Karen F Beazley

Karen F Beazley
Dalhousie University | Dal · School for Resource and Environmental Studies

Doctor of Philosophy, Interdisciplinary Studies

About

79
Publications
24,211
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2,080
Citations
Citations since 2016
41 Research Items
1511 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
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Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs) were introduced in the language of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2011–2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity as a mechanism to formally recognize the contributions that areas beyond traditional protected areas can make to the effective, long-term, in-situ conservat...
Article
The first draft of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) includes an unprecedented call for states that have ratified the treaty (Parties) to implement measures to maintain and enhance ecological connectivity as urgent actions to abate further biodiversity loss and ecosystem declin...
Preprint
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This report was commissioned by and for Parks Canada Agency in the fall of 2021. The recommendations are those of the authors. Parks Canada grants permission to share the report for discussion and without prejudice. Within the report, we provide concepts for developing and implementing an ecological corridors program at a national scale in Canada....
Article
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The Active River Area (ARA) is a spatial approach for identifying the extent of functional riparian area. Given known limitations in terms of input elevation data quality, ARA studies to date have not achieved effective computer-based ARA components delineation, limiting the efficacy of the ARA framework in terms of informing riparian conservation...
Article
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Horizon scanning is increasingly used in conservation to systematically explore emerging policy and management issues. We present the results of a horizon scan of issues likely to impact management of Canadian protected and conserved areas over the next 5–10 years. Eighty-eight individuals participated, representing a broad community of academics,...
Article
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Precipitous declines in biodiversity threaten planetary boundaries, requiring transformative changes to conservation. Colonial systems have decimated species and ecosystems and dispossessed Indigenous Peoples of their rights, territories, and livelihoods. Despite these challenges, Indigenous-governed lands retain a large proportion of biodiversity-...
Article
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Due to ubiquitous distribution of taxa, relatively low-cost and efficient sampling procedure, and known responses to environmental gradients, macroinvertebrate indicators are often a central component of biological monitoring of freshwater resources. This study examined establishing a baseline reference of benthic macroinvertebrate indicators in a...
Presentation
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Thank you for the opportunity to comment on Bill 4. I am speaking for myself and also on the behalf of the Dalhousie University's School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Biodiversity is a short form for the diversity of life (plants and animals) and the lands and waters on which they depend. In totality, it makes up the...
Technical Report
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This is the comment I submitted 30 April 2020 on the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) of proposed Fifteen Mile Stream (FMS) Gold Project submitted by Atlantic Mining NS Inc, a wholly owned subsidiary of St Barbara Limited, as part of the Environmental Assessment (EA) process. I question the wisdom of considering or approving a project that des...
Data
Safeguarding biodiversity is crucial for all of humanity, for every citizen in Nova Scotia. It is for the broader public good. It is above and beyond private and corporate interests and private property rights. As with other public benefits, sometimes the public good needs to take precedence over personal and private interests. We recognize this in...
Technical Report
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While the Halifax Green Network Plan provides a good basis for regional level planning, there are opportunities to build on the Plan’s modeling and identify critical areas for connectivity at a finer scale, especially within and around the city’s urban core, where there is pressure from urban development, road construction and forestry. Ultimately,...
Presentation
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An Act to Amend Chapter 114 of the Revised Statutes, 1989, the Crown Lands Act - Bill 9 Submission to Law Amendments Committee Karen Beazley, Halifax, NS, B3H 4P5 March 29, 2021 I fully acknowledge the need to update the Purpose section to expand the scope of the Crown Lands Act. It is long overdue and necessary to implementing Provincial respons...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to the Premier of Nova Scotia’s announced plans to amend the Biodiversity Act (Bill 4) prior to law amendments, we submit this statement on behalf of Dalhousie University’s School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Biodiversity Act is a crucial step towards addressing serious declines in biological diversi...
Technical Report
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By means of fusing a literature review, case studies, and an organizational capacity and needs assessment survey of connectivity practitioners and stakeholders, this report identifies gaps, barriers, successes, and solutions in the efforts to maintain and restore connectivity in Canada. It is organized as follows: Chapter 1: The Need for a (Re)Con...
Article
The final version – containing full bibliographic details – is now available online. The Share Link provides free access to the article before May 04, 2021 on ScienceDirect, which all are welcome to read or download. No sign up, registration or fees are required. https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1ckqD,714MghUk Citation: Allan, J.C., K.F. Beazley, A...
Article
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To address the ongoing global biodiversity crisis, conservation approaches must be underpinned by robust information. Canada is uniquely positioned to contribute to meeting global biodiversity targets, with some of the world's largest remaining intact ecosystems, and a commitment to co-application of Indigenous ways of knowing alongside scientific,...
Article
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Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) include over-the-counter and prescription drugs, veterinary drugs, fragrances, and cosmetics. PPCPs have been detected in aquatic environments at low concentrations and are emerging as contaminants of concern. PPCPs are primarily released into aquatic environments via untreated sewage, wastewater tr...
Article
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Inclusive knowledge systems that engage local perspectives and social and natural sciences are difficult to generate and infuse into decision-making processes but are critical for conservation planning. This paper explores local tacit knowledge application to identify wildlife locations, movement patterns and heightened opportunities and barriers f...
Poster
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Roadkill carcass surveys are rarely conducted across large areas, and typically focus on discrete road sections and/or particular species. This study outlines a method for collecting roadkill data on a large-regional scale and demonstrates how these data may be used to ground-truth modelled wildlife movement pathways by identifying aggregations of...
Article
This discussion paper explores the relationship between biodiversity and the circular economy and the potential implications of this relationship. The circular economy has emerged as an alternative model to a traditional linear economy. It aims to tackle the resource exploitation that accompanies a linear economy and decouple economic growth from r...
Article
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Maintaining a functionally connected network of high-quality habitat is one of the most effective responses to biodiversity loss. However, the spatial distribution of suitable habitat may shift over time in response to climate change. Taxa such as migratory forest landbirds are already undergoing climate-driven range shifts. Therefore, patches of c...
Article
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Purpose For many Indigenous nations globally, ethics is a conversation. The purpose of this paper is to share and mobilize knowledge to build relationships and capacities regarding the ethics review and approval of research with Indigenous peoples throughout Atlantic Canada. The authors share key principles that emerged for shifting practices that...
Article
Early childhood environmental education focusses on expanding children’s bio-affinity, developing their environmental attitudes and encouraging them to behave in a more environmentally friendly manner. One example of the educational method that is based on high-quality practices of both early childhood education and environmental education is the R...
Article
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Editorial that is an introduction to our Special Issue: Biodiversity and Protected Areas
Article
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This article provides analysis of the issues relating to movement towards new models for Indigenous-led conservation in light of Canada's initiatives for greater protected areas representation through Target 1. We provide a background on Canada's Pathway to Target 1, which is based on Target 11 from the Aichi Biodiversity Targets set forth by the C...
Article
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Biodiversity hotspots are rich in endemic species and threatened by anthropogenic influences and, thus, considered priorities for conservation. In this study, conservation achievements in 36 global biodiversity hotspots (25 identified in 1988, 10 added in 2011, and one in 2016) were evaluated in relation to changes in human population density and p...
Article
Although once common across the entire North American continent, wolves (Canis spp.) have been extirpated from most of their former territory. The historical occurrence and persistence of wolves in Nova Scotia has been a subject of debate because of comments on the wolf’s rarity in early settler accounts and the absence of physical specimens. By co...
Technical Report
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Anthropogenic climate change has and will continue to alter ecological conditions in the coming decades, and with that, biodiversity. This report presents an exploratory analysis to provide a Canadian perspective on conservation implications of potential range shifts of wildlife species in response to projected changes in climate. It aims to inform...
Article
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Local knowledge is making important contributions to environmental management. Improving understanding of local knowledge that is in the early stages of development may be useful towards management of novel species or understanding other contemporary events. In this study we interviewed Nova Scotian fishermen with experience with a recently arrived...
Article
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This study investigated the ecological and social potential for wolf (Canis spp.) recovery in Nova Scotia, Canada. Reintroduction potential was considered through a GIS-based analysis of land cover, human population density, land ownership, prey density, and road density. Two disconnected areas of adequate habitat for wolves were identified. Qualit...
Article
Environmental factors determine the habitat selection, use and distribution of species at various spatial scales. Understanding the factors driving these distributions can help predict areas of higher species occurrence, and be used in species conservation, and management strategies. In this study we reviewed 71 publications to evaluate the most re...
Article
Recent research has highlighted the need for invasive species risk assessments that consider multiple factors, such as habitat suitability and life history. With invasive species encroaching on the boundary of Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site (Kejimkujik), Canada, there is concern surrounding the potential ecological effects on t...
Article
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A renewed global agenda to address biodiversity loss was sanctioned by adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010 by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. However, Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 contained a significant policy and reporting challenge, conceding that both protect...
Article
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Resource managers need climate adaptation tools. We build on a popular tool, the climate change vulnerability assessment (CCVA), to identify vulnerable marine species. Only warming was considered, as warming is expected to have earlier impacts in the offshore than other climate drivers, and projections of other climate drivers are not well develope...
Article
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Biodiversity and farming are inextricably linked. Naturally occurring biodiversity supports the ecosystem services that are indispensable for agricultural production. Although the intensification of farming during the twentieth century has resulted in increased yields, this has often been at the expense of biodiversity. At present, farm biodiversit...
Article
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In many instances nature conservation projects require input from and collaboration with communities that live near or in ecosensitive regions. The ability of communities to be collaborative varies and often requires capacity development for full participation in conservation planning and management. Such capacity development can be expensive, and...
Article
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Background: Over the past 10–15 years, a substantial amount of work has been done by the scientific, regulatory, and business communities to elucidate the effects and risks of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the environment. Objective: This review was undertaken to identify key outstanding issues regarding the effects of PPCPs...
Article
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Integrating knowledge from across the natural and social sciences is necessary to effectively address societal tradeoffs between human use of biological diversity and its preservation. Collaborative processes can change the ways decision makers think about scientific evidence, enhance levels of mutual trust and credibility, and advance the conserva...
Article
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A review of road-ecology literature suggests that impacts of forest roads on species and ecosystems begin during the road construction phase, but persist and accumulate well after a road is no longer in use. Over this time, impacts stemming originally from construction, but then also from the continued physical presence and human use of the road, f...
Chapter
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This chapter offers insights on integrating expert judgment into ecoregional conservation planning. We describe three examples that focus on benefits and challenges of (1) delivering GIS-based expert systems in stakeholder-based contexts, (2) integrating expert judgment and computer-based site selection scenarios, and (3) reaching expert consensus...
Article
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Two interacting disturbances such as stand-level defoliation by spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) and subsequent herbivory by moose (Alces alces) may affect landscapes differently than if they occurred in isolation. We studied moose (A. a. andersoni) browsing on sites disturbed approximately 25 years ago by a severe spruce budworm outbreak...
Article
The effectiveness of a decision-support tool created to identify protected-area potential within the Nova Forest Alliance (NFA) of Nova Scotia, Canada is assessed from the perspective of a public participatory geographic information system (PPGIS) approach. The application sought to create an integrated GIS-based decision-support tool for community...
Article
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ecoRegional conseRvaTion Ecoregional conservation planning aims at protecting biodiversity within a realistic social and economic frame-work. The authors of this article suggest that Maine's forests are the ecological core of the entire Northern Appalachian/Acadian ecoregion, which spans four states and five Canadian provinces. Using mapping and ma...
Article
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Integrated water resources management (IWRM) is advocated by international and expert communities as the most viable approach to achieving sustainable freshwater management. Watersheds are often viewed as the preferred management units. There is increasing recognition, however, that socio-political and watershed boundaries do not coincide, and wher...
Technical Report
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Ecoregional, international approach to mapping irreplaceable areas and current and future threats, to aid in collaborative conservation planning.
Article
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An analysis was performed on habitat-related factors for the southeastern side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia to investigate the continued absence of moose (Alces alces) from the region. Temperature and snow depth, at times, reach levels that could cause thermal stress or impede movement of moose; however, it is unlikely that these factors dict...
Article
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Photosynthetically fixed energy from the sun, in the form of net primary production, ultimately supports the majority of life on earth. Given the importance of this energy source, we calculate the human appropriation of net primary production (HANPP) for the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. We find that over 25% of potentially available production...
Article
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In 2003, the Eastern moose (Alces alces americana) on mainland Nova Scotia was declared an endangered species under the Nova Scotia Endangered Species Act. Subsequently, as required by the Act, a recovery team was established and the recovery planning process was initiated. Very early in this process, it was recognized that developing a recovery st...
Article
Biodiversity considerations in conservation system planning include three main criteria: representation, special elements, and focal species. A GIS-based approach utilizing simple models was used to assess existing biophysical data relative to these criteria for conservation system planning in Nova Scotia, Canada, with potential utility in appli- c...
Article
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1.Focal species warrant conservation attention because they serve keystone, umbrella, indicator or flagship functions, and/or are sensitive or vulnerable to threats.2.Defining critical habitat requirements for viable populations of focal species could provide important information for marine protected area (MPA) network design, as a complement to o...
Article
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Habitat conversion, degradation and fragmentation, and the introduction of exotic species are among the primary factors causing the loss of biodiversity. Road density is a valuable indicator of these anthropogenic factors. Deleterious biological effects extend more than 1000 metres from roads, and road density of 0.6 km/km2 has been identified as a...
Article
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Freshwater ecosystems have suffered severe losses of biodiversity as a result of human activities, however there has been limited attention to freshwater conservation planning. Key criteria for biodiversity conservation in the terrestrial realm (i.e., representation, special elements and focal species) may also be useful in freshwater systems. Thus...
Article
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Throughout the Nova Scotia mainland, small and fragmented moose populations remain at varying densities and may be limited or regulated by a number of factors including interspecific competition, disease, habitat alteration/loss, mineral toxicity/deficiency, predation, poaching, and resource availability. Ranging behaviour and habitat requirements...
Article
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Focal species are a critical component of conservation planning, along with representation of ecosystems, special elements and ecologically sustainable management. They warrant conservation attention because they are functionally important, wide-ranging or space-demanding, habitat-quality indicators, ‘flagship’, and/or vulnerable or special populat...
Article
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This study evaluates the impact of an introductory university-level environmental studies class on the environmental values of students. Interviews and questionnaires were used to determine whether values changed or developed after taking the class. Three stage unstructured interviews were conducted throughout the academic year. Questionnaires were...
Article
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In May of 1999, a workshop was held to lay the groundwork for a conservation plan to maintain and restore terrestrial and marine biodiversity. The products of the workshop include vision maps and recommendations for biodiversity conservation in Nova Scotia. The wild lands conservation vision identifies existing protected areas, areas suitable for f...
Article
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Maintaining ecosystems with "ecological integrity" has become a common objective for park management and other conservation and sustainability initiatives. Although there is no universally-accepted definition of ecological integrity, various definitions overlap significantly. It is generally accepted that an ecosystem with integrity displays little...
Article
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In conservation planning, it is generally not practical to investigate the needs of every species in an area. Focal species analysis is a useful tool in protected area planning because it allows conservation efforts to target a suite of species that deserve special management attention, such as wide-ranging (umbrella), functionally important (domin...
Article
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The Avon River, which empties into the Minas Basin, has experienced significant pressures from human activities since European settlement. To date, fishes in the river have been poorly moni- tored and knowledge of the changes in the fish community through time is incomplete. Consequently, scientific, historic, archaeological and anecdotal data were...
Article
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SUMMARY Transboundary impacts, from adjacent land use and regional activities, have been identified as significant stressors to the ecological integrity of Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site. This study focuses on the primary Mersey watershed surrounding Kejimkujik to develop a suite of indicators for monitoring aquatic integrity a...
Article
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Populations of moose (Alces alces americana) in mainland Nova Scotia, Canada, have been reduced to approximately 1,000 individuals fragmented into a number of isolated populations. Although the data required for a comprehensive population viability assessment (PVA) are not currently available, there are some general rules concerning minimum viable...
Article
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Ecosystem management for biological conservation should include consideration of landscape-scale processes such as the habitat requirements of focal species. Moose (Alces alces americana) have been identified as an appropriate target for focal attention in mainland Nova Scotia. Currently, the population is at risk, and strategies for conservation s...
Article
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It is necessary that wildlife conservation initiatives be supported by local people and that they incorporate social and economic considerations if they are to be successful (1). This is particularly true in Nova Scotia, where more than 75% of the land is in private ownership and there is a tradition of subsistence use of the land and a resource-ba...
Article
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A map-based methodology is presented for a conservation network design in the Greater Northern Appalachians (GNA) of eastern Canada and the USA. To establish the location and extent of the network design elements, we used three major sources of information: 1) the results of site selection analyses; 2) The Nature Conservancy's (TNC/NCC) Tier 1 matr...