Karin Markvica

Karin Markvica
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | ait · Center for Energy

MA DI Dr.

About

42
Publications
8,132
Reads
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132
Citations
Introduction
I am a researcher at the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology. My work focusses on human factors in passenger and freight transport, transport and spatial planning as well as stakeholder involvement methods.

Publications

Publications (42)
Preprint
Work routes are part of our everyday life and are therefore of particular importance for the realistic study and improvement of passenger transport systems. As the attitudes and needs of employees can vary significantly, it is challenging to include behaviour information in such studies. Therefore, it is necessary to illustrate the reaction pattern...
Article
Full-text available
A basic assumption of many scientific theories on the topic of decision making is rational behaviour. However, previous authors assume the existence of behavioural biases in freight transport which impede rational decision making. Hardly any research exists on behavioural biases in freight transport. To address this gap, we carry out a systematic l...
Presentation
Full-text available
COVID-19 has created new challenges for public transportation (PT). While being able to transport as many people as possible in a small space used to be an asset, proximity has become a problem in the wake of a viral disease pandemic. The lack of experience in Europe with pandemic situation management means that there is a strong need to analyse an...
Conference Paper
Automated mobility will affect traffic participants of all transport modes, including drivers and passengers of AVs as well as the ones travelling in non-automated and/or connected vehicles of the surrounding traffic in mixed flows, along with all other traffic participants. When it comes to the different levels of vehicle automation in semi- or fu...
Book
Full-text available
Diese Studie beschäftigte sich vor dem Hintergrund einer zunehmenden Automatisierung und Digitalisierung mit den sich abzeichnenden und kommenden Veränderungen in den für den österreichischen Mobilitätssektor relevanten Berufsbildern bis zum Jahr 2040, sowie den daraus resultierenden Chancen und Risiken für die Beschäftigung und Qualität der Arbeit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Challenged by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, public transport is suffering from low ridership and staggering economic losses. One of the factors which triggered such losses was the lack of prepared�ness among governments and public transport providers. The losses can be minimized if the passenger count can be predicted with a higher ac�curac...
Conference Paper
A basic assumption of many scientific theories on the topic of decision making is rational behavior. However, due to the low share of sustainable transport modes, rational decision making in freight mode choice based on measurable criteria (e.g. cost and emissions) must be questioned. Previous authors assume the existence of behavioural biases in f...
Article
Full-text available
The study uses the case of two regions with small and medium sized cities (Agder in Norway and the greater Innsbruck area in Austria) and two European capitals, Vienna and Oslo, to showcase the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on public transport ridership in northern and central Europe. The comprehensive timeline of actions taken by governments and...
Book
Full-text available
This report is an output from the CEDR Transnational Road Research Programme Call 2017: Collaborative Planning of Infrastructure Networks and Spatial Development. The research was funded by the CEDR members of Austria, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and UK.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We recently face an e-scooter hype in Europe. More and more e-scooter sharing offers are provided in cities and towns which are marketed as a last mile option. At the same time, a greater extent of private households has their own equipment. This trend is twofold as e-scooter offers not only provide benefits (e.g. in terms of accessibility) but als...
Conference Paper
The last few years have brought about a rapid change in transport infrastructure and transportation technology. It is assumed that the mobility sector will continue to develop dynamically in the future which poses a challenge for the European Transportation Network. So far, strategic plans (CEDR Action Plan and EU Policy) have been elaborated to en...
Conference Paper
The traffic system of urban areas is challenged by commuter traffic at peak periods. Especially motorized individual transport leads to congestion of the main transport axis and associated environmental and noise pollution. From a policy perspective, park-and-ride systems are necessary to ensure that commuters leave the car behind and cover at leas...
Book
Full-text available
Das Bundesministerium für Klimaschutz, Umwelt, Energie, Mobilität, Innovation und Technologie (kurz BMK) hat sich mit dem Aktionsplan Automatisierte Mobilität 2019-2022 zum Ziel gesetzt die Forschungs- und Innovationsaktivitäten im Bereich Mobilität in Österreich in einer Portfolioanalyse aufzuarbeiten. Diese Portfolioanalyse dient als Grundlage fü...
Article
Full-text available
Current transport policy objectives aiming to increase active mobility can solely be achieved by changing people's mobility behavior. To arouse interest and influence the decision process of the people, adequate information sources and services as well as appropriate incentives and motivation have to be used, but they have to be target-group specif...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: In terms of freight transportation it is essential to pick the most convenient mode(s) of transport (MOT). To get a more flexible system, one can assume that the number of transport options at each hub should be maximized. Therefore, it is investigated how a new hub concept comprising four MOT, a so-called “quattromodal freight hub”, can b...
Article
Full-text available
Changes made in urban street lighting not only influence peoples’ perception of public space but also affect mobility behavior. Even if current standards and regulations are addressed, lighting qualities vary widely depending on the technology used and the environment chosen for installation. Especially glare is a visual property that is not addres...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cycling with children is a sensitive topic since people tend to be more careful and risk aware when carrying younger children along on their bikes. The decision whether to cy-cle with children is not only affected by appropriate cycling infrastructure and proficien-cy on a bike, but also depends on the design of the vehicle, its comforts or restric...
Book
Full-text available
Diese F&E-Dienstleistung hatte das Ziel, aktuelle Rahmenbedingungen in der Gütermobilität für die Einführung des Konzepts "Linking Services" zu erheben. Dabei wurden vor allem Barrieren, Potenziale, aber auch nichtregulative Incentives für den Zugang zu Daten in der Transportwirtschaft und Logistik sowie Businessmodelle für die kooperative Daten- u...
Article
Full-text available
Population growth in cities and expanding city territory as well as population decline in rural areas pose a challenge for the existing transport network. Consequently, we observe a rapid change in transport infrastructure and transportation technology within the last few years. Due to novelty or differentness, it will initially be challenging to i...
Book
Full-text available
Im Rahmen dieser F&E-Dienstleistung wurden die Auswirkungen der Automatisierung auf den Straßengüterverkehr und Schienengüterverkehr und die Verteilung der Verkehrsleistung auf diese beiden Verkehrsträger anhand unterschiedlicher Szenarien bis 2045 abgeschätzt und darauf aufbauend sowohl forschungs-, technologie- und innovationspolitische als auch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Active forms of mobility are important when it comes to tackling environmental challenges, improving the quality of human health and reducing road-traffic congestion and overcrowding in public transportation. Measures such as an enhancement of infrastructure or promotion through campaigns are regularly informed by mobility surveys which cover demog...
Poster
Full-text available
Active forms of mobility are important when it comes to tackling environmental challenges, improving the quality of human health and reducing road-traffic congestion and overcrowding in public transportation. Measures such as an enhancement of infrastructure or promotion through campaigns are regularly informed by mobility surveys which cover demog...
Conference Paper
Light Emitting Diode (LED) technology promises a great energy saving potential and is therefore increasingly used for traffic areas or urban spaces, respectively. While many LED luminaires for street lighting meet the current standards, many light experts as well as the general public judge the lightings as glaring and visually uncomfortable. This...
Conference Paper
Population growth in cities and expanding city territory as well as population decline in rural areas pose a challenge for the existing transport network. As a consequence, we observe a rapid change in transport infrastructure and transportation technology within the last few years. The development of individually moving drones, for example, reache...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of innovative means of transport, like the Hyperloop concept, cargo drones and cargo zeppelins, into existing transport networks presents a challenge not only from a technological point of view, but also has various economic, social, and ecological impacts. Therefore, this work estimates regional impacts of a connection utilizing in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Wirkung von neuartigen Beleuchtungskonzepten auf das Mobilitätsverhalten von Personen: - Akzeptanz von LED-Beleuchtungssystemen im Straßenraum - Verhalten vor und auf Schutzwegen bei adaptiver Beleuchtung
Presentation
To involve citizens in the conception of mobility projects and services for an existing structure a multi-level participation approach was used. This resulted in input for the implementation capturing citizens’ requirements and needs as well as awareness for the topic.
Poster
Full-text available
Cycling with children is a sensitive topic since people tend to be more careful and risk aware when taking younger children along on their bikes. The decision whether to cycle with children is not only affected by the infrastructure and ability alone, but also depends on the design of the vehicle, the associated comfort or restrictions (e.g. due to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
European cities and regions strive for energy efficiency to meet the Europe 2020 goals on climate change and energy sustainability. At present, the transport sector is one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions due to the dependence on fossil fuels. The switch to renewable energies together with improvements in energy efficiency often caus...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we take stock of the findings from conceptual and empirical work on the role of transition initiatives for accelerating transitions as input for modeling acceleration dynamics. We applied the qualitative modeling approach of causal loop diagrams to capture the dynamics of a single transition initiative evolving within its regional...
Poster
Full-text available
The hyperloop technology represents a high-speed transportation system which allows carrying passengers as well as cargo in special capsules through tubes. The transport takes place at speeds up to 1220 kilometers per hour. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, an organization dealing with hyperloop projects, characterizes hyperloops as “the physi...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, the linkage of the four transportation modes, namely, road, rail, water and air on a quattro-modal freight hub is a low-priority issue with many uncertainties. The Austrian research project “Q4” focuses on this knowledge gap and on both potentials and limits of quattro-modal freight hubs. Therefore, the results of the Austrian research p...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting active mobility, i.e. walking and cycling, does not only require providing the adequate infrastructure. It is necessary to identify efficient ways to inform people and to arouse interest to actually change mobility behaviour. The challenge is to identify homogeneous (target) groups of shared mobility-related information needs and to extra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One crux of intermodal freight transportation is the ability to tranship goods from one mode of transport (MOT) towards another one. Typically, this is realised in bi- or trimodal hubs, i.e. hubs connecting two or three different MOT with each other. Talking of intermodal freight transportation these connected MOT are road, rail and/or (inland) nav...
Presentation
In this presentation, we take stock of the findings from conceptual and empirical work on the role of transition initiatives for accelerating transitions as input for modelling acceleration dynamics. To this end, we applied the qualitatively modelling approach of causal loop diagrams to capture the dynamics of a single transition initiative evolvin...
Presentation
Transition initiatives are becoming important drivers of sustainability transitions in city-regional (CR) contexts. However, too little is known about their potential impact on accelerating regional transitions as well as the interaction among them. The Multi Transition Initiative (MTI) Model is an agent-based simulation model that serves as a supp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Promoting the usage of low energy modes like walking and cycling requires devising both adequate information services and offers, but also appropriate incentives and motivations to arouse interest and actually change mobility behaviour. To develop persuasion strategies for different social groups, a milieu-based segmentation approach from market re...
Presentation
The presentation elaborates how the different kind of models can be used in participatory processes. Models include qualitative causal loop diagrams (CLDs) capturing the sphere of activity as well as region-specific characteristics of transition initiatives and a quantitative agent-based simulation model showing interactions between multiple transi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die Verknüpfung der vier Verkehrsträger Straße, Schiene, Wasserstraße und Luft an einem quattromodalen Güterverkehrsknoten ist derzeit noch ein Randthema mit vielen Unbekannten. Das österreichische Forschungsprojekt „Q4“ widmet sich dieser Wissenslücke und stellt das Potential sowie die Grenzen quattromodaler Knoten im Güterverkehr in den Fokus der...

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Projects

Projects (13)
Project
The project youth codes puts new awareness strategies of mobility concepts and peer learning approaches concerning various groups of adolescents to the test and evaluates these concepts. The possibility of using network analysis to identify and provoke “influencers” in the community and thus encourage young people to engage in discourses and discuss controversies is being examined. The aim is to circulate new trends and ideas and therefore to stimulate sustainable changes in behaviour and to jointly establish sustainable behavioural patterns according to their realities. To motivate and activate different types of adolescents, an online-offline peer concept will be developed, tested and optimised within the framework of the project.
Archived project
The aim of FX-Future eXperience is to pick up on trends in the digitization and autonomous vehicles and to develop new innovative information and interaction designs for a mobility assistant giving all user groups easy access to future mobility offers.
Archived project
Within the scope of the e-WALK project (recording the impact potentials of the everyday use of small electric vehicles for pedestrians), concrete measures are derived on the basis of the analysis of the necessary framework conditions on the supply and demand side as well as potential traffic effects, which promote the use of small electric vehicles to increase the modal shift to means of transport of the environmental alliance (active mobility, public transport).