Karel Kreijns

Karel Kreijns
Open Universiteit Nederland | OU · Welten-Institute

PhD

About

105
Publications
56,231
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,241
Citations
Citations since 2016
44 Research Items
2942 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Full-text available
Gender equity in education is an essential UN sustainable development goal. However, it is unclear what aspects of gender are important to consider in regard to research outcomes as well as how findings can be interpreted in the context of gender stereotypes and bias. This lack of clarity is particularly salient in the STEM field. Computer-supporte...
Article
Full-text available
Social presence is an important concept for understanding psychosocial processes in learning scenarios that make extensive use of mediated communication like online distance learning. Despite this centrality, a coherent and nuanced theory of social presence is yet to emerge from the literature. Past research has shown associations with desirable af...
Article
Full-text available
A plethora of studies stress students’ self-regulated learning (SRL) skills to be conditional for successful learning in school and beyond. In general, self-regulated learners are actively engaged in constructing their own understanding also including the regulation of contextual features in the environment. Within the contextual features, the regu...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this contribution was to investigate predictors of innovative work behavior (IWB) in nonprofit organizations. For instance, in schools, innovative solutions are crucial as the quality of education and therefore the schools' competitiveness depends on their ability to keep pace with technological, economic, and societal transformations. W...
Article
Full-text available
Social presence is an important construct in online group learning. It influences the way how social interaction unfolds online and affects learning and social outcomes. However, what precisely social presence is has been under debate, as presently a plethora of different definitions and measures exist preventing the development of a coherent resea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current research on computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) point to the many benefits of group learning. However, these benefits can only be achieved when groups are productive and attaining productivity within CSCL groups is not easy. Assigning students to groups and asking them to collaborate does not guarantee that productive socia...
Article
Full-text available
Learners in MOOCs often experience challenges that can be identified as barriers to learning. These barriers may be MOOC-or not MOOC-related. By knowing about potential barriers learners would be better prepared and more likely to handle and overcome them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to advance insight and knowledge about barriers to learn...
Article
Full-text available
Social presence is a central concept relating to interpersonal aspects in online distance learning. However, the conditions and determinants of its emergence are not yet fully understood. As a construct rooted in social psychology, the potential of individual differences predicting perceptions of social presence has been largely neglected, thus, co...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was 1) to validate the measures for achievement emotion as well as the measures for perceived cognitive load and 2) to explore the relationships between achievement emotions, perceived cognitive load and personal goal achievement in MOOCs. Participants were 1361 students who completed a survey at the end of the MOOCs. Rasc...
Article
Full-text available
Openness in education is not a consistent term or value since "open" is used to describe various things and often means different things to different individuals. In a research context, it is important to identify the many interpretation(s) and perspectives of openness being investigated, especially since the underlying ideas behind these different...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently, there is much interest of higher education institutions including distance education institutions, to integrate group learning in their online courses. However, online group learning faces a number of challenges. Group members experience that it is much more difficult to become a performing group and to maintain this critical status. The...
Article
Full-text available
Insight in three modal sets of teachers’ salient beliefs (i.e. the outcome, normative, and control beliefs) facilitate the development of effective interventions to elevate Web 2.0 technologies use in constructivist pedagogy in higher education. In line with the Reasoned Action Approach (Fishbein & Ajzen, 2010), modal sets of teachers’ salient beli...
Preprint
The cultivation of interest is an important aim of education. When encountering new information, the learners’ situational interest is an essential step in the interest development process. Situational interest represents the learner’s heightened attentional focus toward task characteristics (triggered interest) and elevated positive feelings and v...
Article
Despite the fact that innovative behaviour of teachers is important for the quality of teaching in our knowledge society, there is still little research into leadership and organizational factors that influence teachers’ innovative behaviour. By combining self-concept leadership theory, social exchange theory and a hierarchical model of the distanc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Social presence theory was developed by Short et al. (The social psychology of telecommunications. Wiley, London, 1976) to explain the impact of different media such as text, audio, or video on interpersonal communication. They defined social presence as “the salience of the other person in the interaction,” which was interpreted as the degree to w...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the past few years, massive online open courses (MOOCs) have been increasingly identified as technologies that could transform education, by providing free and high-quality content to anyone with an Internet connection. However, despite these potentials, MOOCs generally fail to keep their participants on board. One of the reasons for this phen...
Article
Full-text available
MOOCs are promising opportunities for lifelong learning, but as promising as these learning opportunities seem, many learners do not succeed in pursuing their personal learning goals. Barriers to learning are the main reason for not finishing the intended (parts of the) MOOCs. This study addressed the question whether the factors age, gender, educa...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study the construct inquiry of mind explored and an instrument to measure it is proposed. Using three different samples, explorative and confirmative factor analyses were performed, resulting in three empirical dimensions that correspond to the three theoretical dimensions: 1) ‘value deep understanding,’ 2) ‘reserve judgment and tole...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the use of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for teacher professional development (TPD) and the characteristics of their participants is scarce. This article presents a case of a MOOC initiative supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education aiming at teachers’ professional development on the use of ICT for teaching and learning. The...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this study, we introduce a model that captures and visualizes the dynamical process of individual intention forming and the translation of this intention into actual behavior when learning in MOOCs. To validate the model and further our understanding of learning in MOOCs, we constructed a short survey based on this theoretically grounded intenti...
Article
Full-text available
The social and individual aspects of MOOCs are two sides of the same coin. However, while the majority of MOOC designs do not valorise the potential that a massive audience could bring in, several studies highlight the solo-mission mode of MOOC users' experience. Based on implementation intention, social presence, social influence and flow theory w...
Article
Research has shown that mobile technology could enhance the effectiveness of common language learning activities but in practice, few teachers are using mobile devices. Fishbein and Ajzen's (2010) reasoned action approach was used to identify to which extent certain personal factors influenced teachers' intentions to integrate smartphones in their...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In educational settings that rely in large part on computer-mediated communication, like online learning and computer-supported collaborative learning, social presence is considered an important aspect of the learning experience. However, because there are many definitions and operationalizations in the literature, there is confusion as to what soc...
Presentation
Full-text available
In educational settings that rely in large part on computer-mediated communication, like online learning and computer-supported collaborative learning, social presence is considered an important aspect of the learning experience. However, because there are many definitions and operationalizations in the literature, there is confusion as to what soc...
Article
Research has shown that mobile technology could enhance the effectiveness of common language learning activities but in practice, few teachers are using mobile devices. Fishbein and Ajzen’s (2010) reasoned action approach was used to identify to which extent certain personal factors influenced teachers’ intentions to integrate smartphones in their...
Chapter
Full-text available
The SIPS-model, introduced to emphasize social aspects of online collaborative learning (OCL) expresses the degree to which online environments for collaborative learning support social aspects through social affordances by the sociability attribute. However, OCL-environments are primarily meant to support collaborative learning. Hence, SIPS was ex...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we focus on the effects of an intervention aiming to improve the English pronunciation skills of secondary school students in the Netherlands. In order to implement a new pedagogy successfully it is of the essence to take into account how teachers learn and what motivates them to adapt and change their way of teaching. Teachers need t...
Article
Full-text available
p class="3">Do perceptions of success in using digital learning materials (DLMs) regularly (i.e., several times a week) strengthen (or weaken) teachers’ behavioural intentions to use DLMs again? And which psychological factors have a relationship with the intention to use DLMs again? These questions are important in light of stimulating teacher’s u...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present an alternative typology for determining success and dropout in massive open online courses (MOOCs). This typology takes the perspectives of MOOC-takers into account and is based on the their intentions and subsequent behaviour. An explorative study using two MOOCs was carried out to test the applicability of the typology. F...
Article
Full-text available
The global attention for open online education (OOE) caused a situation in which higher education institutions (HEIs) reconsider the way they deliver education to the population. With a funding policy, the Dutch Government aims to stimulate OOE in HEIs. The goal is to create more expedient, accessible and personalized learning experiences, that con...
Presentation
Full-text available
Symposium: De uitdagingen van open online onderwijs / MOOCs
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This explorative study aimed to get an understanding of MOOC-success as seen from the perspective of the MOOC-taker and the types of barriers which might stand in the way of this success. Data of two MOOCs was used to illustrate MOOC-success from two perspectives and barriers encountered. Following the currently used approach to identify educationa...
Conference Paper
Implementation intentions have been proven to be effective to help individuals reaching their goals in medical interventions. The current study investigated whether this is true as well for individuals who enrolled in MOOCs. Implementation intentions are concerned with planning where, when, and how learning will take place as well as planning how m...
Conference Paper
The collaborative learning processes of students in online learning environments can be supported by providing learning analytics-based visualisations that foster awareness and reflection about an individual's as well as the team's behaviour and their learning and collaboration processes. For this empirical study we implemented an activity widget i...
Article
In collaborative learning environments, students work together on assignments in virtual teams and depend on each other’s contribution to achieve their learning objectives. The online learning environment, however, may not only facilitate but also hamper group communication, coordination and collaboration. Group awareness widgets that visualise inf...
Article
Full-text available
While MOOCs are recognized nowadays as a potential format for professional development and lifelong learning, little research has been conducted on the factors that influence MOOC participation of professionals and unemployed in MOOCs. Based on a framework developed earlier, we conducted a study, which focused on the influence of background variabl...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether school organizational variables (ie, transformative leadership (TL), ICT-infrastructure (technical and social) and organizational learning climate were related to teachers' dispositional variables (ie, attitude, perceived norm and perceived behavior control [PBC]). The direct and indirect influences of the organizati...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate organisational (cultural and relational) and task factors which potentially enhance teachers’ professional development at work (TPD at Work). The development of lifelong learning competencies and, consequently, the careers of teachers, has become a permanent issue on the agenda of schools worldw...
Article
Schools have an important role in teaching students how to use Social Network Site (SNS) for career purposes. This involves the opportunity for students to practice online career skills. Different types of digital environments are available for schools. There are SNS designed to enable users to interact and network. In addition there are digital en...
Article
Full-text available
While MOOCS have emerged as a new form of open online education around the world, research is stilling lagging behind to come up with a sound theoretical basis that can cover the impact of socio-economic background variables, ICT competences, prior experiences and lifelong learning profile, variance in intentions, environmental influences, outcome...
Article
After graduation, it is essential for teachers to continue working on their professional development since they need to be prepared for the requirements of tomorrow's knowledge- and technology-based society, a more varied student and pupil population creating new responsibilities, and higher social expectations from schools and the society as a who...
Article
Building upon previous research that focused on the relationships between job demands, job resources, and employee psychological well-being, this longitudinal research makes a unique contribution by relating job demands and job resources to teachers’ professional development (TPD) at work and flexible competence, the latter being a key factor in te...
Article
Full-text available
Planned Continuous Professional Development (CPD) in the past and current international initiatives are frequently based on an implicit deficiency assumption or gap-based model. This study answered the research question “Are teachers triggered to participate in CPD following a sequential, gap-based model and what is the relation with personal and p...
Article
The goal of this study was to probe the effectiveness of a mobile game-based learning approach in modifying behavioural outcomes and competence. The experiment was set against the background of low rates of laymen providing CPR during sudden cardiac arrests. A post-test control group design was used to contrast and evaluate the effects of the two d...
Article
Most distributed and virtual online environments for and pedagogies of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) neglect the social and social-emotional aspects underlying the group dynamics of learning and working in a CSCL group. These group dynamics often determine whether the group will develop into a well-performing team and whether a s...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we report on a study that investigated the motivational (e.g. intrinsic motivation) and dispositional variables (e.g. attitudes) that determine teachers’ intention to use or not to use digital learning materials (DLMs). To understand the direct and indirect relationships between these variables, we replicated a study in which self-...
Article
Full-text available
To gain insight into how to promote teachers’ use of digital learning materials (DLMs) in their pedagogical practices we adopted the Integrated Model of Behaviour Prediction to investigate the relationships between organizational and teacher-related variables. A representative sample of 772 teachers from primary, secondary or vocational education t...
Article
Full-text available
Transformatief leiderschap beïnvloedt het innovatieve gedrag en de professionalisering van werknemers. In deze studie is nagegaan of dit ook geldt voor het inzetten van digitale leermaterialen (DLMs) door leraren in hun onderwijspraktijk. Eerder onderzoek naar het toepassen van DLMs heeft uitgewezen dat vooral self-efficacy, alsmede houding en in m...
Article
Full-text available
The Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science has funded a five years program to encourage the use, creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources (OER) by teachers from various types of education. This program is known as Wikiwijs. Ultimo 2013, the program has come to an end. As some of the assumptions at the start of Wikiwijs proved to...
Article
Full-text available
Social presence is a construct that has attracted the attention of many educational scholars involved in online collaborative learning settings wherein all the dialogue is happening through text-based asynchronous and synchronous communication channels. The social presence of the learning group members is associated with the degree of participation...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, it was examined whether transformotive leadership influences the use of digital learning materials (DLMs) by teachers in their pedagogical practice. Earlier research on DLMs has shown that the Integrated Model of Behavior Prediction (IMBP) can be applied to explain or predict the intention of teachers to use DLMs. The research also h...
Article
Full-text available
Although there are research findings supporting the positive effects of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), problems have been reported regarding the learning process itself, group formation, and group dynamics. These problems can be traced back to impeded social interaction between group members. Social interaction is necessary (a) f...
Article
Full-text available
Although Information and Communication Technology (ICT) seems a promising tool in an educational context, many teachers are reluctant to integrate it in their daily practice. A large scale survey was undertaken amongst primary and secondary school teachers in the Netherlands to explore possible determinants of the educational use of digital learnin...
Article
Professional development plans (PDPs) have recently been introduced in Dutch schools to support teachers' professional development. However, teachers' beliefs regarding the use of PDPs have not been systematically researched, whereas research on the use of PDPs indicates that the implementation is not always successful and depends on how use is per...
Article
Literature shows that feedback that is specific, immediate and goal-oriented is effective on (pre-service) teachers’ performance. Synchronous coaching gives this kind of feedback. Due to immediateness of feedback, pre-service teachers can suffer from cognitive load. We propose a set of standardised keywords through which this performance feedback c...
Book
Full-text available
Open Educational Resources (OER) – that is, teaching, learning and research materials that their owners make free to others to use, revise and share – offer a powerful means of expanding the reach and effectiveness of worldwide education. Those resources can be full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, software, and othe...
Article
Full-text available
Information and communication technology (ICT) can enable, support, and reinforce the introduction of new pedagogical practices that comply with the educational demands of the twenty-first-century knowledge society. However, despite this potential and despite the delivering of skills-based professional development and the increase in the level of I...
Article
Full-text available
Literature shows that feedback that is specific, immediate and goal-oriented is effective on (pre-service) teachers' performance. Synchronous coaching gives this kind of feedback. Due to immediateness of feedback, pre-service teachers can suffer from cognitive load. We propose a set of standardised keywords through which this performance feedback c...
Article
Professional development of teachers has become an essential condition in today’s knowledge-based society to sustain the quality of teaching. Therefore, the Dutch government promotes this professional development. As a result, Professional Development Plans (PDPs) are now increasingly used to stimulate and support the professional development of te...