Karl S. Williams

Karl S. Williams
University of Central Lancashire | UCLAN · Forensic and Applied Sciences

Professor

About

14
Publications
3,032
Reads
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64
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - present
University of Central Lancashire
Position
  • Dr Karl Scott Williams

Publications

Publications (14)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The global focus currently is on slowing down Covid-19 spread. Once many countries re-open for ‘business’, the ripple effect of Covid-19 on plastic pollution will be apparent but it may be too late and too overwhelming to respond. For example, tourism is an increasingly important sector to GDP contribution in Sri Lanka (12%). With new consumption p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The global impact of plastic pollution and its detrimental impact on both the environment and human health is widely acknowledged. Due to the global pandemic there is the added concern of COVID-19 contaminated plastic waste (CPW), adding further threats to human health. COVID-19 has impacted on how plastic is consumed worldwide. In the current cont...
Conference Paper
The current study was conducted to assess the types and amounts of plastic waste accumulated in the marine beaches and mangrove forest in Matara district, Southern Sri Lanka. Monitoring was conducted during October-November 2019 selecting five beach sites. The type and quantity of plastics accumulation in the sites were monitored in weekly interval...
Article
The EU's publication of the 2017 End-of-Life Vehicle Recycling and Recovery results reported that the UK failed to meet its targets. The Commission's data showed that the UK only achieved a rate of 94.1% falling short of the 95% target. The treatment of automotive shredder residue (ASR) using pyrolysis technologies offers a potential solution to th...
Article
The challenge for the automotive industry is how to ensure they adopt the circular economy when it comes to the disposal of end-of-life vehicles (ELV). According to the European Commission the UK achieved a total reuse and recovery rate of 88%. This is short of the revised ELV directive target of 95% materials recovery, which requires a minimum of...
Conference Paper
Landfilling has traditionally been the predominant waste management option in the developing world. Many of these landfill sites remain poorly managed which has led to serious negative impacts on human health and the local environment. Inadequate financing has been cited as one of the major barrier that makes it difficult for many landfill owners/o...
Conference Paper
ABSTRACT Landfills cannot be ignored after they have ceased to be operational because of biochemical processes, which continue to be active. These processes give rise to emissions to both air and water. Even after a site has been closed for a period of years, biochemical processes would not have decreased enough for the emissions not to have an imp...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to investigate the behaviour and attitudes of dog walkers to picking up and disposing of dog foul, with a specific focus on bagged dog waste. Two research methods were utilised. The first explores locational and social factors influencing dog walkers' behaviour in picking up and disposing of dog faeces. Dog waste audits were condu...
Chapter
The WEEE Directive states that mercury-containing backlights used in liquid crystal display (LCD) panels, are hazardous and must be removed. With little data available on the recycling techniques required for LCDs, the electronic waste management industry is uncertain as to the best practical environmental options for their treatment. The most appr...
Chapter
IntroductionUK fishing industryLife cycle assessmentCase study: Rainbow Seafood – EPS and PP fish boxesSystem designData acquisitionLife cycle inventoryLife cycle impact assessmentResults and recommendationsConclusions AcknowledgementReferences

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Both climate change and increasing urbanisation of European cities is making the management of rainwater and runoff a major challenge. The percentage of impermeable surface in the natural setting is < 10%; in cities it is >75%, only allowing an overall water infiltration of ~10%. This creates challenges for city planners such as: environmental risks of localised flooding, personal insecurity due to flood damage and considerable pollution of the natural environment. Europe is now facing more extreme weather with increased rainfall over shorter periods. One solution is the drainage from surface structures. However, the current use of permeable surfaces is rare, expensive to install and less resilient than impermeable ones. Many permeable surface generate economic activity that contributes to the depletion of natural resources (aggregates). This project aims to develop a solution to limit the environmental and carbon impacts by using a recycling waste product.
Project
Project MaCaW is an academic/industry collaboration designed to assist Lancashire SME’s to overcome the challenges and barriers in moving towards a low carbon economic model. Despite clear economic evidence for lowering carbon emissions, both a lack of information and clear financial guidance are preventing a large number of SMEs taking up these opportunities. There are approximately 38,500 qualifying SME in Lancashire many of whom will not engage in current initiatives around low carbon. These SMEs are reluctant for a number of legitimate business reasons. Many SMEs will cite lack of: business finance, time, research resources, ability to understand benefits from low carbon technologies. This group can be classed as “hard to reach” even though some may be engaging in other types of business support. The MaCaW project will make engagement with this group of SMEs possible