealth and prosperity that could not be conceived only some three centuries before. However as with most, if not all, of the human civilizations, increases in prosperity have accumulated significant environmental impacts that threaten to result in environmentally induced economic decline...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider how biophilic urbanism complements and potentially enhances approaches for the built environment profession to holistically integrate nature into cities. Urban nature – also referred to as urban greening and green infrastructure – has increasingly been considered from many perspectives to address c...
Book
Factor Five has now, as of 2014, been translated into 6 languages - German, Russian, Chinese, Portuguese, Japanese, and French, with the Portugese translation in 2014. Sample of the book is freely available here. http://samples.sainsburysebooks.co.uk/9781136545801_sample_822240.pdf Abstract - When first published in 1997, Factor Four transformed...
Article
Full-text available
In the built environment sector, a range of innovations are delivering environmental improvements with mixed success worldwide. The authors of this paper argue that a more “disruptive” form of innovation is needed to bring about significant and systemic change within the sector. Critical to this transition is the development of new behaviours and v...
Article
Full-text available
m Contextual factors for sustainable development such as population growth, energy, and resource availability and consumption levels, food production yield, and growth in pollution, provide numerous complex and rapidly changing education and training requirements for a variety of professions including engineering. Furthermore, these requirements ma...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Decoupling technologies, opportunities and policy options This report was produced by the Decoupling Working Group of the International Resource Panel. It explores technological possibilities and opportunities for both developing and developed countries to accelerate decoupling and reap the environmental and economic benefits of increased resource...
Technical Report
Decoupling technologies, opportunities and policy options This report was produced by the Decoupling Working Group of the International Resource Panel. It explores technological possibilities and opportunities for both developing and developed countries to accelerate decoupling and reap the environmental and economic benefits of increased resource...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Decoupling technologies, opportunities and policy options This report was produced by the Decoupling Working Group of the International Resource Panel. It explores technological possibilities and opportunities for both developing and developed countries to accelerate decoupling and reap the environmental and economic benefits of increased resource...
Book
(Chapter 1: <http://www.naturaledgeproject.net/HEandSD.aspx>) Responding to the global and unprecedented challenge of capacity building for twenty-first century life, this book is a practical guide for tertiary education institutions to quickly and effectively renew the curriculum towards education for sustainable development. The book begins by ex...
Conference Paper
Road agencies face growing pressure to respond to a range of issues associated with climate change and the reliance on fossil fuels. A key part of this response will be to reduce the dependency on fossil fuel based energy (and the associated greenhouse gas emissions) of transport, both vehicles and infrastructure. This paper presents findings of in...
Chapter
In cities, people spend a significant portion of their time indoors, much of which is in office buildings. The quality and nature of these spaces have the potential to be a strong determinant of people’s health and wellbeing. There is a body of evidence that suggests experiences of nature increase the rate of attention recovery, reduce stress, depr...
Chapter
The cognitive benefits of biophilia have been studied quite extensively, dating as far back as the 1980s, while studies into economic benefits are still in their infancy. Recent research has attempted to quantify a number of economic returns on biophilic elements; however knowledge in this field is still ad hoc and highly variable. Many studies ack...
Book
Full-text available
Factor Five is the first book to show in detail how to improve the energy, water and resource efficiency of most systems and business sectors 50-80%. This is important to reduce energy and resource demand growth so that businesses and societies can transition to a low carbon future profitably and quickly. Factor Five has been translated into 6 la...
Chapter
Full-text available
At the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, there is unprecedented awareness of the need for a transformation in development, to meet the needs of the present while also preserving the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. However, within engineering, educators still tend to regard such development as an ‘aspect’ of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to present key findings from an inquiry into engineering accreditation and curricula renewal. The research attempted to ascertain conceptions of requisite sustainability themes among engineering academics and professionals. The paper also reflects on the potential role of professional engineering institutions (PEIs) in emb...
Data
Full-text available
The Australian Government’s Skills for the Carbon Challenge (SCC) initiative aims to accelerate industry and the education sectors response to climate change. As part of the SCC initiative, the Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIICCSRTE) provided funding to investigate the state of energy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Australia’s building stock includes many older commercial buildings with numerous factors that impact energy performance and indoor environment quality. The built environment industry has generally focused heavily on improving physical building design elements for greater energy efficiency (such as retrofits and environmental upgrades), however the...
Conference Paper
Urban design that harnesses natural features (such as green roofs and green walls) to improve design outcomes is gaining significant interest, particularly as there is growing evidence of links between human health and wellbeing, and contact with nature. The use of such natural features can provide many significant benefits, such as reduced urban h...
Conference Paper
Creating climate resilient, low-carbon urban environments and assets is a policy goal of many governments and city planners today, and an important issue for constructed asset owners. Stakeholders and decision makers in urban environments are also responding to growing evidence that cities need to increase their densities to reduce their footprint...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND There is a growing volume of open source ‘education material’ on energy efficiency now available however the Australian government has identified a need to increase the use of such materials in undergraduate engineering education. Furthermore, there is a reported need to rapidly equip engineering graduates with the capabilities in conduc...
Conference Paper
Globally, cities face a convergence of complex and rapidly evolving challenges, including climate change, resource shortages, population growth and urbanization, and financial pressures. Biophilic urbanism is an emerging design principle capable of considering the multidimensional and interdependent complexities of urban systems and infrastructure,...
Conference Paper
Providing mobility corridors for communities, enabling freight networks to transport goods and services, and a pathway for emergency services and disaster relief operations, roads are a vital component of our societal system. In the coming decades, a number of modern issues will face road agencies as a result of climate change, resource scarcity an...
Conference Paper
Built environment design around the world faces a number of 21st Century challenges such as rising urban heat island effect and rising pollution, which are further worsened by consequences of climate change and increasing urban populations. Such challenges have caused cities around the globe to investigate options that can help to significantly red...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural design features in the built environment or biophilic elements are emerging as a potential response to the challenges of climate change, urbanisation and population pressures which have invited issues such as rising urban heat island effect, rising pollution, increased congestion, among others. This concept of living cities was made popular...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses the Townsville City Council Dry Tropics Water Smart (DTWS) initiative, developed by TCC Integrated Sustainability Services (ISS) and Townsville Water, and informed by The University of Adelaide. The program draws on many years of experience by the TCC team to blend key community-based research approaches in order to develop thi...
Article
This book is more than just a 'palliative care' guide for the planet - it is about innovation, solutions, competitiveness and profitability. At work, at home and as members of society, our generation has an opportunity - to be part of the obligation - and an exciting solution in restoring the balance. The authors present a bold vision for the futur...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the results of a qualitative action-research inquiry into how a highly diverse cohort of post-graduate students could develop significant capacity in sustainable development within a single unit (course), in this case a compulsory component of four built environment masters programs. The method comprised applying threshold learn...
Chapter
Despite decades of attempts to embed sustainability within higher education, literature clearly suggests that highly regulated disciplines such as engineering have been relatively slow to incorporate sustainability knowledge and skill areas, and are generally poorly prepared to do so. With current efforts, it is plausible that sustainability could...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Efforts to reduce carbon emissions in the buildings sector have been focused on encouraging green design, construction and building operation; however, the business case is not very compelling if considering the energy cost savings alone. In recent years green building has been driven by a sense that it will improve the productivity of occupants,i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The design of society’s major infrastructure systems are generally based on anthropogenic learnings and seldom encapsulate learning from nature. This results from a pervading attitude of superiority of human-designed systems, particularly since the Industrial Revolution. Problems created by such behaviours have previously not been thought to presen...
Chapter
Engineering Your Future: An Australasian Guide, 2nd Edition, is the ideal textbook for undergraduate students beginning their engineering studies. Building on the success of the popular 1st edition, this new edition continues the strong and practical emphasis on skills that are essential for engineering problem-solving and design. Numerous topical...
Article
Efforts to improve the performance of commercial buildings have often focused on encouraging green design, construction and building operation; however, the business case is not very compelling if considering the energy cost savings alone. In recent years green building has been driven by a sense that it will improve the productivity of occupants,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Although road construction and use provides significant economic and social benefits, its environmental impact is of growing concern. Roads are one of the greatest greenhouse gas contributors, both directly through fossil energy consumed in mining, transporting, earthworks and paving work, and through the emissions from road use by vehicles. Furthe...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Biophilic urbanism, or urban design that reflects humanity’s innate need for nature, stands to make significant contributions to a range of national, state and local government policies related to climate change mitigation and adaptation, by investigating ways in which nature can be integrated into, around and on top of buildings. Potential benefit...
Conference Paper
‘Complexity’ is a term that is increasingly prevalent in conversations about building capacity for 21st Century professional engineers. Society is grappling with the urgent and challenging reality of accommodating seven billion people, meeting needs and innovating lifestyle improvements in ways that do not destroy atmospheric, biological and oceani...
Technical Report
In the coming decades the design, construction and maintenance of roads will face a range of new issues and as such will require a number of new approaches. In particular, road authorities will be required to consider and respond to a range of issues related to climate change, and associated extreme weather events, such as the extensive flooding in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Links between human health and wellbeing, and contact with nature are well understood in the fields of health and psychology, and more recently are gaining attention in the built environment industry. In 1984, E.O. Wilson coined the term ‘biophilia’ to describe the tendency for humans to have an innately emotional response to other living organisms...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The practice of road construction and maintenance is inherently lean and efficient; a result of the economic benefits that are gained by minimizing wasted resources. In this age of conservation and environmental management, the inbuilt sustainability of existing road construction practices is being developed and extended to produce variety of envir...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Roads and road infrastructure will be faced with multiple challenges over the coming decades – challenges that in many ways bear little resemblance to those previously faced - and as such will require new approaches. The opportunity exists to transform the way road infrastructure is conceived and constructed, as a key part of the process of assisti...
Article
The focus of this new book, Cents and Sustainability, is to respond to the call by Dr Gro Brundtland in the seminal book Our Common Future to achieve, 'a new era of economic growth - growth that is forceful and at the same time socially and environmentally sustainable'. With the 20th anniversary of Our Common Future in 2007, it is clearly time to r...
Article
Full-text available
As we face significant planetary issues such as global warming, ocean acidification, biodiversity loss and urban migration, it is clear that the engineering profession has a significant part to play in affecting the future of our planet. Australian engineer and incoming president to the World Federation of Engineering Organisations (WFEO) Barry Gre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Society faces an unprecedented global education challenge to equip professionals with the knowledge and skills to address emerging 21st Century challenges, spanning climate change mitigation through to adaptation measures to deal with issues such as temperature and sea level rise, and diminishing fresh water and fossil fuel reserves. This paper dis...
Conference Paper
According to the Australian Government, when combined with expected population growth and internal migration, expected changes in temperature and rainfall are expected to increase road maintenance costs by over 30 percent by 2100. This presents a significant future economic risk, in response, this paper will discuss the potential for roads to impro...
Technical Report
Efforts to reduce carbon emissions in the buildings sector have been focused on encouraging green design, construction and building operation; however, the business case is not very compelling if considering the energy cost savings alone. In recent years green building has been driven by a sense that it will improve the productivity of occupants,so...
Article
As government and industry grapple with 21st century challenges, building the capacity to look at complex problems through fresh eyes is critical. Full Paper available via QUT ePrints (http://eprints.qut.edu.au/view/person/Desha,_Cheryl.html)
Conference Paper
Literature from around the world clearly suggests that engineering education has been relatively slow to incorporate significant knowledge and skill areas, including the rapidly emerging area of sustainable development. Within this context, this paper presents the findings of research that questioned how engineering educators could consistently imp...
Conference Paper
Although road construction and use provides significant economic and social benefits its environmental impact is of growing concern. Roads are one of the greatest greenhouse gas contributors both directly through fossil energy consumed in mining, transporting, earthworks, and paving work, along with in-direct emissions from road use by vehicles. Th...
Article
Given the need for both short and long-term training for sustainability discussed in the first of this three-part series (ECOS 158, pp 22–24), it is clear that the vocational education and training sector will play a major role in building capacity for our nation over the next five years. Full Paper available via QUT ePrints (http://eprints.qut.ed...
Book
Full-text available
The focus of this new book, Cents and Sustainability, is to respond to the call by Dr Gro Brundtland in the seminal book Our Common Future to achieve, 'a new era of economic growth - growth that is forceful and at the same time socially and environmentally sustainable'. With the 30th anniversary of Our Common Future in 2017, it is clearly time to r...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter has discussed the need for urgent capacity building in the engineering profession in the area of energy efficiency, focusing on higher education institutions. We have considered the complexity of the issue within the higher education sector, where the problem is two-fold: energy efficiency knowledge and skills are not yet being taught;...
Article
This paper presents the method and results of a survey of 27 of the 33 Australian universities teaching engineering education in late 2007, undertaken by The Natural Edge Project (hosted by Griffith University and the Australian National University) and supported by the National Framework for Energy Efficiency. This survey aimed to ascertain the ex...
Book
Full-text available
When first published in 1997, Factor Four transformed how economists, policy makers, engineers, entrepreneurs and business leaders thought about innovation and wealth creation. Through examples from a wide range of industrial sectors, the authors demonstrated how technical innovation could cut resource use in half while doubling wealth. Now twelve...
Book
When first published in 1997, Factor Four transformed how economists, policy makers, engineers, entrepreneurs and business leaders thought about innovation and wealth creation. Through examples from a wide range of industrial sectors, the authors demonstrated how technical innovation could cut resource use in half while doubling wealth. Now twelve...
Chapter
Full-text available
The buildings sector is responsible for close to 40 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions; 1 hence achieving significant improvements in energy productivity in this sector is a critical component of enabling nations to achieve long-term goals for greenhouse gas stabilization. Also, buildings are responsible for 12 per cent of global water use...
Chapter
This lecture provides an overview of a variety of ways that schools and higher education institutions (HEIs) including universities and vocational education centres, can cost effectively achieve water savings. The lecture aims to highlight some of the key mechanisms being used in the school and HEI sectors, including web links to online resources.
Chapter
Full-text available
This lecture highlights experiences of water efficiency leaders in the hospital sector, to demonstrate the wide variety of ways that hospitals can achieve substantial water savings. The lecture highlights best practice case studies, and includes a list of government funding grant/loan programs in Australia which hospitals can access to help fund wa...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this lecture is to provide an overview of the opportunities to save water in mining operations. 1. Water is essential for a mining operation, and as it is involved in all stages of the process there are a range of opportunities to reduce its consumption, while protecting the supply and receiving natural systems.