Kapaettu Satyamoorthy

Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Manipal Academy of Higher Education | MAHE

Doctor of Philosophy

About

429
Publications
72,040
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8,364
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Introduction
Current Research Interests: 1. Cancer and non-communicable diseases - epigenetics 2. Host - pathogen interactions 3. Pharmacogenomics 4. Therapeutic antibodies
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (429)
Article
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At specific genomic loci, miRNAs are in clusters and their association with copy number variations (CNVs) may exhibit abnormal expression in several cancers. Hence, the current study aims to understand the expression of miRNA clusters residing within CNVs and the regulation of their target genes in bladder cancer. To achieve this, we used extensive...
Article
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Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC 2) of class I HDACs plays a major role in embryonic and neural developments. However, HDAC 2 overexpression triggers cell proliferation by diverse mechanisms in cancer. Over the decades, many pan and class-specific inhibitors of HDAC were discovered. Limitations such as toxicity and differential cell localization of each...
Article
The suitability of deep-UV-LEDs (285 nm) as an excitation source to induce autofluorescence in nonenzymatically glycated proteins has been reported for the first time in this study. Non-enzymatically glycated proteins show high autofluorescence when excited with deep-UV light, i.e., deep-UV-induced autofluorescence (deep-UV-IAF). Multiple autofluor...
Article
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Senescence induction and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) events are the opposite sides of the spectrum of cancer phenotypes. The key molecules involved in these processes may get influenced or altered by genetic and epigenetic changes during tumor progression. Double C2-like domain beta (DOC2B), an intracellular vesicle trafficking protein...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a systemic disease, impacting multiple organs in the human body. But COVID-19 also impacts other diseases of relevance to public and planetary health. To understand and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, we need an intersectional conceptual lens and systems thinking. For example, the strain on health care syste...
Article
Transcriptional coactivators play a crucial role in regulating gene expression. PRIP interacting protein with methyl transferase domain (PIMT) / trimethyl guanosine synthase 1 (TGS1) is a co-activator interacting protein with an RNA methyl transferase domain. PIMT serves as a bridge between HAT and non-HAT coactivators and differentially modulates...
Article
MicroRNAs play a significant role in nuclear and mitochondrial anterograde and retrograde signaling. Most of the miRNAs found inside mitochondria are nuclear genome encoded, with few mitochondrial genome encoded non-coding RNAs have been reported. In this study, we have identified 13 mitochondrial genome-encoded microRNAs (mitomiRs), which were dif...
Article
Cervical cancer is preventable yet one of the most prevalent cancers among women around the globe. Though regular screening has resulted in the decline in incidence, the disease claims a high number of lives every year, especially in the developing countries. Owing to rather aggressive and non-specific nature of the conventional chemotherapeutics,...
Article
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The Covid-19 pandemic accelerated research and development not only in infectious diseases but also in digital technologies to improve monitoring, forecasting, and intervening on planetary and ecological risks. In the European Commission, the Destination Earth (DestinE) is a current major initiative to develop a digital model of the Earth (a "digit...
Article
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Moscatilin, a bibenzyl derivative (stilbenoid), mostly found in one of the largest genera of Orchidaceae; Dendrobium has many therapeutic benefits. Its function as an anticancer agent has been widely demonstrated through many research investigations. However, the compound has not been produced in vitro to date. The present study highlights the deve...
Article
Background Information : Excessive angiogenesis characterized by leaky, tortuous and chaotic vasculature is one of the hallmarks of cancers and is significantly correlated to poor prognosis. Disorganized angiogenesis leads to poor perfusion of anti-cancer drugs and limits access to immune cells. Hence, impeding angiogenesis is one of the attractive...
Article
The genome of living organisms frequently undergoes various types of modifications which are recognized and repaired by the relevant repair mechanisms. These repair pathways are increasingly being deciphered to understand the mechanisms. Base excision repair (BER) is indispensable to maintain genome stability. One of the enigmatic repair proteins o...
Article
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Cervical cancer (CC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death among women in developing countries. However, the underlying mechanisms and molecular targets for therapy remain to be fully understood. We investigated the epigenetic regulation, biological functions, and clinical utility of zinc-finger protein 471 (ZNF471) in CC. Analysis of cervical...
Article
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Diagnosis and treatment of various diseases in Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine, relies on ‘prakriti’ phenotyping of individuals into predominantly three constitutions, kapha, pitta and vata. Recent studies propose that microbiome play an integral role in precision medicine. A study of the relationship between prakriti – the basis of persona...
Article
Current knowledge of mitochondrial biology and function has provided tools and technologies that helped a better understanding of the molecular etiology of complex mitochondrial disorders. Dual genetic control of this subcellular organelle function regulates various signaling mechanisms which are essential for metabolism, bioenergetics, fatty acid...
Article
Chronic polymicrobial wound infections are often characterized by the presence of bacterial biofilms. They show considerable structural and functional heterogeneity, which influences the choice of antimicrobial therapy and wound healing dynamics. The hallmarks of biofilm-associated bacterial infections include elevated antibiotic resistance and ext...
Article
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Background: Snake venoms are composed of pharmacologically active proteins that are evolutionarily diverse, stable and specific to targets. Hence, venoms have been explored as a source of bioactive molecules in treating numerous diseases. Recent evidences suggest that snake venom proteins may affect the formation of new blood vessels. Excessive an...
Article
Fibrosis is a pathological state characterized by excessive deposition of the extracellular matrix components leading to impaired tissue function in the affected organ. It results in scarring of the affected tissue akin to an over-healing wound as a consequence of chronic inflammation and repair in response to injury. Persistent trauma of susceptib...
Article
Current knowledge of mitochondrial biology and function has provided with tools and technologies that helped a better understanding of the molecular etiology of complex mitochondrial disorders. Dual genetic control of this subcellular organelle function regulates various signaling mechanisms which are essential for metabolism, bioenergetics, fatty...
Article
Background Despite rapid progress in the diagnosis and treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the survival rates remain poor. Early identification of premalignant lesions is critical in reducing mortality. Epigenetic changes, such as aberrant DNA methylation resulting in altered gene expression, contribute to oral carcinogenesis. Object...
Article
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Purpose Chlamydial genital infections constitute significant sexually transmitted infections worldwide. The often asymptomatic status of C. trachomatis (CT) infections leads to an increased burden on human reproductive health, especially in middle- and low-income settings. Early detection and management of these infections could play a decisive rol...
Article
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Desminopathies (MIM*601419) are clinically heterogeneous, manifesting with myopathy and/or cardiomyopathy and with intra-sarcoplasmic desmin-positive deposits. They have either an autosomal dominant (AD) or recessive (AR) pattern of inheritance. Desmin is a crucial intermediate filament protein regulating various cellular functions in muscle cells....
Article
Immunomodulatory and analgesic effects of dexamethasone are clinically well established, and this synthetic corticosteroid acts as an agonist of glucocorticoid receptors. Early results of the RECOVERY Trial from the United Kingdom and others suggest certain benefits of dexamethasone against COVID-19 chronic patients. The efforts have been acknowled...
Article
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Background Mitochondrial disorders are clinically complex and have highly variable phenotypes among all inherited disorders. Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear genome or both have been reported in mitochondrial diseases suggesting common pathophysiological pathways. Considering the clinical heterogeneity of mitochondrial encephalopa...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance Phyllanthus species is extensively cultivated and used as edible fruits and herbal drugs. The Phyllanthus species are used extensively as ethnopharmacologically important materials in several countries, especially in Asia. Various Phyllanthus species are broadly used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine and deliberated...
Article
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Innumerable studies associated with cellular differentiation, tissue response and disease modeling have been conducted in two-dimensional (2D) culture systems or animal models. This has been invaluable in deciphering the normal and disease states in cell biology; the key shortcomings of it being suitability for translational or clinical correlation...
Article
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Moscatilin (stilbenoid) is a plant-derived anticancer compound, and it has mostly been isolated from threatened wild Dendrobium species. The present study attempts to evaluate the cytotoxicity of Moscatilin on several cancer cell lines through MTT assay. Additionally, it also aims towards estimating and comparing the radiosensitivity, cell-cycle pr...
Article
Acetylation and deacetylation of histone and several non-histone proteins are the two important processes amongst the different modes of epigenetic modulation that are involved in regulating cancer initiation and development. Abnormal expression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is often reported in various types of cancers. Few pan HDAC inhibitors h...
Article
UVBR-induced photolesions in genomic DNA of keratinocytes impair cellular functions and potentially determine the cell fate post-irradiation. The ability of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) to rescue epidermal keratinocytes after photodamage via apoptosis prevention and photolesion removal was recently demonstrated using in vitro two-dimensiona...
Article
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Background: Reproductive well-being is a crucial element of women's health. Due to the asymptomatic nature of gynaecological morbidities, women rarely seek medical advice in the initial period leading to delayed diagnosis and poor prognosis of subsequent disease. The present study aimed to explore the cervical cytology and its associated risk fact...
Article
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Metabolic pathway reconstruction and gene edits for native natural product synthesis in single plant cells are considered to be less complicated when compared to the production of non-native metabolites. Being an efficient eukaryotic system, plants encompass suitable post-translational modifications. However, slow cell division rate and heterogeneo...
Article
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal, generally well-known as Ashwagandha, is part of Indian traditional medicinal systems like Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani for over 3000 years for treating an array of disorders. The chief bioactive component of this plant is the withanolides, a group of C28-steroidal lactone triterpenoids. These compounds are present in v...
Article
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For centuries, traditional medicines of Ayurveda have been in use to manage infectious and non-infectious diseases. The key embodiment of traditional medicines is the holistic system of approach in the management of human diseases. SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection is an ongoing pandemic, which has emerged as the major health threat worldwide and is...
Article
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) worldwide is a major public health concern. Cancer patients are considered a vulnerable population to SARS-CoV-2 infection and may develop several COVID-19 symptoms. The heightened immunocompromised state, prolonged chronic pro-infla...
Article
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Purpose Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a multi-faceted endocrinopathy frequently observed in reproductive-aged females, causing infertility. Cumulative evidence revealed that genetic and epigenetic variations, along with environmental factors, were linked with PCOS. Deciphering the molecular pathways of PCOS is quite complicated due to the a...
Conference Paper
We compared the performance of feature selection over feature extraction on wavelet packet decomposed photoacoustic spectra belonging to control and different time-points of breast tumor progression ex vivo, in machine learning based classification. Comments and questions should be directed to the OSA Conference Papers staff.
Article
Aim: The present study was conducted to decipher the inter-relationship of SNPs and miRNAs involved in pharmacogenomics of clopidogrel on predisposition to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Materials & methods: A case–control study was conducted on 410 cases and 386 controls to analyze the association of 13 mirSNPs on CVDs risk. Genotyping was perfor...
Article
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Background: Progressive neurological genetic diseases are not rare. They cause psychosocial damages to its victims. This article focuses on common psychosocial issues faced by those from the developing world. Methods: A multicentre observational survey of 246 patients from teaching hospitals in Sri Lanka. Participants were clinically and genetical...
Article
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Cell-based screening of bioactive compounds has served as an important gateway in drug discovery. In the present report, using human neuroblastoma cells and enrolling an extensive three-step screening of 57 phytochemicals, we have identified caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) as a potent neurodifferentiating natural compound. Analyses of control a...
Article
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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical process that occurs during the embryonic development, wound healing, organ fibrosis and the onset of malignancy. Emerging evidence suggests that the EMT is involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancers. The inflammatory reaction antecedent to fibrosis in the onset of oral submucous fibrosis...
Article
Microorganisms thrive in well-organized biofilm ecosystems. Biofilm-associated cells typically show increased resistance to antibiotics and contribute significantly to treatment failure. This has prompted investigations aimed at developing advanced and novel antimicrobial approaches that could effectively overcome the shortcomings associated with c...
Article
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Big data in both the public domain and the health care industry are growing rapidly, for example, with broad availability of next-generation sequencing and large-scale phenomics datasets on patient-reported outcomes. In parallel, we are witnessing new research approaches that demand sharing of data for the benefit of planetary society. Health data...
Article
Big data in both the public domain and the health care industry are growing rapidly, for example, with broad availability of next-generation sequencing and large-scale phenomics datasets on patient-reported outcomes. In parallel, we are witnessing new research approaches that demand sharing of data for the benefit of planetary society. Health data...
Article
Objectives Oxidative stress has been hypothesized as a central component of both placental and endothelial dysfunction, leading to PE. This oxidative stress leading to mitochondrial dysfunction may be due to variations in mtDNA copy numbers as an adaptive response. In the present study we aimed to analyse mtDNA copy numbers in the placenta obtained...
Article
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during rehydration of seeds is a major source of cellular damage. Successful germination depends on maintaining the oxidative window and ability of the cells to repair the DNA damage accumulated during seed developmental process, maturational drying, and germination. We explored the role of DNA damage, repair...
Article
Background Neurodegenerative disorders such as hereditary ataxia often manifest overlapping symptoms and are likely to be misdiagnosed based on clinical phenotypes. To identify the genes associated with such disorders for diagnostic purposes, geneticists often use high throughput technologies which generate an enormous amount of data on variants wh...
Article
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Identification and classification of microbes are vital for maintenance of normal and altered state of human health and have applications in pharmaceutical industries, food processing, clinical analysis, and treatment. Development of methods aimed towards achieving these goals must be rapid and reliable. Conventional physiochemical and morphology-b...
Article
Aim: Intestinal tuberculosis (ITb) and Crohn's disease (CD) mimic each other often leading to misdiagnosis. We evaluated the difference between ITb and CD using the extent of apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Methods: CD4+ cells as a percentage of the lymphocytes and viable, dead, total apoptotic, early apoptotic, and late apoptotic CD4...
Article
Full-text available
The intricate biological process of cutaneous wound healing is achieved through precise and highly programmed events. Dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes play a significant role in the process of reepithelialization during wound healing. Pathogenic bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) may delay the proliferative phase of wound r...
Article
Fungal endophytes, a major component of the plant host microbiome, are known to synthesize plant-derived metabolites in vitro. However, attenuation of metabolite production upon repeated sub-culturing is a major drawback towards utilizing them as an alternative for plant-derived metabolites. In this study, we isolated Diaporthe perseae, a fungal en...
Article
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The positive association of HSD11B1 gene polymorphism with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and prediabetic conditions has been revealed. In the current study, we assessed the effectiveness of licorice on the clinical profile of the patients with HSD11B1 gene polymorphism. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra) is a competitive inhibitor of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehy...
Article
Recurrent infections are one of the common morbidities in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) subjects. Bidirectional activation of innate immune cells such as neutrophils and glucose metabolism in T2D conditions leads to a pro-inflammatory milieu and reduced neutrophil function, which can be a potential cause for recurrent infections. In pathological conditions...
Article
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is a common and significant complication that arises during pregnancy wherein the fetus fails to attain its full growth potential. Mitochondria being one of the primary sources of energy, plays an important role in placentation and fetal development. In IUGR pregnancy, increased oxidative stress due to inadequ...
Article
Full-text available
Disorganized vessels in the tumor vasculature lead to impaired perfusion, resulting in reduced accessibility to immune cells and chemotherapeutic drugs. In the breast tumor–stroma interplay, paracrine factors such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) often facilitate disordered angiogenesis. We show here that epigenetic mechanisms regulate the cross-talk betwee...
Article
Ultraviolet B radiation (UVBR) induces the formation of photolesions in epidermal keratinocytes, potentially affecting cellular function and contributing towards malignant transformation. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGFI) contributes to protection of keratinocytes against UVBR-induced damage. Studies have shown that exogenous IGF-I or dermal fibr...
Article
Full-text available
Ayurveda has a rich history and its significance woven deeply in the Indian culture. The concept of prakriti (a person’s “nature” or constitutional type determined by the proportion of three doshas, namely - vata, pitta and kapha) in Ayurveda is deeply rooted in personalized health management. While the attributes of prakriti has been established t...
Preprint
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The study was carried out to examine the effects of two recipes prepared from Nigerian and African medicinal plants on the cell cytotoxicity, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis on breast cancer (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) cells and normal human fibroblasts. In vitro cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative effect was evaluated by 3-[4, 5-dimethylthizol-2-...
Article
Modern bacterial classification relies on genomic relatedness. Genetic variation in bacterial populations present a big challenge for taxonomic classification and recently several bacterial species have been reclassified based on the intra-species genome comparison. These were facilitated by next generation sequencing technologies and advances in g...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cervical cancer continues to be a leading cancer among women in India. Despite availability of various screening techniques, majority of Indian women remain unscreened for cancer cervix. The increasing incidence could be attributed to the lack of awareness regarding cervical cancer screening and paucity of organized screening facilities...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor hypoxia-induced downregulation of DNA repair pathways and enhanced replication stress are potential sources of genomic instability. A plethora of genetic changes such as point mutations, large deletions and duplications, microsatellite and chromosomal instability have been discovered in cells under hypoxic stress. However, the influence of hy...
Article
The interaction of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms is one of the underlying causes of phenotypic variability in complex diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). To explore the influence of genetic and epigenetic changes in T2D, we examined the effect of methylation of CpG-SNP sites on allele-specific expression (ASE) in one-carbon metabolism pathw...
Article
We developed and used the nanocarbon film electrode to successfully detect epigenetic mark 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) through direct oxidation after digesting genomic DNA (gDNA) with nuclease P1. The film showed superior key film properties including a very chemically stable structure and an ultraflat surface (Ra = 0.21 nm) that resulted in bet...