# Karl-Hermann NeebFriedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg | FAU · Department of Mathematics

Karl-Hermann Neeb

Prof. Dr.

## About

320

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Introduction

My present research interests are focussed around the
structure and representation theory of infinite-dimensional
Lie groups and supergroups. In particular I am interested in
unitary representations which show some semiboundedness
properties in the derived representation.

## Publications

Publications (320)

This article is part of an ongoing project aiming at the connections between causal structures on homogeneous spaces, Algebraic Quantum Field Theory, modular theory of operator algebras and unitary representations of Lie groups. In this article we concentrate on non-compactly causal symmetric spaces G/H. This class contains de Sitter space but also...

Let $$\alpha : {{\mathbb {R}}}\rightarrow \mathop {\textrm{Aut}}\nolimits (G)$$ α : R → Aut ( G ) define a continuous $${{\mathbb {R}}}$$ R -action on the topological group G . A unitary representation $$(\pi ^\flat ,\mathcal {H})$$ ( π ♭ , H ) of the extended group $$G^\flat := G \rtimes _\alpha {{\mathbb {R}}}$$ G ♭ : = G ⋊ α R is called a ground...

In this article we review our recent work on the causal structure of symmetric spaces and related geometric aspects of Algebraic Quantum Field Theory. Motivated by some general results on modular groups related to nets of von Neumann algebras,we focus on Euler elements of the Lie algebra, i.e., elements whose adjoint action defines a 3-grading. We...

Based on the construction provided in our paper “Covariant homogeneous nets of standard subspaces”, Comm Math Phys 386:305–358, (2021), we construct non-modular covariant one-particle nets on the two-dimensional de Sitter spacetime and on the three-dimensional Minkowski space.

In this article we discuss the interplay between causal structures of symmetric spaces and geometric aspects of Algebraic Quantum Field Theory (AQFT). The central focus is the set of Euler elements in a Lie algebra, i.e., elements whose adjoint action defines a 3-grading. In the first half of this article we survey the classification of reductive c...

An involutive diffeomorphism σ of a connected smooth manifold M is called dissecting if the complement of its fixed point set is not connected. Dissecting involutions on a complete Riemannian manifold are closely related to constructive quantum field theory through the work of Dimock and Jaffe/Ritter on the construction of reflection positive Hilbe...

Motivated by constructions in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory we introduce wedge domains in compactly causal symmetric spaces $M=G/H$, which includes in particular anti-de Sitter space in all dimensions and its coverings. Our wedge domains generalize Rindler wedges in Minkowski space. The key geometric structure we use is the modular flow on $M$ def...

This article is part of an ongoing project aiming at the connections between causal structures on homogeneous spaces, Algebraic Quantum Field Theory (AQFT), modular theory of operator algebras and unitary representations of Lie groups. In this article we concentrate on non-compactly causal symmetric space $G/H$. This class contains the de Sitter sp...

Based on the construction provided in our paper "Covariant homogeneous nets of standard subspaces", Comm. Math. Phys. 386 (2021), 305-358, we construct non-modular covariant one-particle nets on the two-dimensional de Sitter spacetime and on the three-dimensional Minkowski space.

We analyze reflection positive representations in terms of positive Hankel operators. This is motivated by the fact that positive Hankel operators are described in terms of their Carleson measures, whereas the compatibility condition between representations and reflection positive Hilbert spaces is quite intricate. This leads us to the concept of a...

In this note, we study in a finite dimensional Lie algebra $${\mathfrak g}$$ g the set of all those elements x for which the closed convex hull of the adjoint orbit contains no affine lines; this contains in particular elements whose adjoint orbits generates a pointed convex cone $$C_x$$ C x . Assuming that $${\mathfrak g}$$ g is admissible, i.e.,...

In this note we study in a finite dimensional Lie algebra ${\mathfrak g}$ the set of all those elements x for which the closed convex hull of the adjoint orbit contains no affine lines; this contains in particular elements whose adjoint orbits generates a pointed convex cone~$C_x$. Assuming that ${\mathfrak g}$ is admissible, i.e., contains a gener...

In this article we study standard subspaces of Hilbert spaces of vector-valued holomorphic functions on tube domains \(E + i C^0\), where \(C \subseteq E\) is a pointed generating cone invariant under \(e^{{{\mathbb {R}}}h}\) for some endomorphism \(h \in \mathop {\mathrm{End}}\nolimits (E)\), diagonalizable with the eigenvalues \(1,0,-1\) (general...

This is the first in a series of papers on projective positive energy representations of gauge groups. Let $\Xi \rightarrow M$ be a principal fiber bundle, and let $\Gamma_{c}(M,\mathrm{Ad}(\Xi))$ be the group of compactly supported (local) gauge transformations. If $P$ is a group of `space-time symmetries' acting on $\Xi\rightarrow M$, then a proj...

Let $\alpha : {\mathbb R} \to Aut(G)$ define a continuous ${\mathbb R}$-action on the topological group $G$. A unitary representation $\pi^\flat$ of the extended group $G^\flat := G \rtimes_\alpha {\mathbb R}$ is called a ground state representation if the unitary one-parameter group $\pi^\flat(e,t) = e^{itH}$ has a non-negative generator $H \geq 0...

Rindler wedges are fundamental localization regions in AQFT. They are determined by the one-parameter group of boost symmetries fixing the wedge. The algebraic canonical construction of the free field provided by Brunetti–Guido–Longo (BGL) arises from the wedge-boost identification, the BW property and the PCT Theorem. In this paper we generalize t...

Motivated by construction in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory we introduce wedge domains in compactly causal symmetric spaces M=G/H, which includes in particular anti de Sitter space in all dimensions and its coverings. Our wedge domains generalize Rindler wedges in Minkowski space. The key geometric structure we use is the modular flow on M defined...

Let G be a Lie group with Lie algebra g, h∈g an element for which the derivation ad h defines a 3-grading of g and τG an involutive automorphism of G inducing on g the involution eπiadh. We consider antiunitary representations (U,H) of the Lie group Gτ=G⋊{idG,τG} for which the positive cone CU={x∈g:−i∂U(x)≥0} and h span g. To a real subspace E⊆H−∞...

We analyze reflection positive representations in terms of positive Hankel operators. This is motivated by the fact that positive Hankel operators are described in terms of their Carleson measures, whereas the compatibility condition between representations and reflection positive Hilbert spaces is quite intricate. This leads us to the concept of a...

Let V \mathtt {V} be a standard subspace in the complex Hilbert space H \mathcal {H} and G G be a finite dimensional Lie group of unitary and antiunitary operators on H \mathcal {H} containing the modular group ( Δ V i t ) t ∈ R (\Delta _{\mathtt {V}}^{it})_{t \in \mathbb {R}} of V \mathtt {V} and the corresponding modular conjugation J V J_{\matht...

Rindler wedges are fundamental localization regions in AQFT. They are determined by the one-parameter group of boost symmetries fixing the wedge. The algebraic canonical construction of the free field provided by Brunetti-Guido-Longo (BGL) arises from the wedge-boost identification, the BW property and the PCT Theorem. In this paper we generalize t...

We analyze existence of crossed product constructions for singular group actions on C∗-algebras, i.e. where the group need not be locally compact, or the action need not be strongly continuous. This is specialized to the case where spectrum conditions are required for the implementing unitary groups in covariant representations. The existence of a...

Using a nonlinear version of the tautological bundle over Graßmannians, we construct a transgression map for differential characters from $M$ to the nonlinear Graßmannians $\mathrm{Gr}^S(M)$ of submanifolds of $M$ of a fixed type $S$. In particular, we obtain prequantum circle bundles of the nonlinear Graßmannian endowed with the Marsden-Weinstein...

We analyze existence of crossed product constructions of Lie group actions on C*-algebras which are singular. These are actions where the group need not be locally compact, or the action need not be strongly continuous. In particular, we consider the case where spectrum conditions are required for the implementing unitary group in covariant represe...

One of the core structures of algebraic quantum field theory, quantum statistical mechanics and the Tomita--Takesaki Modular Theory is that of a standard subspace V in a complex Hilbert space H, i.e., a closed real subspace such that V\cap iV=\{0\} and V + iV is dense in H. In this article we study standard subspaces of Hilbert spaces of vector-val...

Let G be a Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, $h \in \frak{g}$ an element for which the derivation ad(h) defines a 3-grading of $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\tau_G$ an involutive automorphism of G inducing on $\mathfrak{g}$ the involution $e^{\pi i ad(h)}$. We consider antiunitary representations $U$ of the Lie group $G_\tau = G \rtimes \{e,\tau_G\}...

Let $M$ be a manifold with a closed, integral $(k+1)$-form $\omega $, and let $G$ be a Fréchet–Lie group acting on $(M,\omega )$. As a generalization of the Kostant–Souriau extension for symplectic manifolds, we consider a canonical class of central extensions of ${\mathfrak{g}}$ by ${\mathbb{R}}$, indexed by $H^{k-1}(M,{\mathbb{R}})^*$. We show th...

Singular actions on C*-algebras are automorphic group actions on C*-algebras, where the group need not be locally compact, or the action need not be strongly continuous. We study the covariant representation theory of such actions. In the usual case of strongly continuous actions of locally compact groups on C*-algebras, this is done via crossed pr...

In this article we specialize a construction of a reflection positive Hilbert space due to Dimock and Jaffe–Ritter to the sphere Sn. We determine the resulting Osterwalder–Schrader Hilbert space, a construction that can be viewed as the step from euclidean to relativistic quantum field theory. We show that this process gives rise to an irreducible...

Let V be a standard subspace in the complex Hilbert space H and U : G \to U(H) be a unitary representation of a finite dimensional Lie group. We assume the existence of an element h in the Lie algebra of G such that U(exp th) is the modular group of V and that the modular involution J_V normalizes U(G). We want to determine the semigroup $S_V = \{...

For the Lie algebra $\g$ of a connected infinite-dimensional Lie group~$G$, there is a natural duality between so-called semi-equicontinuous weak-*-closed convex Ad^*(G)-invariant subsets of the dual space $\g'$ and Ad(G)-invariant lower semicontinuous positively homogeneous convex functions on open convex cones in $\g$. In this survey, we discuss...

We identify the universal central extension of g=A⊗k, where k is a finite dimensional perfect Lie superalgebra equipped with a nondegenerate homogeneous invariant supersymmetric bilinear form κ which is invariant under all derivations and A is a unital supercommutative associative (super)algebra.

In this article we specialize a construction of a reflection positive Hilbert space due to Dimock and Jaffe--Ritter to the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$. We determine the resulting Osterwalder--Schrader Hilbert space, a construction that can be viewed as the step from euclidean to relativistic quantum field theory. We show that this process gives rise to a...

An involutive diffeomorphism $\sigma$ of a connected smooth manifold $M$ is called dissecting if the complement of its fixed point set is not connected. Dissecting involutions on a complete Riemannian manifold are closely related to constructive quantum field theory through the work of Dimock and Jaffe/Ritter on the construction of reflection posit...

Let $M$ be a manifold with a closed, integral $(k+1)$-form $\omega$, and let $G$ be a Fr\'echet-Lie group acting on $(M,\omega)$. As a generalization of the Kostant-Souriau extension for symplectic manifolds, we consider a canonical class of central extensions of $\mathfrak{g}$ by $\mathbb{R}$, indexed by $H^{k-1}(M,\mathbb{R})^*$. We show that the...

Let $M \subseteq B(H)$ be a von Neumann algebra with a cyclic separating unit vector $\Omega$ and the modular objects $(\Delta, J)$ obtained from the Tomita--Takesaki Theorem. Further, let $G \subseteq U(H)$ be a finite dimensional Lie group of unitary operators fixing $\Omega$, containing the corresponding modular group $\Delta^{it}$ and invariant...

We analyze existence of crossed product constructions of Lie group actions on C^*-algebras which are singular. These are actions where the group need not be locally compact, or the action need not be strongly continuous. In particular, we consider the case where spectrum conditions are required for the implementing unitary group in covariant repres...

In this paper we study the Lie theoretic properties of a class of topological groups which carry a Banach manifold structure but whose multiplication is not smooth. If G and N are Banach–Lie groups and π : G → Aut(N) is a homomorphism defining a continuous action of G on N, then H := N ⋊π G is a Banach manifold with a topological group structure fo...

In this chapter we turn to the close relation between reflection positivity on the circle group \({\mathbb T}\) and the Kubo–Martin–Schwinger (KMS) condition for states of \(C^*\)-dynamical systems. Here a crucial point is a pure representation theoretic perspective on the KMS condition formulated as a property of form-valued positive definite func...

We now turn to representations of the Poincaré group corresponding to scalar generalized free fields and their euclidean realizations by representations of the euclidean motion group. We start in Sect. 8.1 with a brief discussion of Lorentz invariant measures on the forward light cone \(\overline{V_+}\) and turn in Sect. 8.2 to the corresponding un...

In this chapter we turn to operators on reflection positive (real or complex) Hilbert spaces and introduce the Osterwalder–Schrader transform to pass from operators on \(\mathscr {E}_{+}\) to operators on \(\widehat{\mathscr {E}}\) (Sect. 3.1). The objects represented in reflection positive Hilbert spaces \((\mathscr {E},\mathscr {E}_+,\theta )\) a...

After providing the conceptual framework for reflection positive representations in the preceding two chapters, we now turn to the fine points of reflection positivity on the additive group \((\mathbb {R},+)\). Although this Lie group is quite trivial, reflection positivity on the real line has many interesting facets and is therefore quite rich. W...

A central problem in the context of reflection positive representations of a symmetric Lie group \((G,\tau )\) on a reflection positive Hilbert space \((\mathscr {E},\mathscr {E}_+,\theta )\) is to construct on the associated Hilbert space \(\widehat{\mathscr {E}}\) a unitary representations of the 1-connected Lie group \(G^c\) with Lie algebra \({...

In this chapter we describe some recent generalizations of classical results by Klein and Landau [Kl78, KL75] concerning the interplay between reflection positivity and stochastic processes. Here the main step is the passage from the symmetric semigroup \(({\mathbb R},{\mathbb R}_+,-\mathop {\mathrm{id}}\nolimits _{\mathbb R})\) to more general tri...

In this chapter we discuss the basic framework of reflection positivity: reflection positive Hilbert spaces. These are triples \((\mathscr {E},\mathscr {E}_+, \theta )\), consisting of a Hilbert space \(\mathscr {E}\), a unitary involution \(\theta \) on \(\mathscr {E}\) and a closed subspace \(\mathscr {E}_+\) which is \(\theta \)-positive in the...

In this chapter we first introduce the concept of a distribution vector of a unitary representation (Sect. 7.1). It turns out that certain distribution vectors semi-invariant under a subgroup H correspond naturally to realizations of the representation in a Hilbert space of distributions on the homogeneous space G / H. In this context reflection po...

In this article we study the connection of fractional Brownian motion, representation theory and reflection positivity in quantum physics. We introduce and study reflection positivity for affine isometric actions of a Lie group on a Hilbert space ε and show in particular that fractional Brownian motion for Hurst index 0 < H ≤ 1/2 is reflection posi...

In this article we study the connection of fractional Brownian motion, representation theory and reflection positivity in quantum physics. We introduce and study reflection positivity for affine isometric actions of a Lie group on a Hilbert space E and show in particular that fractional Brownian motion for Hurst index 0<H\le 1/2 is reflection posit...

Refection Positivity is a central theme at the crossroads of Lie group representations, euclidean and abstract harmonic analysis, constructive quantum field theory, and stochastic processes. This book provides the first presentation of the representation theoretic aspects of Refection Positivity and discusses its connections to those different fiel...

We study functions f : (a,b) ---> R on open intervals in R with respect to various kinds of positive and negative definiteness conditions. We say that f is positive definite if the kernel f((x + y)/2) is positive definite. We call f negative definite if, for every h > 0, the function e^{-hf} is positive definite. Our first main result is a L\'evy--...

We prove several results asserting that the action of a Banach-Lie group on Hilbert spaces of holomorphic sections of a holomorphic Hilbert space bundle over a complex Banach manifold is multiplicity free. These results require the existence of compatible antiholomorphic bundle maps and certain multiplicity freeness assumptions for stabilizer group...

A closed real subspace V of a complex Hilbert space H is called standard if V ∩ iV = {0} and V + iV is dense in H. In this note we study several aspects of the geometry of the space Stand(H) of standard subspaces. In particular, we show that modular conjugations define the structure of a reflection space and that the modular automorphism groups ext...

Motivated by positive energy representations, we classify those continuous central extensions of the compactly supported gauge Lie algebra that are covariant under a 1-parameter group of transformations of the base manifold.

The proof of the main theorem of the paper [1] contains an error. We are grateful to Professor Ralf Meyer (Mathematisches Institut, Georg-August Universität Göttingen) for pointing out this mistake.

A closed real subspace V of a complex Hilbert space H is called standard if V intersects iV trivially and and V + i V is dense in H. In this note we study several aspects of the geometry of the space Stand(H) of standard subspaces. In particular, we show that modular conjugations define the structure of a reflection space and that the modular autom...

In this paper we determine the projective unitary representations of finite dimensional Lie supergroups whose underlying Lie superalgebra is $\frak{g} = A \otimes \frak{k}$, where $\frak{k}$ is a compact simple Lie superalgebra and $A$ is a supercommutative associative (super)algebra; the crucial case is when $A = \Lambda_s(\mathbb{R})$ is a Gra\ss...

Antiunitary representations of Lie groups take values in the group of unitary and antiunitary operators on a Hilbert space H. In quantum physics, antiunitary operators implement time inversion or a PCT symmetry, and in the modular theory of operator algebras they arise as modular conjugations from cyclic separating vectors of von Neumann algebras....

This is a sequel to our paper on nonlinear completely positive maps and dilation theory for real involutive algebras, where we have reduced all representation classification problems to the passage from a $C^*$-algebra ${\mathcal A}$ to its symmetric powers $S^n({\mathcal A})$, resp., to holomorphic representations of the multiplicative $*$-semigro...

In the present paper we continue our investigations of the representation theoretic side of reflection positivity by studying positive definite functions \psi on the additive group (R,+) satisfying a suitably defined KMS condition. These functions take values in the space Bil(V) of bilinear forms on a real vector space V. As in quantum statistical...

The irreducible unitary highest weight representations $(\pi_\lambda,\mathcal{H}_\lambda)$ of the group $U(\infty)$, which is the countable direct limit of the compact unitary groups $U(n)$, are classified by the orbits of the weights $\lambda \in \mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}}$ under the Weyl group $S_{(\mathbb{N})}$ of finite permutations. Here, we dete...

For a compact convex subset K with non-empty interior in a finite-dimensional vector space, let G be the group of all smooth diffeomorphisms of K which fix the boundary of K pointwise. We show that G is a C^0-regular infinite-dimensional Lie group. As a byproduct, we obtain results concerning solutions to ordinary differential equations on compact...

In this note we continue our investigations of the representation theoretic aspects of reflection positivity, also called Osterwalder--Schrader positivity. We explain how this concept relates to affine isometric actions on real Hilbert spaces and how this is connected with Gaussian processes with stationary increments.

For a smooth projective unitary representation (ρ,H) of a locally convex Lie group G, the projective space P(H∞) of smooth vectors is a locally convex Kähler manifold. We show that the action of G on P(H∞) is weakly Hamiltonian, and lifts to a Hamiltonian action of the central U(1)- extension G#
obtained from the projective representation. We ident...

In this note we collect several characterizations of unitary representations
$(\pi, \mathcal{H})$ of a finite dimensional Lie group $G$ which are trace
class, i.e., for each compactly supported smooth function $f$ on $G$, the
operator $\pi(f)$ is trace class. In particular we derive the new result that,
for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$, all operators $\...

A real seminormed involutive algebra is a real associative algebra \({\mathcal{A}}\) endowed with an involutive antiautomorphism * and a submultiplicative seminorm p with p(a*) = p(a) for \({a\in \mathcal{A}}\). Then \({\mathtt{ball}(\mathcal{A}, p) := \{ a \in \mathcal{A} \: p(a) < 1\}}\) is an involutive subsemigroup. For the case where \({\mathc...

A real Lie algebra with a compatible Hilbert space structure (in the sense
that the scalar product is invariant) is called a Hilbert-Lie algebra. Such Lie
algebras are natural infinite-dimensional analogues of the compact Lie
algebras; in particular, any infinite-dimensional simple Hilbert-Lie algebra
$\mathfrak{k}$ is of one of the four classical...

In this note we describe the recent progress in the classification of bounded
and semibounded representations of infinite dimensional Lie groups. We start
with a discussion of the semiboundedness condition and how the new concept of a
smoothing operator can be used to construct $C^*$-algebras (so called host
algebras) whose representations are in o...

For a smooth projective unitary representation of a locally convex Lie group
G, the projective space of smooth vectors is a locally convex Kaehler manifold.
We show that the action of G on this space is weakly Hamiltonian, and lifts to
a Hamiltonian action of the central U(1)-extension of G obtained from the
projective representation. We identify t...

Motivated by positive energy representations, we classify those continuous
central extensions of the compactly supported gauge Lie algebra that are
covariant under a 1-parameter group of transformations of the base manifold.

In physics reflection positivity is a bridge between euclidean quantum theory
and quantum field theory. In mathematics it is Cartan duality of symmetric Lie
groups and unitary representations. In this discussion causality is represented
by an involutive semigroup in $G$. We connect those ideas to stochastic
processes indexed by a Lie group emphasiz...

These notes grew out of an expose on M. Gromov's paper "Convex sets and
K\"ahler manifolds'' ("Advances in Differential Geometry and Topology,'' World
Scientific, 1990) at the DMV-Seminar on "Combinatorical Convex Geometry and
Toric Varieties'' in Blaubeuren in April `93. Gromov's paper deals with a proof
of Alexandrov--Fenchel type inequalities an...

The closest infinite dimensional relatives of compact Lie algebras are
Hilbert-Lie algebras, i.e. real Hilbert spaces with a Lie algebra structure for
which the scalar product is invariant. Locally affine Lie algebras (LALAs)
correspond to double extensions of (twisted) loop algebras over simple
Hilbert-Lie algebras $\mathfrak{k}$, also called affi...

Let $ \mathfrak {g}$ be a locally finite split simple complex Lie algebra of type $A_J$, $B_J$, $C_J,$ or $D_J$ and $ \mathfrak {h} \subseteq \mathfrak {g}$ be a splitting Cartan subalgebra. Fix $D \in {\rm der}(\mathfrak {g})$ with $ \mathfrak {h} \subseteq \ker D$ (a diagonal derivation). Then every unitary highest weight representation $(\rho _\...

For every finite dimensional Lie supergroup $(G,\mathfrak g)$, we define a
$C^*$-algebra $\mathcal A:=\mathcal A(G,\mathfrak g)$, and show that there
exists a canonical bijective correspondence between unitary representations of
$(G,\mathfrak g)$ and nondegenerate $*$-representations of $\mathcal A$. The
proof of existence of such a correspondence...

A host algebra of a (possibly infinite dimensional) Lie group $G$ is a
$C^*$-algebra whose representations are in one-to-one correspondence with
certain continuous unitary representations $\pi \colon G \to \U(\cH)$. In this
paper we present a new approach to host algebras for infinite dimensional Lie
groups which is based on smoothing operators, i....

In this survey, we report on the state of the art of some of the fundamental problems in the Lie theory of Lie groups modeled
on locally convex spaces, such as integrability of Lie algebras, integrability of Lie subalgebras to Lie subgroups, and integrability
of Lie algebra extensions to Lie group extensions. We further describe how regularity or l...

For an infinite dimensional Lie group $G$ modelled on a locally convex Lie
algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, we prove that every smooth projective unitary
representation of $G$ corresponds to a smooth linear unitary representation of
a Lie group extension $G^{\sharp}$ of $G$. (The main point is the smooth
structure on $G^{\sharp}$.) For infinite dimensional...

Let K→X be a smooth Lie algebra bundle over a σ-compact manifold X whose typical fiber is the compact Lie algebra k. We give a complete description of the irreducible bounded (i.e., norm continuous) unitary representations of the Fréchet–Lie algebra Γ(K) of all smooth sections of K, and of the LF-Lie algebra Γc(K) of compactly supported smooth sect...

In this note we characterize those unitary one-parameter groups U^c which
admit euclidean realizations in the sense that they are obtained by the
analytic continuation process corresponding to reflection positivity from a
unitary representation $U$ of the circle group. These are precisely the ones
for which there exists an anti-unitary involution $...

Motivated by the theory of unitary representations of finite dimensional Lie
supergroups, we describe those Lie superalgebras which have a faithful finite
dimensional unitary representation. We call these Lie superalgebras unitary.
This is achieved by describing the classification of real finite dimensional
compact simple Lie superalgebras, and ana...

In this article we show the integrability of two types of infinitesimally
unitary representations of a Banach-Lie algebra of the form g^c = h + i q which
is dual to the symmetric Banach-Lie algebra g = h + q with the involution
t(x+y) = x-y for x in h and y in q. The first class are smooth positive
definite kernels K on a locally convex manifold M...

We consider group actions of topological groups on C*-algebras of the types
which occur in many physics models. These are singular actions in the sense
that they need not be strongly continuous, or the group need not be locally
compact. We develop a "crossed product host" in analogy to the usual crossed
product for strongly continuous actions of lo...

We introduce a notion of a weak Poisson structure on a manifold $M$ modeled
on a locally convex space. This is done by specifying a Poisson bracket on a
subalgebra $\cA \subeq C^\infty(M)$ which has to satisfy a non-degeneracy
condition (the differentials of elements of $\cA$ separate tangent vectors) and
we postulate the existence of smooth Hamilt...

We give a complete classification of all positive energy unitary
representations of the Virasoro group. More precisely, we prove that every such
representation can be expressed in an essentially unique way as a direct
integral of irreducible highest weight representations.

Let $(\pi, \mathcal H)$ be a continuous unitary representation of the
(infinite dimensional) Lie group $G$ and $\gamma \: \mathbb R \to
\mathrm{Aut}(G)$ define a continuous action of $\mathbb R$ on $G$. Suppose that
$\pi^\#(g,t) = \pi(g) U_t$ defines a continuous unitary representation of the
semidirect product group $G \rtimes_\gamma \mathbb R$. T...

The concept of reflection positivity has its origins in the work of
Osterwalder--Schrader on constructive quantum field theory. It is a fundamental
tool to construct a relativistic quantum field theory as a unitary
representation of the Poincare group from a non-relativistic field theory as a
representation of the euclidean motion group. This is th...

In this paper we review and streamline some results of Kirillov, Olshanski
and Pickrell on unitary representations of the unitary group $\U(\cH)$ of a
real, complex or quaternionic separable Hilbert space and the subgroup
$\U_\infty(\cH)$, consisting of those unitary operators $g$ for which $g - \1$
is compact. The Kirillov--Olshanski theorem on th...

We give a complete description of the bounded (i.e. norm continuous) unitary
representations of the Fr\'echet-Lie algebra of all smooth sections, as well as
of the LF-Lie algebra of compactly supported smooth sections, of a smooth Lie
algebra bundle whose typical fiber is a compact Lie algebra. For the Lie
algebra of all sections, bounded unitary i...

The construction of an infinite tensor product of the C*-algebra C_0(R) is not obvious, because it is nonunital, and it has no nonzero projection. Based on a choice of an approximate identity, we construct here an infinite tensor product of C_0(R), denoted L_V. We use this to construct (partial) group algebras for the full continuous unitary repres...

The construction of an infinite tensor product of the C*-algebra C0(ℝ) is not obvious, because it is nonunital, and it has no nonzero projection. Based on a choice of an approximate identity, we construct here an infinite tensor product of C0(ℝ), denoted LV', and use it to find (partial) group algebras for the full continuous representation theory...

A locally convex Lie group G has the Trotter property if, for every x1, x2 ∈ g, holds uniformly on compact subsets of ℝ. All locally exponential Lie groups have this property, but also groups of automorphisms of principal bundles over compact smooth manifolds. A key result of the present article is that, if G has the Trotter property, π: G → GL(V)...

For a broad class of Fréchet-Lie supergroups \( \mathcal{G} \), we prove that there exists a correspondence between positive definite smooth (resp., analytic) superfunctions on \( \mathcal{G} \) and matrix coefficients of smooth (resp., analytic) unitary representations of the Harish-Chandra pair (G, \( \mathfrak{g} \)) associated to \( \mathcal{G}...