Karl Kropf

Karl Kropf
Oxford Brookes University · Faculty of Technology, Design and Environment

BA, MA, PhD

About

33
Publications
68,616
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1,125
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
922 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (33)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Preference and visual texture as a measure of performance: ar cula ng the principles of biophilia. Abstract There is growing evidence showing contact with nature has benefits for mental and physical health. Within the design community, evidence has been encapsulated in the concept of biophilic design. The underlying principle is that humans have ev...
Chapter
There has been a long-running debate within urban morphology around the ‘description-prescription’ problem. The central question is whether we can derive prescriptions for new development based on descriptions of existing and historic development. The debate is sharpened when we seek to make the descriptions provided by urban morphology more object...
Article
Full-text available
Further discussion of the plot or lot as an element of both built form and control or property. This is a follow-up to Kropf, K. (2018) ‘Plots, property and behaviour’, Urban Morphology 22, 5–14 and response to points raised by Scheer, B. (2018) ‘Toward a minimalist definition of the plot’, Urban Morphology 22, 162–3.
Chapter
There are many reasons why we might want to deepen our understanding of urban environments, from the often quoted fact that over half the global population now lives in cities to the seemingly inexorable spread of common building types across the globe and the attendant loss of diversity. Or still, there is the spectre of moribund town centres and...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last fifty years, research into street networks has gained prominence with a rapidly growing number of studies across disparate disciplines. These studies investigate a wide range of phenomena using a wealth of data and diverse analytical techniques. Starting within the fields of transport or infrastructure engineering, street networks hav...
Presentation
Full-text available
Cities concentrate intensive human activities requiring highly complex networked infrastructure for movement, public transport and myriad other spatial interactions. The planning and management of multi-modal street networks for diverse users therefore requires an understanding of urban layout beyond motorised vehicle networks as simple linear cond...
Article
Full-text available
There is a lack of clarity in urban morphology in the use of the terms ‘plot’ and ‘lot’. The complications arise in large part because these terms are used to refer to several things. Further ambiguities arise because the concept of property is not univocal, and the boundaries corresponding to the different meanings of plot do not necessarily coinc...
Chapter
As a taught subject, the interdisciplinary nature of urban morphology presents both challenges and advantages. One challenge lies in providing some kind of structure or ‘scaffold’ that can aid the student in bringing together the diverse strands of the subject. Conversely, addressing the very different backgrounds of students who come from differen...
Book
Conceived as a practical manual of morphological analysis, The Handbook of Urban Morphology focuses on the form, structure and evolution of human settlements – from villages to metropolitan regions. It is the first book in any language focused on specific, up-to-date ‘how-to’ guidance , with clear summaries of the central concepts, step-by-step ins...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper reports on theoretical research building on the work of Steadman, Marshall and others that examines in detail the basis for correlating the outputs of configurational analysis and urban tissue analysis. The aim of the research is to raise the yield of analysis when combining configurational and typo-morphological methods. A broader, overa...
Article
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Article
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A detailed critical analysis of the definitions of built form as used in urban morphology is reported. The overarching aim of the analysis was to establish a common reference point for examination of the different aspects of urban form in a given case and comparative study of cases from different times and places. Seminal works are examined in deta...
Article
review of [Evolution and urban form: staking out the ground for a more mature theory]
Article
Designing simulations for urban design not only requires explicit performance criteria of planning standards but a synthesis of implicit design objectives, that we will call ‘purpose rules’, with computational approaches. The former would at most lead to automation of the existing planning processes for speed and evaluation, the latter to an unders...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a survey of recent applications of urban morphology in the practice of urban design, conservation and planning. The aim of the survey is to illustrate how the tools of urban morphology, in particular the idea of urban tissue as a key, coordinating point of reference, can provide an essential foundation for understanding the stru...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity and complexity of human settlements is reflected in the range of ways we try to understand them. The richness of subject matter presented by cities has given rise to an equal richness in methods of investigation. Even within a single field such as urban morphology, there are different approaches with different terms of reference. The...
Article
Full-text available
Viewpoints of [Crisis in the typological process and the language of innovation and tradition K.S. Kropf]
Article
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Karl Kropf offers a morphological critique of an urban design sacred cow Urban Design 97 Winter 2006 pages 12-13 The perimeter block is one of the defining orthodoxies of current urban design wisdom. It has formed the core of urban design thinking for the past 30 years and has now been institutionalised in official guidance. It is held up as a defe...
Article
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This paper starts from the premise that urban morphology and process typology make use of a number of different, more or less explicit, quasi-evolutionary conceptions of change. The principal argument of the paper is that the evolutionary conceptions of change as used in these fields could be made more explicit, robust and broadly applicable if the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper was prompted by a very basic question. What is a plot? Or, to what does the term plot refer? The same questions apply, of course, to the term lot. There are both theoretical and methodological dimensions to these questions. On the one hand it raises the further question of what sort of description gives us the clearest picture of the for...
Article
Full-text available
The paper describes an approach to development control taken in France, bringing together the zoning system of planning and geographical and architectural studies of urban form. The approach addresses a number of issues, in particular the maintenance of the historical and regional character of towns, often eroded under systems of land‐use zoning. T...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with the question of identifying and describing the general and historical character of human settlements. Beginning with a brief overview of the subject, the paper examines some basic issues concerning the perception of character and its historical dimension, highlighting a number of fundamental principles. The central argu...
Article
Thesis (doctoral)--University of Birmingham, 1993.
Article
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Birmingham, 1993.

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This book is about the relation between scientific research and professional practice on the built environment. The physical form of cities is structured in different elements of urban form. Each of these elements, and the way they are combined into distinct patterns, is shaped by various agents and processes of change. Planning, urban design and architecture are practice-oriented activities that have a significant impact on these elements. Yet, this ‘action’ on the physical form if cities tends to be separated from scientific ‘knowledge’ on this complex object. In fact, none of these activities is strongly related to urban morphology, the science of urban form. There are many reasons for this gap. One of the reasons is the lack of significant examples of how the bridging process can happen. The book addresses this specific issue. It gathers a number of cases, developed in the last years in different geographical contexts – from Latin America to Eastern Asia – that exemplify how to move from scientific research to professional practice. Each case, or set of cases, is presented in one chapter. The first part of each chapter presents the morphological view of his/her author(s) on the process of city building; the second part exemplifies how this author moves from reading to design. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030664596
Project
The paper takes a primitivist view of the concept of property as a fundamental aspect of urban form. The aim is to explore the role of property and patterns of property boundaries in the formation and transformation of settlements, in particular the phenomenon of persistence and differential rates of change in the configuration of different elements.
Project
The book is intended as a practical manual of urban morphological analysis. It provides a guide to methods and techniques of analysis, working definitions, terms and concepts and approaches to interpretation. It also sets out a number of brief case studies of specific applications to illustrate how urban morphology is used in practice.