Kari Almendingen

Kari Almendingen
Oslo Metropolitan University · Department of Nursing and Health Promotion

Professor

About

63
Publications
6,208
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1,432
Citations

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
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Purpose: The main goal of interprofessional learning (IPL) is to help students from different professions develop a common understanding of how to work together in future interprofessional collaboration (IPC). When IPL courses are extended beyond healthcare study programmes to include students from education and social care study programmes, the c...
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Background: Health personnel had greater odds of contracting COVID-19 during its first wave in Norway, compared with all working-age individuals. Students in health care, but also in social care and teacher education programs may be exposed to the risk of being infected themselves and to infect others through their mandatory practical training. On...
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Introduction: Exposure to child maltreatment is a social and public health challenge that will require interprofessional collaboration to overcome. Evidence indicates that professional students in health, social care, and teacher education programs receive inadequate training in recognizing and responding to child maltreatment. The aims are to 1)...
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Introduction: Children who are "next of kin" (ie, sick/dying/addicted/imprisoned close relatives) are at increased risk for health consequences. Health professionals in Norway are required by law to help such children, and professional educations should focus on this issue. Aim: To assess the extent to which students attending health, social car...
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Information and communications technology (ICT) can impact student learning outcomes, and podcasts have opened new possibilities for assessment in interprofessional learning (IPL) by supporting collaborative learning, enhancing communication skills, promote group working and technology competence. Pre-service IPL may thus benefit from ICT to develo...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic lead to a sudden shift to online teaching and restricted campus access. Aim To assess how university students experienced the sudden shift to online teaching after closure of campus due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods Students in Public Health Nutrition answered questionnaires two and 12 weeks (N =...
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Introduction: Society's demands for better coordination of services for children are increasing. Interprofessional learning (IPL) has been suggested to achieve the triple aim of better services, better outcomes and reduced costs. The aims were to assess 1) to what extent students taking teacher education, health and social care programmes agreed t...
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Higher education students are considered to belong to a population susceptible to poor sleep health; however, there is a lack of broader evidence reviews. This systematic review aims to map out and categorize the existing literature related to higher education students and sleep. The present evidence map is based on a comprehensive systematic liter...
Article
Background: Interprofessional learning (IPL) research is mainly restricted to health students. The purpose of this study was to assess the IPL preparedness of students from health, social care, and teacher education programs.
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Background: The purpose of this study was to assess learning outcomes and student satisfaction after participating in a large-scale interprofessional (IPL) blended learning course.Methods and findings: In this cross-sectional study, students from health, social care, and teacher education programs completed two questionnaires. The majority were sat...
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Although plant-based diets provide well-established physical and environmental health benefits, omitting meat or meat products has also been associated with a risk of being deficient in specific nutrients, such as iron. As data on the iron status among Norwegian vegans, vegetarians and pescatarians are lacking, the present study aimed to assess iro...
Article
Background: Interprofessional learning (IPL) research is mainly restricted to health students. The purpose of this study was to assess the IPL preparedness of students from health, social care, and teacher education programs.Methods and findings: This project comprised an exploratory cross-sectionalstudy and online questionnaire. Of the 221 student...
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Objectives Inspired by the James Lind Alliance (JLA) user involvement approach, the aim of the present study was to identify the top 10 uncertainties for sleep research raised by students in higher education, and to discuss our experiences with adapting the JLA method to a student population. Design The study design is a pragmatic JLA approach, in...
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Aim The purpose of this study was to explore how patients with diabetes and multimorbidity experience self-management support by general practitioners (GPs), nurses and medical secretaries in Norwegian general practice. Background Self-management support is recognised as an important strategy to improve the autonomy and well-being of patients with...
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This was a validation study of the Norwegian version of The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS). ICCAS consists of 20 retrospective pre- and post-questions, where respondents rate their agreement with regard to self-assessed competencies after participating in interprofessional education courses. It has been validat...
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Aims To examine reliability of the screening data collected by nursing students. Furthermore, to examine students’ evaluations of participation in nutritional screening of older hospitalized patients. Background In cross‐sectional study on nutritional risk and care in older hospitalized patients the prevalence for undernutrition was 45%, a finding...
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Objective: To explore the experiences of general practitioners (GPs), nurses and medical secretaries in providing multi-professional diabetes care and their perceptions of professional roles. Design, setting and subjects: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six GPs, three nurses and two medical secretaries from five purposively sampled d...
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This article assesses nutritional care in identifying and treating nutritional risk in elderly hospitalized patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large Norwegian University hospital in the period 2011 to 2013. Data on nutritional risk and care for elderly patients (≥70 years) without dementia were collected at 20 wards by 173 second-...
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Background Nutritional care is a basic human right for all people. Nevertheless, undernourishment is known to be a frequent and serious health care problem among elderly hospitalized patients in Western Europe. Nutritional documentation contributes to ensuring proper nutritional treatment and care. Only a few studies have explored how nurses docume...
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There is a lack of accurate prevalence data on undernutrition and the risk of undernutrition among the hospitalised elderly in Europe and Norway. We aimed at estimating the prevalence of nutritional risk by using stratified sampling along with adequate power calculations. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the period 2011 to 2013 at a unive...
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Aims and objectivesTo identify what nurses experience as barriers to ensuring adequate nutritional care for the undernourished hospitalized elderly.Background Undernutrition occurs frequently among the hospitalised elderly and can result in a variety of negative consequences if not treated. Nevertheless, undernutrition is often unrecognised and und...
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Intake of trans fatty acids from hydrogenated fish oils has been related to increased risk of coronary heart diseases. The possible effect on colorectal carcinogenesis is unclear. Multiple intestinal neoplasia (Min/+) mice were fed one of four experimental diets: either raw fish oil (FO), low (LHFO)-, high (HHFO)- or fully-hydrogenated fish oil (FF...
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Fatty acid metabolism is altered in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to investigate incorporation of dietary n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) into plasma phospholipids (PLs), tumour tissue, and normal mucosa in young CRC patients. We also aimed to study differences in PUFA composition between tumour and normal mucosa, and PUFA statu...
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Background: Both malnutrition and obesity are related to worsened post-operative outcomes after colorectal surgery. Obese cancer patients may be malnourished as a result of short-term weight loss. The present study aimed to evaluate preoperative nutritional status, body composition and dietary intake related to post-operative complications (POC) a...
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Intake of fish and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids is associated with a reduced concentration of plasma triacylglycerols (TAG) but the mechanisms are not fully clarified. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) activity, governing TAG synthesis, is affected by n-3 fatty acids. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) display expression of genes involved in lip...
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The aim of the present study was to compare body fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) estimates by bioelectric impedance spectroscopy (BIS), with respective estimates by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), in obese and non-obese subjects. Body composition was measured in ninety-three obese and non-obese men and women by BIS device, BodyScout (...
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Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) provides a model for sporadic colorectal cancer development. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition may ameliorate polyp development, but rofecoxib was withdrawn due to cardiovascular side effects. Although this selective COX-2 inhibitor, like diet, may alter the fatty acid and eicosanoid pattern, data on the potential...
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A few familial adenomatous polyposis studies have focused upon faecal sterols and bile acids but none has analysed the fecal content of fatty acids. We report here findings of an observational study on 29 colectomized familial adenomatous polyposis patients that describe the fecal content of fatty acids, and relate this to the proportions of fatty...
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Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are colectomized in young age in order to avoid development of colorectal cancer. Because colectomy radically changes gastrointestinal physiology, and food avoidance may be present, colectomized patients may be at risk for nutritional deficiency. to evaluate: (1) serum biochemical levels as compare...
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A potential downside of colorectal cancer screening is that a "health certificate effect" might have negative effects on lifestyle. The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate lifestyle changes in a group of individuals offered flexible sigmoidoscopy screening compared with a control group and also in relation to screening ou...
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Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) provides a model of APC inactivation as an early genetic event for the approximately 85% of colorectal cancers that develop from polyps. Abnormal fatty acid composition of tissues and serum phospholipids has been linked to cancer risk. Our aim was to describe the composition of fatty acids in serum phospholipids...
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate to what extent lifestyle-related variables predict participation for flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening when the compliance is relatively high. During 2001, a randomized sample of 6961 men and women, born between 1946 and 1950, were invited to have a flexible sigmoidoscopy screening examination. Atten...
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Lifestyle is a well-established risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) and is also found to be associated with occurrence of adenomas. In the present study we evaluated risk factors for both low-risk adenomas and advanced neoplasia in asymptomatic individuals using a single-paged questionnaire. Aiming to see if the questionnaire was a useful tool...
Data
The additional file is a word file (name Appendix), in which all questions and reply options, used in this study, are summarised.
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Enhanced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is associated with carcinogenesis, ischemia, angiogenesis, inflammation, and neurodegeneration. The preventing effect of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is partly due to inhibition of the COX-2 enzyme. Fruit and vegetables (FVs) contain numerous compounds that may decrease disease risk b...
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Diet has been associated with sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. The relationship to the growth rate of adenomas is largely unknown. Previous analyses of our cohort of polyp cases have shown 1) indicators of a healthy diet were inversely associated with adenoma occurrence, 2) diet was related to the fecal profile, 3) obesity was positively asso...
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Familial history of colorectal cancer (FHCRC) is a recognised risk factor for sporadic CRC. The relationship to the growth rate of adenomas is largely unknown. Lifestyle related factors, which may also cluster in families, are also recognised risk factors for adenomas and CRC. To study the relationships between FHCRC and family history of other can...
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Lifestyle-related variables are suggested to play a major role in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Within a 3-year follow-up and intervention study with calcium and antioxidants against growth and recurrence of colorectal polyps, supplementary studies were performed in which different aspects of lifestyle were examined. Instead of polype...
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Alcohol has been suggested as a promoter in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Our aim was to examine if alcohol intake was related to the presence and growth of colorectal adenomas <9 mm followed up in situ for 3 years. We compared 87 adenoma cases to 35 'hospital' and 35 healthy controls (age- and sex-matched and proven to be polyp-free)...
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High intake of fat and a low intake of foods rich in antioxidants and fibre are suggested to be associated with risk of colorectal adenomas. Inconsistency may, however, be due to dietary assessment problems or differences in the identification of cases and controls. We have compared 87 adenoma cases aged 50-76 years with 35 healthy controls and 35...
Article
OBJECTIVE:Obesity is an increasing problem for industrialized nations. The incidence of colorectal cancer has also risen during the last decades. However, information is scarce about the association between the colorectal cancer precursors, adenomatous polyps, and body composition. Our aim was to find out if body fatness is related to the presence...
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Dietary factors are known to be associated with initiation and development of colorectal cancer (CRC), and also with CRC's major precursor, the colorectal polyp. In long-term intervention studies on colorectal polyps, dietary changes may therefore affect potential effects of the study intervention. To examine potential dietary changes among polyp-p...
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A high intake of fat, and in particular saturated fat, is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Reduced intake of spreads had therefore generally been recommended. A special type of "heart-friendly" margarine, a plant sterol enriched margarine, has been a commercial success since it was introduced in 1995. Such margarine may...
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To study the association between content in adipose tissue of very long-chain n-3 fatty acids, trans fatty acids, linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid and risk of a first myocardial infarction. A case-control design among 100 patients and 98 population controls both men and postmenopausal women, age 45-75 y. Adipose tissue fatty acids were determ...
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A positive association between tobacco and colorectal adenomas has been suggested. Smoking is, however, also associated with 'poor' dietary habits, which in turn may be related to risk of adenomas. It is therefore of interest to study the relationship between smoking, diet and risk of colorectal adenomas in follow-up studies. We compared 87 adenoma...
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To investigate the potential of near-infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid and non-destructive method to determine total fat and protein in mixed, homogenized and freeze-dried human diets. 29 students collected duplicate portions of their diet for four consecutive days. In addition, a detailed food diary was kept. The duplicate portion...
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Dietary calcium and antioxidants have been suggested as protective agents against colorectal cancer. This has been supported by animal experimental studies, case control and cohort studies. In a prospective intervention study of colorectal adenomas, and intermediary stage in colorectal carcinogenesis, 116 polyp-bearing patients received a placebo-c...
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To investigate to what extent individual energy intakes can be predicted by rapid easily available low-cost estimation methods. Data were obtained from a controlled dietary intervention study period of nine weeks in which the subjects should be weight stable. Thirty-one male students in domestic and kitchen management aged 29 +/- 6 y. (1) energy in...
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Cooks have an excess of coronary heart diseases. Information about the eating and living pattern of cooks is, however, scarce, and to our knowledge no prior study has been published on this topic. This study aims to investigate whether a dietary related cardiovascular risk pattern was present among a group of male cooks (median age: 27 years). The...
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After completed radiotherapy, 24 in-patients and 25 out-patients enrolled at the Department of Otolaryngology, National Hospital, were randomised to either tailored dietary information and instruction by a clinical nutritionist or regular dietary information from a nurse. At the six weeks follow-up examination the incidence of malnutrition, as eval...
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To study the effect of partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO-diet), partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSO-diet) and butterfat (butter-diet) on the susceptibility of low density lipoprotein (LDL) to in vitro oxidative modification. A strictly controlled, randomized, single-blind dietary study with cross-over design. Thirty-three healthy men aged...
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We have compared the effects of partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO diet), partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSO diet), and butterfat (butter diet) on fibrinolytic and coagulation variables in 31 young men. The three test margarines, which contributed 78% of total fat in the diets, contained 70% butterfat, PHSO, or PHFO, each with 30% of soybe...
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Colorectal cancers are the most frequent cancer in Norway for men and women combined. Several theories have been suggested as etiological explanations. In this review the influence of dietary factors on the cell proliferation rate has been evaluated. A higher cell proliferation rate is statistically associated with increased risk of colorectal canc...
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We have compared the effects of partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO-diet), partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSO-diet), and butterfat (butter-diet) on serum lipids and lipoprotein[a] in 31 young men. The three test margarines, which contributed 78% of total fat in the diets, were produced from 70% of butterfat, PHSO, or PHFO, each with 30% of...
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In the case-control study we compared dietary habits among 108 patients with small (< or = 5 mm, n = 26), medium (5-9 mm, n = 48) or large (> or = 10 mm, n = 34) colorectal polyps with 35 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. A food record by weighing during 5 consecutive days was performed. The intake of fat was significantly higher among the...

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