Kanta Das Mahapatra

Kanta Das Mahapatra
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · Fish Genetics & Biotechnology

Ph.D

About

63
Publications
18,961
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828
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 1992 - November 2013
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Giant freshwater prawn (GFP), Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is a tropical species widely cultured in several countries across the world. It has high market demand accompanied by attractive prices. The global farmed production of this species in 2018 was 237,124 tonnes (t) valued over 1.93 billion USD. Due to its importance in freshwater aquaculture, s...
Article
Full-text available
Labeo catla is a widely cultured species in monoculture and polyculture systems of the Indian subcontinent. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of catla was reconstructed from Oxford Nanopore sequence data. The mitochondrial genome is 16,600 bp in length (accession no. is MN830943) which is larger than the previously reported...
Book
Full-text available
India is the second largest fish producing country in the world, but our per capita fish consumption is less than the global average. Blessed with abundant water resources across the country, we are yet to exploit the full potential of the available resources. As the marine production is almost stagnant, the additional fish production has to be sou...
Article
Full-text available
Although feed cost is the greatest concern in aquaculture, the inclusion of carbohydrates in the fish diet and their assimilation are still not well understood in aquaculture species. We identified molecular events that occur due to inclusion of high carbohydrates in the diets of genetically improved ‘Jayanti rohu’ Labeo rohita. To reveal transcrip...
Article
Selective breeding of Macrobrachium rosenbergii with the aim of improving the growth rate was carried out for six generations at ICAR‐Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Odisha, India, in collaboration with WorldFish, Malaysia. Response to selection was estimated for harvest body weight using a fully pedigreed synthetic population. The dat...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Labeo catla (catla), one of the three Indian major carps, is native to the Indo-Gangetic riverine system of India as well as the rivers of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar. Its higher growth rate and compatibility with other major carps, specific surface feeding habit, and consumer preference have increased its popularity in carp...
Article
Full-text available
Carps constitute a very large group of freshwater fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae, and are predominant in aquaculture system accounting for �71–75% of freshwater fish production (FAO, 2018). The largest producer of carp is China (78.7%), followed by India (15.7%); the remaining is produced by Bangladesh, Myanmar, Vietnam, Indonesia and Paki...
Article
The experiment was designed to compare the growth performance, haematological parameters, digestive enzyme activities, carcass composition and survival of genetically improved Labeo rohita (Jayanti rohu) and native Labeo rohita fingerlings rearing under the biofloc system. One ccomparative experimental trial of 60 days was carried out using pearl-m...
Article
Full-text available
The recent climate change and anthropogenic activity affects the agricultural land/soil as well as aquaculture sector via salinization of the aquatic zone. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of salinity on genetically improved farmed rohu, Labeo rohita popularly known as Jayanti and evaluation of its physiological response towards co...
Article
Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and survival were obtained from data recorded on 16,718 rohu carp (Labeo rohita), the offspring of 311 sires and 257 dams from seven year-classes. The fish from the first five year-classes (1993 to 1997) were reared in both mono- and polyculture (together with catla and mrigal) earthen ponds, while the thr...
Article
Full-text available
The phenotypic and microsatellite marker information of nine strains of catla (Catla catla) for growth trait was used to infer relationship within and between strains. This information helped in optimizing the proportion of individuals to be used from each strain while creating a base population for selective breeding. For this purpose, nine strain...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotics have acted as a boon for treatment of infectious diseases. Nowadays, antibiotic usage is restricted due to the development of antibiotic resistance and indiscriminate extermination of both beneficial and pathogenic bacteria. Antibiotics pose a threat to the digestive system leading to weakened immunity by eradication of beneficiary bact...
Article
Full-text available
Rohu was selected as the candidate species for selective breeding due to its high consumer preference, relatively good growth performance in multispecies carp culture system and low susceptibility to diseases. The salient features of Jayanti rohu are substantial additive genetic variance and negligible heterosis for growth. An average genetic gain...
Article
Selective breeding program was initiated at ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA) in collaboration with Institute of Aquaculture Research (AKVAFORSK) in the year 1992 to improve growth of rohu through selective breeding following combined selection method. The base population was established from five riverine sources i.e. Ga...
Book
Full-text available
JIFSI (The Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India) is one of the oldest in its category and has the distinction of uninterrupted publication since 1969. ... JIFSI has travelled a long distance and is going to publish its landmark “Golden Jubilee volume” in 2018. I deem it a personal honour to take the responsibility of the journal as its EIC...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of genealogical relationship between broodstock and progeny is important to estimate selection response in aquaculture breeding programs. Currently, the application of microsatellite markers for parentage determination is gaining popularity in aquaculture. In the present study, 17 simple sequence repeat markers were evaluated for pare...
Article
Phenotypic and genetic parameters were estimated for three body traits (harvest weight, carapace length and standard length) and for adult male morphotypes of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in a fully pedigreed synthetic population in India. The data set included 9,173 progeny produced over four generations from 162 sires and...
Book
The book is all about the inception, planning, execution, product development, on-farm trials and dissemination of India's first genetically improved rohu "Jayanti" produced through selective breeding at ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA). The experiences along with the lessons learnt all are compiled in this book so that...
Article
Full-text available
Linkage map with wide marker coverage is an essential resource for genetic improvement study for any species. Sex-averaged genetic linkage map of Labeo rohita, popularly known as 'rohu', widely cultured in the Indian subcontinent, was developed by placing 68 microsatellite markers generated by a simplified method. The parents and their F 1 progeny...
Article
Full-text available
A set of 221 contigs containing simple sequence repeats (SSR) that were identified from mRNA-seq data of rohu (Labeo rohita) generated twenty-seven polymorphic SSRs out of which 17 had significant homology to known genes. The number of alleles per locus and observed heterozygosity (Ho) ranged from 2 to 6 and 0.066–0.846, respectively whereas the ex...
Conference Paper
Macrobrachium rosenbergii is an important freshwater prawn cultured in India. Though there is huge potential for increasing its production through monoculture as well as polyculture in existing carp culture ponds, aquaculture production of this species in India has been declining since 2006. Poor growth rate and low survival during culture, leading...
Article
Full-text available
A total of 137,629 contigs generated via de novo transcriptome assembly from resistant and susceptible lines of rohu (first generation) raised against aeromoniasis were further analyzed in terms of defence-related genes. Out of 1,939 contigs showing homology to genes involved in immune processes, 1,866 were further categorised into different functi...
Article
Full-text available
Selective breeding of rohu, Labeo rohita to Aeromonas hydrophila infection requires a challenge model to obtain LD50 dose and study of bacterial persistence in survivors' tissues. Fish were bath challenged with various routes viz., only immersion, after scale removal (with and without high stocking), after skin abrasion (with and without high stock...
Article
Different laboratory synthesized metal nanoparticles viz. Copper oxide (CuO), Zinc oxide (ZnO) and silver doped titanium dioxide (Ag-TiO2) were studied for their effect on hatching and survival of larvae and fry of Indian major carp, rohu, Labeo rohita both in direct application in tank water & coated onto tanks. Among these nanoparticles, CuO and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Production of carp dominates world aquaculture. More than 1.1 million tonnes of rohu carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), were produced in 2010. Aeromonas hydrophila is a bacterial pathogen causing aeromoniasis in rohu, and is a major problem for carp production worldwide. There is a need to better understand the genetic mechanisms affecting r...
Article
We cloned the 5'-flanking region (1.2 kb) of a muscle-specific gene, encoding myosin light chain 2 polypeptide (mylz2) of a farmed carp, Labeo rohita (rohu). Sequence analysis using TRANSFAC-database search identified the consensus cis acting regulatory elements of TATA-box and E (CANNTG)-box, including the monocyte enhancer factor 2 motif, implyin...
Article
The present study examined the variation in survival, proportion of male morphotypes, female and male proportion, female reproductive status and tag losses in nine crosses from a complete (3 × 3) diallel mating of three populations of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in India. The populations originated from Gujarat (north-west), Kerala (south-west) and O...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian Pou5f1 is a known transcriptional regulator involving maintenance of embryonic and spermatogonial stem cells. Little is known about teleost Pou2, an ortholog of mammalian Pou5f1. Evidences of discrepancy in expression pattern between fish species were documented. To better understand, we have cloned and characterized Pou2 gene of farmed r...
Article
Kalbasu, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) reared under natural conditions were examined for variation in selected innate immune parameters during three different seasons of a year. The reference ranges for the innate immune parameters viz.. lysozyme, peroxidase, ceruloplasmin, antiprotease and alternative complement haemolytic activitiy, superoxide product...
Poster
Giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii is an important freshwater crustacean widely cultured in several tropical and subtropical countries. The global production of 215,029 t was valued at $1.16 billion in 2010. Giant freshwater prawn production in India, the third largest producer in 2005, has shown a declining trend since then. Genetic...
Article
This article deals with the hatchery experiences of the improved rohu "Jayanti" selective breeding programme. A Specialized glass jar hatchery was designed for the maintenance of different families in glass jars. The most important parameter for hatchery operation is maintaining the water flow in the breeding pool and incubation tanks. This article...
Article
Ceruloplasmin is an acute phase protein found to be activated by the host immune system during stress conditions. The ceruloplasmin gene has been reported in several teleosts and here we characterize the gene and test its association with resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in rohu, Labeo rohita. A ceruloplasmin mRNA sequence of 3355 base pairs was...
Article
Expressed genes and polymorphisms were identified in lines of rohu Labeo rohita selected for resistance or susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila, an important bacterial pathogen causing aeromoniasis. All animals were grown in a common environment and RNA from ten individuals from each line pooled for Illumina mRNA-seq. De novo transcriptome assemb...
Article
Full-text available
Length–weight relationship and condition factor of nine different cross combinations of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii from three different agro-ecological region of India viz. Gujarat (Northwest), Kerala (Southwest) and Orissa (East), were evaluated in the present study, with an aim to compare the growth performance of the cross...
Article
Selection in fish for disease resistance is one of the most useful approaches to solve disease problems. Genetic variation in resistance to edwardsiellosis in fullsib families of rohu, Labeo rohita was investigated in the present study. A large variation in the susceptibility pattern (0 to 94.74 percent survival) against Edwardsiella tarda challeng...
Article
Estimates of additive genetic, reciprocal and average heterosis effects were obtained from a three by three complete diallel cross experiment for giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The data were generated in two batches. Three populations were sampled from the states of Gujarat (West), Kerala (South West) and Orissa (East) in India....
Article
Selection for disease resistance in fish may be performed directly on basis of survival data obtained in controlled challenge trials, or indirectly using information from immunological or molecular markers linked to differential survival. In the present study, several key innate immune parameters were measured in aeromoniasis resistant and suscepti...
Article
Full-text available
The new version of the polyester visible implant alphanumeric tag (VI Alpha tag; Northwest Marine Technology Inc., Shaw Island, Washington, USA) was evaluated in the giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) under laboratory conditions. The new VI Alpha tag is soft and fluorescent with an alphanumeric code designed to identify individual specim...
Article
A challenge test against Aeromonas hydrophila was conducted using 2062 rohu carp (Labeo rohita) fingerlings obtained from 52 dams and 87 sires (87 full-sib families) of two year-classes (2003 and 2004). Attempts to establish a cohabitant challenge model were not successful. Therefore, fish were challenged by intraperitoneal injection with A. hydrop...
Article
Full-text available
Seven innate immune parameters were investigated in 64 full-sib families (the offspring of 64 sires and 45 dams) from two year-classes of farmed rohu carp (Labeo rohita). Survival rates were also available from Aeromonas hydrophila infection (aeromoniasis) recorded in controlled challenge tests on a different sample of individuals from the same fam...
Article
Full-text available
Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and survival were obtained from data recorded on 16,718 rohu carp (Labeo rohita), the offspring of 311 sires and 257 dams from seven year-classes. The fish from the first five year-classes (1993 to 1997) were reared in both mono- and polyculture (together with catla and mrigal) earthen ponds, while the thr...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic variation in the innate immune responses of Indian major carp, rohu (Labeo rohita) families was investigated. Innate immune responses were measured among the fullsib families of rohu, produced using nested mating design for increased growth. Significant differences as well as large variations in each of the immune parameters were observed....
Article
Full-text available
For the first time in India, selective breeding was carried out to genetically improve one of the most preferred carp species (Rohu). Under the program a range of selective breeding techniques (production of fullsib groups, individual identification by PIT tags, communal pond rearing, estimation of breeding value and ranking of individuals in diffe...
Article
Selection of fish disease resistance may be performed directly via survival and challenge data or indirectly via the identification of the underlying resistance markers responsible for the differential survival. In a preliminary study, the potential correlation of a variety of specific and nonspecific immune parameters with aeromoniasis resistance...
Article
Full-text available
The experiment of two 3×3 complete diallele crosses was carried out with four wild river stocks (Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra and Sutlej) and one farmed stock (Local) of Rohu carp (Labeo rohita). The Local stock was included in both diallele crosses. In total, 864 fish were individually tagged at 6 months of age and reared for 14 months in three mono...
Article
One farmed stock (Local) and five riverine stocks of Rohu (Labeo rohita, Hamilton) from 2-year classes (1993 and 1994) were evaluated for growth and survival under monoculture and polyculture systems at the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), India. In the 1993 year-class, 29 full-sib groups of Local and 28 full-sib groups of river...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the efficacy of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags for marking rohu Labeo rohita (Ham.) in the selective breeding programme, a series of experiments has been carried out at the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA) under the Indo–Norwegian project of ‘Selective breeding of rohu’. Six groups of rohu fingerlings with...
Book
Full-text available
For the first time in India, selective breeding work has been initiated at the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, India in collaboration with the Institute of Aquaculture Research (AKVAFORSK), Norway. Rohu has been chosen as the model species because it enjoys the highest consumer preference among Indian major carps (IMC) alt...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
1. To strengthen the infrastructure facilities for family production of genetically improved Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Scampi) at ICAR-CIFA to scale up the existing genetic improvement programme and to continue the genetic improvement programme to meet the breeder seed demand in the country. 2. To identify and partner with government and private scampi hatcheries (multiplier units) to spread the improved breed of scampi all across India. 3. To conduct grow out demonstration of new generations of CIFA GI scampi in different agro-climatic zones for creating the much needed awareness about the improved growth potential of CIFA GI scampi.