Karin Helweg-Larsen

Karin Helweg-Larsen
University of Copenhagen · Department of Public Health

MD, MPH

About

160
Publications
18,454
Reads
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4,901
Citations
Introduction
Karin Helweg-Larsen currently works at the Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen. Karin does research in Quantitative Social Research. Their current project is 'Gender differences in sentences to forensic psychiatry'.
Additional affiliations
August 1996 - present
University of Copenhagen
Position
  • Adjoint ass.professor
August 1994 - March 2013
University of Southern Denmark
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Projectleader; research on gender differences in Health, morbidity and mortality; sudden infant death syndrome; gender-based violence; Adverse Childhood Experiences; suicide and other self-harm.
August 1994 - March 2013
National Institute of Public Health
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
July 1981 - November 1992
Sundhedsstyrelsen
Field of study
  • Public health and administrative medicine
August 1970 - June 1975
Sundhedsstyrelsen
Field of study
  • Human pathology and histiology
August 1959 - June 1966
University of Copenhagen
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
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Purpose To examine if occupational lifting assessed as cumulative years as a baggage handler is associated with first-time hospital diagnosis or treatment for low back disorders. Methods This study is based on the Copenhagen Airport Cohort consisting of male baggage handlers performing heavy lifting every day and a reference group of unskilled men...
Article
Aim: To investigate if ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebrovascular disease is associated with long-term occupational exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) outdoors at an airport. Methods and results: This is a register-based follow-up study based on a cohort comprising an exposed group of 6515 men employed in unskilled work at Copenhagen Ai...
Article
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Background The extent of post-mortem detection of specific psychoactive drugs may differ between countries, and may greatly influence the national death register’s classification of manner and cause of death. The main objective of the present study was to analyse the magnitude and pattern of post-mortem detection of various psychoactive substances...
Article
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Purpose Copenhagen Airport Cohort 1990–2012 presents a unique data source for studies of health effects of occupational exposure to air pollution (ultrafine particles) and manual baggage handling among airport employees. We describe the extent of information in the cohort and in the follow-up based on data linkage to the comprehensive Danish nation...
Article
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Background: There may be various reasons for differences in suicide rates between countries and over time within a country. One reason can be different registration practices. Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the present procedures for mortality and suicide registration in the three Scandinavian countries and to illust...
Book
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The extent of violence against women is currently hidden. How should violence be measured? How should research and new ways of thinking about violence improve its measurement? Could improved measurement change policy? The book is a guide to how the measurement of violence can be best achieved. It shows how to make femicide, rape, domestic violence,...
Article
Introduction Outdoor air pollution is associated with exacerbations of obstructive lung diseases, but the role of air pollution in the incidence of these diseases is unclear. At Copenhagen Airport a high number of particles have been measured especially on the apron at the terminal gates where many persons work with ground handling services. Aims...
Article
Introduction Particulate air pollution has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. At Copenhagen Airport high numbers of particles have been measured especially on the apron were employees are working. Aim To investigate whether occupational exposure to air pollution at Copenhagen Airport is associated with the risk of isch...
Article
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Meniscal lesions are common and may contribute to the development of knee arthrosis. A few case-control and cross-sectional studies have identified knee-straining work as risk factors for meniscal lesions, but exposure-response relations and the role of specific exposures are uncertain, and previous results may be sensitive to reporting and selecti...
Article
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Background National mortality statistics should be comparable between countries that use the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases. Distinguishing between manners of death, especially suicides and accidents, is a challenge. Knowledge about accidents is important in prevention of both accidents and suicides. The aim of...
Article
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Objective: Valid mortality statistics are important for healthcare planning and research. Suicides and accidents often present a challenge in the classification of the manner of death. The aim of this study was to analyse the reliability of the national suicide statistics by comparing the classification of suicide in the Scandinavian cause of deat...
Article
Objectives To assess ergonomic exposures in a historical cohort study on musculoskeletal disorders among baggage handlers using production statistics from the airport and the involved handling company. In historical cohort studies information on exposures is typically based on self-reports or assumptions of previous exposures. This may lead to misc...
Article
Objectives To investigate associations between heavy lifting and musculo-skeletal disorders in a group of baggage handlers. It is generally accepted that heavy lifting and lifting in kneeling and stooped positions are risk factors for musculo-skeletal disorders in the shoulders, knees and lower back region. However, the influence of magnitude and t...
Article
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Data from a number of different data sources can illustrate the magnitude and nature of violence against women. Some European countries have access to nationwide register data that complement the information obtained by surveys. Danish data on intimate partner violence (IPV) are presented to demonstrate how different data sources may complement eac...
Article
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Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between experienced physical violence and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by comparing self-reported health status for individuals with and without experience of physical violence. Our hypothesis was that individuals exposed to violence would experience worse HRQoL than non-exp...
Article
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To estimate the health service use over 9 years after the injury year for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injury (SCI) and pelvic fracture (PF), and compare with non-injured. A register-based cohort design with a 9-year follow-up period. The Danish population. The study included 434, 100 and 278 hospital-treated incident pat...
Article
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Occupational workload has been associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA), but only little research has been conducted among female workers. The objective of this study was to analyse if men and women in farming, construction or healthcare work have increased risk of developing OA of the hip or knee. A follow-up study based on registe...
Article
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To examine the rate of Internet victimization in a nationally representative sample of adolescents aged 14-17 and to analyze predictors and protective factors for victimization. Data were collected for 3707 pupils in Danish schools in 2008, using a multimedia computer-based self-interviewing programme. Family characteristics, alcohol and drug abuse...
Article
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International comparative analyses enable the identification of specific, national criminal problems and the assessment of the effects of national prevention strategies. We compare the prevalence and a number of background factors of adolescents' experiences of parental violence between Denmark and Finland based on school surveys conducted among ni...
Article
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To analyze mental health associations between youth's exposure to physical violence outside the home and at home, including witnessing domestic violence, and to describe gender differences in the associations. A multimedia computer-based survey among a nationally representative sample of 6,200 9th grade pupils included data on violence victimizatio...
Article
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Cause-specific mortality statistics is a valuable source for the identification of risk factors for poor public health. Since 1875, the National Board of Health has maintained the register covering all deaths among citizens dying in Denmark, and since 1970 has computerised individual records. Classification of cause(s) of deaths is done in accordan...
Article
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Introduction: The Danish Medical Birth Register has been used extensively in conjunction with other national registers to examine different aspects of socioeconomic differences in perinatal health outcomes. Here, we review some recent findings. Research topics: Socioeconomic differences were observed in stillbirth, preterm birth, birthweight, co...
Article
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Introduction: The Danish National Cohort Study (DANCOS) is a nationally representative public health survey based on linkage of information in the repeated Danish Health Interview surveys, 1986-2005, to the national Danish registers on health and welfare. It facilitates studies of self-reported health behaviour and utilisation of healthcare servic...
Article
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Introduction: Researchers in Denmark have unique possibilities of register-based research in relation to migration, ethnicity, and health. This review article outlines how these opportunities have been used, so far, by presenting a series of examples. Research topics: We selected six registers to highlight the process of how migrant study popula...
Article
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The aim of this study is to analyze the health care costs of violence against women. For the study, we used a register-based approach where we identified victims of violence and assessed their actual health care costs at individual level in a bottom-up analysis. Furthermore, we identified a reference population. We computed the attributable costs,...
Article
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To describe the characteristics of men and women exposed to physical violence, to identify risk factors for violence exposure and to quantify the attributable healthcare costs of violence. The Danish national health interview surveys of 2000 and 2005 included data on exposure to defined forms of physical violence over the last 12 months. Respondent...
Article
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Being the target of parental violent acts decreases child adjustment and increases the likelihood of mental health problems in childhood and adolescence. Our study analyses how different types of parental violence ranging from verbal threats and swearing to hitting and kicking a child, are associated with child adjustment, indicated by strengths an...
Article
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The aim of this study was twofold. Firstly we identified victims of violence in national registers and discussed strengths and weaknesses of this approach. Secondly we assessed the magnitude of violence and the characteristics of the victims using register-based data. We used three nationwide registers to identify victims of violence: The National...
Article
The purpose of the present investigation was to study the effect of delay in fixation on the mitotic activity in tumour tissue. A human osteogenic sarcoma, especially suitable for counting of mitoses, grown in athymic nude mice, was fixed with varying delay and the mitotic, prophase, metaphase and ana-telophase indices were determined. An almost ex...
Article
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To describe the prevalence of adolescents' exposure to different types of violence (at home and outside the home) and associations between severe violence and alcohol consumption, taking account of gender and the influence of other factors. A multimedia computer-based survey amongst a nationally representative sample of 9th grade pupils included co...
Article
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The present study investigates the prevalence of sexual victimization and correlations between sexual victimization and indicators of poor health in two representative samples of men and women in Denmark. Specifically, the authors explore the prevalence of self-reported victimization among adolescents (N = 5,829) and adults (N = 3,932) and analyze...
Article
Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. The effect on method-specific suicide rate and overall suicide rate of restrictions on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, and dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970 to 2000, overall suicide mortality and method-specific sui...
Article
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There is increasing focus on the gender perspective related to the consequences of collective violence. Women run a greater risk of being victims of sexual violence, but few studies have focused on gender differences with respect to physical violence, sexual violations and the impact on health. Further research is needed on these issues as well as...
Article
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To obtain current data about child sexual abuse in Denmark and to assess abused children's own perception of early sexual experiences, which are unlawful according to the Danish Penal Code. Multimedia computer-based self-administered questionnaires (CASI) were completed by a national representative sample of 15-16-y-olds. Child sexual abuse was def...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing focus on the gender perspective related to the consequences of collective violence. Women run a greater risk of being victims of sexual violence, but few studies have focused on gender differences with respect to physical violence, sexual violations and the impact on health. Further research is needed on these issues as well as...
Article
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Research on the health consequences of armed conflicts is still in its infancy. Systematic medical data collection among emergency department contacts at three hospitals in the occupied West Bank of Palestine showed that patients delayed by the Israeli occupation were more likely to be admitted to hospital than other patients. The occupation of Pal...
Article
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To assess the impact of restrictions in access to hospital services imposed on the civilian population during the armed conflict in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel. Consecutive registration of demographic and medical data, with information about transportation time, delay in access to hospital, and course of hospital contact. Three h...
Article
Only a few studies on the health status of ethnic minorities in Denmark have been carried out. These studies have shown a higher mental and physical morbidity rate and an increased prevalence of social problems among adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-reported health status of ethnic Danish youths and young first- and second-...
Article
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Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. All suicides in Denmark between 1970 and 2000 were examined with regard to method used for suicide. Overall suicide mortality and method-specific suicide mortality was compared with official information about availability of medical compou...
Article
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To describe different data sources that may illuminate the incidence and character of child sexual abuse (CSA) in Denmark in the late 1990s. Data concerning alleged sexual abuse of children below 15 years of age in the 1990s were retrieved from the Danish National Patient Register and the Danish National Criminal Register. In addition, all police f...
Article
The Danish National Cohort Study (DANCOS) is a registry-based follow-up database of four nationally representative Danish Health interview surveys conducted from 1987 to 2000. Information on morbidity and mortality was obtained for each subject included. The database contains information on 40,769 persons who attended 35,433 personal interviews, 3,...
Article
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To analyse gender differences in associations between physical violence and self rated health and self reported morbidity among a random sample of adults in Denmark. Two questions on self rated health and self reported morbidity respectively, were obtained from a cross sectional national health interview survey conducted among 12 028 adults (16 yea...
Article
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To explore ethical, legal and practical issues related to conducting a youth survey in Denmark on sexual experiences before the age of 15 and thereby achieve reliable data on child sexual abuse. The relevant authorities were consulted on possible legal and ethical objections. By a pilot study based on conventional self-administered questionnaires,...
Article
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The paper aims to explore what knowledge can be obtained about violence through population-based data and additionally, through inter-country comparisons of violence data. Data on lifetime and 12-month experiences of violence and/or severe threats of violence were obtained from self-administered questionnaires supplementary to nationwide, cross-sec...
Article
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A study was undertaken on implementing medical data collection as a tool to assess the relative number and character of intentional injuries before and during an armed conflict. Data on hospital contacts due to intentional injury were collected retrospectively at two hospitals in West Bank, Palestine, and classified by ICD10 and the new Internation...
Chapter
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Goal: The goal of this symposium is to identify ‘state-of-the-art’ strategies for the use of antipsychotic medications in the management of children and adolescents with major psychiatric disorders. Learning objectives: 1. Define pediatric populations for whom second-generation antipsychotics are indicated 2. Identify the role of second-generation...
Article
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We evaluated ethical constraints concerning youth surveys on child sexual abuse (CSA). We reviewed internationally published studies and Danish regulations concerning school-based surveys conducted without active parental consent. Ethical constraints concerning participants in youth community studies have been scantily assessed. Danish legislation...
Article
This study was designed to ascertain the prevalence, correlates, and psychological consequences of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in a Danish representative sample of more than 6,000 adolescents studied at age 15. METHOD: An anonymous computer assisted self interview (CASI) was employed, providing information on prevalence rates, types of abuse, ages...
Article
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This article gives an overview of a nationally representive public health research database in Denmark, the Danish National Cohort Study (DANCOS). DANCOS combines baseline data from health interview surveys with both pre- and post-baseline data from national health registries with date from a re-interview survey. As part of the national health inte...
Article
This article gives an overview of a nationally representative public health research datatbase in Denmark, the Danish National Cohort Study (DANCOS). DANCOS combines baseline data from health interview surveys with both pre- and post-baseline data from national health registries and with data from a re-interview survey. As part of the national heal...
Article
To assess the effect of vitamin supplementation on the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The analyses are based on data from the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study, a case-control study in which parents of SIDS victims in the Scandinavian countries were invited to participate together with parents of four matched controls between 1 Septem...
Article
This study set out to examine whether women victimized by domestic violence in a given year subsequently have more health problems measured by amount of hospital contacts due to disease than non-victimized women. A case control study was carried out, based on data in the Danish National Patient Register, which covers all hospital contacts, identifi...
Article
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To assess the effects of breast feeding habits on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The analyses are based on data from the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study, a case-control study in which parents of SIDS victims in the Scandinavian countries between 1 September 1992 and 31 August 1995 were invited to participate, each with parents of four match...
Article
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The purposes of the study were to analyse the lifetime prevalence of violence and sexual abuse among the Inuit in Greenland and to study the associations between health and having been the victim of violence or sexual abuse. Associations were studied with specific attention to possible differences between women and men. Further, response rates were...
Article
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The International Child Care Practices Study (ICCPS) has collected descriptive data from 21 centres in 17 countries. In this report, data are presented on the infant sleeping environment with the main focus being sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors (bedsharing and infant using a pillow) and protective factors (infant sharing a room wit...
Article
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From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, there was a significant rise in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Scandinavia. Following the risk reducing campaign, the incidence has fallen to about the same level as in 1973. To identify the changes that have occurred in the epidemiology of SIDS. We compared the Swedish part of the N...
Article
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The emphasis of this study is on the relative mortality of 45-74-year-old men and women in Denmark in 1943-92, following economic and political changes that have affected the social meaning of gender over the last 50 years, and which have diminished former sex differences in health behaviour. Sex ratios of total mortality and mortality from major n...
Article
At present, figures about the prevalence of violence against women in Denmark are based upon regional studies from emergency departments and national surveys that included a few questions about violence. In 1995/96, 0.2% of women aged 16-74 reported to have been exposed to domestic violence during the last 12 months, the highest rate was among sing...
Article
The objective was to study living conditions of infants and their families in Scandinavia in the 1990s and to assess similarities and differences among the three Scandinavian countries. The emphasis is on health and normality rather than on diseases and other deviations from well-being. The subjects are the 869 controls in the Nordic Epidemiologica...
Article
In 1875 registration of causes of death in Denmark was established by the National Board of Health, and annual statistics of death have since been published. Until 1970 the national statistics were based upon punched cards with data collected from the death certificates. Since then the register has been fully computerized and includes individual ba...