Karen Bayne

Karen Bayne
Scion · Forest Systems

BTech | MCom (Hons)

About

73
Publications
48,230
Reads
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339
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
University of Canterbury
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Forest Products Marketing and International Trade
March 1996 - present
Scion
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Determination of what individuals and markets want and value from forests and forestry products and services; helping aid business and research colleagues to provide for these needs
Education
January 2005 - June 2006
University of Otago
Field of study
  • Marketing
February 1992 - December 1995
Massey University
Field of study
  • Product Development

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
Stakeholders in plantation forestry are increasingly aware of the importance of the ecosystem services and non-market values associated with forests. In New Zealand, there is significant interest in establishing species other than Pinus radiata D. Don (the dominant plantation species) in the belief that alternative species are better suited to deli...
Article
In order to drive forest sector productivity, an emphasis has been placed on effectively transferring science knowledge to technical foresters. Having a communications plan and engaging the right stakeholders early can induce a rich learning environment that strengthens context, knowhow and ensures mechanisms are in place for knowledge to be transf...
Article
Full-text available
Reflexive monitors (RMs) have been found to be vital to the success of co-innovation projects. While the practices utilized by RMs have been examined in various contexts, we examine the roles they have played in a new cultural context in New Zealand (NZ) and how it has been possible to embed these roles in a diverse range of innovation projects in...
Preprint
Highlights  New Zealand has existing primary sector growth and a low carbon economy commitment  It has no clearly defined bioeconomic vision and has yet to develop a national strategy.  Key barriers hinder development of the emergent bioeconomic transition pathways  We examine the emerging bioeconomy approach, and growing a bioeconomic environm...
Article
Full-text available
Internationally there is a desire to transition farming systems towards more sustainable production in response to global and local social and environmental challenges. This transition has often been linked with a movement towards ‘sustainable intensification’ which, although having advantages, has raised questions about a lack of attention to, for...
Article
Full-text available
Credence or believability are paramount values in trade. The role of products' credence attributes has been well-analysed in the agricultural and food sector. This study examined the application of credence attributes to forest management and forest products marketing for the first time. We describe specific credence attributes of forest products a...
Article
Background: Demand for imported sawn timbers in New Zealand has increased over the last decade, reflecting the lack of New Zealand-grown, naturally durable timber in the domestic market. Therefore, a market opportunity exists for sustainably grown, naturally durable timbers in New Zealand for specialty applications. Kōwhai ( Sophora spp.) are N...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In recent years, there have been several instances of forestry residue piles (“birds’ nests”) self-combusting in skid sites across New Zealand. This has renewed the interest of Fire and Emergency New Zealand in further understanding the conditions leading to spontaneous combustion at skid sites. These unintended slash pile fires can be difficult an...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive conifers have the potential to substantially alter natural, cultural, and heritage landscapes in many regions. While much work has been done to understand the impacts of biological invasions on ecosystem services such as water regulation and carbon sequestration, less is known about their impact on sites that have significant cultural valu...
Article
Full-text available
The current Coronavirus COVID-19 is spreading around the world and New Zealand (NZ) companies face increased uncertainty. The purpose of study is to understand the current and future effects of COVID-19 to NZ businesses and provides early-stage suggestions that help the decision and policymaking regarding COVID-19 in NZ organisations. This study at...
Chapter
There is limited use of prescribed burning in New Zealand for fuel reduction for wildfire mitigation, due mostly to potential adverse impacts on native vegetation and biota. However, a recent review of fire use in rural New Zealand (Clifford et al. 2016) found burning is still widely applied in hill country rural land management to regenerate rank...
Article
Full-text available
Context New Zealand’s use of fire as a land management tool has had an extensive and lasting impact on New Zealand’s rural landscapes. Objectives We reviewed the historical rural use of fire by Māori and Europeans in NZ, discuss the challenges facing its future use as a land management tool and briefly compare with the international situation. Me...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to determine if there were differences among stakeholders in the values they attribute to soil ecosystem services from plantation forests in New Zealand. Groups of forest-associated stakeholders were identified (e.g. land owners, forest owners, wood processors, and recreational forest users) and surveyed to assess their c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
REPORT AVAILABLE ONLINE: https://scion.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p20044coll6/id/658/ MPI is investigating short to medium term opportunities (i.e. over the next 10 years) to ease the log supply constraints that are emerging in Northland, and that can be seen on the horizon in several other regions (e.g. Canterbury, the Lower North Isla...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report describes results and analysis of the social license survey conducted as part of MPI project 18607, Theme “Building engagement and social licence” – engagement and social licence. It provides an overview of the design, data collection and analysis and should be read in conjunction with other Theme “Building engagement and social licence...
Article
Full-text available
Twice in 2018, severe storms and the remnants of tropical cyclones battered New Zealand, resulting in severe consequences for our landscapes and, in particular, forests and forestry. First, from 19 February through to 21 February ex-cyclone Gita swept across the top of the South Island, bringing wind gusts of up to 140 km/hour and between 115 and 1...
Article
Full-text available
The 1 Billion Trees Programme (1BT Programme) has the potential to significantly transform New Zealand's landscape for decades to come by introducing one billion trees to the land. This is not without risks, particularly where landowners and communities may harbour concerns with potentially long-lasting, large-scale changes through afforestation. T...
Article
Key Words: attitudes burn-offs fire land management New Zealand prescribed burning Fire has long been used as a tool to remove pests and disease, regenerate land, and remove unwanted vegetation buildup. Although traditionally used as a widespread land management tool in the past, its continued use could be under threat due to public perceptions per...
Article
Full-text available
The tragic deaths of three farmers in rural fires in recent years has highlighted the risks of burning practices. With no database of fatalities, injuries or near miss events to help understand the problem, little was known about how farmers use fire and what specific actions lead to injury or death. This research set out to compile fire incident...
Article
This paper makes a contribution to understanding the impact of relational trust, as embodied within bonding, bridging and linking social capital, on rural innovation. Using cases of multi-stakeholder groups who work together on shared problems it explores how social capital and different forms of trust (companion, competence and commitment) influen...
Book
Full-text available
The 2009 OECD call for a global transition towards a bioeconomy has resulted in a number of nations adopting national or regional strategies to develop their bioeconomy. New Zealand’s large biological resource base and a well-established cultural heritage in farm production, especially a global dominance in livestock production, should make it well...
Book
Full-text available
The 2009 OECD call for a global transition towards a bioeconomy has resulted in a number of nations adopting national or regional strategies to develop their bioeconomy. New Zealand’s large biological resource base and a well-established cultural heritage in farm production, especially a global dominance in livestock production, should make it well...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines trust at the government, industry, community nexus, as mediated by media, and its effect on social licence (SLO). We attempted to understand levels and importance of trust in New Zealand's natural resource sectors by examining ways of building, maintaining and assessing public trust in a post-truth society. We surveyed 128 Ne...
Article
The 2009 OECD call for a global transition towards a bioeconomy has resulted in a number of nations adopting national or regional strategies to develop their bioeconomies. New Zealand's large biological resource base and a well-established cultural heritage in farm production, including a comparative advantage in livestock production, should make i...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is considered a useful tool for rural land managers according to a recent Scion study. But the practice is not without risk. Scion conducted a national survey of rural land managers, rural populace and fire personnel to learn more about how fire is used as a land management tool. We found: • Most burns are small and are for removing vege...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fire and Emergency identified a need to better understand how the existing knowledge and awareness of fire behaviour translates into practices when conducting a controlled burn. Three recent fatalities, and a number of reported injuries occurring when undertaking controlled burns, have motivated the call for this research. The aim of this research...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The handbook is not intended to provide a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach. Instead, throughout the handbook we have provided practical and relevant guidance, shaped by people who have worked as reflexive monitors in the Primary Innovation programme. It is designed to provide a New Zealand centred companion document to the pioneering work of van Mierlo...
Article
Full-text available
Small wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have the potential to change the way forests are managed in the future. Already used widely in agricultural and horticultural situations to monitor and control production, what basis do they have as a tool for the modern forest manager? We propose that WSNs could enable a transformation in the way forests are m...
Poster
Full-text available
Using fire for land management operations is a traditional, but still contentious issue in New Zealand’s rural landscape. This poster presents some key findings from New Zealand’s first comprehensive national study into the use of fire for productive land management. Land managers and the rural populace have very similar rationale for the use of fi...
Article
Full-text available
p>Reflexive monitors (RMs) have been found to be vital to the success of co-innovation projects. While the practices utilized by RMs have been examined in various contexts, we examine the roles they have played in a new cultural context in New Zealand (NZ) and how it has been possible to embed these roles in a diverse range of innovation projects i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the first stage of a high level overview of international and national drivers which have the potential to affect land use change and/or practice; initial scenario analyses to explore different futures and develop a methodology for quantifying the importance of these drivers. Optimising our land and freshwater resources on the...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presented at the Extension and Knowledge Exchange Conference, Kenora, Ontario in Sept 2016.
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presented at the Extension and Knowledge Exchange Conference, Kenora, Ontario in Sept 2016.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The objective of this research was to assess the current state-of-knowledge on the risks and benefits of using fire as a rural land management tool, including historical and current practices and the effects on New Zealand’s environment. More specifically, the main objectives of this research in New Zealand were to;  Understand when, where and how...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reflexive monitors (RMs) are vital to the success of co-innovation approaches in Agricultural Innovation System (AIS) projects. While the practices utilised by RMs have been examined in various contexts, links between their roles and the theoretical frameworks they straddle is limited. This paper will address this gap in terms of explaining the cas...
Article
Full-text available
New technologies are increasingly being integrated into everyday tasks to assist users and could radically change the nature of how industries operate. Forest harvesting operations have been traditionally considered physically demanding and potentially dangerous, with forest workers on foot exposed to heavy and fast-moving trees, logs and machinery...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A large area of New Zealand is affected by the spread of introduced conifer trees. This report provides the Department of Conservation with examples of how cultural values are associated with the areas surrounding lakes Tarawera, Pukaki, and Wakatipu, as well as how these cultural values might be considered in future plans for managing wilding coni...
Article
Full-text available
A review of the international Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators (MP C&I) sustainable forests reporting framework required member countries to benchmark the Indicators against locally held forest values. Children constitute an important subgroup of the local stakeholders in forests: they may respond to forested environments in different ways...
Poster
Full-text available
While fire use has great benefit to rural land managers, it also carries risk. New Zealand has over 3000 wildfires per year, of which around 20% and almost half the area burned are the result of land management burns escaping or becoming out of control. Despite this, the risks and benefits of using fire as a land management tool are currently not w...
Article
Full-text available
New Zealand grown radiata pine competes with other softwood species and supplier nations within the international market across a range of applications. In terms of fitness for end use, wood quality goes beyond basic wood property measures and encompasses aspects of fitness from cradle to grave, from silvicultural and extraction requirements to ser...
Data
Full-text available
Bibliography to accompany the report 'Nutrient Management Science - state of knowledge'
Data
Conference presentation for 15th SSAFR meeting in Quebec 2013
Technical Report
Full-text available
The physically demanding nature of forest and rural firefighting requires firefighters to be physically fit to minimise fatigue and work competently. In some parts of the world firefighting agencies employ physical competency tests to determine if firefighters are fit for duty. A requirement of the National Rural Fire Authority (NRFA) is that Rural...
Data
SWI has developed a project proposal around increasing the use of NZ and Australian radiata pine in residential construction. The overall approach is to “define options for using lower grade or mixed grade timber for a range of building products for the Australasian residential construction and building markets - thereby increasing the use of timbe...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Ministry for Primary Industries commissioned scientists from the Soil and Land Use Alliance (AgResearch, Landcare Research, Plant and Food Research, and Scion) to review research on nutrient management science for the primary sector between 1998 and 2013. The aim was to identify the current state of scientific knowledge, the use and uptake of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A monoculture of Pinus radiata forests are widely planted across New Zealand ~ 1.8 million hectares. These plantations are becoming less suited to a range of stakeholder needs. While forestry plantations will continue to have a primary role in the provision of timber resources, the focus in places is moving from production as the sole aim, because...
Data
Full-text available
SWI has developed a project proposal around increasing the use of NZ and Australian radiata pine in residential construction. The overall approach is to “define options for using lower grade or mixed grade timber for a range of building products for the Australasian residential construction and building markets - thereby increasing the use of timbe...
Article
Harvesting New Zealand's production forests is challenged due to a growing proportion of the plantation forest being grown on steep slopes. Advances in robotics may aid forest operations to improve productivity and cost effectively manage the growth and harvesting of logs from such difficult terrain. Robotic devices are increasingly being used in p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on an exercise conducted within a state-owned body (Crown Research Institute) in New Zealand aimed at building greater understanding of the key factors in successful research programmes. Success was defined in this study as a high level of uptake of the emerging science, with commensurate benefits to both industry and the communi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Building the Future – STEEP Analysis Compendium ii ABOUT THE STEEP COMPENDIUM This document is one of the fundamental sources of insight used in the preparation of the BRANZ report Building The Future . It is a collection of expert opinions on the fundamental drivers of the New Zealand built environment in 2025. These opinions are presented here as...
Book
Full-text available
Most of the timber used in the Australian built environment is presently for low-rise residential construction. This market share is under constant erosion from competitive systems; therefore, entry into non-traditional sectors would benefit the industry through a wider market portfolio of building type applications, and a higher value product syst...
Chapter
The signing of the Kyoto Protocol heralds a number of changes that are likely to occur in the building industry over the next 5-10 years. The New Zealand Government's preferred policy package of strategies assumes that steps will be taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the 1990 levels required in the first monitoring period. Additionally, to...
Article
Full-text available
The extent of influence of environmental concerns in consumer choice of decking products was explored for environmentally-motivated, and non environmentally-motivated consumers. The study determined whether environmental considerations were a significant aspect in decking purchase decisions, and whether consumers who had strongly considered environ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future housing forms in New Zealand will differ from those in use today. Researchers at Scion and BRANZ developed a set of four scenarios, each offering a unique description of the New Zealand housing sector in 2030 — Sunrise, Sunset; Change of Heart; the Vertical Village; and Gates of Heaven. A fifth status quo-style reference scenario helps to il...
Article
Full-text available
The use of internet real estate search engines can be an important tool for agents and buyers alike in the information search stage of real estate purchase. Using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) a sample of New Zealand purchasers' attitudes and behaviour are examined to determine the factors that influence the adoption of this tool in this hi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
New Zealand Business Council for Sustainable Development Presentation 31 st October, 2006 • • • • A number of authors (Howard, 2000; Oskamp, 2000; Arkesteijn and Oerlemans, 2005; Sammer and Wüstenhagen, 2006; O'Hara and Stagl, 2002) recognise that there is both willingness amongst consumers to become more sustainable citizens, and also growing awar...
Thesis
Full-text available
"Date 28 June 2006." Thesis (M. Com.)--University of Otago, 2007. Includes bibliographical references. Also available through OUR Archive Thesis depository from Otago University: http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5881
Article
This paper compares the structural performance of nine different light composite timber beams including I-beams. Beams were made with 9 mm plywood webs, which were glued to timber/LVL flanges. Finished beams had 'I' or rectangular cross sections with a height of 290 mm and width of 88 mm or 106 mm depending on their cross section. The differences b...
Book
Full-text available
Previous research has suggested that the major barriers to increasing market share of wood products in non-residential building applications in Australia are fire performance and overall designer confidence in commercial and industrial timber-based construction. While the issue of fire performance is being addressed both through design solutions an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the strength and deformation characteristics of lightweight timber composite beams manufactured with six different cross-sectional profiles in comparison with readily available laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and glued-laminated (Glulam) beams. All engineered profiles comprised solid timber or LVL flanges and three-ply plywood...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ‘quality’ of our nation’s residential built environment, in terms of fitness for purpose, instead of showing an increasing trend in practice towards more sustainable housing, has shown a number of trends towards more unsustainable practice over the last decade. The Now home project, initiated in December 2002, investigated the process or design...
Conference Paper
Movement towards improving sustainable development of our urban environments is being driven by central (and recently local) Government via a number of ke y strategies. Quality urban design through sustainable development is seen as an essential component in t he success of our towns and cities, due to the impact the urban area has on the nation’s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The NOW Home is a research experiment designed to test how an innovative design and construction concept delivers nine fundamental objectives of a sustainable home. It is not an ‘eco housing’ project, noris it a ‘social housing’ project.The NOW Home is different because it aims to be affordable, appealing to the mass market, as well as environmenta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the global marketplace producers of solidwood products are facing increasing competition from wood fibre and non-wood substitutes at an alarming rate. New Zealand has followed the global trend in evolution of building materials and products with a myriad of different products and design innovations entering the market. This has occurred in all s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Scenarios are useful devices for stimulating discussion about the choices that lie ahead. In 2001, researchers at Forest Research generated a set of thought-provoking and realistic scenarios of the Australasian built environment in 2010-2015. The primary intentions of these scenarios were to (a) help plan research into future building needs and (b)...