Kang-Yun Lee

Kang-Yun Lee
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Internal Medicine

About

295
Publications
22,184
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,477
Citations

Publications

Publications (295)
Article
Full-text available
Background Some evidences have shown the association between air pollution exposure and the development of interstitial lung diseases. However, the effect of air pollution on the progression of restrictive ventilatory impairment and diffusion capacity reduction is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of long-term exposure to ambient ai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Treatment responsiveness to corticosteroids is excellent for cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) and sarcoidosis, but suboptimal for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We hypothesise that the differential expression of IL-17 contributes to variable corticosteroid sensitivity in different interstiti...
Article
Air pollution has been reported to be associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our study aim was to examine the mediating effects of air pollution on climate-associated health outcomes of COPD patients. A cross-sectional study of 117 COPD patients was conducted in a hospital in Taiwan. We measured the lung function, 6-min walki...
Article
Full-text available
Fibrocytes are bloodborne mesenchymal progenitors which accumulate and differentiate at the disease site. We investigated whether hypoxemia activates fibrocytes, accelerating airflow limitation and exercise intolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Flow cytometry was used to determine collagen I ⁺ /CD45 ⁺ fibrocytes and...
Article
Full-text available
Local administration of attenuated mycobacterium has been used as a cancer treatment adjuvant to re-boost patient immune responses with variable clinical outcomes. We aimed to clarify the impact of attenuated heat-killed tuberculosis (HKTB) on tumor-associated macrophages which play critical roles in shaping immunological regulation in the tumor mi...
Article
Full-text available
Background The prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in patients with chronic respiratory disease has increased. The implication of NTM in non-CF bronchiectasis remained controversial. This study investigated the impact of NTM in non-CF bronchiectasis in Taiwan.Methods Clinical manifestation, imaging, and microbiological data were retriev...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a link between exposure to air pollution and the increased prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and declining pulmonary function, but the association with O 2 desaturation during exercise in COPD patients with emphysema is unclear. Our aims were to estimate the prevalence of O 2 desaturation during exercise...
Article
Full-text available
Despite rapidly evolving pathobiological mechanistic demystification, coupled with advances in diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a major healthcare and clinical challenge, globally. Further compounded by the dearth of available curative anti-COPD therapy, it is posited that this challenge ma...
Article
Full-text available
Immunotherapy is one of the most promising forms of cancer treatment. In particular, immune checkpoint blockers (ICBs) represent some of the leading candidates which many drug developers have heavily invested in. During pre-clinical development and prior to human clinical trials, animal tests are a critical component for determining the safety and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Long-term exposure to PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤ 2.5 μm) is associated with pulmonary injury and emphysema in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We investigated mechanisms through which the long noncoding RNA lnc-IL7R contributes to cellular damage by inducing oxidative stress in...
Article
Full-text available
Bronchiectasis is characterized by systemic inflammation and multiple comorbidities. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes based on the bronchiectasis etiology comorbidity index (BACI) score in patients hospitalized for severe bronchiectasis exacerbations. We included non-cystic fibrosis patients hospitalized for severe bronchiectas...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological studies identified the relationship between air pollution and pulmonary tuberculosis. Effects of lung-deposited dose of particulate matter (PM) on culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis remain unclear. This study investigates the association between lung-deposited dose of PM and pulmonary tuberculosis pleurisy. A case-control study...
Article
Full-text available
Insomnia disorder (ID) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with respiratory arousal threshold (ArTH) phenotypes often coexist in patients, presenting similar symptoms. However, the typical diagnosis examinations (in-laboratory polysomnography (lab-PSG) and other alternatives methods may therefore have limited differentiation capacities. Hence, this s...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionThis study, for the first time to our knowledge, evaluated the efficacy of ropeginterferon alfa-2b, a long-acting pegylated interferon (IFN)-alfa, in the treatment of COVID-19.Methods We retrospectively evaluated ropeginterferon alfa-2b administered subcutaneously at a single dose of 250 µg for the treatment of mild and moderate COVID-1...
Article
Full-text available
Approximately 30% of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients develop metastatic spread at the first diagnosis. Therefore, identifying a useful biomarker to predict ccRCC metastasis or therapeutic effectiveness in ccRCC patients is urgently needed. Previously, we demonstrated that lactotransferrin (LTF) downregulation enhanced the metastati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continues to pose a therapeutic challenge. This may be connected with its nosological heterogeneity, broad symptomatology spectrum, varying disease course, and therapy response. The last three decades has been characterized by increased understanding of the pathobiology of COPD, with associa...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a global health concern, and polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for assessing OSA severity. However, the sleep parameters of home-based and in-laboratory PSG vary because of environmental factors, and the magnitude of these discrepancies remains unclear. We enrolled 125 Taiwanese patients who underwent PSG...
Article
Full-text available
Aberrant activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ERBB1) by erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog (ERBB) ligands contributes to various tumor malignancies, including lung cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC). Epiregulin (EREG) is one of the EGFR ligands and is low expressed in most normal tissues. Elevated EREG in various can...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives: We studied whether the extent of exertional oxygen desaturation and emphysema could cause greater mortality in COPD and asthma independent of airflow obstruction. Materials and Methods: We performed a 5-year longitudinal observational study in COPD and asthma patients who matched for airflow obstruction severity. All subj...
Article
Study objectives: Dementia is associated with sleep disorders. However, the relationship between dementia and sleep arousal remains unclear. This study explored the associations among sleep parameters, arousal responses, and risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Participants with the chief complaints of memory problems and sleep diso...
Article
Air pollution has been linked to emphysema in chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the underlying mechanisms in the development of emphysema due to air pollution remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of components of the Hippo signaling pathway for E-cadherin-mediated contact inhibition of prolife...
Article
Full-text available
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rapid identification and isolation of infectious patients are critical methods to block COVID-19 transmission. Antigen tests can contribute to prompt identification of infectious individuals. This meta-analysis aims to eva...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Systemic manifestations and comorbidities are characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are probably due to systemic inflammation. The histone methyltransferase SUV39H1 controls the Th1/Th2 balance. We previously reported that reduced SUV39H1 expression contributed to abnormal inflammation in COPD. Here, we ai...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib, brigatinib, and lorlatinib are approved for advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ALK rearrangement. However, the mechanisms of resistance remain largely unclear. Methods This prospective multicenter study analyzed cell-free...
Article
Aging contributes to the progression of vascular dysfunction and is a major nonreversible risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using arterial pulse-wave measurements, frequency-domain pulse analysis, and machine-learning analysis in distinguishing vascular aging. Radial pulse signals we...
Article
Full-text available
The development of emphysema has been linked to air pollution; however, the association of air pollution with the extent of lobar emphysema remains unclear. This study examined the association of PM2.5 (≤ 2.5 μm), NO2, and O3 level of exposure with the presence of emphysema in 86 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Exposure to th...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has become a public health emergency. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough, and fatigue. While most patients with COVID-19 present with mild illness, some patients develop pneumonia, an important risk factor for...
Article
Patients with chronic obstructive asthma (COA) develop airflow obstruction caused by subepithelial fibrosis. Although a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) has been implicated in lung inflammation and tissue fibrosis, its role in airway fibrosis in COA has not been explored. Here, we found marked overexpression of ADAM17, phosphorylated A...
Article
Full-text available
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients are at a higher risk for developing lung cancer due to immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation. They also have increased morbidity and mortality related to influenza, and it is recommended that they receive an annual influenza vaccination. In this study, we evaluate whether influenza vaccination could redu...
Article
Full-text available
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are current standard of care for patients with EGFR mutation and metastatic non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), but most patients using EGFR TKIs acquire resistance later. So, overcoming resistance of EGFR TKIs has become an important issue in the treatment of NSCLC. Previ...
Article
Full-text available
The novelty of this study is that it identified the associations between PM2.5 deposition in the lung and the degree of emphysema in different lung lobes of COPD patients, especially in the right middle lobe and both upper lobes https://bit.ly/3k21ri0.
Article
Chronic obstructive asthma is characterized by airway fibrosis. Hypoxia and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) play important roles in airway fibrosis. Preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1) participates in adipocyte differentiation and liver fibrosis. Herein, we investigated the role of Pref-1 in airway fibrosis in chronic obstructive asthma. We found...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a global health concern, and polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for assessing OSA severity. However, the sleep parameters of home-based and in-laboratory PSG vary because of environmental factors, and the magnitude of these discrepancies remains unclear. Methods: We enrolled 125 Taiwanese patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exposure to air pollution exerts direct effects on respiratory organs; however, molecular alterations underlying air pollution-induced pulmonary injury remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of air pollution on the lung tissues of Sprague-Dawley rats with whole-body exposure to traffic-related PM 1 (particulate matter...
Article
Full-text available
Type 1 CD4+ T helper (Th1) cells mediate resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), and Th2 immunity generates specific immunoglobulin E upon allergen exposure. We investigated the impact of active tuberculosis (TB), atopic status, and anti-TB treatment on the balance between Th1 and Th2 (type 2 CD4+ T helper) immunity. CD4+/interferon (IFN)-γ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Air pollution has been linked to emphysema in chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the underlying mechanisms in the development of emphysema due to air pollution remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of components of the Hippo signaling pathway for E-cadherin-mediated contact inhibitio...
Article
Background and objective Circulating fibrocytes act as precursors of myofibroblasts, contribute to airway remodelling in chronic asthma and migrate to injured tissues by expressing CXCR4 and CCR7. Anti-IgE therapy improves severe allergic asthma (SAA) control and airway remodelling in T2-high SAA. The effects of anti-IgE therapy on fibrocyte activi...
Article
Full-text available
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring a KRAS mutation have unfavorable therapeutic outcomes with chemotherapies, and the mutation also renders tolerance to immunotherapies. There is an unmet need for a new strategy for overcoming immunosuppression in KRAS-mutant NSCLC. The recently discovered role of melatonin demonstrates a wide sp...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to environmental and occupational contaminants leads to lung cancer. 3-Nitrobenzanthrone (3-nitro-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one, 3-NBA) is a potential carcinogen in ambient air or diesel particulate matter. Studies have revealed that short-term exposure to 3-NBA induces cell death, reactive oxygen species activation, and DNA adduct formation...
Article
Full-text available
Background The effects of oral antihyperglycaemic drugs (OADs) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the outcomes of co-existing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are not well studied. We examined the association of combinational OADs and the risk of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) in T2DM patients with co-existing COPD....
Article
Background: Flexible bronchoscopy is commonly used to examine patients suspected to have lung cancer. Bronchial brushing is one of the cytological technologies for lung specimens obtained through a bronchoscope. However, the accuracy of bronchial brushing cytology (BBC) for lung cancer diagnosis is still inconclusive. The aim of this study was to...
Article
Inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain 4 (ITIH4) is a type II acute-phase protein; however, the role of pulmonary ITIH4 after exposure to air pollution remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of ITIH4 in the lungs in response to air pollution. ITIH4 expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of 47 healthy human subjects an...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with ambient air particulate matter (PM) poses significant health concerns. Increased acute exacerbation (AE) frequency in asthmatic patients has been associated with ambient PAHs, but which subgroup of patients are particularly susceptible to ambient PAHs is uncertain. We dev...
Article
The recent outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by SARS-CoV-2 has led to uptodate 24.3 M cases and 0.8 M deaths. It is thus in urgent need to rationalize potential therapeutic targets against the progression of diseases. An effective, feasible way is to use the pre-existing ΔORF6 mutant of SARS-CoV as a surrogate for SARS-CoV-2, since bo...
Article
Full-text available
Background As a complex phenomenon, sleep quality is difficult to objectively define and measure, and multiple factors related to sleep quality, such as age, lifestyle, physical activity, and physical fitness, feature prominently in older adult populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate subjective sleep quality using the Pittsburgh S...
Article
Full-text available
Air pollution has been recognized to be a risk factor for lung cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of air pollution on heavy metal alterations in the pleural effusion of lung cancer patients. Pleural effusion was collected from patients with lung cancer and congestive heart failure (CHF). One-year average levels of pa...
Article
Full-text available
Metastasis is the leading cause of death in lung adenocarcinomas. Identifying potential prognostic biomarkers and exploiting regulatory mechanisms could improve the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer patients. We previously found that cluster of differentiation 109 (CD109) was upregulated in lung tumor tissues, and CD109 overexpression was corr...
Article
Full-text available
Second primary cancer is prevalent in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, for which lung cancer is the most common and associated with high lethality. Image screening for lung cancer was proved to be effective in early diagnosis and lower mortality. However, trials of screen for lung cancer generally excluded patients with a previous diagno...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Most patients with asthma, either allergic or non-allergic, usually exhibit some level of concurrent rhinitis. Treatments for rhinitis and asthma can affect both conditions. Objective: The present study aimed to examine asthma-specific outcomes in patients with chronic rhinitis (CR) and asthma after surgery for nasal obstruction, a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The efficacy of antifungal therapy in fungal-associated severe asthma remains controversial. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the differences in the clinical presentation and response to antifungal therapy between severe asthmatics with fungal sensitization and positive fungal isolates. Methods: This retrospective study included 73...