- SourceAvailable from: Karianne Fredenfeldt Lind[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper, we present novel bioactivity for barettin isolated from the marine sponge Geodia barretti. We found that barettin showed strong antioxidant activity in biochemical assays as well as in a lipid peroxidation cell assay. A de-brominated synthetic analogue of barettin did not show the same activity in the antioxidant cell assay, indicating that bromine is important for cellular activity. Barettin was also able to inhibit the secretion of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and TNFα from LPS-stimulated THP-1 cells. This combination of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities could indicate that barettin has an atheroprotective effect and may therefore be an interesting product to prevent development of atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: To date, there is no unequivocal opinion on whether human eosinophils express tissue factor (TF). Therefore, we studied the expression of TF protein and activity in resting or stimulated immunologically purified human eosinophils. By use of immunologic isolation, we achieved over 96% purity of eosinophil preparations, and contamination by CD14-positive cells was below 0.3%. Flow cytometric [fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)] analysis of eosinophils revealed no surface expression of TF antigen in resting or stimulated eosinophils. Immunoblotting of eosinophil lysates did not show any TF protein under resting or stimulated conditions. The lysates of resting or stimulated eosinophils contained no detectable levels of TF procoagulant activity. In contrast, monocytes, stimulated in plasma or medium, possessed readily detectable TF levels on the cell surface and in cell lysates as detected by FACS and immunoblotting. This was active TF antigen, as confirmed by TF activity assay (19.2 +/- 4.2 and 28.6 +/- 3.1 mU per 10(6) cells, stimulated in medium or plasma, respectively). We found no detectable TF mRNA levels in resting or stimulated eosinophils by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), whereas in monocytes TF mRNA levels were significantly increased after stimulation. Our data indicate that there is no evidence for TF expression in high-purity preparations of immunologically isolated eosinophils.