Karen Ann Hooker

Karen Ann Hooker
Oregon State University | OSU · Department of Human Development and Family Sciences (HDFS)

Ph.D.

About

140
Publications
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Introduction
Karen Hooker currently works in the Human Development and Family Sciences (HDFS) program in the School of Social and Behavioral Health Sciences at Oregon State University. Karen does research in lifespan developmental health psychology with focus on personality and social relationships in later life. Her theoretical model of personality development (see Hooker, 2002; Hooker & McAdams, 2003) emphasizes the dynamics between structures and processes. Intraindividual variability approaches inform her work on processes of personality development. She is currently interested in applications of her model to understand the transitions marking later life and adaptive aging.

Publications

Publications (140)
Article
Objectives: Assess the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (NH/PI) compared to white older adults. Methods: Data were from the 2011–2015 Health Outcomes Survey. HRQOL was assessed using the Veterans RAND 12-Item Survey, composed of p...
Article
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Objectives We analyzed whether marital status and experiences of marital loss or gain were associated with self-perceptions of aging (SPA), a major psychosocial mechanism of healthy aging. Method We used data from 7028 participants of the Health and Retirement Study. Participants reported their marital status and their positive and negative SPA on...
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The intergenerational ties that offer support to older adults are likely useful for resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. We analyzed whether positive and negative intergenerational contact was associated with positive pandemic-related personal change. We utilized data collected from 566 adults aged 50 and older between August 2020 and January 2...
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Intergenerational relationships are a predictor of greater physical, mental, and emotional well-being; they can reduce ageism and facilitate feelings of purpose and meaning, shown to be important for health and mortality. Surprisingly there are no measures of intergenerational contact (IGC) shown to be reliable and valid across age groups. Therefor...
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Research suggests increased daily perceived stress is related to worse physical health outcomes such as poor eating and exercise behavior (Li et al., 2019) and lower perceived health (Whitehead & Blaxton, 2020). While long-term implications for increased perceptions of stress on physical health are becoming clear (e.g., Rueggeberg et al., 2012), le...
Article
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Family caregivers may experience reduced stress by maintaining their sense of self throughout their time in a caregiving role. Working towards personal goals is helpful for maintaining a sense of self, but pursuing one’s own goals amidst caregiving responsibilities may be challenging. In this study, we analyze the processes by which caregivers purs...
Article
Objectives To examine how self-perceptions of aging (SPA) moderated within- and between-persons perceived stress associations with physical health symptoms. Method A community-dwelling sample of 103 adults (Meanage=63, Range=52-88) participated in an online microlongitudinal study for 100 days (Noccasions=7,064). Participants completed baseline su...
Article
Background The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the aging population. However, little is known about CVD risk factors and outcomes for Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Other Pacific Islander (NH/PI) older adults by disaggregated subgroups. Methods Data were from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services 2011-2015 Heal...
Article
Despite much literature pointing to the saliency of self-perceptions of aging (SPA) to aging processes, limited research offers empirical analysis on what shapes SPA. In order to identify possible antecedents to SPA, we conducted an exploratory analysis to analyze whether two future-oriented constructs—optimism and self-efficacy associated with pos...
Article
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The broad construct of subjective age is informed by four theoretical domains – self-perceptions of aging, old age stereotypes, age identity, and awareness of age related change (Kotter-Gruhn, Kornadt, & Stephan, 2016). Each of the theoretical domains is distinct yet interconnected, and analyzing how gender operates within each yields a more nuance...
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Evaluating intergenerational programs often involves measuring the extent to which programs actually strengthen both the quantity and quality of intergenerational contact, which is associated with attitudes towards aging, social connection, and anxiety about aging. However, a surprisingly limited number of reliable, valid measures of intergeneratio...
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Socially-cued age expectations inform people’s subjective age - that is, how old they feel relative to their chronological age. Age-graded expectations are widely considered to be gendered, yet gender has not often been empirically examined as the scholarship on subjective age has developed. Because subjective age shapes the experiences a person ha...
Article
Objectives Pursuing personal goals that are relevant to one’s sense of self is important for adjusting to age-related changes. Experiences of physical pain, however, are thought to threaten both people’s sense of self and their pursuit of personal goals. Although a majority of older women experience physical pain, little is known about their day-to...
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Negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) are established modifiable psychosocial correlates of cognitive health and have demonstrated capacity for meaningful within-person fluctuations based on person–environment interactions, age, and measurement approach. Previous research has shown NA is associated with increased response time inconsistency...
Article
Background and objectives: Self-perceptions of aging (SPA)-the appraisals people place on their own aging processes-predict well-being in later life. Researchers are increasingly hypothesizing that the overarching construct of SPA is comprised of two factors-positive SPA and negative SPA-and that SPA are gendered. The purpose of this study was to...
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Objectives: Subjective cognitive complaints may be an early indicator of Alzheimer’s disease pathology and related dementias that can be detectable prior to objective, performance-based decline. Negative and positive affective states (NA and PA, respectively) are established psychosocial correlates of cognition in older adulthood and have demonstra...
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for Asian American (AA), Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (NHPI) older adults, and AAs/NHPIs have not enjoyed decreases in CVD mortality rates, as have non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). Heterogeneity exists in the prevalence of traditional CVD risk factors for AAs/NHPIs. Health-related quali...
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Research suggests that grandparent-grandchild dyads shift in degree of solidarity over extended periods of time (e.g. Moorman & Stokes, 2016), but no work has considered grandparent-grandchild interactions microlongitudinally. This study utilized microlongitudinal data with an emphasis on intraindividual variability to examine the daily processes a...
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Overall all-cause mortality rates have declined significantly in past decades among individuals aged 65 and above in every racial and ethnic group. We explored demographic, overall health, and disability development as predictors of mortality in Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in Medicare Advantage plans. We used data from the 2014-2018 Medicare He...
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GSA and other agencies have undertaken to “Reframe Aging” to reduce pervasive global ageism, which has been associated with negative attitudes towards and disinterest in working with older adults and poor health in old age. Familial and non-familial intergenerational contact, that is between members of non-adjacent generations, provides valuable op...
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Digital communication technologies expand opportunities for social interactions and as a result have the potential to either amplify or dampen the coupling of social interactions with well-being in daily life. We use data from the 100-day Personal Understanding of Life and Social Experiences project (n = 99, age = 50 – 88) to examine variation in t...
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In our presentation, we will offer insights into our process of creating and validating a comprehensive theory- and evidence- informed measure of intergenerational contact that expands beyond the measurement of age-related attitudes. While attitudinal shifts are an important construct related to intergenerational contact and its impact on ageism, e...
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Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that larger social networks or more frequent social interactions may have protective effects against cognitive decline and the incidence of dementia. Therefore, increasing social interaction could be a promising intervention for improving cognitive well-being in socially isolated older adults. We have condu...
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Conversation-based interventions have positive effects on cognitive health, though determining who benefits most is still unclear, and individuals’ personality may play a role. We utilized data from a 6-week randomized controlled trial to determine if conversation-based intervention effects were moderated by personality traits in 83 older adults (M...
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Background and objectives: As the population becomes increasingly diverse, it is important to understand the prevalence of depression across a racially and ethnically diverse older population. The purpose of this study was to compare rates of depression by age and disaggregated racial and ethnic groups to inform practitioners and target resource a...
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Background and objectives: Social isolation is associated with a higher risk of dementia. We previously conducted and showed the efficacy of an intervention which uses conversation (the core component of social interactions) as a tool to enhance cognitive function. We now explore whether cognitive improvements through conversation-based interventi...
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Background and objectives: Almost one-third of older adults report experiencing age discrimination. We hypothesized sequential links between older adults' everyday experiences of age discrimination and future health behaviors related to cancer risk through self-perceptions of aging (SPA). Research design and methods: Participants were community-...
Chapter
Individuals’ contextual resources can shape self-views of aging (Diehl, et al., 34:93–113, 2014). In Taiwan, filial piety is a cultural contextual resource that continues to evolve in the midst of increasing agism (Yeh, Yi, Tsao, & Wan, 28:277–296, 2013). This chapter presents two studies examining how filial piety and intergenerational living arra...
Article
Daily positive and negative events are linked to physical and mental health. However, scant research has examined their association with cognitive health, particularly subjective reports of memory and attentional difficulties. Further, no research has examined whether engagement with one’s social convoy may influence the likelihood of reporting the...
Article
Self-perceptions of aging (SPA) are important predictors of various outcomes in later life, with positive SPA related to better mental and physical health outcomes and negative SPA related to worse health, cognition, and mortality. In this study we examined factors that could be contributing to SPA: 1) Optimism, a general orientation to life linked...
Article
Drawing on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this study examines change and stability in personal goal appraisals among German young adults aged 18–29 from 2008, the depth of the Great Recession, to 2012, into the recovery period (N = 3,292). Young adults in Germany, particularly young male workers, were greatly affected by the rece...
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Background and objectives: Executive function (EF) abilities are recognized as components of cognition most likely to show age-related declines. Measurement of EF in older adults is often computer-based, takes place in a laboratory setting, and thus lacks ecological validity. We sought to investigate a new way of measuring EF in older adults by ad...
Poster
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Local health departments (LHDs) are undergoing a substantial amount of change in how they deliver services due to requirements of the Affordable Care Act, national efforts to modernize public health, accreditation, and in recognition of the key role of social, economic, and environmental factors in determining population health. Before changes are...
Article
Goals and self-regulation have important roles for achieving and maintaining resources that are meaningful for adaptation in the face of multiple losses with aging. Despite the fact that goals and affect likely drive one another, relatively little empirical research has examined the processes involved in self-regulating health goals and emotional s...
Article
The dramatic growth in the world’s older population will have a significant effect on healthcare, social services, communities, and families; it will require innovative interdisciplinary solutions. The emergence of gerontechnology may address many aging-related challenges in the continuum of care for older adults. Telehealth, combined with patient...
Article
In addition to being a sedentary activity with health and well-being correlates, TV watching is also one of the most commonly reported daily activities among older adults. Despite especially high variability in time spent watching TV in this age group, personality has not been well integrated into explanations of that variation, or the study of con...
Conference Paper
Technology users are collecting data about themselves at an astounding rate. This explosion of data collection has not been matched by users’ abilities to assimilate and apply this information. Visualization is a key means of bridging this gap, however, most approaches to visualization neglect individual differences, and focus instead on one-size-f...
Article
Development in adulthood occurs through the process of setting and working toward goals. Emotions link experiences to goals and action, and are integral to goal setting and goal pursuit. The simultaneous experience of positive and negative or ‘mixed’ emotions coheres with the complexity of goal pursuit within the context of competing demands in dai...
Article
Objectives: Experiencing stereotype threat in a medical setting may be triggered by routine clinical activities, and may be detrimental to healthcare processes and outcomes. This study estimated the prevalence of, and identified factors associated with, reporting ageist stereotype threat in a medical setting using a nationally representative datas...
Article
Objectives: Social scientists need practical methods for harnessing large, publicly available datasets that inform the social context of aging. We describe our development of a semi-automated text coding method and use a content analysis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia portrayal on Twitter to demonstrate its use. The approach improves fea...
Article
Research shows midlife adults consistently report higher purpose in life (PIL) than older adults. However, less is known about the changes in PIL during the transition from midlife to older adulthood. This study examined 5-year changes of PIL among late-midlife adults in the Foley Longitudinal Study of Adulthood ( = 163, = 56.37). Results showed th...
Chapter
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The construct of personality encompasses individual characteristics as well as the active processes of the individual’s interactions with the environment. This includes relatively enduring characteristics of one’s thoughts, feelings, and actions (i.e., traits), as well as dynamic interplays of social-cognitive processes (i.e., personal-action const...
Chapter
Personal action constructs represent the explicitly action-oriented part of the personality system and include personalized motivational constructs such as developmental tasks, goals, personal projects, and possible selves. They capture the contingencies of goal-directed behavior on the environment and are shaped by age, social role, and sociohisto...
Article
Life span scholars are urged to continue unpacking what is meant by development in adulthood. Relational developmental systems theory provides a theoretically rich framework within which to ground our empirical work, but consideration of current models shows that additional theorizing and more empirical work are needed to better understand developm...
Article
Objectives. The “Great Recession” shocked the primary institutions that help individuals and families meet their needs and plan for the future. This study examines middle-aged adults’ experiences of financial loss and considers how socioeconomic and interpersonal resources facilitate or hinder maintaining a sense of control in the face of economic...
Article
Age-based self-stereotyping is associated with a variety of long-term physical health and psychological well-being outcomes for older people. However, little is known about how older individuals' day-to-day experiences of functional limitations may be related to concurrent self-appraisals on dimensions representing negative age stereotypes. We exam...
Article
Close social partners may contribute to or detract from older adults' health and well-being, in part because daily emotions are closely coupled with the quality of daily social interactions. This study examines variation in this sensitivity to interactions with social partners across the contexts of emotional closeness, interactions with others, an...
Conference Paper
Previous research has produced mixed findings about the relative positivity of aging stereotypes in Asia and the United States, and one underexplored explanation is that cross cultural differences are domain specific. We examined the utility of one measurement tool for drawing these comparisons across domains by adapting the Older Person Scale (OPS...
Conference Paper
Minimizing time spent in the hospital is a preferred outcome for individuals at the end of life. We compare days spent in the hospital during the last 6 months of life in residents of a social model care facility (N = 90) with a nationally representative sample of community (N = 330) and long term care (N = 187) residing respondents from the 2008 a...
Article
Personal action constructs represent the explicitly action-oriented part of the personality system and include personalized motivational constructs such as developmental tasks, goals, personal projects, and possible selves. They capture the contingencies of goal-directed behavior on the environment and are shaped by age, social role, and sociohisto...
Article
The growing empirical base of studies on intraindividual variability speaks to its increasing importance in understanding human development. Studying intraindividual variability by definition requires multiple measurement occasions (e.g., microlongitudinal assessment). Tracking how intraindividual variability changes over time requires that the mic...
Article
Lifespan development involves setting and pursuing self-guided goals. This study examines how in the social domain, possible selves, a future-oriented self-concept, and self-regulation, including self-regulatory beliefs and intraindividual variability in self-regulatory behavior, relate to differences in overall daily social goal progress. An onlin...
Conference Paper
Examining relationship processes in the context of self and daily experiences provides insight into how the self-system may guide distinct regulatory strategies in daily life. Using data from the Personal Understanding of Life and Social Experiences (PULSE) project, this study links regulation to self by examining variation in relationship processe...
Article
Full-text available
The pursuit of personal goals has been linked to general psychological well-being; however, less is known about the association with depression in later adulthood when individuals are contending with age-related changes in health and social relationships. We explored the connection between both health- and social related goals (as measured by possi...
Article
Reports an error in "Social regulatory processes in later life: A web-based microlongitudinal study" by Shannon T. Mejía and Karen Hooker (Psychology and Aging, 2013[Sep], Vol 28[3], 864-874). The grant number in the author note was incorrectly transposed. The sentence should have read, "This research was supported in part by grants from the Oregon...
Conference Paper
Evaluation and comparison is an essential component of self-regulation and adult development. Web-based microlongitudinal studies that direct participants to visualizations of their responses provide an opportunity to understand under what circumstances individuals interact with visualizations of their data. To examine the qualities of a day that p...
Article
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The focus of this special issue of Research in Human Development is on adult personality and how personality may contribute to and be involved in adult development. Specifically, the contributions in this issue focus on the links between personality structures (e.g., traits) and personality processes (e.g., goal pursuit, self--regulation) and empha...
Article
The goal for this study was to examine within-person processes driving individual development related to social goals. We examined how social regulatory processes travel together over time to understand whether daily social goal progress is sensitive to variation in experiences of support and hindrance and the extent to which maintenance or achieve...
Article
Objectives: The structure and function of older adults' social convoys contribute to health and well-being in later life, but little is known about how they may shape one another. In this study, we consider relationship quality as a within-person process by examining its covariation with social goal progress and investigate variation in these rela...
Article
Incorporating a life course perspective, this qualitative study used focus groups to explore the experiences of midlife adults who were simultaneously providing support to emerging adult children and aging parents. Results indicated that adults situated in middle generations held beliefs that endorsed family-based responsibility to both younger and...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore older rural women's perceptions of gerontechnologies, such as in-home monitoring and communication, which may be particularly useful in rural areas where support services are scarce. Forty-three women, ages 60–85 years, participated in focus group discussions. Qualitative analysis uncovered six primary theme...
Article
Personality traits, goals, and perceived stress were examined in 99 older adults assessed via web-based surveys over 100 days to explore how traits influence self-regulation. Participants high in neuroticism made less social goal progress and those high in conscientiousness and extraversion made more health and social goal progress over the 100-day...
Chapter
IntroductionThe Six-Foci Model of PersonalityMore on the Gyroscope of PersonalityModels of Self-RegulationSocial Cognition and Goal ProcessesConclusions References
Article
Personality is crucial for understanding health in later life. Yet classic conceptions of personality with emphasis on stability may have limited the empirical attention it deserved in relation to health. This chapter highlights the six foci of a personality model that integrates structures and processes within a level-of-analysis framework that af...
Conference Paper
Ambivalence is ubiquitous across resident, staff, and family members’ interactions in long-term care. The formation of alternative family structures in long-term care environments may reconcile these feelings by fostering a sense of place and home among participants, as they transition into new roles and expectations. Our study explores how these a...
Article
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As a result of increasing life expectancies, declining birth rates, and an increasing number of ethnic minorities among the general USA population, a growing number of minority older adults will potentially need assistance as they age. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interests and concerns of USA Korean and Hispanic minority older...
Article
The decision to place an individual with dementia in an institutional care facility is often one of the most difficult judgments made in families. The purpose of this study was to determine the key variables that affect the occurrence and timing of institutional placement for families caring for an individual with dementia. The results of this stud...
Article
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This qualitative study explores older parents’ ambivalent perceptions of their relationships with their adult children. Interviews with 17 mothers and fathers (aged 67+) provided reports on 75 relationships (43 sons, 32 daughters). Two predominant sources of ambivalence emerged when parents discussed their current relationships. The first identifie...
Article
In this chapter we explore the theoretical relevance of possible selves for understanding adult development. We first describe the theoretical anchors that have influenced the way we conceptualize and examine possible selves. Next, we discuss the importance of understanding development in adulthood in terms of adults' possible selves and psychosoci...
Article
This study is one of the first to examine self-goals and their relationship to affect among individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Using the construct of possible selves, the authors collected data from 50 participants with mild to moderate AD and 50 demographically similar cognitively intact older adults. Findings suggest a resourcefulness and...