Kamlesh Singh

Kamlesh Singh
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | IIT Delhi · Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

PhD

About

105
Publications
88,429
Reads
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Introduction
Kamlesh Singh, Ph.D. (Psychology), is currently a Professor (Psychology) at the Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, IIT Delhi. The areas of her research interest include - Positive Psychology & its applications, Psychometrics, Community Psychology, Mental Health of Rural Women and Adolescents, Psychoeducational Programs. She has published over 80 research papers in peer-reviewed national and international journals, 14 book chapters, and 3 books.
Additional affiliations
February 2021 - present
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Position
  • Professor (Full)
December 2012 - February 2021
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2004 - December 2012
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
March 1991 - April 1994
University of Rajasthan
Field of study
  • Psychology
August 1989 - August 1990
Kurukshetra University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Background Schemas help with the organization and interpretation of information. Adaptive schemas indicate positive predisposing thinking patterns in an individual. This study aimed to develop a psychometrically robust tool to assess adaptive schema in a nonclinical sample. Method This research comprises two independent studies. Study I was multip...
Article
India is a major player in the global knowledge economy. However, there is an underemphasis on the happiness promotion of Indian college students. Their alarming mental health statistics, and India’s consistent decline in the world happiness ranking heightens the need for an increased research focus on their happiness. Consequently, the present stu...
Article
Purpose – This study aims to examine the lay notions of happiness and determine the factors that influence one’s experience of happiness. Design/methodology/approach – This study used a qualitative technique to understand better how happiness is conceptualised. This study uses a purposive sample to select a diverse and representative sample (N = 35...
Article
India is home to the largest proportion of adolescent population in the world. However, there is a dearth of psychometrically and conceptually robust instruments to measure their resilience. Hence, the present study aimed at assessing the psychometric properties and factor structure of the original English and the translated Hindi version of the Ad...
Article
While traditional media portrayals of older people are widely documented, social media representations have not been adequately examined. This is an undesirable oversight considering the prominence of social media in contemporary times. Further, such representations remain markedly unexplored in the Indian context. Given India’s burgeoning populati...
Conference Paper
The differences in the emotion regulation strategies among advanced, novice, and non-practitioners of yoga and meditation were examined in the present study. 70 participants (20 Males and 50 Females, Mage= 37.58 years; SD= 7.45) (25 in Non-Practitioner Group, 23 in Novice-Practitioner Group, and 22 in Advanced-Practitioner Group) completed the self...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on positive adolescent development and the role of gratitude in particular in promoting adolescent well-being. A global view on the subject is offered, with a specific focus on the Indian cultural context. The chapter consists of three main sections. The first section offers various perspectives on adolescent development, empha...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed at understanding the subjective perception of happiness in a sample of Indian participants from diverse socio-economic backgrounds. Using convenience sampling, individual interviews were conducted with 60 participants aged between 19 to 73 years (M Age = 40 years). This study employed reflexive thematic analysis to analyse t...
Conference Paper
The present study was aimed at documenting the changes in well-being indicators among participants in a 4-day online advanced yoga and meditation program during COVID-19 pandemic in October 2020. 32 participants (11 Males and 21 Females, Mage= 38.12 years; SD = 9.65) completed the standardized questionnaires of Multidimensional Flourishing Scale, P...
Article
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The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of Strengths Gym (Proctor & Fox Eades, in Strengths gym: Year 8, Positive Psychology Research Centre, Pennsylvania, 2009; Proctor et al., in J Posit Psychol, 6:377–388, 2011)—an intervention based on the Values in Action (VIA; Peterson & Seligman in Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and class...
Article
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Stress and allied difficulties are pervasive among school students in present times. This concern is further magnified in the Indian context with the large represention of young people in the population and limited resources to match. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a classroom based stress management training and gratitude journa...
Article
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is widely used to measure emotional experiences, but not much is known about its cross-cultural utility. The present study evaluated the measurement invariance of the SPANE across adult samples (N = 12,635; age range = 18-85 years; 58.2% female) from 13 countries (China, Colombia, Germany, Greec...
Article
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This cross-sectional research aims to study the effect of yoga practice on the illness perception, and wellbeing of healthy adults during 4-10 weeks of lockdown due to COVID19 outbreak. A total of 668 adults (64.7% males, M = 28.12 years, SD = 9.09 years) participated in the online survey. The participants were grouped as; yoga practitioners, other...
Article
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a fourteen-module video-recorded well-being intervention that incorporates relevant videos of Indian spiritual leaders and motivational speakers and adopts an edutainment approach. Its efficacy was examined through a web-based (n = 42), and two classroom-based-studies (n = 308; n = 112) in a sample o...
Article
Mental health literacy (MHL) is important for the prevention, early identification and treatment of mental health problems. However, its benefits have not been fully realised in rural India, which homes the majority of India's population. The current study assessed the level of well-being among rural residents and evaluated the effectiveness of a n...
Article
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Religion and spirituality (R/S) are embedded in all aspects of life in India, a predominantly rural economy. The aim of this mixed methods study was to assess the associations between a culturally tailored intervention and preexisting religious/spiritual (R/S) practices with indicators of well-being and factors which contribute to happiness among e...
Article
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The study aimed at validating the Hindi and English versions of PERMA and WEMWBS on Indian adolescent population. The data were collected from 1288 adolescents, aged 13–18 years (mean age = 15.27 years, SD = 1.08). Both the scales were an adequate fit to the data, indicating high reliability. For PERMA (α = 0.90), a set of 34 items had the best fit...
Article
Purpose The current study examined cultural (diffuse orientation), organizational (organizational work-family climates) and individual (role centrality) antecedents of key work-family (WF) experiences (WF conflict, WF enrichment and WF boundary management) in India. Design/methodology/approach Survey data were collected from 586 white-collar emplo...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the importance of India on the global scene, its unique culture, and the growing concerns about work-family balance in this country, existing work-family research in India is scarce. Moreover, it is predominantly quantitative and conducted using scales developed in Western developed countries, which limits our understanding of the work-fami...
Article
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The present study compared the well-being of married migrant and non-migrant women of rural Haryana. It comprised of 80 women from each group (N=160). The mean age of the married migrant women was 17.92 years (s=2.68) while that of their non-migrant counterparts was 19.59 years (s=1.6). The findings of the study indicated a statistically significan...
Chapter
Happiness has always been a topic of intrigue among the social scientists. While the Western connotation of happiness is explained with the help of modules such as subjective well-being, psychological well-being, social well-being, PERMA model and so on, the Eastern concept of happiness conforms to focus on inner self such as inner harmony, peace o...
Article
Young Schema Questionnaire—Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3) which measures Early Maladaptive Schema (EMS) has received limited attention in Indian context. The goal of the study was to validate the psychometric properties of YSQ-S3 in a non-clinical Indian sample using data collected from 702 participants (age range 16–55 years). Based on reliability and conf...
Article
Children and youth comprise nearly 39% of the Indian population and are often considered the future demographic dividend of the country. The mental health and well-being of these young people are a pressing challenge in current times. The present study aimed to replicate the widely popular positive psychology interventions of Seligman et al. (Am Ps...
Article
The present study reports the development and effectiveness of a Psycho-social and Cultural intervention that was designed to enhance the well-being of cross-region brides of rural Haryana. It aimed at increasing their familiarity with Haryanvi cultural values and tradition (language, food habits, and dressing style), and their awareness of their s...
Article
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Researchers have consistently advocated positive associations between religion and well-being. The present research takes a step forward and explores potential mechanisms behind the same. The mediating role of a surprisingly neglected mechanism, positive virtues, specifically gratitude, forgiveness and altruism, is studied through a quantitative st...
Chapter
Analogous to the advancement in Applied Psychology, equivalent advancement has been achieved in the research methods which are being used in the various branches of this field. The increasing appreciation of translational research and knowledge translation in the social and behavioral sciences, for instance, has increased the scope of research in A...
Chapter
In contemporary times, as more individuals seek help online, web-based psychotherapeutic interventions have been emerging and changing the traditional view of psychotherapy. They serve as an example of the application of translational research in the field of behavioral sciences. However, several legal, ethical and professional issues arise in the...
Article
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Sat-Chit-Ananda is an indigenous construct that refers to absolute bliss and consciousness. The present study aimed to strengthen the psychometric properties of the newly developed Sat-Chit-Ananda scale (Singh et al. in Int J Vedic Found Manag 1(2):54-74, 2014). A total of 398 students aged 17-36 years (mean age = 21.33 years, SD = 2.2, 70% males)...
Article
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We present lessons learned from conducting a limited pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an indigenously developed positive psychology intervention. This RCT essentially examines the efficacy of a competencies enhancing Internet-delivered intervention for Indian students. A total of 212 participants signed up for the semi-automated, text-bas...
Article
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Background: Meditation has been a key component of eastern spiritual practices. Heartfulness meditation is a unique heart based system with key practices like cleaning and meditation aided by yogic transmission. Objective: To study the effects of Heartfulness cleaning and meditation (guided by Heartfulness trainer) on Heart Rate Variability (HRV)...
Article
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Recently, two forms of virtue-related humor, benevolent and corrective, have been introduced. Benevolent humor treats human weaknesses and wrongdoings benevolently, while corrective humor aims at correcting and bettering them. Twelve marker items for benevolent and corrective humor (the BenCor) were developed, and it was demonstrated that they fill...
Article
The primary focus of the study is to present the psychometric properties of the Hindi translated version of the Grit-Scale, Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and PERMA scale. The study was conducted in North India, where more than one-third of the population speaks Hindi. A total of 474 Hindi speaking participants (females = 202) in the ag...
Article
It has been reported in various studies that music in general and satsang (singing folk sings in a group) in particular has a positive effect on well-being. The present paper focuses on an analysis of what the rural women sing in these songs that form the repertoire of a satsang. The study area is Haryana, a state in India. Sample songs have been a...
Article
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Several studies have supported the role of spiritual practices to improve mental and physical health. The present study focused on the effect of Heartfulness (also known as Sahaj Marg) spiritual practice comprising meditation and related processes (like Cleaning and Prayer) on health indicators. Thirty one participants (19 males, 12 females) with a...
Article
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The psychometric properties of Flourishing Scale (FS) and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) were examined in the Indian milieu in three separate studies. Firstly, reliability and exploratory factor analysis was confirmed on a sample of 789 adults for both the scales. Thereafter, the two measures were administered to 608 adolesce...
Article
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Impact of five days spiritual practice in Himalayan Ashram of Sahaj Marg on well-being related parameters and selected physiological indicators has been studied on 55 participants (25 male, 30 female; age range 18-65 years; mean age = 49 years & SD = 12.5 years). It was found that mental health and its dimensions like emotional well- being and soci...
Chapter
Introduction Globally about a billion people work in IT, however the sector still faces a shortfall of employees (Young, Marriott, & Huntley, 2008). India has established itself as the premier and de facto location for offshoring activities (National Association of Software and Service Companies and McKinsey & Company, 2005) and its booming informa...
Chapter
In the subsequent chapters, different scales have been developed and validated on Indian population. The current chapter aims to give an overview of various norms that were followed while constructing the scales. In literature, several methods for scale development and validation exist however, in this chapter only those methods are discussed more,...
Chapter
The current chapter introduces positive psychology (PP), Indian psychology (IP) and connection between two. Broadly both focus on well-being but with different angle; PP focuses more on external sources of happiness and IP focuses more on internal sources of happiness. The present chapter addresses PP in India by considering both the points of view...
Chapter
The chapter begins with a brief outline on well-being and its various facets which are highly correlated with other positive psychology constructs. It then focuses on various factors which are significantly correlated with well-being. Various researches related to already existing scales on well-being are documented. Next it mentions the procedure...
Chapter
The current chapter focuses on the various aspects of mindfulness. The chapter begins with a brief introduction on the conceptual definitions and historical perspective of mindfulness with special focus on difference between Buddhist and Western concept of mindfulness. It then converges to explain the different mindfulness-based intervention progra...
Chapter
The chapter centers around the concept of “flow”, a relatively less explored concept in the field of positive psychology but one that has garnered a lot of interest in the last few decades. Flow has been studied in various fields such as art, sports, and workplaces. However, most of the research on flow-theoretical as well as psychometric testing h...
Chapter
The chapter explains the concept of interpersonal and intrapersonal strengths which are important for a strong foundation of healthy relationships and overall personality. The chapter beings with a brief outline on conceptual definitions of interpersonal and intrapersonal character strengths. It then converges upon different studies that have been...
Chapter
The concept of resilience with emphasis on the psychometric properties of a newly developed scale is the cynosure of this chapter. The chapter begins with a brief outline on conceptual definition of resilience and its framework within human development theories. It then converges upon several different aspects of resilience such as the risk and pro...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the concept of spirituality and its various facets which are highly correlated with other positive psychology constructs. It then focuses on various factors which are significantly correlated with spirituality. Various researches related to already existing scales on spirituality are documented. The procedure of development...
Article
Identifying the dearth of research and tools on Indian perspective on happiness, we constructed a test on the concepts of sukha and dukha, theorizing them based on various Indian ancient texts. The study was conducted in three stages: a pilot study (n = 150), a main study (n = 300), and a validation study (n = 201). The participants were mainly fro...
Article
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Aim of the present paper was to develop a test on Swadhyaya (Self-study) defined in Indian philosophical and religious scriptures. The study was conducted in two phases; 150 participants (M =133 and F= 17) with age range=17-54 yrs. (M = 21.43 yrs., & SD= 6.79) in the pilot study and 491 participants (Male= 310 & Female =181) with 18 – 70 years age...
Article
Indian perspective of human nature and personality are often viewed through a trigunas perspective- Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. The current study investigated the triadic gunas and well-being dimensions across 3 nations India (n = 493; 194 males and 299 females; mean age = 21.73 years, SD = 3.23), USA (n = 302; 80 males and 222 females; mean age = 22....
Article
The present research imports the concept of Vikaras (vices) from the philosophy of Vedanta. Vedic Philosophy plays a central role in Indian Psychology. However, there is a major disconnect between theory and empirical research due to scarcity of tools for measuring the same. The present study aims to develop and validate a scale on Vikaras (vices)....
Article
The aim of the present paper was to study the impact of a gratitude building intervention on adolescents’ gratitude and well-being indicators. The sample comprised 177 students aged 11–14 years (M Age = 12.29 years, SD = 0.67, 58 % male) attending two schools in North India. Using quasi-experimental design, participating classrooms from both school...
Article
Full-text available
In well-being research the term happiness is often used as synonymous with life satisfaction. However, little is known about lay people’s understanding of happiness. Building on the available literature, this study explored lay definitions of happiness across nations and cultural dimensions, analyzing their components and relationship with particip...
Book
The book contributes to the vast field of research in psychometrics as well as to the growing field of positive psychology. It analyses the development and validation of several constructs of positive psychology like resilience, flow, mindfulness, spirituality, and intrapersonal and interpersonal strengths. The chapters discuss the test constructio...
Article
Positive psychology emphasizes the need to study positive traits related to positive human functioning. These traits help individual flourish beyond mere absence of illness. The concept of self and character strengths is made of many such traits. The present study aimed to understand the perceptions of adolescents about self, character strengths an...
Article
Background: Lifetime prevalence of depression and anxiety increases from 1% of the population under age 12 years to ~17%-25% of the population by the end of adolescence. The greatest increase in new cases occurs between 15-18 years. Indian empirical studies have reported a prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in the range between 14.4% and 31.7%; t...
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Deriving our theoretical model from the Hindu religious text Srimad Bhagvad Gita, gaps in the existing frameworks on the concept of Anasakti (non-attachment) were found. The purpose of the study was to develop and test psychometric properties of a scale based on this Indian concept. We pooled 46 items which included items from existing scales as we...
Article
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The study imports the concept of Ashtanga Yoga from the eastern philosophy of Yoga. There is a major disconnect between theory and data in Indian Psychology. Indian Psychology provides a rich theoretical base for understanding optimal human functioning. However, the theories have not been tested due to paucity of tools. A test developed on Ashtanga...
Article
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Background: Adolescence is a phase of transition from childhood to adulthood. There is a need to focus on adolescent well-being in India which has the world’s largest adolescent population. Aim: The present study aimed to understand how Indian adolescents and teachers perceive issues relevant to adolescent well-being. Method: Study participants wer...
Article
The relationship between positive mental health and well-being was examined in 604 North Indian high school and secondary high school going children aged 11–18 years. The study employed various scales such as Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2005), Scale of Positive and Negative Experiences (SPANE) and Flourishing Scale (FS; Diene...
Article
While developmental studies predominantly investigated adolescents' mental illness and psychosocial maladjustment, the present research focused on positive mental health of Indian adolescents within the Mental Health Continuum model. Aims were to estimate their prevalence of mental health and to examine its associations with mental distress and psy...
Article
Full-text available
The PersonalWell-being Index-school children (PWI-SC; Cummins and Lau 2005) measures well-being of adolescents. The study aimed at validating psychometric properties for the English and the Hindi translated version of PWI-SC in Indian context. Data from 1,301 students, aged 13–18 years (mean age=15.40 years, SD=1.33) was collected. The English and...
Article
The objectives of the current study were to examine the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF (English and Hindi language) on Indian adolescents and to explore the role of demographic variables on quality of life. Data from 1327 students, aged 11-21 years was collected with mean age = 15.36 years (SD =1.42 years). The results of validation ind...
Article
The women in Indian villages perform multiple roles that include looking after the various needs of the family members, participating in home bound income generating activities (e.g. animal husbandry, agricultural activities) and holding jobs outside the home. Against this backdrop this study addressed two related goals: (a) to understand the perce...
Chapter
This chapter considers a qualitative study from India, where Kamlesh Singh, Anjali Jain, and Dalbir Singh vividly analyze a cultural specific indigenous therapeutic practice, satsang, and its association with well-being in women that experience it in rural communities. Filling a dearth of literature analyzing and utilizing indigenous practices, the...
Article
Full-text available
Thewomen in Indian villages performmultiple roles that include looking after the various needs of the family members, participating in home bound income generating activities (e.g. animal husbandry, agricultural activities) and holding jobs outside the home. Against this backdrop this study addressed two related goals: (a) to understand the percept...
Article
Research on spirituality is gathering momentum nowadays, and examining the concept in the Indian cultural context would give an insight into how a traditionally collectivist culture responds to spirituality. An evident trend in the country is that of urbanization. The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between spiritual well-b...