Karl Heinz Brisch

Karl Heinz Brisch
Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg · Institute for Early Life Care

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83
Publications
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687
Citations

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Die Psychoneuroimmunologie zeigt, dass Berührungs- und Bindungserfahrungen pränatal und in der frühen Kindheit unser Stresserleben und ‑verhalten bis ins hohe Alter „programmieren“. Infolgedessen leiden körperlich und seelisch traumatisierte Kinder später öfters unter entzündungsassoziierten Krankheiten und chronischen Schmerzen. Die Forschung bele...
Article
SAFE® is a primary prevention program to promote secure infant-parent attachment. SAFE explicitly addresses mothers and fathers. In this current first study, efficacy was assessed in a low-risk German sample using a randomized control trial with an active control intervention. A high rate of fathers’ participation was achieved: in SAFE 84.6% and in...
Article
Full-text available
Parents’ attachment representations and child–parent attachment have been shown to be associated, but these associations vary across populations (Verhage et al., 2016). The current study examined whether ecological factors may explain variability in the strength of intergenerational transmission of attachment, using individual participant data (IPD...
Article
Full-text available
Bindung gilt als ein motivational angelegtes, überlebenswichtiges Bedürfnis des Menschen. Man unterscheidet zwischen organisierten (sicheren und unsicheren) sowie desorganisierten Bindungsqualitäten. Zusätzlich können in den psychiatrischen Klassifikationssystemen klinisch verschiedene Typen von Bindungsstörungen unterschieden werden. Diese Bindung...
Article
This presentation describes the development of attachment between adopted children and their adoptive parents with a focus on the particular issues seen in international adoptions. The questions of settling in, trauma in the country of origin, and the motivations of the adoptive parents will be discussed. Diagnosis and various psychopathological ma...
Chapter
Eine Definition ist ausgesprochen schwierig, da es keine objektiv messbaren Maßstäbe oder Kennziffern gibt, ab welchem Ausmaß die Freude an der Motorik und die quirlige Lebendigkeit eines Kindes als »unnormal« bzw. über der Norm angesehen werden kann.
Chapter
Im Laufe der kindlichen Entwicklung müssen Kinder viele Ängste bewältigen. Ängste treten hierbei in allen Entwicklungsphasen auf, so im Säuglingsalter, im Kleinkindalter sowie im Schulalter und der Pubertät.
Article
Full-text available
Background. Criteria for the discharge of preterm infants from hospital are missing or vary considerably between hospitals in Germany. In Ulm, it is the policy to discharge preterm infants early, i. e. when they are able 1) to maintain the body temperature without exogenous heat, 2) to drink the calculated amount of milk, 3) to breath regularly wit...
Article
Frau K. berichtet, dass ihr Baby nachts aufwacht, von ihr gestillt wird, dann aber nicht mehr einschlafen kann und weint. Daher läuft sie jede Nacht stundenlang bis in die Morgenstunden mit ihrem Kind auf dem Arm durch die Wohnung, bis beide erschöpft auf der Couch einschlafen.
Article
In several non-randomised trials training with EPI-NO increased the rate of intact perineum and decreased episiotomy rates, shortened the second stage of labour and lowered use of pain killers. To verify the preliminary results with EPI-NO in a prospective randomised trial. Randomised, single-blind multicentre trial in four university hospitals in...
Article
Notwendige Grundlage für eine gesunde Entwicklung ist eine sichere emotionale Bindung des Kindes. Sie beginnt in der Schwangerschaft und entwickelt sich während der ersten Lebensjahre. Sie ist zeitlebens für neue Beziehungserfahrungen offen und veränderbar. Körperliche, sexuelle und emotionale Gewalt von Eltern gegenüber ihren Kindern sowie Vernach...
Article
Ultrasound is a widespread non-invasive method of prenatal diagnosis. The detection of fetal abnormalities can provoke anxiety, which needs coping. Anxiety and the coping process of pregnant women with different risk conditions for fetal abnormality were studied in a longitudinal design and compared with a non-risk control group of women with healt...
Article
Ultrasound is a widespread non-invasive method of prenatal diagnosis. The detection of fetal abnormalities can provoke anxiety, which needs coping. Anxiety and the coping process of pregnant women with different risk conditions for fetal abnormality were studied in a longitudinal design and compared with a non-risk control group of women with healt...
Article
Es werden die grundlegenden Voraussetzungen für eine sichere Bindungsentwicklung des Kindes sowie ihre Vorteile als Schutzfaktor für die kindliche Entwicklung dargestellt. Das desorganisierte Bindungsmuster sowie der Einfluss von traumatischen Erfahrungen des Kindes auf die Ausbildung von Bindungsstörungen als schwerwiegende Psychopathologie werden...
Article
Objective. To study the development of attachment in very low-birthweight preterm infants with respect to neurological development and maternal attachment representations. Design. Emotional development in a high-risk sample (N = 79) of very low-birthweight preterm infants (≤ 1,500 g) is reported. The quality of attachment in preterm infants was cla...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated how the birth of a very low birth weight preterm (VLBW) infant influences the mother–infant interaction at 3 months. We also focused on the impact of the infant's neurobiological risk and maternal anxiety, and their interaction. The comparison of the VLBW preterm sample (n = 79) with an external full-term sample (n =...
Article
Learning and social and emotional experiences have an impact on gene activity, and modify the growth and function of nerve cells. As a result, and depending on the interactive experiences within relationships, motoric, cognitive and emotional skills, as well as behavior of the infant are influenced. If the child fails to experience a dependable rel...
Article
The impact of previous stillbirth, miscarriage, or preterm delivery on anxiety in pregnant women in various subgroups at high risk for fetal abnormality in comparison with a nonrisk control group of women with healthy uncomplicated pregnancies was studied longitudinally. The level of anxiety in women (n ¼ 674) during early pregnancy was assessed by...
Article
Ultrasound is a widespread noninvasive method of prenatal diagnosis. The detection of fetal abnormalities can provoke anxiety, which needs coping. The coping process of pregnant women with different risk conditions for fetal abnormality were studied in a longitudinal design and compared with a nonrisk control group of women with healthy uncomplicat...
Article
The birth of a very small preterm infant (< or = 1500 grams) can be a traumatizing experience for many parents. A developmental risk model is presented that is the background to an early attachment-oriented preventive psychotherapeutic intervention. This comprehensive parent-centered intervention program is composed of supportive group psychotherap...
Article
Ultrasound is a safe and non-invasive method for early prenatal detection of foetal malformation. We studied longitudinally the state anxiety in pregnant women who were examined by ultrasound scanning for foetal abnormality. Different high-risk sub-groups were compared with a non-risk control group of women with healthy uncomplicated pregnancies. T...
Article
During the course of its first year of life, the infant develops a strong attachment to the person with whom it has most contact (usually the mother), to whom it turns for consolation when in pain, or protection when threatened. If the infant's bonding needs are not adequately met, rage, disappointment, or ambivalent feelings towards that person ma...
Article
Nach einer Einführung in die Konzepte der Bindungstheorie werden die Möglichkeiten einer Diagnostik von Bindungsstörungen in den vorhandenen Klassifikationssystemen (ICD, DSM) diskutiert. Es wird ein erweitertes diagnostisches System von Bindungsstörungen vorgestellt, das in der klinischen Anwendung eine Differenzierung ermöglicht. In der Pädiatrie...
Article
Full-text available
A randomized controlled pilot study was performed with a sample of extremely preterm infants to evaluate the impact of postnatal estradiol and progesterone replacement on postnatal bone mineral accretion. Twenty-five of 30 infants in the pilot study survived, and of these, 24 infants were available for the follow-up examination at a median chronolo...
Article
Apart from the structural differentiation of the body and its functions, the enlargement of the child's repertoire of possibilities to make experiences and to act is a manifestation of the development of the child's psychic structure which, advancing in years, may be considered as a treasure of all the experiences one has made with oneself, with th...
Article
After an introduction about the basic concepts of attachment theory the diagnostic classification systems ICD, DSM and ZERO TO THREE are reviewed for descriptions and diagnosis of attachment disorders. It is demonstrated how over the last few years attachment theory has been partly adopted in those diagnostic systems. In addition different types of...
Chapter
In dem vergangenen Jahrzehnt hat die Bezeichnung Tiefenpsychologie viel von ihrer Faszination verloren, weder im Lehrbuch der psychoanalytischen Therapie (Thomä u. Kächele 1996a,b) noch im Lehrbuch der Psychotherapie (Heigl-Evers et al. 1993) findet diese Bezeichnung im Sachverzeichnis ihren Niederschlag. Klinisch-therapeutisch hat international di...
Article
In the first part of this article we give a review of the basic concepts of attachment theory and summarize Bowlby's crucial thoughts about attachment. In the second part we introduce the traditional attachment methods with concrete cases. In this context we describe the transgenerational aspect of attachment and highlighten the bridge between infa...
Article
Nach einleitenden Anmerkungen über den Einfluß von psychosozialen Risikofaktoren auf die Entwicklung von Frühgeborenen werden die verschiedenen Ansätze von Interventionsprogrammen dargestellt. Durch Interventionen können unterschiedliche positive Effekte erzielt werden. Sie verbessern die kognitive Entwicklung der Kinder, verändern die elterliche W...
Article
Nach einer Einführung in die psychischen Belastungen von Eltern im Zusammenhang mit der Geburt eines sehr kleinen Frühgeborenen (≤ 1500 g) wird ein Risikoentwicklungsmodell erläutert, das als theoretische Basis für eine direkt nach der Geburt beginnende psychotherapeutische Intervention dient. Im Ulmer Modell nehmen Eltern an verschiedenen Interven...
Article
Bänziger, Hans Ulrich: 2010; Dr. Turmes, Luc: Bindung und Empathie. Von wechselseitigem Aufnehmen und spiegelndem Zurückgeben; Dr. Brisch, Karl Heinz: Bindungstheorie. Die Eltern-Kind-Symbiose; Prof. Dr. Gruen, Arno: Evolution. Liebe als entscheidender Entwicklungsfaktor; Dr. Waiblinger, Eva: Altruismus bei Tieren. Das Mitgefühl der Bonobos; Garsti...

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