Karen Jaehrling

Karen Jaehrling
University of Duisburg-Essen | uni-due · Institut Arbeit und Qualifikation

Dr. phil

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73
Publications
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370
Citations

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
European level legislation and jurisdiction has strong implications for national public policies. However, the response of national actors and hence the policy outcomes within member states remain disputed in the literature. One strand of literature argues that judicial Europeanisation, here defined as top-down pressure from EU legal developments i...
Article
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This article aims to take stock of the various manifestations of on-call work in Germany. It is shown that formal on-call work is, by international standards, relatively strictly regulated in Germany, not least as the result of a 2019 reform of the law. Similar to other countries, however, other informal variants are used that lie outside the scope...
Article
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Das mit dem Schlagwort ‚Digitaler Taylorismus‘ verknüpfte Szenario einer digital gestützten Intensivierung tayloristischer Prinzipien wird gerne am Beispiel der Verteilzentren von Amazon illustriert. Die vorliegende Fallstudie bei einem deutschen Amazon-Konkurrenten verdeutlicht jedoch, dass die dortige Intensivierung tayloristischer Prinzipien sic...
Article
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Im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern ist Abrufarbeit in Deutschland relativ stark reguliert; nicht zuletzt durch die Anfang 2019 in Kraft getretene Reform des Teilzeit-und Befristungsgesetzes. In der Praxis bleiben dennoch Schutzlücken bestehen. Neben for-mellen lassen sich eine Reihe von informellen Varianten von Abruf-arbeit identifizieren, an denen d...
Article
Through a cross-national comparative study of local government ‘best practice cases’ of socially responsible procurement in Denmark, Germany and the UK, this article critically examines the role of labour clauses in addressing issues of low wages and precarious work in public supply chains. It provides new insights on the negotiations and outcomes...
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Das IAQ untersuchte im Rahmen eines international vergleichenden Forschungsprojektes (QuInnE), wie sich Innovationen, Beschäftigung und Arbeitsplatzqualität wechselseitig beeinflussen. Innovative Betriebe verzeichnen unseren quantitativen Auswertungen zufolge ein höheres Beschäftigungswachstum und höhere Beschäftigungsstabilität als weniger innova...
Chapter
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Unlike in other countries, the ‘Great Recession’ has not intensified the growth in atypical employment in Germany; in fact, the last few years even saw a slight decrease. However, this has barely changed the high levels of income inequality and labour market segmentation which had evolved in the years before the crisis. The current situation is the...
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Mit dem Bedeutungszuwachs der oeffentlichen Auftragsvergabe werden Entscheidungen ueber Arbeitsbedingungen zunehmend jenseits der eingespielten Formen des Interessenausgleichs getroffen. Welche Verfahren der Entscheidungsfindung sich hier herausbilden und wie dies die etablierten Macht- und Interessenstrukturen in den industriellen Beziehungen vera...
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Mit dem gesetzlichen Mindestlohn von 8,50 Euro pro Stunde ab Januar 2015 hat Deutschland nunmehr eine verbindliche Lohnuntergrenze eingeführt, um Lohndumping zu unterbinden und die Fairness auf dem Arbeitsmarkt zu stärken. Dazu muss der Mindestlohn in der Praxis allerdings auch wirksam um- und durchgesetzt werden. Erfahrungen aus Großbritannien, wo...
Chapter
The liberalisation and privatisation of public services implies a gradual transformation of the state from an ‘employer’ to a ‘customer’ buying products and services from private providers. This in turn changes its regulatory role in the realm of employment conditions. By transferring the operation of public tasks to private contractors, public aut...
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Job quality in the contracted-out public services is still influenced by the public authorities. As customers buying goods and services from private providers, they become with employer and employee representatives a more or less visible ‘third party’ in the determination of employment conditions. This article explores collective actors’ strategies...
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Activation strategies have aimed to increase labour market participation among lone mothers in order to reduce the disproportionately high share of them living in poverty and claiming benefits. However, the potential poverty-reducing effects of increasing labour market participation are being weakened by certain counter-trends, and this findings ho...
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The new ‘basic allowance for job seekers’ (‘Hartz IV’) introduced in Germany in 2005 was accompanied by a claim that ‘activating’ labour market policies would increase gender equality, not least by requiring and supporting mothers without a breadwinning partner to take up paid work. At the same time, the reform gave rise to concerns that the enforc...
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Com o salário mínimo legal de 8,50 euros por hora a partir de janeiro de 2015, foi introduzido um piso salarial obrigatório na Alemanha, visando coibir o dumping salarial e fortalecer a justiça no mercado de trabalho. Para tal, é, porém, necessário que o salário mínimo seja implementado e aplicado de forma efi caz na prática. As experiências da Grã...
Article
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With the statutory minimum wage of € 8.50 per hour introduced from January 2015 Germany now has a binding wage floor aimed at preventing wage dumping and bolstering fairness in the labour market. To realise that aim, the minimum wage must also be effectively implemented and enforced in practice. Experiences from the United Kingdom, where a minimum...
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Arbeitsmarktreformen der jüngeren Zeit hatten länderübergreifend eine höhere Erwerbsbeteiligung Alleinerziehender zum Ziel, um ihre überproportional hohen Armuts- und Sozialhilfequoten zu verringern. Die hier präsentierten Befunde belegen jedoch eine partielle Entkoppelung von Erwerbsarbeit und materieller Sicherheit: Zwar stieg die Erwerbsbeteilig...
Article
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Die Arbeitsmarktreformen der vergangenen Jahre in Deutschland, Frankreich, Schweden und Großbritannien haben die Aufstockung niedriger Erwerbseinkommen durch ergänzende Leistungen des Mindestsicherungssystems institutionalisiert. Diese kombilohn-ähnlichen Leistungen federn die Erosion des Alleinverdienermodells in unterschiedlichen Varianten ab – n...
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The article analyses patterns of atypical work and their dynamics of change in three service sectors (retailing, hotels and hospitals) in Germany and France. This sectoral approach reveals that the growth of atypical employment is not just a result of new exit options that allow employers to bypass national employment standards. To a significant ex...
Chapter
In 1997, the OECD published a report entitled Making work pay (OECD, 1997) which was the first in a series of publications dedicated to a systematic cross-country comparison of financial disincentives to take up paid work (’unemployment trap’) or to increase working hours in order to escape poverty (’poverty trap’). The aim of identifying and remov...
Book
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Im Mittelpunkt der Studie stehen Möglichkeiten zur Steigerung der Attraktivität einer Beschäftigung im Hotel- und Gaststättengewerbe. Die Sicht der Arbeitgeber wurde durch eine eigene telefonische Betriebsbefragung erhoben. Die Perspektive der Beschäftigten wurde mittels einer Sekundärauswertung von zwei Beschäftigtenbefragungen sowie durch Betrieb...
Article
Die im Zeichen des Aktivierungsparadigmas stehenden Veränderungen der Arbeitsmarktpolitik sind von einer stärkeren Institutionalisierung von Gleichstellungspolitik in der Arbeitsförderung begleitet worden. Mit dem SGB III und dem Job-AQTIV-Gesetz wurden zusätzliche organisatorische und prozedurale Vorgaben eingeführt, die der bereits zuvor geltende...
Chapter
In their research on low-wage and low-skill work in U.S. hospitals, Eileen Appelbaum and her colleagues (2003) found a high incidence of low-wage work among cleaners and nursing assistants. At the time of their study, U.S. hospitals were struggling with high turnover and difficulties in recruiting low-skilled workers. Rather than raise wages, hospi...
Book
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Die Untersuchung zeigt, dass Ansätze zur Gleichstellung der Geschlechter am Arbeitsmarkt in der bisherigen Umsetzungspraxis des SGB II eine geringe Rolle spielten. Trotz anhaltender geschlechtsspezifischer Ungleichheiten auf dem Arbeitsmarkt existierte nur eine insgesamt schwach ausgeprägte gleichstellungspolitische Steuerung, der zudem Rahmenbedin...
Chapter
The hospital sector is not one of the typical low-wage sectors, but it is traditionally characterized by low wage differentiation, a core feature of "German capitalism" (Streeck 1997). For a long period, even the two groups of employees who are the focus of this chapter, nursing assistants and cleaning staff, generally received collectively agreed...
Article
Drawing on the findings of research in the public hospitals sector in five European countries1—France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and the UK—this article assesses the character of change in wage setting and collective bargaining. It demonstrates the diversity of national arrangements by comparing key characteristics: (i) the bodies of collect...
Article
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The hospital industry could be characterised on the one hand as under “industrial constraints” (just in time, 24 hours opening, and on the other hand as a service activity with, in departments, a high degree of patient oriented activities. Very similar pressure are exerted on hospitals in the three countries (UK, G and F): budget constraints and a...
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Mit dem Rückgang einfacher Arbeitsplätze im produzierenden Gewerbe haben sich beschäftigungspolitische Überlegungen, wie die Arbeitsmarktintegration von gering Qualifizierten verbessert werden kann, auf den Dienstleistungssektor verlagert. Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert auf der Basis quantitativer und qualitativer Untersu-chungen, inwiefern hie...
Chapter
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Im Mittelpunkt des Beitrags steht die Frage, inwieweit traditionelle Annahmen über Einfacharbeitsplätze heute noch zutreffend sind: Handelt es sich tatsächlich um Tätigkeiten ohne besondere Qualifikationsanforderungen? Inwieweit lassen sich diese Stellen als „prekär“ klassifizieren? Die Analyse, die auf der Basis einer Auswertung vorliegender Studi...
Conference Paper
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The paper is a very preliminary step to analyse and discuss theses questions in the specific field of the health care sector, in a comparative perspective between Germany and France. It is based on data and preliminary case studies gathered in the framework of the “Future of Low Wage Work in Europe” research, done in European countries for the Russ...
Article
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This paper addresses the question of how far traditional assumptions about low-skill jobs are still appropriate today. Are we really dealing with activities without any particular skill requirements? How do firms proceed in filling such posts? What role is being played in this respect by "atypical" employment relationships? The analysis is based on...
Book
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Die Studie untersucht Stellenbesetzungsprozesse im Bereich einfacher, eher niedrig bezahlter Tätigkeiten auf der Basis vorliegender Untersuchungen und eigener Betriebsfallstudien in mehreren Dienstleistungsbranchen. Darüber hinaus enthält der Bericht eine differenzierte Analyse der Beschäftigungsentwicklung von formal gering Qualifizierten im Zeitr...
Article
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Das Verhältnis von Eigenarbeit, öffentlichen und marktförmigen Dienstleistungen im Privathaushalt wird gegenwärtig politisch neu justiert. Maßnahmen zur Ausweitung eines marktförmigen Angebotes haushaltsna-her Dienstleistungen, wie zuletzt das Hartz-II-Gesetz, sollen zur Entlastung berufstätiger Frauen beitragen und zugleich andere Frauen in Arbeit...

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Projects

Projects (10)
Project
A broad range of empirical studies have investigated the outsourcing of public tasks to private contractors and have largely found negative effects on the quality of employment conditions in the privatised companies. This deterioriation of job quality is primarily seen as a consequence of the gap between the public and the private sector in terms of pay levels and the strength of industrial relations. Yet there is an increasing awareness at the political level that public authorities as well have ways and means of influencing working conditions in the contracted companies – for instance by making certain social standards a selection criteria in public procurement procedures. This set of policies adds a third actor to the usually bilateral balancing of interests between employer and employee representatives: public administration. Hence, the transition from the ‘interventionist state’ to the ‘regulatory state’ gives rise to new trilateral interest configurations which so far have not been investigated systematically. The project aims to describe and explain the varying manifestations and results of these increasingly relevant trilateral negotiation processes. The central question of the research project is therefore how the conflicting interests in this negotiation arena – budget consolidation, normative expectations regarding socially responsible procurement, the profit interests of the private sector employer and employee concerns – are balanced. Approach The core of the empirical inquiry consists of in-depth qualitative case studies on public procurement processes in a selection of local authorities. From a conceptual and analytical point of view, the research project presupposes that the interaction between procurement-specific processes and the general institutional context, particularly labour market regulations and the system of industrial relations, will deserve particular attention. The empirical investigation therefore compares public procurement procedures in two industries – security services and contract catering – that are most dissimilar with regard to the institutional context. Moreover, in order to allow for a cross-country comparison the project seeks to cooperate with two partners in Denmark and the UK. Date: 1 January 2015 - 31 December 2019
Archived project
The projects goal was to evaluate the effects of the labour market policy reforms (often referred to as 'Hartz IV') on gender equality, based on both quantitative analyses and qualitative case studies in 10 job centres. Interviews were carried out between 2007 and 2009.